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Up to 1620 the Plymouth Company and the London Company were both governed under the charter of the Virginia Company. In 1620 the difficulties between the Virginia Company and King James I., which led to its dissolution in 1623, had begun, and the merchants of the Plymouth Company prudently secured a separate charter, to secure themselves against the probable loss of their land grant and rights.

In 1620 a separate charter, similar to the one given to the Virginia Company, was given to the merchants of the Plymouth Company.

Points in which the Plymouth Company charter differed from the

Virginia Company charter.

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PLYMOUTH COLONY had no charter. The Virginia Company gave the colonists a patent, or grant of territory and privileges. This patent was worthless, since the colony did not settle within the limits of the Virginia Company's territory. They afterwards obtained a patent from the council for New England (the Plymouth Company). This patent was never confirmed by the king, and so was not worth very much in law.

The territory granted by

this patent was

All land included between a line drawn north

from the mouth of Narragansett River and one drawn west from the mouth of Cohasset Creek, including fisheries and fur trading.

The Plymouth colonists were too poor to found a colony for

themselves, and so they made the following bargain with certain London merchants :

1. The merchants, or “adventurers," and the

colonists were to be a joint stock company. 2. Each adventurer contributing £10 had one

share. 3. Each colonist above 16 years old who came

out had one share. 4. Each colonist who came out and also contrib

uted £10 had two shares.

5. Each colonist who brought out one domestic Contract between the

above 16 years old had one share extra ; or Plymouth colonists

one domestic not 16 years old, one-half share and certain London

extra. This included wives and children. merchants.

6. The profits of all trade, work, fishing, etc., for

seven years were to be paid into a common

treasury. 7. All colonists were to be provided with the

necessaries of life from the common stock

until division. 8. At the end of seven years both capital and

profits were to be divided among the stock

holders. In 1627 the colony bought out the shares of the adventurers for

£1800. Eight of the chief men of the colony advanced the amount, and received in return a monopoly of trade with the Indians for six years.


Massachusetts colony first received a grant from the Plymouth Company; then, because the colonists feared that the Plymouth Company would be dissolved as the Virginia Company had been, they got a separate charter from the king. Soon after the company secretly voted to remove in a body to the new colony, and take its charter with it. This was the first charter ever brought to America.

1629. Massachusetts Colony Company charter.

From three miles north of any part of the

Merrimac River. Territory

To three miles south of any part of the Charles

River, inland to the South Sea, with a full grant of fisheries.

Government was to be

carried on by

A Governor,
A Deputy-Governor, and

To be elected by the



Four “General Courts,” or meetings, at which all freemen could

be present, were to be held each year. The powers of the Gen- 1. To make laws.

{ eral Court were

2. To establish the form of government.


No royal negative upon the acts of these courts was reserved in this charter.

1. The beaver skin trade. The stockholders of the 2. Salt-making. company were to have


Land grants. exclusive right to 4. Trade in furs at 25 per cent, profit on all sup

plies used. NOTE. - The freemen were all church members who were heads of families.

V. The two parties in England.
Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 122–3. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 14, 27–34. Bryant's Popular

Hist. I. 371-4. Bancroft's U. S. I. 183-4, 190. Hildreth's U. S. I. 153-6.
Coffin's Old Times in Col. 111-115. Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 69. Win-

sor's Hist. of Amer. III. 257. Eggleston's Household U. S. 37.
a. The difficulty between them.
b. Define Separatist and Puritan.
c. The causes of the Puritan emigration from England.

VI. The Plymouth Company.

Johnston's U. S. 49-50. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 23. See outline given on p. 20. a. Composition. b. Government.

C. Charter.

1. Territory granted.
2. Rights and privileges given.

Conditions on which they were given. 4. What differences were there between its charter and the

Virginia Company's charter?

VII. Plymouth colony.
Coffin's Old Times in Col. chaps. VII., VIII. Morris's Half Hours, 145+.

Higginson's U. S. 153-8. Coffin's Story of Lib. 356. Doyle's Eng. Col.
II. 27–64. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 370–423. Bancroft's U. S. I. 198–214.
Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 133-42, 147, 153, 221-2, 152–3, 190, 193-4, 155-63, 164,
167, 171, 173–6, 181-2, 184-7, 211-13, 223, 225. Winsor's Hist. of Amer.
III. chap. VIII. Moore's Pilgrims and Puritans, maps, front., 24, 29, 33,
44, III. For maps, see Coffin's Old Times in Col.; Front. Doyle's Eng.
Col. II.; Winsor's Hist of Amer. III. chap. VIII.; MacCoun's Hist. Geog.

a. The Pilgrims in England and Holland.
Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 27-30, 33-5. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 133-42, 147. Bryant's

Popular Hist. I. 370–81. Bancroft's U.S. I. 198–200. Winsor's Hist. of Amer.
III. 257-64.

b. Their contract with the London merchants. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 41–2, 61–2. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 153, 221–2, 227-30.

Bancroft's U. S. I. 201, 204. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 381, 385, 416, 427.

c. Grant and territory.

Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 43. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 152-3, 190, 193–4.

d. Location. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 50. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 164, 167, 171. Bancroft's U. S.

I. 207-9. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 387.

e. Kind of colonists, outfit, etc. Winsor's Hist, of Amer. III. 266–70. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 44-9. Palfrey's

N. Eng. I. I55-63.

f. Government of colony.

Fiske's Civil Govt. 192. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 388. Doyle's Eng. Col. II.

49, 54. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 165. Higginson's U. S. 156. Bancroft's U. S. 1. 206.

g. Methods of defence and relations with the Indians.

Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 53, 67. Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 178–9.

h. Peculiarities, difficulties, first winter, incidents, etc. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 52, 65. Bancroft's U. S. I. 210–14. Palfrey's N. Eng.

1. 173–6, 181–2, 184-7, 198–9, 211–13, 223, 225. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 385-7, 388–99, 400–12, 417, 427.

i. Settlements which sprang from Plymouth. Fill out. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 69–70, 74. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 418-23. Palfrey's

N. Eng. I. 339, 539.

VIII. Massachusetts colony.
Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 78, 79, 80. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 518, 525-9,

530–2. Hildreth's U. S. I. 176–87. Bancroft's U. S. I. 222-4, 226, 230-1,
233. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. III. 310–16. Higginson's U. S. 158–64.
Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 287-90, 301. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 87, 90, 92, 97.
Eggleston's Household U. S. 42-5.

a. From what company did it receive its first grant? b. Had it a charter from the king? How did the colony get it

to America ? C. Colonists.

Bancroft's U. S. I. 223, 226, 231, 233. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 518. Palfrey's

N. Eng. I. 287 +. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 87+.

1. From what places in England ? Fill out.

2. Character, religion, property, outfit. d. The settlements around Massachusetts Bay. Locate exactly

five or six.

Palfrey's N. Eng. I. 323. Bancroft's U. S. I. 226, 230, 231, 237, 239. Bryant's

Popular Hist. I. 526.

e. Government.

Notice the religious test as a qualification for the franchise.
Bancroft's U. S. I. 224. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 92, 93, 97, 101-3. Hildreth's

U.S. I. 180, 183, 186, 187. Doyle's Eng. Col. II. 109, 112. Palfrey's N. Eng.
I. 345. Macy's Our Govt. 26. Fiske's Civil Govt. 16–24.

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