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XL. De Monts :
Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 313-14. Hildreth's U. S. I. 92. Higginson's U. S.

120-1. Coffin's Old Times in Col. 58–9. Parkman's Pio. of France, 243-4,
245–6, 249-52, 257, 262–3, 266-9, 274-5. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. III. 106–11.

a. His company and patent. b. The discoveries made by De Monts and Champlain. C. The first permanent settlement made by the French in

America.

XLI. Who were the Five Nations ?
Bancroft's U. S. II. 106, 115-24. Eggleston's Household U. S. 71-8. Hildreth's

U. S. I. 52, 56, 58–9, 66. Parkman's Jesuits in N. A.; Preface, XX., LIII.,
LVI., LVII., 247. Maps: Parkman's Pio. of France, 399; Parkman's
Montcalm and Wolfe, I. front.; Parkman's La Salle, front.; Maccoun's Hist.
Geog. of U. S.

C.

a. Names and location of tribes. b. Capital

Government. d. Civilization : Compare with the Aztec civilization. e. Modes of warfare and cannibalism.

Parkman's Pio. of France, 340–5. Parkman's Jesuits in N. A. 247. f. Their relations with other tribes, especially the Hurons, the

Neutral Nation, and the Eries. Study the map carefully.

XLII. Champlain :
Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 312-314, 321-2; II. 233. Higginson's U. S. 127-36.

Morris's Half Hours, I. 172+; Coffin's Old Times in Col. 102–7. Park-
man's Pio. of France, 239, 242, 248, 252-3, 325, 329-31, 339, 345-7; 349-50,
361-2. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. IV. chap. III.

a. Previous voyages.
b. The founding of Quebec.
6. The founding of Montreal.

d. The expedition with the Hurons, and the discovery of Lake

Champlain. e. The beginning of enmity between the French and the Five

Nations. Previous references. f. Expeditions, up the Ottawa River, and discoveries in that

direction.

NOTE. — The teacher will have pupils find out the provinces in France from which Cartier, De Monts, Champlain, etc., came, and point out the connection; also the connection between these expeditions and the earlier voyages to the Newfoundland fisheries from the same parts of France.

XLIII. Who were the Jesuits ?

See any Ency., under Loyola.
What was the object of the missions ?
The missions :
Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 131. Parkman's Jesuits in N.A. chaps. II., VI., XXV.

Parkman's La Salle, front. Parkman's Jesuits in N. A., front. Bancroft's
U. S. II. 138-40, 142–3. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. IV. chap. VI. Bryant's
Popular Hist. II. 233-4.

1. Locations. 2. Difficulties. 3. Work accomplished. 4. Locate Machilimacinac. Let each pupil read carefully the account of the life of some

one of the following missionaries : See Parkman's Jesuits in N. A. by index.

Brebeuf.
Bancroft's U. S. II. 146 +.
Jogues.
Bancroft's U. S. II. 142, 145.
Daniel.
Bancroft's U. S. II. 145 +.

Garnier.
Bancruft's U. S. II. 145.
Lejeune.

XLIV. La Salle :

Maps, notes, etc., see Winsor's Hist, of Amer. IV. 200-46.

a. The expedition of 1669–70. Bryant's Popular Hist. II. 510–20. Parkman's La Salle, 12-16, 21 +. Hil

dreth's U. S. I. 159–74. Bancroft's U. S. II. 154, 155. Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 133. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. IV. 173 +, 180-2.

I. Route.
2. Meeting with Joliet.
3.

Discoveries. b. The expedition of Joliet and Marquette to discover the Mis

sissippi River. Bryant's Popular Hist. II. 502-3. Bancroft's U. S. II. 154-5. Parkman's La

Salle, 48–63, 67–70. Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 132. c. The expedition, 1679–80. Hildreth's U. S. I. 154-9. Winsor's Hist, of Amer. IV. 182–4. Parkman's La

Salle, 117, 128, 131-5; map, 294. 1. Fort Niagara. 2. The Griffin and the route to the Illinois. Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 133; also chap. X. to p. 16. Parkman's La Salle, for

reading.

3. Hennepin's exploration of the Upper Mississippi. Parkman's La Salle, chaps. XVII., XVIII.

d. The expedition, 1681-2. Parkman's La Salle, 273–86. Bryant's Popular Hist. II. 510–20. Hildreth's

U.S. II, 115, 222. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. IV. 245-56.

1. The exploration of the Mississippi to its mouth. l. The expedition of 1684-7.

Parkman's La Salle, chap. XXIV. to XXVII. for extra reading.

1. The attempt to colonize “ New Spain."
Bryant's Popular Hist. II. 510–20. Bancroft's U. S. II. 154-5.

2. Reason for the failure. 3. The death of La Salle.

XLV. Review and summary of all the discoveries of the Mis

sissippi River.

XLVI. What were the weaknesses of the French system of

colonization ? Eggleston's Household U. S. 117–18. Johnston's U. S. Hist. and Const. 24,

and previous references.

Note also that the French colonies were entirely Catholic.

Protestants, especially Huguenots, were not allowed to come to the colonies.

XLVII. The student will make a summary of all discoveries that

gave France a claim to any part of the New World.

NOTE. — Care must be taken to make the student place the discoveries of La Salle in proper chronological relation to the English settlements. That topic may be transferred to its place in point of time, if the teacher prefers.

ENGLISH DISCOVERIES.

XLVIII. The Cabots.
Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 14. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 129–36. Hildreth's

U.S. I. 34-7. Bancroft's U. S. I. 10-11. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. III. 1-7.
Higginson's U. S. 76–84. Coffin's Old Times in Col. 37-42. Doyle's Eng.
Col. I. 23-6, 38. Eggleston's Household U. S. 9-11.

a. Their nationality.
b. Where did they live ?
c. What were the objects of their voyages ?
d. How many routes to India had already been found?
e. The voyages, and the extent of Cabot's explorations.

f. Results of the voyages. 8 What was the chief permanent value to England of Cabot's

discoveries ? Isham's Fishery Question, 1-7.

XLIX. Give all claims to the first discovery of the continent.

Which is best? Why?
Give proof for your conclusion.

L. Martin Frobisher.
Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 26. Hildreth's U. S. I. 77–8. Doyle's Eng. Col.

I. 46-7. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 230. Bancroft's U. S. I. 63.

Objects of his voyages.
Results.

LI. Why were England and Spain hostile in the second half of the

sixteenth century? Hildreth's U. S. I. 78. Montgomery's Eng. Hist. 194, 195, 199, 202, 204, 206–7,

209, 212, 220-1.

LII. Sir Francis Drake : Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 27. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 222, 250, 253; II. 570, 572, 575, 576.

Hildreth's U. S. I. 79, 84. Higginson's U. S. 90-6, 98-101. Bancroft's U. S. I. 66. Winsor's Hist, of Amer. III. chap. II. Also any Ency.

a. Life.

b. Adventures.
c. Injuries inflicted on the Spaniards.
d. Did he influence colonization in America ?

LIII. Sir Humphrey Gilbert :
Montgomery's Amer. Hist. 27. Bryant's Popular Hist. I. 229, 232-40. Hil-

dreth's U. S. I. 78–80. Bancroft's U. S. I. 66-7, 68, 69. Coffin's Old

Times in Col. 33. Doyle's Eng. Col. I. 43-4, 47-51. a. How did he become interested in American colonization ?

b. His patent.

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