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terious superintendence, the world was motives, give activity to our virtues, ripening for results of which it had and sanctify the pursuits of each indidever entered into the heart of man to vidual to the happiness of his race. In conceive. The prejudices of past that great scheme of Providence, far civilisations were to be exorcised, from more incomprehensible and exalted which was to follow the emancipation agencies were required than any huof the human mind; the equality of man intellect could marshal. In workman before God was to be established, ing out its stupendous results Lucian whereby justice and good faith were had been called unconsciously to perto prevail among men; a value was form a part of no light importance, but to be given to this life, by the reve a part which might safely have been enlation of another and a better — a trusted to one who was neither a phirevelation which was to purify our lanthropist, a hero, nor a philosopher.

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FROM THE GERMAN OF SCHILLER.

How many there are who sing and dream

Of happier seasons coming,
And ever is fancy, to catch the beam

Of a Golden Era, roaming !
The world may grow old, -and young again,-
And the hope of a better shall still remain.

Hope comes with life at its dawning hour;

Hope sports with the infant creeper:
Hope cheers up the youth, with her magic power;

Ånd when, too, the grey-haired weeper
Has closed in the grave his weary round,
He plants the tree of hope on the mound.

It is not an empty, vain deceit,

In the brains of fools created ;
It speaks to the soul of a state more meet,

Where its longings shall all be sated.
And the promise the indwelling voice thus makes

To the hoping soul-it never breaks.
Buffalo, N.Y.

H. GATES.

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We look upon Mrs. Sigourney as the facts is súpposed, and the material first of the lady-poets of our country. employed consists chiefly of reflections If there were any doubt about the fact, on the successive changes in the forthe appearance of the present volume tunes of the Forest Heroine. The dewould be sufficient to remove it. We scription of her person-as it ripened are inclined to think, indeed, that we from the native grace of childhood might, without injustice, go farther, into the mature and thoughtful perand place our gified countrywoman, fection of womanly beauty-is one of without hesitation, at the head of the the best passages, and may be cited lady-poets of the day. Since the death with advantage, as a fair, or rather of Mrs. Hemans, and considering favorable specimen of the whole :Joanna Baillie as a relic of the last generation, rather than a member of « On sped the seasons, and the forestthe present, we know no person in

child England who can fairly contest the Was rounded to the symmetry of claims of Mrs. Sigourney to this dis

youth; tinction. In the peculiar character of

While oʻer her features stole, serenely

mild, her genius, she resembles Mrs. Hemans more nearly than any other recent

The trembling sanctity of woman's

truth, writer, and her permanent reputation is likely, we think, to be quite as great.

Her modesty, and simpleness, and

grace; Pocahontas” is fully equal to any one of Mrs. Hemans's longer poems—

Yet those who deeper scan the human

face, which, by the bye, are not her best : Amid the trial-hour of fear or ruth, and if Mrs. Sigourney's works are infe Might clearly read upon its heavenrior in volume-no very certain test of

writ scroll, excellence in poetry—10 those of her That high and firm resolve, which nerved English rival, they contain, perhaps,

the Roman soul. at least as large a number of compositions which, from some peculiar feli “ The simple sports, that charmed her city in the choice of the subjects, or

childhood's way, the mode of execution, will be received

Her greenwood gambols 'mid the into the canon of standard verse, and

matted vines, float down the current of time as a pre

The curious glance of wild and searchcious heir-loom for future generations.

ing ray,

Where innocence with ignorance The subject of the principal poem in

combines, the present volume is happily selected,

Were changed for deeper thought's perand would afford materials for a much

suasive air, more extensive development than has

Or that high port a princess well might here been given to it. It is, perhaps, better fitted for a historical romance, in So fades the doubtful star when mornthe manner of the Waverley novels,

ing shines ; than for a poem; and waits, in order to So melts the young dawn at the enkinreceive entire justice, for the pen of

dling ray, some American Walter Scott. We And on the crimson cloud casts off its rather wonder that Cooper, in survey.

mantle grey." ing the field of our history, in search of subjects, never happened to direct The closing verses of the second of his view to this attractive point. In these stanzas are not inferior in grace the work before us a knowledge of the to the passage in Milton's Lycidas,

wear :

* Pocahontas, and other Poems. By Mrs. L. H. Sigourney. 12mo. New York. 1842.

of which they seem to be, in part, a poses himself by the very fact to a reminiscence:

strong suspicion that he is cheating the “Weep no more, woful shepherds! weep public with a worthless imitation of no more!

the “ true thing." For Lycidas, your sorrow, is not dead,

Mrs. Sigourney's compositions belong Sunk though he be beneath the watery exclusively to the class of short poems, floor :

for the Pocahontas, which is the longSo sinks the day-star in the ocean-bed, est of them, does not, as we have said,

And yet anon repairs his drooping head, exceed thirty or forty pages. They And tricks his beams, and with news commonly express, with great purity, fangled ore,

and evident sincerity, the tender affecFlames in the forehead of the morning tions which are so natural to the sky,” &c.

female heart, and the lofty aspirations Pocahontas,” though the longest after a higher and better state of being, poem in the volume, and the one which constitute the truly ennobling which gives it its title, occupies only and eleyating principle in art, as well thirty-seven, out of nearly three hun- as in nature. Love and religion are dred pages. The remaining space is the unvarying elements of her song, taken up by a series of short, and This is saying, in other words, that mostly lyrical pieces, many of which the substance of her poetry is of the had previously appeared in the periodi- very highest order. If her powers of cal publications. The talent of Mrs. expression were equal to the purity Sigourney displays itself, we think, to and elevation of her habits of thought still greater advantage in these effu- and feeling, she would be a female sions, than in the Pocahontas, beautiful Milton, or a Christian Pindar. But as it is. We must say, indeed, that though she does not“ inherit whatever merit there may be in some two or three very long poems—the

The force and ample pinion Iliad, for example, or the Paradise Lost

That the Theban Eagle bear, -we much prefer, in general, for our

Sailing with supreme dominion own private reading, the shorter com Through the liquid vault of air,” positions even of the greatest masters to their longer ones. The Sonnets and she nevertheless manages the lanCanzonets of Petrarch are fresh in the guage with great ease and elegance; memories and on the lips of the youth and often with much of the curiosa of Italy, while his Africa has long felicitas, that refined felicity” of exsince slept undisturbed in the dust of pression, which is, after all, the printhe library. The Melodies of Moore cipal charm in poetry. In blank verse and Byron will be sung, when their she is very successful. The poems Lalla Rookhs and Childe Harolds are

that she has written in this measure forgotten. Poetry is so exquisite a

have not unfrequently much of the production of the mind, and requires

manner of Wordsworth, and may be for its composition so much concen- nearly or quite as highly relished by tration of thought, and intensity of his admirers. One of the best of this feeling, that the attempt to spread it class of her works was addressed to over hundreds and thousands of

the celebrated bard at his own resi

pages, must generally, from the necessity of dence during her late visit to England, the case, end in failure. Poetry is the and is published in the present volume "cordial drop" of the literary ban- under the title of quet. In its genuine state it is as “ rich and rare as the precious atargul of the East, of which it takes five “Oh vale of Grassmere ! tranquil and shut hundred weight of rose-leaves to make a single ounce. The dealer who offers From all the strife that shakes a jarring either article in large quantities ex world,

GRASSJERE AND RYDAL WATER.

out

Although this poem happens to have originally appeared in a former Number of this Review, yet having been selected by the writer of the present article for the illustration of his criticism, we do not believe that any reader will object to its repetition, -ED. D, R.

32

VOL. XI.NO. LU.

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How quietly thy village roofs are bowered With rushing splendor, while his puny
In the cool verdure, while thy graceful
spire

Vanished in air. Old England's oaks out-
Guardeth lhe ashes of the noble dead,

stretch'd And like a fixed and solemn sentinel Their mighty arms and took that cloudless Holm-Crag looks down on all.

glance

Into their bosoms, as a precious thing
“ And thy pure lake, To be remember'd long.
Spreading its waveless breast of crystal out
Tween thee and us, pencil nor lip of man

« And so we turn'd May fitly show its loveliness. The soul And through romantic glades pursued our Doth hoard it as a gem, and fancy-led,

way, Explore its curving shores,-its lonely Where Rydal Water spends its thundering isle,

force, That like an emerald clasp'd in crystal And through the dark gorge makes a sleeps.

double plunge

Abruptly beautiful. Thicket and rock, “Ho, stern Helvellyn! with thy savage And ancient summer-house, and sheeted cliffs,

foam, And dark ravines, where the rash travel. All exquisitely blent,while deafening sound ler's feet

Of torrents, battling with their ruffian foes, Too oft have wander'd far and ne'er re- Filld the admiring gaze with awe, and turned,

wrought
Why dost thou press so close yon margin A dim forgetfulness of all beside.

green,
Like border-chieftain, seeking for his “ Thee, too, I found within thy sylvan
bride

home, Some cottage maiden ? Prince amid the Whose music thrill'd my heart, when life hills,

was new, That each upon his feudal seat maintains WORDSWORTH! with wild enchantment Strict sovereignty, hast thou a tale of love circled round For gentle Grassmere, that thou thus dost In love with nature's self, and she with droop

thee. Thy plumed helmet o'er her, and peruse Thy ready hand, that from the landscape With such a searching gaze her mirror'd cull'd brow ?

Its long familiar charms, rock, tree, and She listeneth coyly, and her guileless spire, depths

With kindness half-paternal leading on Are troubled at a tender thought from My stranger footsteps through the garden thee.

walk, And yet, methinks, some speech of Love 'Mid shrubs and flowers, that from thy should dwell

planting grew; In scenes so beautiful. For not in vain, The group of dear ones, gathering round Nor with a feeble voice doth He who

thy board, spread

She, the first friend, still as in youth beSuch glorious charms, bespeak man's lov'd; kindliness

The daughter, sweet companion,-sons For all whom He hath made, bidding the

mature, heart

And favorite grandchild, with his treasur'd Grasp every creature with a warm em

phrase, brace

The evening lamp, that o'er thy silver Of brotherhood.

locks

And ample brow fell fitfully, and touch'd
“ Lo! what fantastic forms, Thy lifted eye with earnestness of thought,
In sudden change are traced upon the sky: Are with me as a picture, ne'er to fade,
The Sun doth subdivide himself, and shine Till death shall darken all material things."
On either side of an elongate cloud,
Which, like an alligator huge and thin,
Pierceth his disk. And then an ostrich

Several other poems in the collection seem'd

derive, like this, additional interest from Strangely to perch upon a wreath of foam, allusions to scenes in foreign countries

, And gaze disdainful on the kingly orb, where they were composed. We That lay o'erspent and weary. But he gather from these and other sources of roused

information, that the amiable author Up as a giant, and the welkin glow'd had opportunity, while recently in Eu

rope, of storing her mind with a rich they describe. Her instinctive sympatreasure of new impressions and images. thy' with the beautiful and good leads We trust that the public will be permit- her to seek, and of course to find them ted to share still further in the fruits in everything around her; and her of this excursion, in any form, whether works, whatever may be their form, prose or verse, that may best suit the will always be a lesson of kind and fair pilgrim's taste. She is entirely noble feelings,-an echo of the sweet free from the spirit of malignant cavilharmonies of nature, -and a hymn of which renders the works of so many praise, gratitude, and adoration to its travellers a mere libel on the countries Divine Author.

THE ANCIENT FEUDAL AND MODERN BANKING SYSTEMS.

It is a fact rendered evident to the which that improved condition has most cursory observer of the history of evolved. society, that in its progress of improve In every condition of society, some ment it is constantly developing some element exists in its social composition, peculiar system of internal govern- arising from the peculiarity of its purment, which pervades every part of its suits and the state of its progress, structure, and sways it for the time which, controlled by a privileged few, being with parannount control. The gives them a dominant influence over rise, development, and decline of these its welfare. Thus, if the pursuits of a master influences upon the body politic, nation be chiefly warlike, then those would appear to be a law of social to whom is entrusted the conduct and existence, for they have kept pace management of its wars have the conwith the progress of civilisation, and trol of an element by which its intemanifested themselves in every condi- rests are mainly affected. On the other tion of social advancement.

hand, if the pursuits of a nation be In the progress of human improve chiefly agricultural, then the land of ment two influences are constantly at the nation, which is the productive work—the tendency of the Few to avail source of its wealth and industry, themselves of the labor and control the becomes the principal element of energies of the Many, and the efforts power; and wh the great landed inof the latter to resist it. Both are terests of the nation are entrusted to equally a part of man's nature; and if particular individuals, they wield an we may judge by the experience of influence over the strongest element the past, these opposite influences will that enters into its social composition. continue to act, whatever modifications It has been by securing a control over society may assume, or however great the leading and highest interests of the may be iis eventual improvement. state, that the dominion of the Few That our own age and country has over the Many has been accomplished. witnessed the predominance of the lat- This disposition has given rise to the ter of these influences, we are readily creation of systems, through the inprepared to admit; but even in the strumentality of which power might improved condition which has result- be concentrated, its exercise secured, ed from the positive assertion of the and its dominion perpetuated. To this great principles of political equality, cause is to be attributed the establishthe efforts of the few may be readily ment of the feudal system of the middistinguished, pursuing the same object dle ages, and to it are we indebted for by adapting themselves to the altered the rapid growth of the modern bankcondition of society, and securing the ing system. control of the new elements of power The object of the present Article is

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