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In all thy works,--the more than fifty tomes,
I seek in vain to find a single place Wherein a word of kindly counsel comes
In earnest love to thy own German race. The people hung upon thy lips :—they took
With eager, open mouth whatever came ; But thou, poor, selfish soul ! would'st never look Beyond thyself. It was a sin and shame
That thy own Fatherland for thee was but a name.
And burning word,- for what ?-that he might raise
Electrified, by his inspiring lays.
The present time, to higher, holier things;
To thrill with ravishing tones the multitude's heart-strings.
But thou what hast thou done with all the powers
Which lavish Nature wasted on thy soul ?
Of inspiration, but the paltry goal,
For man's improvement, country, liberty ?
Long years, bestow one throb on suffering Germany ?
Thou boastedst thou couldst understand the ways
Of God himself ;-say, didst thou understand
Miraculously in that neighboring land ?
Didst thou approve or hold thy peace ? Ah no !
And lawful government's unlawful overthrow."
What was it? Was it not the grand affair,
At which three centuries our Germany
Of Truth with Lies-of Man with Mockery?
For everything beside was passing bright?
Though millions all around are bleeding for the right!
A word from thee, and Germany had caught
Some glimpses of what Germany should be ;
To ecstasy-to madness; Germany,
Poor Germany perhaps had now been free.
From him requir'd again :-'uis God's declared decree.
And much to thee was trusted: Nature's care
Most bounteously her rarest gifts allowed, Dispensing to thee for thy single share
What ten well-gifted minds had well endowed. But thou these matchless powers didst basely hide,
And thy young heart's uncounted treasure sell For worthless toys,-intent on worldly pride And sensual pleasure only,—to the weal
Of country, human kind, through life insensible.
And arts ;-thy busy pen explained the whole,
Passed unobserved,--the science of the soul.
Wert still a stranger to the better part
That told of Love to Man, deep-rooted in thy heart.
It was thy ruling passion to possess
The boasted, fatal Manysidedness.
And brings in pomp laborious nothings home
Of ihirty tyrannies,-the scorn of Christendom.
Germans like thee know all things thoroughly,
Excepting this, that they are German born : Heroic with pen in hand, they calmly see
Their native Germany to fragments torn,
Of useless lore, they want the generous glow
Their notice, the great scene of human weal and woe.
In Mind's unbounded empire, thou must be
The fetters of thy mighty minstrelsy
To play the menial ;-never satisfied
The fact, and round thy neck two yards of ribbon tied.
Then rest in peace beneath thy princely pall,
And Germany shall weep beside the bier ;
Thou might'st have been, with many a scalding tear.
Who wouldst not to thy suffering land allow
To climes afar, on thee the bitter curse bestow,
Before the world in all thy littleness,-
In that I feel, in joy and in distress,
I own thy genius,-own the potent charm
The steadfast voice of Truth, whome'er it may alarm.
Therefore it is, all-gifted as thou wert
With God's best gifts of genius and of grace,
False to thyself, thy country and thy race.
I view them by the same impartial light;
What I mete out to them—the honest Rule of Right.
The barbarous term, Durchlaucht, which is used in Germany as the official style of the reigning princes of the Ducal order, and which is commonly translated Most Serene Highness, means literally Transparency. I have accordingly rendered it Most Transparent Highness. This is one of the worst specimens of the wretched taste for unmeaning titles which prevails in Europe and to some extent in this country.
We have taken up this work, which, admit of the least misunderstanding. So, by the way, is a most valuable abridg- then, this confederation is found desigment, not for the purpose of discussing nated by the four names of Anglo-Ameriits merits, but for the purpose of select can Confederation, which appears to us ing one or two passages, and making
the least improper, because it cannot them the occasion of some remarks
apply to any other federative state; Unitupon NAMES ON OUR CONTINENT.
ed States of North America ; Union, PAR
EXCELLENCE ; and United States, properly On pages 1015 and 1016, referring to
so called. This last is the official name, the United States, M. Balbi thus re- and is used in political transactions." marks:
This is a subject which deserves « One of the most distinguished geogra- more consideration than it has yet rephers of the Union, Mr. Tanner, correctly ceived. Hitherto we have barely got remarks that this confederation offers the along, by using the word America, whengeographical anomaly of an immense ever we were in want of a single name, country, without a proper name. In fact and by taking at other times double we find United States' in Europe, in words or phrases. In all official transthe Ionian Islands United States' in actions we style our country TheUnited North America, in the confederations of States of America. Besides being open Mexico and Central America—• United
to the objection that this is a name States' in South America, in the ci-devant vice-royalty of Rio de la Plata, and we
which several other countries may lay
è claim to, it admits of no adjective. are on the point of seeing others spring up, by the division of the republic of Co- At home the inconvenience is not so lombia. We had made the same remark great. When we have occasion to long ago; and after some years we have speak of ourselves we can say, “ our proposed the names of Anglo-American country,” or “ this country;" but the Confederation, and Anglo-Americans, to moment our intercourse with other designate the soil and the inhabitants of nations begins we find ourselves emthis important part of the new world. barrassed. When our traveller in EuThese denominations, based principally rope is asked what country he comes upon the origin of the great mass of the from, he answers, without hesitation, inhabitants, have been already adopted in from America. He takes it for granted. many works of merit, and we think we that everybody will understand by it can, without inconvenience, use them .
that he comes from our United States. provisionally, until it shall please Congress to give them a convenient name. very."
Very likely he is then asked some After the example of Humboldt and other question about Canada or Rio Janeiro. celebrated suvans, we have used as syno- which shows him that the idea he has nymous the terms Union and United States, given is not of this country in particubut only in circumstances which did not lar, but of the continent. The Texan,
* Abrégé de Géographie, rédigé sur un Nouveau Plan, d'après les Derniers Traités de Paix, et les Découvertes les plus Récentes. Par Adrien Balbi. Paris, chez Jules Renouard. 1834.
† « Upon pages 1015 and 1016, we call the reader's attention to the singular geographical anomaly which the United States present, of being still without a proper name, and we have given our reasons for the denominations employed by us in the course of this work. Having consulted on this point our learned friend M. Constancio, he has signified to us how much he would be flattered if he could have the honor of being the godfather of this confederation, which has become too powerful to pass under a special denomination. The name which he proposes is that of Pleïadelphia. It contains the following ideas-a Northern and Western Fraternal Union of Maritime States, being composed of Adelphia and Pleïas or Pleïades. The northern constellation, named Hesperides or Atlantides by the ancients, was regarded as the protectress of navigators. The flag of the Union being composed of stars, of which each represents a State, presents in effect to the eye a real constellation.” Introduction, page 101,-The reader will smile at M. Constancio's fanciful name.
the Mexican, the West Indian, the Pe having one that is really appropriate to ruvian, claim to be Americans also, and the country. our traveller soon finds, what he had It is much to be regretted, that the scarcely thought of at home, that his revolution was suffered to pass without country has no name.
giving a name to the new country. Will it be said that this is a matter That was the most fit time. It seemed of no importance? A name may be a natural consequence of the revoluof importance. It is impossible to tion. Possibly the Congress of the generalize without giving names to Confederation, when it called the general ideas. The complex idea of a States the United States of America, nation, of one distinct political commu- intended that America should be the nity among the nations of the world, name of the country. At that time must be represented by words, whe- we were the only nation on the contither it be a single name or a phrase. nent; the provinces to the south of us A phrase is inconvenient, harsh to the had no political importance, separate ear, and incapable of expressing the from the mother country. The name relations which the derivatives from a of the continent, it might be thought, single name express. Every nation could be easily appropriated by ourthat has been glorious and powerful selves, the only nation upon it. before us has had one word for its name. But since that day the face of the Rome, France, England, Spain, are world has changed. Spain has fallen names which represent nations. They in pieces. The old provinces have behave a spell in them, to bind together come nations, all calling themselves their inhabitants, and to concen- American. We are no longer alone trate and exalt their nationality. upon the continent, and we cannot conWhat a crowd of associations at- tinue to appropriate to ourselves its tend upon the name of Rome — the name. Senate and the Consuls — the Fo- One who has not thought much of it rum — the People — the conquering is scarcely aware how often the word eagles.
is used in two different senses. In all We may indeed continue one people, geographies, and whenever either the if we have no name. We shall multi- continent of the north or the south is ply, and spread, and become more pow- mentioned, America is of course the erful, nevertheless. But this is not the name given. At the same time the question. It is, whether an appropriate more restricted sense of our particular name may not materially proinote our country is so often used, that we alconvenience, strengthen our union, most forget its having any other. make our associations with our country Take, for example, the messages of still more agreeable to us, and, by gra- the Presidents. They speak of Ametifying the imagination, increase our na- rica, the American people, American tionality and our love of country. If it institutions, as if this country were were a mere matter of taste, that the continent. In State papers, in would be much, for matters of taste diplomatic notes, in court circulars, we have often, as in this very case, a great see everywhere America taken to sig. deal to do with character. A name is nify our country. Nor is this practice a bond of union. It is a sign, a watch- confined to ourselves. In England, our word. Who can tell how much it minister is styled the American minismay affect the sentiment of national ter. In France, l'Amérique often signipride and honor! While we have one fies the United States. In Canada, they country, and are one people, let us be talk to you of the American and the called by one name.
Canadian shore of the St. Lawrence Our practice of calling ourselves and the Lakes. In the new republics Americans no doubt prevents our being of our Southern Continent they vary sensible of many of the inconveniences the phrase and call us, “ Americanos of the want of a single name. Let del Norte." us try to imagine, how we should get Here we have the same word used along without it—without any name. indiscriminately for the whole contiWe may then perhaps reflect, that this nent and for our own country. The name is, at present, a very imperfect inconvenience of this practice, and the designation ; and that whatever reason other reasons which we have menthere may be for having any, exists for tioned, make it necessary now to