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farm, where he spent about a couple nent merchant in Providence, Rhode of years. He here prosecuted his stu- Island, who was largely concerned in dies in private for several months, the Northwest Coast irade of the Pathough unaided, yet with undiminished cific ocean. It may be cited as a sig. zeal, to maintain his position with his nal evidence of the character for talents more fortunate classmates who were and integrity which he was early able able to remain at school; and it was 10 establish for himself, that, on the not till reluctantly forced to abandon death of this gentleman, two years all hope of going, either to Princeton afterward, he was employed by the or to the University at Chapel Hill, executors, at his recommendation, and that he discontinued them in despair. entrusted with the important duty of
Disappointed in these early and am- adjusting the affairs of the estate, bitious hopes, he became an enthusi- which were exceedingly complicated astic bunter and fisherman, and passed and extensive. This very responsible many a night in scouring the swamps and difficult duty was discharged with with his dogs, torch and axe, and entire success, and to the full satismany a day in his canoe on the Pam- faction of the executor and heirs of the lico Řiver. Being young, it was also estate. While thus situated at Provihis province to “ drive" the hounds in dence, as a clerk, with a salary of but the slag hunts, which were frequent $600, it is highly honorable to Mr. Camin that neighborhood. These traits breleng, that he brought on both of his of the boy are thus referred to, because, brothers from North Carolina, and sooth to say, the veteran statesman placed them at school, defraying out of may still be said to lead much the his own slender income all their exsame sort of life, in the intervals penses, and well discharging toward which the force of early formed tastes them all the duties of the paternal relaand habits still induce him occasion- tion. From Providence he returned to ally to snatch from more ambitious New York; after a few years proceeded, pursuits.
in 1812, to New Orleans, on a large comAt the age of fourteen he was placed mercial speculation, which was frustratin the store of a merchant in Carolina, ed by the declaration of war in June; with whom, about two years there and he was compelled 10 return to New after, he removed to New York, in York, by an overland journey alone, 1802; to which circumstance is to be through the Indian country. On this ascribed the transfer of his public ca- journey he met with a variety of adreer from the soil of his birih and fa- venture, hardship, and danger, which mily associations, to the great commer- would be inexhaustible were we percial metropolis of which he afterwards mitted by our limits to linger over their became, and continued through not less narration. About this time commenced than nine Congressional terms, or his connection with Mr. John Jacob eighteen years, a Representative in Astor, with whom his most important Congress.
commercial transactions were had; and After this, he passed through a life who, one of the most acute judges of of chequered fortune and adventure in men, always reposed an implicit confithe great game of commerce. The dence in Mr. Cambreleng, entrusting failure of his employer threw him on to his discretion many business comhis own unaided resources. In 1806, missions and enterprises of the highest he was engaged as a clerk by an emi- importance. In the prosecution of
Apropos of a man so remarkable as Mr. Astor, in more points of view than one, such a testimony as that of Mr. Cambreleng, who had peculiar opportunities of forming a correct judgment, to the character of a man so distinguished as Mr. Astor has long been in the commercial community, may be worth recording. From a letter we have seen, written by Mr. Cambreleng to a friend, we are permitted to make the following extract :-“ Most very great fortunes are either inherited, or owing more to chance than to bold enterprise or deep calculation. The most enterprising are generally in the end the least successful. It was not so with Mr. Astor. No man ever surpassed him in the variety and originality of his projects, in boldness of speculating, or in foreseeing and comprehending every event which might possibly affect any of his plans. Independently of his various speculations on a large scale, his sét
these, Mr. Cambreleng became an was a remarkably clear and forcible expoextensive traveller, through various sition of the fallacy of the experiments parts of Europe and Asia Minor. He by which the high-tariff school of that day was afterwards also extensively en
---not yet extinct, though now for the pregaged in business for himself-which, sent abashed into silence---sought to fashowever, after some years, from the ten upon the young, free energies of this
country the fictitious system of commerprecarious fluctuations of commerce
cial policy, of prohibitions, premiums, and in this country, eventually termi.
drawbacks, which, whatever division of nated unsuccessfully. In the year opinion exists as to its effects on the true 1825, he again made a tour through- prosperity of England, is at least the most out England, Scotland, Ireland and fatal and false to the true spirit of our Wales.
institutions that we could adopt. It formMr. Cambrelong's life has thus been ed an octavo volume of near three huna very adventurous and roving one; it has dred pages, and was composed during the been replete with striking incident and evening hours, when the author was reromantic adventures, for which, as well leased from the business occupations of as for scenery and the novelty of travel, the day, he has always had a strong passion. His In the spring of 1821, Mr. Cambreobservation has been keen and extensive, leng was nominated for Congress by the and he has been very laborious in study Democratic party, and though a powerful in the intervals of occupation, and espe- effort was made to defeat his election, by cially while his days have been occupied his political opponents, and by the manuand distracted with business, through the facturing interest, he succeeded, over a hours of night. He has been more a very popular candidate nominated in opwriter than a reader, and has depended position to him, by a large majority. The more upon observation, experience, and seat thus obtained he has ever since prereflection, than upon the borrowed trea. served till the election in that city in the sures of other minds. Though his career fall of 1838, when the convulsion of the has been commercial, Mr. Cambreleng then recent political crisis at last effected has always been a zealous politician, and the object for the accomplishment of which a uniform advocate of Democratic princi- all the former efforts of his opponents had ples. He had not long been permanently failed. He thus continued a Member of settled in New York, before he took an Congress for eighteen years consecutively. active part in its politics. The doctrine When the Republican party sustained its of restrictions on trade for the protection overwhelming defeat in 1824, he was the of manufactures was then advocated or only Member of Congress of that party sanctioned by almost all our public men, re-elected from the State. Yet has Mr. and all who ventured to oppose an increase Cambreleng always, from the outset, been of duties, for the benefit of manufactures, opposed by the mercantile interest of that were considered as wanting in patriotism. city; though in reality, however tardy The Democratic party had been made an that class may be in recognizing the fact, instrument, for the promotion of their own he has always been, from the soundness interests, by prominent capitalists engaged of that theory of public policy which has in that branch of business, and memorials always given its entire shape and characwere annually sent to Congress from Tam- ter to his public course, their best friend, many Hall, praying for an increase of the and a most valuable representative of tariff. Mr. Cambreleng was among the their true interest. In 1828, particularly, few more clear-sighted and fearless who he was vigorously opposed by the merthen protested against these memorials, chants generally, for refusing to advocate and ultimately succeeded in persuading his a high federal duty on sales at auction. political friends to discontinue them. In How violent and embittered the hostility the winter of 1820-21, before he had en- has been made of late years by Mr. Camgaged in public life, he wrote his · Exa- breleng's uncompromising adherence to mination of the New Tariff, proposed by those great principles of the Democratic the Hon. Henry Baldwin, a Representative policy in relation to the public currency in Congress. By One of the People. This and banking, which the mercantile class
tlement at the mouth of the Columbia river would of itself have rendered him one of the most wealthy men in the world, but for our war with Great Britain, and the sale of Fort Astoria, contrary to his orders. I have enjoyed his confidence for five-andtwenty years, and I can say of him, that, however he may be in small matters, he is a man of extraordinary genius of a comprehensive and profound mind and capable of managing the affairs of a nation."
were so prodiziously mistaken in regard- facts and familiarity with the leading ing as antagonist to their real interests, is principles by which their apparent intoo well known to require comment or no tricacies are to be resolved. We sintice at our hands. In proportion, how- cerely regret that he did not happen to ever, to this hostility of political oppo- be a Member of the Congress which nents have the attachment and confidence has just passed through one of the most of the Democratic party of his city and State increased with the continued mani- that have yet taken place in this coun
extensive and important Tariff debates festation of his unwavering Republican principles—his pure and firm political try. He would have been found equally integrity-the consistent soundness of his able and willing to contribute to the leading doctrines of commercial policy- Free Trade side of the discussion, an and the eminent ability which he has dis- aid which, though not indeed made played in the advocacy of them.
necessary by any want of force or fulMr. Cambreleng's career in Congress ness on the part of its numerous able during the eighteen years that he occupied supporters, would yet have been of an a seat in the House of Representatives, eminently high interest and value. was eminently useful and honorable. He
In the summer of 1839, Mr. Camalways preferred that post of duty in the breleng gladly took advantage of the public service, resting on the free election first interval of leisure afforded him, of his constituency, to any other offices of in retirement from public life, to rehonor or emolument, under the Executive visit some of the scenes of his
earlier appointment, which his distinguished services, character, and abilities must have travels and adventures in Europe. made readily accessible to him. He al. While abroad, after travelling over the ways in the House played a prominent continent, he received, in England, and influential part---having been gener- the appointment from the President ally chairman of some of the more im- of Minister to the Court of Rusportant committees, Commerce, Foreign sia. His official residence there was Affairs, and Ways and Means; the chair- rendered short by the change of admimanship of which latter is well known as nistration at home, which took place being the nearest approach that our prac- by the Whig victory of 1840; for he tice admits to the post of leadership of the
was prompt to send in his resignation, dominant party in the body. In the exercise
so that it should reach the new Presiof these functions Mr. Cambreleng was the author of numerous reports, charac. He reached New York, on his return
dent immediately on his installation. terized by remarkable ability, research, from Russia, in September, 1841,* since and value. His celebrated report on commerce and navigation, in 1829, cannot which period there remains nothing be forgotten by many of our readers. Two for biography to chronicle, beyond the editions of it were published by the mer- simple fact that he has recently retired chants of New York, and a third in Lon- to a country residence, at the town don. His report on the Surplus Revenue, of Huntington, Suffolk county, Long in 1837—on the Independent Treasury and Island, on the shore of the Sound, on the Public Expenditures—during his which he designs, we understand, to two last sessions in Congress—are not less make his fixed abode—in a spot admirentitled to special notice.
ably adapted for the indulgence of his Mr. Cambreleng always well sus- unforgotten tastes for the sports of field tained the character of an able and and flood, as well as among a people lucid debater. Especially on questions of political character most staunchly connected with the great topics of cur- in harmony with that of his own entire rency and commerce, he was always past public career. at home, in an abundant knowledge of
It is probably needless to advert to Mr. Cambreleng, as the author of the interesting paper in the last Number of this Review, under the title of “ New Notes 0% Russia, by a Recent Visiter."
I will be King of Diamonds,
With treasures all untold,
May not be bought and sold ?
I will be Ace of Clubs,
A warrior clad in arms,
For whom gold hath no charms.
I will be Knave of Spades,
And softly undermine
And the brave game is mine.
But I'll be Queen of Hearts,
For doughty warrior,
All, all belong to her!
Oh, lovelier far
Than her fairest star, Like Dian 'mid her nymphs beamed the night's sweet queen;
And gazing on her smile,
Seemed the very earth the while, Almost another heaven in that magic sheen.
O'er her radiant path
Swept a cloud's dark wrath,
And as the shadow stole,
O'er the gazer's rapt soul, All light from heaven, all beauty from the earth, were gone.
But the cloud swept by,
And earth again and sky, And that lonely watcher's heart, from its dark sway were free,
And then-ah, then it deemed
It ne'er before had dreamed How bright that heaven, how beautiful that earth, could be !
A FOOL OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.
years old, and in the first rank. In the
course of my journey, I had learned, On my last journey through the north quite accidentally, the station of his of Germany, I did not regret going a regiment, and this reconciled me to the little out of the way, to see once more roundabout way. one who had been a favorite in the
The post-boy drove me into the golden time of my life. It must be un- streets of an old, straggling, rich comderstood, however, that in the following mercial city, and stopped before one of story, the names of countries, places the most respectable hotels, As soon as and persons, are concealed or disguised. I had learned which was my chamber Yet the history, as improbable as it from the waiter, I asked him, whether may appear to some, is none the less the Baron of Flyeln was with the regitrue on that account.
ment now in possession of the place? This favorite was the Baron Olivier “Do you mean the Major ?” asked of Flyeln, with whom I had pursued the waiter. the sciences at the High-School of “Major he may well be! Is his dwell. Gottingen. He was then an excellent ing far from this? Can he be spoken youth, and at the same time one with at this time? It is late, I know of the most intellectual. A love of --but I wish some one to conduct me Greek and Roman literature had to him." brought and bound us together. I called “Pardon me, but the Baron is not him my Achilles, and he called me his with his regiment-he has not been for Patroclus. In fact, he was a model a long time. He took leave, or he that might have served any artist for would have been obliged to take it.” an Achilles. In form and bearing like "Obliged? Wherefore ?" a young demigod, pride and goodness “He has played all sorts of pranks alike shone in the dark fire of his and wonderful capers—I know not glauce; supple and active as any one; what! He is at least not right in the the boldest swimmer, the swiftest- head: he is cracked-crazed. They footed runner, the wildest rider, the say, he has studied himself out of his most graceful dancer, he had withal, wits." the most generous and fearless heart. The news frightened me so at first, His very nobleness involved him in that I completely lost possession of mya many an unpleasant affair, as he al- self. ways took the part of the oppressed. “ And what then?" stammered I at He had therefore many occasions to last, in order to learn something of him fight with others ; did not avoid even more accurately. the best swordsman; went into the “ Pardon me,” said the obsequious contest as to a pastime; was never waiter, “ but what I know, is only from himself wounded, as if he bore a hearsay, for he was sent away before I charmed life, yet never suffered any one came to this house: still they tell to escape him unmarked.
many things about him. For instance, he Since our separation, we had several had many affairs with the officers, and times written to each other, but as it called each one thou, even the General happens, when one begins to be tossed —each one, let him be who he might. by the waves of life, though we did When he came into possession of a rich not wholly forget one another, we at inheritance from his uncle, he imagined last dropped the correspondence. I himself as poor as a beggar, could not knew nothing of him, finally, except pay his debts, and sold what he had on that he had become a Captain in a and about him. He even vented blasregiment of infantry. He must have phemous speeches in his phrenzy. But been already about five-and-thirty the funniest part of it is, that he mar