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without success to most of the book- lored pictures! Thomas Tegg, who, sellers, when finally he discovered the by the way, is himself somewhat of only chance of its publication would an author, having written “ The Young be to engage in shares with Millar; Man's Book of Knowledge," and oththis was at length agreed upon, but ers, is said to be the richest member during the progress of printing, Millar of the bookselling profession at the became embarrassed, and the business present day. His establishment used having been transferred to John Mur- to be technically called the “Book ray, the friend of Byron, and of envia- burying-ground," from the circumble reputation, his successor was so- stance of his staple commodity in busilicited to become the purchaser of the ness consisting in the purchase of rework by a friend of ihe author, (who mainders of editions considered dead, under these untoward circumstances the original demand for them having would gladly have accepted £10 for ceased. Tegg performed the office of it,) which was also agreed between the sexton and resurrectionist, and after parties upon payment of £100. The the revivifying process had been adwork appeared, and no book perhaps ministered, he sent them on the wings took more rapidly with the public, of the wind to all quarters of the globe, edition after edition, till it became the even the antipodes. By the way, this all-engrossing theme of conversation. same gentleman, seven years since, Such instantaneous and unlooked-for perpetrated something of a comic exsuccess proved too much for the travaganza, described by the following health of the astonished author, and title, “ Spirit of Election Wit, or Midhe repaired to Paris for a change of dlesex Fun Box opened, by Thomas scene. While here and when making Tegy, the Bookseller, 1804.” The the tour of the Italian States, Murray, wealthy occupant of the splendid manwith a liberality hardly equalled but sion in Regent's Park, and the extenin his own subsequent dealings, sent to sive warehouses of Whitlington-house Mr. Irving, unsolicited by him, in three in Cheapside, may possibly have foror four repeated instances, the addi- gotten his early bantling in the multitional sum of one hundred guineas. plicity and magnitude of his subse
Now, those who attach to publish- quent engagements, but we feel coners and booksellers the charge of mer- vinced that we shall receive his thanks cenary dealing after this, must, we for thus revivifying the departed. Nethink, look at things through a strange ver having enjoyed the privilege of pemental obliquity. They imagine, we rusing this remarkable effusion, we suppose, because Andrew Strahan died cannot gratify our readers with a deworth half a million sterling, Luke scription of its characteristic features ; Hansard £80,000, or Edward Dillv nor are we able either to detect the nearly £100,000, who left it to chari. possibility of plagiarism by a later ties, and was indulgent and fostering writer of eminence who has, with ini. to many unfledged authors of his time; mitable effect, excited the risibilities Tonson and Dunton, similar amounts; of his numerous readers by his delectathat this must have been the fruit of ble pictures of an Election squabble in illiberality to authors; whereas the the two well known contests of the reverse of this is rendered more than “ Buff's and Blues” in “ Pickwick." probable. Some booksellers have ac- Mr. Tegg commenced his career as quired wealth through adventitious book-auctioneer on the smallest possicauses. One Thompson, of Long Lane, ble scale, in a shop in Cheapside of the Smithfield, we remember, had actually smallest possible size, with a merchanamassed at his death, in 1826, £70,000, dize of the smallest possible reputaall out of ballads and the coarsely co- tion; and now he is probably the large
gravely, and turned into an adjoining room, where Mrs. Walker, a prudent woman, had been listening to the conversation. Peter, aware of the feeling, paid a keen attention to the husband and wife, and heard the latter exclaim, “ There now, didn't I tell you he wouldn't die ? Fool that you've been ! I knew he wouldn't die.” Peter enjoyed the joke, and outlived both the parties, receiving the annuity for twenty-four years!
est dealer, as he is the wealthiest of the dry drudgery of his dingy shop the entire irade, if we except simply and dusty books; or consent to the the Longmans.
surveillance of a miserly old bachelor, While on this point we cannot re- as dirty and as dingy, too, as the obfrain from a recollection or two of a jects of his vocation. He died wealthy, somewhat similar character; we refer like his eccentric contemporary above to two members of the brotherhood, alluded 10. Luke White, of Dublin, both since consigned to that dreamless who died in 1824 in great affluence, repose which no personal allusion of was also originally a pennyless itineours may disturb. One was named rant hawker of pamphlets in the streets Nunn ; he kept an old book establish- of Belfast. By energy and application ment in Great Queen street, and al- he at length opened a shop, and, aided though a singularly large and corpu- by successful speculations in the lottelent personage, was scarcely less re- ries, he ultimately became possessor of markable for his activity in early life, nearly half a million sterling. than for his austerity and moroseness Booksellers, moreover, evince an in its later stages. By his parsimony affinity of feeling in inore instances and patient application to business, he than one with the “ genus irritabile." became ultimately possessed of con- We remember an incident, among siderable wealth ; and although this many others, to this effect, and with it was no secret, yet his two daughters, we close our desultory chapter. Goldwho were (if one may hazard gallantry smith, who was originally poor and for truth) remarkably ugly, lived in unknown, after the publication of the single blessedness to the very autumn Traveller became of much greater of life; but, strange to add, immedi- consequence; and one day, on learning ately after the demise of their venera- that a scandalous attack had appeared ble parent at the advanced age of against him in a paper published by eighty, they each entered into matri- Evans, he called at the shop of the monial alliances. Old Nunn possessed offending bibliopolist, and announcing many peculiarities, and although not his errand, proceeded to administer particularly remarkable for indulging summary chastisement. The pugiany “ sudorous brain-toils” of his own, listic encounter, however, proved ultihe yet never appeared so contented as mately to the overwhelming disadvanwhen immersed among the musty tage of the worthy “Vicar," who tomes of those who have left us in no got well beaten himself and rolled condition of doubt as to that matter. upon the floor, to the amusement of the We well remember, too, his curious real offender, the author of the offense custom of cramming his capacious ive article, who complaisantly stood coat-pockets, which on one occasion by as bottle-holder on the occasion, actually yielded four-and-twenty large À propos of which excellent example, octavo volumes before their contents we conclude our agreeable task of the were exhausted. Another of the vindication of this honorable fraternity, name of D'Arcev, also a dealer in by avowing our own determination, as second-hand and black-letter books in "One of the Craft," to perform, or at Holborn, rendered himself conspicu- least attempt, the same feat on the perous, among other eccentricities, for the son of the first individual, especially if whim of having female attendants in he be an author, who in our presence, his establishment, some of whom were after all the contrary evidence we have decidedly pretty ; and what is certainly herein above accumulated, shall so far not less singular, he regulated their re. cease to have the fear of God before muneration according to the ratio of his eyes, as ever again to repeat the their personal attractions. We have old and abusive slanders, of which we often been surprised how any stipula- have so long been the innocent and tion could tempt the fair bibliopoles to unresisting victims!
In our last number we found ourselves less than fourteen thousand. The case compelled by the pressure of our lim- of Balaguy was before referred to, its, to break off rather abruptly in the spoken of in the Memoirs of Lord midst of a paper which we had pre- Herbert of Cherbury, upon whom pared for the instruction and delecta- every favor and the most assiduous attion of our readers, on this barbarous tentions were lavished by all the ladies though interesting subject, à propos of of the court, for no other merit than the entertaining history of the practice that of having killed eight or nine recently published in England, by Dr. men in duels. The tendency of such Millingen, of which, by the way, it a state of things to generate a most is some matter of surprise that in this insolent and brutal rullianism of charduelling country, it has not yet found acter and deportment, need not be an American republisher.
dwelt upon. No mistake is greater We have before shown the origin that that which ascribes to the reand rise of this detestable absurdity, straint of the duel the forbearing courhow it grew out of the bloody brutali- tesy of manners which is so essential ty of the old Germanic barbarism,- to existence in society. The more frehow it became consecrated by Re- quent duels are, the more frequent are ligion into the Judicial Combat, and these abominations. Ruffians of the how Chivalry supervened to give it a most sanguinary disposition became modified direction, by adding to it the noted and respected under this popular new and powerful element of the Henri IV. Says our author: "point of honor ; " and, in harmony with the fighting spirit which was the “One of them named Lagarde Valois, was chief characteristic of the civilisation celebrated for his brutal deeds; another of the age, (such as it was), to make quarrelsome ruffian, named Bazanez, was it fashionable and honorable. Foul determined to have a trial of skill with him, and noxious growth as it was, it throve and for this purpose sent him a hat, ornarankly in the congenial soil of the so- mented with feathers, and accompanied ciety where it was planted. In an with a message, stating that he would age which placed the highest virtue in wear it at the peril of his life. Lagarde the greatest boldness and skill in the
immediately put the hat upon his head, art of butchering—when the whole
and set out in quest of Bazanez, who was
also looking for him in every direction. feudal organization of society was at Hou
Having at last met, after an exchange of the same time military and individual
mutual civilities the combat began. La-when the contempt for the arts of garde inflicted a wound on the forehead industry and commerce, which was the of his antagonist; but, the head being inheritance of all gentle blood, threw harder than his steel, his sword was bent these fighting gentry of necessity into on the skull: he was more fortunate in the arms of idleness, the proverbial his next lounge, which penctrated his anmother of mischief, the sanguinary tagonist's body, when he exclaimed, « This game of the Duel rose to a frequency is for the hat!' Another thrust was of indulgence and a respectability of equally successful, when he added, 'And credit, that set all law and religion at
T here is for the feathers!' This purchase equal defiance. France, as we have
ve he did not deem sufficient, and he there
fore gave him a third wound, exclaiming, before stated, was its classic ground;
: And this is for the loop ! During this poand in French history the reign of the
lite conversation, seeing the blood of his great Henri Quatre was the period in
opponent streaming from his several which it reached its highest luxuriance.
wounds, he complimented him on the The number of gentlemen slain in elegant fit of his hat, when Bazanez duels within that period, about eight infuriated, rushed upon him, breaking een years, was about four thousand, through his guard, and, throwing him while the number of pardons granted down, stabbed him in the throat with his by the King for this offence, was not dagger, and repeated his desperate blows fourteen times in his neck, chest, and the reputation of Madame de Montbazon. stomach; while at each stab, as the This letter was attributed to Madame de wretched man roared out for mercy, the Longueville, who insisted that Coligny, other replied at every reiterated thrust, her acknowledged lover, should call out
No! no! no! However, during this De Guise, the favorite of Madame de conflict, the prostrate Lagarde was not Montbazon. The parties met in open day in altogether idle; he bit off a portion of his the Place Royale, where Coligny received adversary's chin, fractured his skull with a mortal wound; while the two seconds, the pommel of his sword, and only lost D’Estrade and De Bridieu, were fighting, his courage with his life.' During this and the latter was severely wounded. scene, the seconds were amusing them. This duel is worthy of record, from the selves also in fencing, until one of them singular fatality which attended it. Adwas laid dead on the field of honor. This miral de Coligny, the illustrious victim of Lagarde, it appears was as concise in his the massacre of St. Barthélemi, was murepistolary style as in his colloquial elo- dered by the orders of the Duke de quence during a fight : the following is Guise; and, seventy years after, the a copy of one of his letters to a man whom grandson of the admiral was killed by the he was determined to despatch. “ I have grandson of the Duke!” reduced your home to ashes; I have dishonored your wife, and hanged your chil And the following is every way chardren; and I now have the honor to be acteristic of its amiable hero, espeyour mortal enemy,—LAGARDE.""
cially in the bonhommie of its finale:
Louis XIV. made the most stren. “It was during this reign that a curious uous efforts, so far as regards procla. meeting took place between La Fontaine, mations and decrees, for the suppres. the fabulist, whose meekness and apathy sion of the practice; which, during
had acquired him the name of the Good," the violent agitations of the Fronde,
and an officer. Although generally blind had recovered from the slight tempo
to the irregularities of his wife, he once
took it into his head to become jealous of rary check imposed upon it by the en
a captain of dragoons, of the name of ergetic and vindictive severity of the Poignant. La Fontaine had not himself administration of Richelieu, under, or observed the intimacy with his wife, but rather over Louis XIII. During that some kind friends had drawn his attention period, even De Retz had fought two to its impropriety, telling him that it was duels in person, though he had not incumbent on him to demand satisfaction. only to lay aside the robe of a priest, La Fontaine, reluctantly persuaded, conbut to doff the hat of a cardinal for the trary to his usual habits, got up early one purpose. And he could refer to a suf- morning, took his sword, and went out to ficiently recent precedent for his justi- meet his antagonist. When the parties fication, in the Cardinal de Guise, in were in presence, the worthy poet said, the days of the League, who was 'My dear sir, I must fight you, since I ever equally ready to wield the sword am assured that it is absolutely necesand the crucifix. The following gives
sary. He then proceeded to acquaint
him with the reasons that induced him to us a comprehensive glimpse of the
call him out, and drew his pacific sword. manners and the morals of this pe
The dragoon, thus obliged to defend himriod :
sell, whipped the weapon out of the inex
perienced hand of the fabulist, and having " It was during this reign that arose disarmed him, proceeded quietly to point the celebrated quarrel between the beau- out to him the absurdity of the reports tiful Duchesse de Longueville, sister of the circulated in regard to his wife, and the great Condé, and the Duchesse de Mont- folly of his having thus exposed his valubazon, the mother-in-law of Madame de able life: adding that since his visits had Chevreuse; these three ladies being con- occasioned scandal, he would from that cerned in all the intrigues of the busy hour cease to call at his house. Le Bon court of Anne of Austria, then Regent of La Fontaine was so affected by this sinthe kingdom.
cere explanation, that he not only insisted « The subject of this dispute arose from that the captain should pay more frequent a love-letter, in a woman's hand-writing, visits than ever, but swore that he would having been found, which was supposed fight him over again if he discontinued to have been dropped by the Comte de them.” Coligny as he was leaving the apartments of Madame de Longueville, and which T he softening manners of the time, contained various reports unfavorable to far more than the ten successive edicts
against the practice, issued during the which occurred under the regency of long reign of Louis XIV., produced a the Duke of Orleans, is thus related :sensible effect within that period, in diminishing the number of duels “ An abbé of the name of D’Aydie had fought, and in mitigating the ferocity fought with a clerk in the provincial deof the prevailing public sentiment in partment, at an opera-dancer's house, and relation to them. Many disputes wounded him. The Duchesse de Berry, which ai a former period must have
daughter of the Regent, immediately orled to bloodshed, were settled in other
dered that the Abbé d’Aydie should be modes. Such, for instance, was the
deprived of his preferment, and obliged to quarrel of the Dukes de Luxembourg
become a knight of Malta. The scribe,
on recovering from his wound, was conand Richelieu about precedence; when,
stantly seeking his antagonist, who was after a long and angry correspondence, compelled to fight him four times, until Richelieu meeting Luxembourg in the the duchess brought the parties before the palace, where he was captain of the court of honor, presided over by Marshal guard, went up to him, and told him de Chamilly, who, upon hearing of the that he dared him on foot and on condition of one of the parties, exclaimhorseback, him or his followers, either ed, 'What the deuce does he come here at court or in city, or even in the forma fellow who calls himself Boutonarmy, should he proceed to it, or, in do you presume to think that we can be short, in any part of the world ; not your judges ?-do you take us for bishops withstanding which provocation, an or keepers of the seals ?-and the fellow, apology was deemed sufficient. A too, dares to call us my lords ! "court of honor " was instituted, com
To understand these punctilious feelposed of the constable and the marshals
ings, it must be remembered that the
marshals of France were only called my of France-or rather it was revived,
lords by the nobility, being considered the with a regular code of penalties and judo
judges of the higher orders; and such an satisfaction, a similar enactment having appellation fra
appellation from a roturier was deemed an taken place in 1566 in the reign of affront. Charles IX., and having also been con - This D’Aydie, it should also be tained in the edict of Blois, in 1602, by known, was the lover of the Duchesse de Henri IV. A regular code was framed Berry, who naturally feared that the lowfor the jurisdiction of these courts. A bred clerk might deprive her of her paralawyer who insulted another was sub- mour by an untimely end. The tribunal jected to very severe penalties; giving recommended the Regent to imprison the the lie, striking with hand or stick, lover of his daughter, as a punishinent for were acts that subjected the offender having fought a low-born fellow, who, on to imprisonment, with the obligation account of his ignoble condition, was disof making ample apology to the offend
charged as beneath their notice. The ed party on release; and not unfre
duchess, however, did not approve of this quently the latter was allowed to inflict
finding of the court; but, after procuring
the liberation of her favorite, pursued the a castigation similar to the one he had
unfortunate clerk with such rancor that received. In addition to the penalties she at last got him hanged; thereby exof incarceration, fine, or banishment, citing, according to Madame de Crequi, such satisfaction was ordered by the the horror and animadversion of all judges as the case might require, ac- Paris.' Strange to say, this despicable cording to the nature of the provoca- princess died a month after, on the very tion; and in various instances guards same day that the clerk was hanged: the were sent to the houses of the offenders execution took place on the 19th of June, guilty of a contempt of court, who and she breathed her last on the 19th of were obliged for a considerable length July !” of time to maintain their own domestic gaolers. However, it may be doubted An honorable effort of a different whether much good proceeded from character, to discourage the practice. this court, which not only consisted of took place in this reign, which is thus members who were themselves fight- related : ing men, but was also rarely willing to extend its jurisdiction beyond the “The inefficacy of the various edicts to cases of parties of high birth or distin- restrain duels was at last acknowledged, guished rank. An instance of this, and various means were adopted to en