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Dyeing woods. 1704. Were added :

Rice from Carolina and Georgia.

(Set free in 1730.) 1721. Copper ore.

1751. On the list were :


1764. Were added :


1672. An act was passed requiring duty to be paid on the tran

sit of “ Enumerated Articles” from one colony to another.

1699. Another act forbade the transportation of domestic woolen

from one colony to another, except woolen hats, and also forbade the export of colonial wools or cloths to any foreign country.

NOTE. — Colonial trade and shipping increased constantly notwithstanding these acts. Bancroft estimates the value of colonial imports from England in 1715 as £2,000,000; at the same time the trade with the West Indies, the Azores, and continental Europe, most of it illegitimate, was far greater.

1719. An act was passed forbidding the manufacture in the

colonies of iron wares, from pigs, sows, or bars. Only strenuous opposition on the part of the colonists defeated a clause forbidding the manufacture of bolts or nails,

1733. THE MOLASSES Act imposed a duty on imports from the French or Dutch West India Islands.

I cent per lb. on sugar. The duty was

12 cents per gal. on molasses.

18 cents per gal. on rum. These duties were almost entirely evaded.

1750. An act forbade the running of slitting and rolling mills

for the manufacture of iron in the colonies.

1764. THE SUGAR ACT reduced the duties imposed by the

Molasses Act, but levied a duty on -
French and East India goods.

East Indies.
Wines from Azores.


NOTE. — At the same time particular orders were sent to the executive officers in the colonies for the enforcement of the Navigation Acts, and the powers of the admiralty courts, which had jurisdiction over all cases arising under the Navigation Acts, were extended.

1765. The ministry were authorized to send as many troops to

America as they saw fit, and the
QUARTERING ACT was adopted. By it the colonies where

troops were stationed were required to furnish

for the troops.

1765. The Stamp Act. By it must be stamped


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1767. THE COMMERCIAL Taxes were duties levied on

Red and white lead.
Glass of British manufacture.

NOTE. The withdrawal of the whole duty on import into England was granted to the merchants of the East India Company for all tea exported to the colonies, so that the colonies paid three pence duty, while duty on tea used in England was one shilling.

1770. Repeal of the Commercial Taxes, except the tax on tea.

1772. THE TRANSPORTATION ACT. An act for the transportation

for trial of all persons in the colonies concerned in destroy

ing royal ships, dockyards, or military stores. At the same time £600 reward was offered for the discovery of

the destroyers of the Gaspeè, and a free pardon to any accomplice confessing and aiding in the discovery.


1. Removed the government of Massachusetts to Salem. 2. Constituted Marblehead the port of entry for Massachusetts. 3. Made the condition of repeal that the colony should

indemnify property owners, especially the East India Company, for their losses.


1. Elections held under the charter should be void.
2. The Council should be appointed by the crown.
3. The Governor and Council should appoint and remove

All judges of inferior courts.
Justices of the peace.

Minor officers and sheriffs, who should select all juries. 4. Town meetings were forbidden except to elect officers or

by special permission of the Governor.


1. Restored French law in the Province of Quebec. 2. Guaranteed its property and full freedom of worship to the

Catholic Church. 3. Extended the boundaries of the province to the Mississippi

on the west and to the Ohio River on the south. 4. Confirmed to the clergy the dues and rights, including

tithes, which had been granted to them by the French

king. 5. Granted legislative authority, except in matters of taxation,

to a council nominated by the crown.

NOTE. - Nothing more has been attempted than to give such a summary of the more important acts about trade and navigation as would be useful for the students for whom this book is designed. The authorities followed have been Bancroft, Hildreth, Winsor, Frothingham, Marshall, Palfrey, etc. A more extended discussion can be found in Weedon's “Social and Economic History of New England."

XXXIV. The parties and their names.

Johnston's U. S. 173.

XXXV. What preparation and resources had the colonies for

sustaining a war? (Student make out for himself from knowledge already obtained.) What disadvantages ? What advantages had England ? What efforts did the colonists make to prevent war?

Previous references.

XXXVI. The First Continental Congress.
Hildreth's U. S. III. 42-3. Fiske's War of Independence, 84-5. Johnston's

U. S. 180. Bancroft's U. S. III. 61-2, 74-5. Morris's Half Hours, I. 481.
Washington and His Country, 141 +. Andrews' Manual of Const. 30. John-

ston's U. S. Hist, and Const. 50-1.
a. Place of meeting.
b. How called?
C. Colonies represented.
d. Acts. Fill out.

Notice the men who were prominent.

XXXVII. Lexington.
Moore's From Colony to Commonwealth, 91-114. Johnston's U. S. 183 5.

Bryant's Popular Hist. III. 384-92. Hildreth's U. S. 111. 67-8. Morris's
Half Hours, 1. 444. Washington and His Country, 148+. Higginson's
U. S. 242-50. Fiske's War of Independence, 86. Lossing's Field-Book of

Rev. I. 522. Coffin's Boys of '76, chaps. I., II.; map. 38.
Notice the leaders and the peculiarities of the fight.

XXXVIII. The capture of Ticonderoga.
Bryant's Popular Hist. III. 433-6. Hildreth's U. S. III. 74. Washington and

His Country, 152. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. I. 124-5; map, 115. Fiske's
War of Independence, 87.

Ethan Allen.
Benedict Arnold.
Supplies obtained.
Why was Ticonderoga an important point to the British ?

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