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wbich had long baffled the literati of literary attainments—the grace of the Europe, and which has placed his name establishment. William Wood, F.R.S., among the proudest in the annals of the natural history bookseller, is unscience, but bequeathed to the world doubtedly deserving a place among the one of the most delightful and interest- leading writers of the day on that ing narratives of travel in the English branch of knowledge, which his eslanguage. Two more names, and we teemed work, “ Zoography, or the complete our posthumous notices,- Beauties of Nature Displayed,” three first, that of Sir Richard Phillips, of large volumes, sufficiently attests. He whose elementary writings, which we is, however, author of some four or five need not stay to specify, it is enough other important works, as well as commendation to remark that they were editor of the beautiful edition, greatly sufficiently productive to become the enlarged, of Buffon, in twenty volumes adequate support of his declining years; octavo, and contributor of several interand of whose character it is sufficient tó esting papers to the “ Philosophical mention that he was not only the first Transactions.” But even here again publisher to introduce a reduction in the numbers increase upon us the price of books, but the originator fast that to attempt a detailed account of a fund for oppressed debtors—two would carry us far beyond our prethings that go to his glory; the other scribed limits, and in most instances a name we would allude to is that of bare recital of names must suffice for John Booth, of Duke-street, London, our purpose. John Ebers, the wellwho died about two years since. His known bookseller of Bond-street, pubprofound knowledge of books, critical, lished an octavo of considerable internot titulary, rendered him eminently est, upon the Italian Opera, entitled distinguished, and his collection was “Seven Years of the King's Theatre,” exceedingly rare and extensive. His Charles Ollier wrote and published literary capabilities were so far re- “ Ferrers,” a clever novel; Thomas spected by Malone, the commentator Dodd, edited “The Connoisseur's Reof nakspeare, that he consigned to pertory;" and Arnett, a bookbinder, him the onerous task of editing and published a curious volume, under arranging the annotations and remarks the title “ Bibliopegia, or the Art of for his edition of that great poet. He Bookbinding," and another somewhat also edited and compiled several docu- similar work. Then, again, we rememments for his “ Account of the Battle ber our early and esteemed friend of Waterloo,” two volumes quarto, Moxon, who, when a clerk at Longwhich went through the unprecedented man's, published Christmas," a number of nine editions in less than poem, and a volume of “Sonnets,' two years.
which were so favorably noticed by We now approach our living con- Rogers, the poet, that a friendship entemporaries, and it is satisfactory to ob- sued, which has ever since ripened with serve that the race of author-booksel- its growth, and contributed very matelers, far from being extinct, is no less rially to the success of this enterprising flourishing at the present day than and accomplished publisher. To the it has been at any former period : classical reader, we need only mention while the numbers are not a few who the name of A. J. Valpy, whose ediare emulous of the classic honors of tion of the “ Variorum” Classics, extheir sires, and whose genius and la- tending to 161 vols., 8vo., with notes bors will supply a worthy sequel to from his own pen, forms a lasting monuthe past, and add a new lustre to the ment of his learning and skill. M'Cray, bibliographic history of the nineteenth also, has translated and published century. We will commence with some beautiful Lyrics from the Gernoticing the son of the senior member man; William Clarke, originally a of one of the most distinguished book- bookseller, gave to the antiquary an selling houses in the British metropolis, exceedingly curious and interesting
--we refer to the Longmans. William account of libraries, under the name of Longman, although young in years, Repertorium Bibliographicum;" and bids fair to become a distinguished Rodd is the translator of several poproficient in the science of entomology, lumes from the Spanish. One of the a subject that has already successfully very best bibliographers of the present engaged his pen. Mr. Rees, of the day is R. H. Evans, the great auc
same firm is also a gentleman of creat
tioncar and hoolceller of Doll Mall.
he has had to officiate more than once gow, possessed, perhaps, the greatest as editor, as in the instance of Aikin's acquaintance with “ Medical BiblioEssays; Dolby gave to the critical graphy” of any person in ancient or public a work of great thought and modern times, as his curious and labor, “ The Shakspearian Dictionary;" unique work under that title fully and Christie, the auctioneer, has also proves. We have before us a notice given birth to four abstruse works on of it by one of the leading medical the taste and literature of the ancient journals of Europe, in which it is charGreeks, which he compiled during the acterized as one of the most remarkintervals of his business occupation; able books ever seen-uniting the GerGriffith, the bookseller, wrote a labori- man research of a Plouquet, with the ous work on ancient and modern ravings of a Rabelais, the humor of poetry, entitled “ Bibliographia Anglo- Sterne with the satire of Democritus, Poetica;" and Dr. Koller and Mr. Bach the learning of Burton with the wit of were both translators and German cri- Pindar,” &c. It is to be regretted the tics, as well as booksellers. Another ingenious author did not live to comconspicuous member of our class was plete the whole design. John George Cochrane, for some time Ainsworth, the popular historical noan eminent bookseller and auctioneer, velist, was originally a bookseller with the able and discriminating editor of John Ebers, of Bond-street, to whom the “ Foreign Quarterly Review” for he afterwards became related by marseven years. He was also selected by riage. the trustees to draw up the catalogue Nor should the name of John Murof Sir Walter Scott's library and ar- iay-the friend and publisher of Byron ticles of virtu at Abbotsford-a most-be omitted in this place. It is not delightful labor of love; and on the our province to remark on the splendor formation of the London Library, was, and distinguished eminence of this among a host of candidates, unani- gentleman as a publisher, although in mously elected to the offices of librarian this respect he may unquestionably and secretary.
be entitled to take the highest rank; We mighi also mention Stewart, the but his well-known literary abilities eminent linguist, and known as the and severe critical taste equally render skilful compiler of the celebrated cata- him conspicuous, as evinced in the imlogue of Miss Carver's library, which mense collection of valuable works he einbellished by drawings from his which have issued from his establishown pencil: or Straker, who may be ment. And it is a fact little known ranked among the very first class of that the series of “ Hand-books ” Oriental linguists; or Madden, also an in course of publication by Mr. Murray, eminent Oriental scholar,—both of and which are considered super-excelwhom deserve a much more extended lent in their way, and consequently notice than we can here give them. immensely popular in England, are all Again, there are such names as the executed from actual survey, and are following :-Arrowsmith, formerly the the unavowed productions of his son, celebrated map publisher, and author whose very superior scholastic and of “ Ancient and Modern Geography,” literary acquirements are doubtless as well as several elementary works in destined still more to do honor to his geography, some of which, with the father's high and well-deserved repuformer, are used as text-books at Ox- tation. ford, Cambridge, and Eton; J. Wilson, The name of Talboys will long be editor of the “ Bibliographical and Re: remembered by his admirable translatrospective Miscellany," Shakspe- tions of Adelung's “ Historical Sketch riana,” &c.; and Robert Tyas, the of Sanscrit Literature,” to which he well-known publisher of the Illus- appended copious bibliographical notrated Shakspeare," and other similarly tices. He was, moreover, the translaembellished works, who, besides being tor of the very erudite volumes of Prothe author of his many excellent fessor Heeren, of which he is also the “ Handbooks for the Million," is also publisher: his “ Bibliotheca Classica" the author of that superbly embellished and “Theologica” likewise deserve work, “ The Sentiment of Flowers,” honorable mention for their completethe ninth edition of which has recently ness and excellent scientific arrangeappeared. James Atkinson, of (! ment. But we find many more whom
we must group together, who, although defatigable compiler two thousand guiless prominently before the world, are neas to publish, and an almost increyet deserving of a passing tribute, such dible amount of labor. William and as E. M. Browne, author of “ Evro," a Robert Chambers, of Edinburgh, the romantic poem of considerable merit; editors of the able and valuable weekly T. C. Hansard, the printer, who wrote “ Journal” that bears their name, pre
Typographia,” and another similar sent another noble instance of genius work, and who has been also a contri- rising superior to all opposing circumbutor to the “ Encyclopædia Britan- stances ;—they were originally to be nica ;" West, the author of “Fifty seen, we understand, perambulating Years' Recollections of a Bookseller,' the streets of Glasgow, as hawkers of &c., who still lives. Then there is a few pamphlets and books. Their Goodhugh, the author of the “ English essays are among the choicest of the Gentleman's Library Manual;" Jas. periodical literature of the age. There D. Haas, who translated Dr. Krum- is still another name we cannot, in macher's “ Elisha,” and Zschökke's justice, omit to notice: we allude to “ History of Switzerland;" George that of C. H. Timperley, whose "EnDubourg, an occasional contributor to cyclopædia of Literary Anecdote" disthe “ Literary Gazette," and author of covers immense labor and research; “ The Violin and its Professors ;” and and to whose interesting and valuable the late Samuel Bagster, the author statistics we confess an indebtedness to of an enthusiastic and exceedingly no small extent in the prosecution of clever work on the “ Management of our subject. Such a volume will form Bees," &c. John Russell Smith, of of itself an enduring monument of the Compton-street, formerly an errand- industry and bibliographical knowboy, and now one of the most rising of ledge of the writer, and if it were the the London booksellers, has rendered sole production of a lifetime, it might himself justly distinguished by his al- yet stand in successful competition most unprecedented industry and ap- with many of those whose effusions plication, as well as natural genius; are of even much greater extent. his work on the antiquities of Kent, We cannot, however, close our al“ Bibliotheca Cantiana,” as well as his ready too extended sketch, without “ Bibliographical List of all Works a passing allusion to one or two names, which have been published towards justly entitled to such distinction in our illustrating the Provinces and Districts own day, and nearer home:-par crof England,” evince both his untiring emple, the senior partner of one of the antiquarian research and literary zeal. leading publishing establishments of We come next to a name that has be- Philadelphia (Lea and Blanchard's), come almost a synonym with antiqua- enjoys no less celebrity as a contributor rian anecdote-William Hone, from of numerous scientific papers in the the sale of whose “ Every Day Book “Philosophical Transactions,” than he and Year Book,” (who has not read does as being the liberal publisher of them ?), during the first year of its pub- the works of two of America's proudest lication, Tegg cleared £500. He was writers--Irving and Cooper. To Henoriginally a bookseller,--his collected ry Carey, late of this firm, we hare works would probably fill ten or twelve already made allusion; he has contrioctavos. His political satires had a buted repeatedly to the fugitive literaprodigious run, upwards of 70,000 co ture of the day, and is author of a work pies being disposed of in a short space on Banking, &c. In the east, we find of time. His infidel publications, for Cummings, formerly of the firm of which he was imprisoned, he lived to Cummings and Hilliard, author of an recant publicly, in a subsequent vo- elementary book on Spelling and Geolume, entitled his “Early Life and graphy, &c.; Wilkins (of Wilkins and Conversion." Henry G. Bohn deserves Carter) is author of a work on Astroto be classed among our list; his cata- nomy; Isaiah Thomas has written logue, containing a critical description and published a “History of Printing," of 300,000 volumes, in all the lan- a work of considerable reputation ; Saguages dear to literature, may be muel G. Drake, the antiquarian bookranked among the most remarkable seller of Boston, is, besides being a productions of the press of any nation : member of several learned societies, it contains 2,106 pages, and cost its in- author of the Book of the Indians,"
“ Tragedies of the Wilderness,” &c.; who follow the “gentle craft,” as well Joel Barlow, author of the great Ame as the more prominent members rican epic, “ The Columbiad,” was also of the bookselling fraternity in the formerly a bookseller at New Haven; United States. It is to be styled nor should we omit to mention the “ Memoirs of Printers and Booksellers name of James T. Fields, a young who have become Eminent Publishers.” man already favorably known to fame, Such a work from Mr. Keese's ani-he has also been distinguished by mated and not inelegant pen, cannot being appointed to deliver a poem be- fail of proving a highly acceptable confore the societies of Brown University; tribution to our native literature; nor and is, moreover, a poet of considerable can it be questioned that it will be pretensions. In our own city, as well destined to occupy a niche in most as in those we have referred to, there libraries, along with Mr. Griswold's are many minor members of the forthcoming “ Curiosities of American author-bookseller fraternity, who are Literature," and the delightful miscelmodestly moving along the bye-paths lanies of the inimitable D'Israeli. 'And of literature, and whom we regret not as affording the latest specimen of our being at liberty to signalize, since they class, we may mention the name of have done nothing ostensibly in the Mr. Norman, of New Orleans, who way of authorship; but there are some has just returned from a tour in Central exceptions, and we refer with pleasure America, the results of which will to those of George P. Putnam, whose speedily be given to the world through “ Tourist in Europe,” and other vo- the press of one of our publishers in the lumes, justly entitle him to notice; form of an elegantly illustrated and Casserley, of this city, a very re- deeply interesting volume on the Anspectable Greek scholar, and, lastly, cient Ruins of that mysterious and inthough not least, we will name John teresting section of our continent. Keese, whose beautifully embellished We conclude our notices of the works of the American poets, and recent author-booksellers with the following; publication of the “ Poetical Remains First, Charles Knight, the well known of Lucy Hooper,” no less than his publisher and editor of the “Pictorial active intelligence and literary abili- Shakspeare,"—the most valuable as it ties, render him deserving of our full is the most elegant edition ever given quota of praise: indeed he deserves to the world, and who is also the conthe thanks of his brethren for his ductor and editor of the other admiraprompt and manly reply, some time ble publications issued from his estasince, to an illiberal attack made blishment; including " London,” a against them as a class, in one of the work, which is of itself alone sufficient leading journals of this city, in which to entitle him to the thanks of the they were represented as“ knowing literary world. Secondly, Thomas very little about the thing they sell; Miller of Newgate-streel, formerly a and dispose of a book as they would of basket-maker, now an honored member a boot, and that their relation to an of the bookselling fraternity, a poet, author was that of a wig-maker to a novelist, and essayist, and whose works, schoolmaster,--one learned on the out- comprising aboui fifteen volumes, have side and the other within," &c. In his been too great favorites with the pubreply to this Mr. K. states that some lic to require naming in this place. of the most valuable treatises issued And lastly, William Howitt, a writer from the American press, owe their we need not stay to eulogise, who was origin to the talent and learning of originally one of the honored fraternity, booksellers; and that, moreover, Ame- completes the glorious trio,-names rican literature is studded with many which may justly be considered as gems from the amateur pens of book- forming the triple coronal of the booksellers.” By the way this worthy bib- sellers of the nineteenth century. liopolist has, we learn, nearly com Thus, then, we think we have fully pleted a work on which he has long established the point we originally probeen occupied during the brief intervals posed to make out, namely, that booksnatched from the arduous avocations sellers, so far from meriting the repuof business, which will doubtless com- tation which has been fastened upon prise much curios bibliographical them by the jealous complaints of disanecdote
Pose amongst us satisfied and irritated authors, present
more numerous instances of men of ers, when he replied, “He shot a genius and literary eminence among bookseller, (Palm), and had he done them, than perhaps any other class more in that way, poets and writers among the community. At least, if would turn printers themselves, as forwe have not made ihis evident to merly, and speedily fill their purses." others, we are satisfactorily convinced But pray is not this all poetry, Mr. of its verity ourselves, and shall there- Campbell? Whoamong the early aufore very contentedly, in conclusion, thor-printers acquired such prodigious simply subjoin a few stray characteris- wealih? Besides, Goldsmith and Johntic allusions, touching some of the pe- son were of a different opinion; nor do culiarities that seem almost indigenous we learn that they possessed more into the craft. One great procuring cause clination than ability for embarking in for so much literary eminence among the enterprise of paper and printing. this class, doubtless arises from the sub- D.1. Johnson, indeed, was so conscious of divisions of the London trade, an ar- this, that he asserted, booksellers were rangement which not only allows full the best Mæcenases. The author's best scope for improvement in its several de- friends are the booksellers and publishpartments, but which superadds power- ers; they mediate with the public and ful incentives to exertion and diligence. do for him what he could not achieve The admirable system of issuing cata- himself, namely, obtain a ready pay. logues so universally adopted by the ment for his manuscripis. There are London booksellers, affords satisfactory abundant instances on record, of surevidence that their acquaintance with prising liberality in this respect on the their stock is not merely titulary; part of publishers; take, for example, most of these catalogues containing the case of Andrew Millar, in early analytical notices, which are admirably times, who, unquestionably one of done. This pervading bibliographic the best patrons of literature, not only intelligence among “ the trade,” reacts paid Fielding one thousand guineas for with double advantage to themselves, his “ Amelia,” notwithstanding our and the public are scarcely less profit- author had continued to decline in the ed, for there is scarcely a book in the popularity of his works from “ Tom world that may be obtained, however Jones,” but even at his death, without scarce, but may be heard of in the great solicitation, the worthy bibliopole canLondonopolis.' The largest catalogue celled a loan against the novelist of we believe ever constructed, was the £2,500. How many similar instances “ Bibliotheca Thottiana," Copenhagen, might be quoted. Look at the enor1789; which comprised works in the mous copyrights given to Scott, Byron, several departments of literature, and and Moore, and many others, could we occupied twelve ponderous tomes. stay to refer to them.* We will, how
And after all that Mr. D'Israeli and ever, give one case in point, and for others have insinuated to the contrary, the authenticity of which there needs Campbell once at literary banquet, no voucher, as we received it direct from being asked to name a friend to litera- the distinguished author himself. ture, toasted Bonaparte. The company Washington Irving, when he first comexpressed their surprise, and inquired pleted his inimitable volumes of the why he ranked him among its support Sketch Book," offered the MSS.
* An amusing and well-known anecdote we must here introduce, of the celebrated Peter Pindar, (Dr. Walcot,) who, from the prodigious success of his earlier pieces, became a desirable object of bookselling speculation, and about the year 1795, Robinson and Walker entered into a treaty to grant him an annuity for his published works, and, on certain conditions, for his unpublished ones. While this was pending, Peter had an attack of asthma, which he did not conceal nor palliate, but at meetings of the parties, his asthma always interrupted the business; a fatal result was of course anticipated, and instead of a sum of money, an annuity of £250 per annum was preferred. Soon after the bond was signed, Peter called on Walker, the manager for the parties, who, surveying him with a scrutinizing eye, asked him how he did. “ Much better, thank you,” said Peter, “I have taken measure of my asthma, the fellow is troublesome, but I know his strength and am his master." “ Oh!” said Walker,