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in exile, and the author of the Atlas Historique, &c., and of the Memorial
de St. Helena. We understand the fifth volume of Pro
fessor Leo's Course of Universal History, for the use of superior Schools, is just out, (Lehrbuch der Universa eschichte zum Gebrauch in höhern Unterrichtsanstalten,) published at Halle. This volume treats of the history of the French Revolution and of Napoleon, and thus forms a valuable work of itself. It is written in a spirit of stern justice; the author, with the law of the gospel in his hand, sitting in judgment upon the deeds of nations and individuals, and tracing in all the ramifications of the astounding events of that memorable period, the finger of God. It will also please the English reader of German, for the beauty and simplicity of
its style. Der Nibelungen Noth, illustrirt mit Holz
schnitten nach Zeichnungen von Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld und Eugen Neureuther. Die Bearbeitung des Textes von Dr. Gustav Pfizer. 8 Lieferungen,
à 14 gr. Technologische Encyclopädie, oder alphabetisches Handbuch der Technologie, der technischen Chemie, und des Maschinenwesens. Zum Gebrauche für Kameralisten, Oekonomen, Künstler, Fabrikanten, und Gewerbtreibende jeder Art. Herausgegeben von Joh. Jos. Prechtl. k. k. n. o. wirkl. Regierungs-Rathe, und Director des k. k. polytechnischen Instituts in Wien. Die ersten neun Bände, mit 230 Kupfer
tafeln, kosten jeder, 6 f. Der Magnetismus im Verhältniss zur Na
tur und Religion, von Dr. Jos. Ennemoser. Preis, 2 Rthlr, 12 gr. Schutt, - Dichtungen von Anastasius
Grün. Saminlung Architektonischer Entwürfe
von Dr. C. F. Schinkel, Köngl. Preuss. Ober-Landes-Bau-Director,etc. etc. etc. Das Werk aus 16 Lieferungen à 6 Blatt bestehend, wird in drei Jahren vollständig sein, und der Subscriptionspreis, pro Lieferung Rthlr. 2., Pr. Cour, sein.
judge accurately of its influence upon society, and yet too far from it to appreciate its earliest fruits; he says it will require perhaps many centuries before we can justly form an opinion of its effects upon the destinies of man. We may at least even now form something of an estimate, if we refer merely to the enormous cost of some MSS. prior to the invention of this invaluable art. One Parnarme, writing to the King of Naples, says, 'you lately wrote me from Florence that the works of Titus Livius are there to be sold, in very handsome books, and that the price of each is 120 crowns of gold. Therefore I entreat your Majesty that you cause the same to be bought; and one thing I want to know of your prudence, whether I or Poggius have done best, -he, that he might buy a country house near Florence, sold Livy, which he had writ in a very fine hand, or I, that I might purchase the books have exposed a piece of land for sale ? ' Tuscas, Petrarch's tutor, was, it is stated, obliged to pawn two little volumes of Cicero, to save himself from confinement for debt. A few MSS. were considered in early times a sufficient dower for the daughter of even a wealthy baron; and such importance was attached to the disposal of books, that they were sold on contract and securities in the same manner as landed property. To purchase a Bible in the fifteenth century, would have cost, according to their rate of wages, fifteen years of daily labor. In the middle of the 9th century, Lupus, the abbot of a monastery, sent a commission of two Monks to Pope Benedict III., with a letter requesting a copy of Cicero and Quintilian, assigning as the reason, that there was no copy
of either throughout France. In Spain also, books were so exceedingly
scarce about this time, that one and the same Bible often served for the use of several Monasteries. And even the Royal Library at Paris down to the 14th century possessed only four of the classic authors,- Cicero, Lucan, Ovid and Boethius. The bestowment of a book on a convent, was furthermore looked upon as a highly religious act, and at the Monastery of St. Swithin at Winchester, a daily mass was actually founded for the soul of Bishop Nicholas de Ely, because he had given a Bible to that institution.
MISCELLANEOUS. VALUE OF BOOKS IN THE MIDDLE AGES.
-Dunau, a French philosopher, has observed that we live too near the epoch of the Discovery of Printing, to
272 274 277
I. LUCIAN AND HIS AGE . . .
. . . . II. Hope. From the German of Schiller . . . . III. Mrs. SIGOURNEY.--By Alexander H. Everett
Pocahontas and other Poems.-By Mrs. L. H. Sigourney.
Life of Petrarch.--By Thomas Campbell.
CHURCHILL C. CAMBRELENG, OF New York. i . .
(With a fine Engraving on Steel.)
of Zschökke . .
. . . . .
Remarkable Personal Encounters that have taken place from
gen, M.D., F.R.S.
XXI. THE NEW BOOKS OF THE MONTH . . . . . .
Leibig's Animal Chemistry-Wayland's Thoughts on the
Human Life--The Irving Institute.
THIS NUMBER CONTAINS SEVEN SHEETS, ONE HUNDRED AND TWELVE PAGES.