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Dyeing woods. 1704. Were added :
Rice from Carolina and Georgia.
(Set free in 1730.) 1721. Copper ore.
1764. Were added :
1672. An act was passed requiring duty to be paid on the tran
sit of “ Enumerated Articles” from one colony to another.
1699. Another act forbade the transportation of domestic woolen
from one colony to another, except woolen hats, and also forbade the export of colonial wools or cloths to any foreign country.
NOTE. — Colonial trade and shipping increased constantly notwithstanding these acts. Bancroft estimates the value of colonial imports from England in 1715 as £2,000,000; at the same time the trade with the West Indies, the Azores, and continental Europe, most of it illegitimate, was far greater.
1719. An act was passed forbidding the manufacture in the
colonies of iron wares, from pigs, sows, or bars. Only strenuous opposition on the part of the colonists defeated a clause forbidding the manufacture of bolts or nails,
1733. THE MOLASSES Act imposed a duty on imports from the French or Dutch West India Islands.
I cent per lb. on sugar. The duty was
12 cents per gal. on molasses.
18 cents per gal. on rum. These duties were almost entirely evaded.
1750. An act forbade the running of slitting and rolling mills
for the manufacture of iron in the colonies.
1764. THE SUGAR ACT reduced the duties imposed by the
Molasses Act, but levied a duty on -
NOTE. — At the same time particular orders were sent to the executive officers in the colonies for the enforcement of the Navigation Acts, and the powers of the admiralty courts, which had jurisdiction over all cases arising under the Navigation Acts, were extended.
1765. The ministry were authorized to send as many troops to
America as they saw fit, and the
troops were stationed were required to furnish
for the troops.
1765. The Stamp Act. By it must be stamped
1767. THE COMMERCIAL Taxes were duties levied on
Red and white lead.
NOTE. The withdrawal of the whole duty on import into England was granted to the merchants of the East India Company for all tea exported to the colonies, so that the colonies paid three pence duty, while duty on tea used in England was one shilling.
1770. Repeal of the Commercial Taxes, except the tax on tea.
1772. THE TRANSPORTATION ACT. An act for the transportation
for trial of all persons in the colonies concerned in destroy
ing royal ships, dockyards, or military stores. At the same time £600 reward was offered for the discovery of
the destroyers of the Gaspeè, and a free pardon to any accomplice confessing and aiding in the discovery.
1774. THE BOSTON PORT Bill.
1. Removed the government of Massachusetts to Salem. 2. Constituted Marblehead the port of entry for Massachusetts. 3. Made the condition of repeal that the colony should
indemnify property owners, especially the East India Company, for their losses.
1774. THE MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNMENT Bill declared that
1. Elections held under the charter should be void.
All judges of inferior courts.
Minor officers and sheriffs, who should select all juries. 4. Town meetings were forbidden except to elect officers or
by special permission of the Governor.
1774. THE QUEBEC ACT.
1. Restored French law in the Province of Quebec. 2. Guaranteed its property and full freedom of worship to the
Catholic Church. 3. Extended the boundaries of the province to the Mississippi
on the west and to the Ohio River on the south. 4. Confirmed to the clergy the dues and rights, including
tithes, which had been granted to them by the French
king. 5. Granted legislative authority, except in matters of taxation,
to a council nominated by the crown.
NOTE. - Nothing more has been attempted than to give such a summary of the more important acts about trade and navigation as would be useful for the students for whom this book is designed. The authorities followed have been Bancroft, Hildreth, Winsor, Frothingham, Marshall, Palfrey, etc. A more extended discussion can be found in Weedon's “Social and Economic History of New England."
XXXIV. The parties and their names.
Johnston's U. S. 173.
XXXV. What preparation and resources had the colonies for
sustaining a war? (Student make out for himself from knowledge already obtained.) What disadvantages ? What advantages had England ? What efforts did the colonists make to prevent war?
XXXVI. The First Continental Congress.
U. S. 180. Bancroft's U. S. III. 61-2, 74-5. Morris's Half Hours, I. 481.
ston's U. S. Hist, and Const. 50-1.
Notice the men who were prominent.
Bryant's Popular Hist. III. 384-92. Hildreth's U. S. 111. 67-8. Morris's
Rev. I. 522. Coffin's Boys of '76, chaps. I., II.; map. 38.
XXXVIII. The capture of Ticonderoga.
His Country, 152. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. I. 124-5; map, 115. Fiske's