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NOTES ON THE RESOURCES OF THE COLONIES.
In September of this year Congress appointed a secret committee to
import powder and lead from the West Indies, and the NonImportation Agreement was suspended for ships bringing in war
supplies. A store of ammunition was obtained when Fort Chambly was taken. Woollens found in Montreal in November clothed the American
1776. Esek Hopkins captured in the Bahamas cannon and military
stores, except powder. The king's leaden statue in New York City was melted into bullets. Powder mills were established near Philadelphia, and national
foundries and laboratories for the manufacture of arms were set up
at Carlisle, Pa., and at Springfield, Mass. Paul Jones captured the Mellish, late in the year, loaded with supplies
for Burgoyne's army. Among other things were ten thousand
suits of uniform. Two hundred pieces of artillery, small-arms, four thousand tents,
clothing for thirty thousand men, were obtained by way of the West Indies, from France, through the agency of Beaumarchais. Spain, soon after, furnished, in the same indirect way, a like sum
for the purchase of supplies. Somewhere about three hundred and fifty English vessels, worth, with
their cargoes, $5,000,000, were captured in the first year of the war. Trade sprang up with France, Spain, and Holland, by way of the
West Indies, and some trade was surreptitiously carried on even with the British West Indies, by way of the Dutch port, St. Eustatius.
1777. American agents in France received a quarterly allowance and
loan, which was applied to the purchase of arms. Two ships loaded with them were captured by the English ; a third reached the
colonies. Arms and ammunition were obtained from New Orleans, with the
countenance of the Spanish government. One thousand stand of arms, one thousand swords, and four pieces
of artillery were captured at Bennington, Vt. St. Leger's stores and baggage were captured at Fort Stanwix, N.Y.,
and artillery, arms, ammunition, and camp equipage for five thousand prisoners were taken at Saratoga.
1778. Most of the provision ships intended for Clinton were brought
into Boston, and D'Estaing sailed for the West Indies fitted out
with such provisions. By a new contract with Beaumarchais, made after the treaties with
France were signed, a supply of clothing was received, and a loan from the French court of about $500,000 was obtained, and applied to the purchase of arms and stores, the equipment of cruisers, and the payment of interest. Other heavy loans were obtained from France, and also from Spain and Holland at intervals.
1779–80. The French at Newport, R. I., bought with specie, and the
gold thus put into circulation afforded great financial relief to the New England States. New York also obtained specie by means of trade with Canada, and from purchases made by the English during the last year of their occupation of New York City.
1781. Rochambeau loaned $20,000 to Morris to enable him to make a
small specie payment to the New England troops, on their way
south under Lincoln. La Fayette used a considerable sum of money for the American
cause during the war. Captures of English supply ships and merchantmen continued to be
frequent; as, for instance, in 1779, Hopkins captured eight out of ten transports sent to Georgia by Clinton, and Whipple captured eight English merchantmen bound for England.
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Morris's Half Hours with American History.
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Parkman's La Salle and the Discovery of the
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sociation. Palfrey's New Eng.
Palfrey's History of New England. Little,
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Prescott's Conquest of Mexico. John B.
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