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to wit: Her Britannic Majesty-Sir other party the printed argument referred Alexander James Edmund Cockburn, to in Article IV. of the said Treaty. Baronet, a member of her Majesty's Privy “ The Tribunal having since fully Council, Lord Chief Justice of England; taken into their consideration the Treaty the President of the United States and also the Cases, Counter-Cases, docuCharles Francis Adams, Esq. ; his Ma. ments, evidence and arguments, and likejesty the King of Italy-his Excellency wise all other communications made to Count Frederic Sclopis of Salerano, a them by the two parties during the proKnight of the Order of Annunciata, Minis- gress of their sittings, and having imparter of State, Senator of the Kingdom of tially and carefully examined the same, Italy; the President of tbe Swiss Con- has arrived at the decision embodied in federation-Mr. James Staempfli; his the present award. Majesty the Emperor of Brazil-his “Whereas, having regard to the 6th Excellency Marcus Antonio d'Araujo, and 7th Articles of the said Treaty, the Viscount d'Itajubà, a Grundee of the Arbitrators are bound under the terms of Empire of Brazil, member of the Council the said 6th Article, in deciding the matof his Majesty. the Emperor of Brazil, and ters submitted to them, to be governed his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister by the three rules therein specified and Plenipotentiary in France. And the five by such principles of International Law Arbitrators above named having assembled not inconsistent therewith as the Arbi. at Geneva (in Switzerland) in one of the trators shall determine to have been appli. chambers of the Hôtel de Ville on the cable to the case.' 15th of December, 1871, in conformity with “And whereas the “due diligence' rethe terms of the 2nd Article of the 'Treaty ferred to in the first and third of the said of Washington of the 8th of May of that Rules ought to be exercised by neutral year, and having proceeded to the inspec. Governments in exact proportion to the tion and verification of their respective risks to which either of the belligerents Powers, which were found duly anthenti- may be exposed from a failure to fulll the cated, the Tribunal of Arbitration was obligations of neutrality on their part. declared duly organized.

“And whereas the circumstances out of « The Agent named by each of the High which the facts constitating the subjectContracting Parties, by virtue of the matter of the present controversy arose same Article II., to wit: For her Bri- were of a nature to call for the exercise on tannic Majesty-Charles Stuart Aubrey, the part of her Britannic Majesty's GovernLord Tenterden, a Peer of the United ment of all possible solicitude for the obserKingdom, Companion of the Most Honour. vance of the rights and the duties involved able Order of the Bath, Assistant Under- in the Proclamation of Neutrality issued by Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; her Majesty on the 13th day of May, 1861; and for the United States of America- “And whereas the effects of a violation John C. Bancroft Davis, Esq.; whose of neutrality committed by means of the powers were found likewise duly authen- construction, equipinent, and armament of ticated, then delivered to each of the a vessel are not done away with by any Arbitrators the printed case prepared by commission which the Government of the each of the two parties, accompanied by belligerent Power benefited by the violathe documents, the official correspondence tion of neutrality may afterwards have and other evidence on which each relied, granted to that vessel; and the ultiin conformity with the terms of the 3rd mate step, by which the offence is comArticle of the said Treaty:

pleted, cannot be admissible as a ground “In virtue of the decision made by the for the absolution of the offender, nor Tribunal at its first session, the Counter can the consummation of his fraud become Case and additional documents, corre- the means of establishing his innocence; spondence and evidence, referred to in “And whereas the privilege of exterArticle IV. of the said Treaty, were de. ritoriality accorded to vessels of war has livered by the respective Agents of the been admitted into the law of nations, two Parties to the Secretary of the Tri. not as an absolute right, but solely as a bunal on the 15th of April, 1872, at the proceeding founded on the principle of Chamber of Conference, at the Hôtel de courtesy and mutual deference between Ville of Geneva.

different nations, and therefore can never “ The Tribunal, in accordance with the be appealed to for the protection of acts vote of adjournment passed at their done in violation of neutrality; second Session, held on the 16th of De. "And whereas the absence of a previous cember, 1871, re-assembled at Geneva on notice cannot be regarded as a failure the 15th of June, 1872, and the Agent of in any consideration required by the law each of the parties duly delivered to each of nations, in those cases in which a vessel of the Arbitrators and to the Agent of the carries with it its own condemnation



“ And whereas in order to impart to induce the authorities in Great Britain to any supplies of coal a character inconsis. resort to measures adequate to prevent the tent with the second Rule, prohibiting the violation of the neutrality of that nation, use of neutral ports or waters as a base notwithstanding the warnings and reof naval operations for a belligerent, it is peated representations of the Agents necessary that the said supplies should of the United States, that her Ma. be connected with special circumstances jesty's Government has failed to of time, of persons, or of place, which due diligence to fulfil the duties of neu may combine to give them such character ; trality;

"And whereas with respect to the ves- “And whereas it likewise results from sel called the • Alabama 'it clearly results all the facts relative to the stay of the from all the facts relative to the construc- • Oreto' at Nassau, to her issue from that tion of the ship at first designated by the port, to her enlistment of men, to her *Number 290,' in the port of Liverpool, supplies and to her armoury with the coand its equipment and armament in the operation of the British vessel Prince vicinity of Terceira through the agency of Alfred,' at Green Cay, that there was the vessels called the Agrippina and the negligence on the part of the British Co. • Bahama' despatched from Great Britain lonial authorities; to that end, that the British Government “ And whereas, notwithstanding the failed to use due diligence in the perforin. violation of the neutrality of Great Briance of its neutral obligations; and tain committed by the Oreto,' this same especially that it omitted, notwith- vessel, later known as the Confederate standing the warnings and official repre- cruiser • Florida,' was, nevertheless, on sentations made by the diplomatic agents several occasions freely admitted into the of the United States during the construc- ports of British Colonies; tion of the said Number 290,' to take “And whereas the judicial acquittal of in due time any effective measures of pre- the · Oreto' at Nassau cannot reliere vention, and that those orders which it Great Britain from the respousibility indid give at last for the detention of the curred by her under the principles of vessel were issued so late that their execu. International Law, nor can the fact of tion was not practicable;

the entry of the “Florida' into the Con“And whereas, after the escape of that federate port of Mobile, and of its stay vessel, the measures taken for its pursuit there during four months, extinguish the and arrest were so imperfect as to lead to responsibility previously to that time inno result, and therefore cannot be con- curred by Great Britain :sidered sufficient to release Great Britain "For these reasons the Tribunal, by a from the responsibility already incurred; majority of four voices to one, is of opinion

" And whereas, in despite of the viola- tbat Great Britain has in this case failed, tions of the neutrality of Great Britain by omission, to fulfil the duties prescribed committed by the .290,' this saine vessel, in the first, in the second, and in the later known as the Confederate cruiser third of the Rules established by Article • Alabama,' was on sereral occasions freely VI. of the Treaty of Washington. admitted into the ports of Colonies of “And whereas, with respect to the Great Britain, instead of being pro- vessel called the Shenandoah,' it results ceded against as it ought to have been from all the facts relative to the dein any and every port within British juris- parture from London of the merchant diction in which it might have been found; vessel the Sea King,' and to the trans

“And whereas the Government of her formation of that ship into a Confederate Britannic Majesty cannot justify itself for cruiser under the name of the Shepan. a failure in due diligence on the plea of doah,' near the island of Madeira, that the insufficiency of the legal menns of the Government of her Britannic Ma. action which it possessed ;

jesty is not chargeable with any failure, " Four of the Arbitrators, for the rea- down to that date, in the use of due dilisons above assigned, and the fifth for gence to fulfil the duties of neatrality; reasons separately assigned by him, are of “ But whereas it results from all the opinion that Great Britain has in this facts connected with the stay of the case failed, by omission, to fulfil the duties Shenandoah'at Melbourne, and especially prescribed in the first and the third of the with the augmentation which the British Rules established by the 6th Article of Government itself admits to have been the Treaty of Washington.

clandestinely effected of her force by the “And whereas, with respect to the enlistment of men within that port, that vessel called the Florida,' it results from there was negligence on the part of the all the facts relative to the construction authorities at that place ; of the Oreto' in the port of Liverpool, and " For these reasons the Tribunal is to its issue therefrom, which facts failed to unanimously of opinion that Great Britain

has not failed, by any act or omission, to there is no ground for awarding to the fulfil any of the duties prescribed by the United States any sum by way of indem. three Rules of Article VI. in the Treaty nity under this head. of Washington, or by the principles of And wherens prospective earnings canInternational Law not inconsistent there- not properly be made the subject of comwith, in respect of the vessel called the pensation, inasmuch as they depend in • Shenandoah' during the period of time their nature upon future and uncertain anterior to her entry into the port of contingencies, the Tribunal is unaniMelbourne.

mously of opinion that there is no ground “And by a majority of three to two for awarding to the United States any voices, the Tribunal decides that Great sum by way of indemnity under this head. Britain has failed by omission to fulfil “And whereas, in order to arrive at an the duties prescribed by the second and equitable compensation for the damages third of the Rules aforesaid in the case of which have been sustained, it is necessary this same vessel from and after her entry to set aside all double claims for the same into Hobson's Bay, and is, therefore, losses, and all claims for ' gross 'freights' responsible for all acts committed by so far as they exceed 'net freights ;' and that vessel after her departure from Mel. whereas it is just and reasonable to allow bourne on the 18th day of February, 1865. interest at a reasonable rate ; and whereas,

“ And so far as relates to the vessels in accordance with the spirit and the called the Tuscaloosa ' (tender to the letter of the Treaty of Washington, it is ‘Alabama'), the Clarence, the Tacony,' | preferable to adopt the form of adjudiand the Archer' (tenders to the · Flo- cation of a sum in gross rather than to rida'), the Tribunal is unanimously of refer the subject of compensatiov for furopinion that such tenders or auxiliary ves- ther discussion and deliberation to a Board sels, being properly regarded as accessories, of Assessors, as provided by Article X. of must necessarily follow the lot of their the said Treaty, the Tribunal, making principals, and be submitted to the same use of the authority conferred upon it decision which applies to them respectivelyby Article VII. of the said Treaty, by a

“And so far as relates to the vessel majority of four voices to one, awards to called the . Retribution,' the Tribunal, by the United States the sum of $15,500,000 a majority of three to two voices, is of in gold as the indemnity to be paid by opinion that Great Britain has not failed Great Britain to the United States for by any act or omission to fulfil any of the satisfaction of all the claims referred the duties prescribed by the three Rules to the consideration of the Tribunal, con. of Article VI. in the Treaty of Wash- formably to the provisions contained in ington, or by the principles of Inter- Article VII. of the aforesaid Treaty. national Law not inconsistent therewith. And, in accordance with the terms of

And so far as relates to the vessels Article XI. of the said Treaty, the Tri. called the Georgia,' the Sumter,' the bunal declares that all the claims referred • Nashville,' the Tallahassee,' and the to in the Treaty as submitted to the Tri

Chickamauga,' respectively, the Tribunal bunal are hereby fully, perfectly, and is onanimously of opinion that Great Bri- finally settled.' tain has not failed, by any act or omission, • Furthermore, it declares that each to fulfil any of the duties prescribed by and every one of the said claims, whether the three Rules of Article VI. in the Treaty the same may or may not have been preof Washington, or by the principles of sented to the notice of, or made, preferred, International Law not inconsistent there- or laid before the Tribunal, shall henceforth with.

be considered and treated as finally settled, “And so far as relates to the vessels barred, and inadmissible.' called the Sallie,' the Jefferson Davis,' “In testimony whereof this present the Music,' the Boston,' and the ‘V.H. decision and award has been made in Joy,' respectively, the Tribunal is unani- duplicate, and signed by the Arbitrators mously of opinion that they ought to who have given their assent thereto, the be excluded from consideration, for want whole being in exact conformity with the of evidence.

provisions of Article VII. of the said “And whereas, so far as relates to the Treaty of Washington. particulars of the indemnity claimed by Made and concluded at the Hôtel de the United States, the costs of pursuit of Ville of Geneva in Switzerland, the 14th tbe Confederate cruisers are not, in the day of the month of September, in the judgment of the Tribunal, properly dis- year of our Lord 1872. tinguishable from the general expenses of

“ C. F. ADAMS, the war carried on by the United States,

“FREDERIC SCLOPIS, the Tribunal is, therefore, of opinion, by a

“STAEMPFLI, majority of three to two voices, that


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PUBLIC INCOME AND EXPENDITURE, AND OTHER EXCHEQUER RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS, IN THE YEAR 1871-72. ub Account showing the whole of the Receipts into and Payments out of the Exchequer in the year ended 31st March, 1872, and the Balances in the

Exchequer at the commencement and termination of the Year.

To Balance in the Exchequer on the €

By Payments out of the Exchequer for £ d. £ s. d.
1st April, 1871 :-

Services charged on the Consoli-, At the Bank of England 5,678,914 18 10

dated Fund, yiz. :At the Bank of Ireland 1,344,520 2 6

Interest on Funded Debt

21,947,385 18 9
7,023,435, 1 4 Management of Debt

209,566 4 7
To Revenue received into the Exchequer,
viz. :-

£22,156,952 3 4
20,326,000 0 0

Terminable Annuities (including Excise 23,326,000 0 0

Sinking Fund Annuity)

4,512,706 1 0 Stamps

9,772,000.00 Land Tax and House Duty 2,330,000 0 0

£26,669,658 4 4 Property and Income Tax 1000 9,084,000 0 0

Interest of Unfunded Debt

169,943 3 4 Post Office 4,680,000 0 0

26,839,601 7 8 TRAT J'300'000 755,000 0 0

Civil List
atpeg 58 AT GJY ISAT 406,238 17 9

Crown Lands (Net)
375,000 0 0
Annuities and Pensions

304,879 2 5
4,060,314 13 1

Salaries and Allowances

103,320 11 6 Total Income 74,708,314 13 1 Courts of Justice

649,200 10 8
To other Exchequer Receipts, viz. :-

Miscellaneous Services (Ordinary) 282,966 11 2
Repayment of Advances charged

Telegraph Sinking Fund

on Consolidated Fund


1,797,475 1 2
For Purchase of Bullion
900,000 0 0

By Payments for voted (Supply) Services, viz. :-
For Public Works and Improve-

Army Services (including 340,0001.on
ments, &c.
1,407,079 7 6

account of Abolition of Purchase) 15,861,580 1 0 Interest and Sinking Fund of

Navy Services

9,900,486.00 Loan to Sardinia sus ( Bir 80,000 0 0

Vote of Credit (War in Europe) 101,096 16 3

2,387,079 7 6
Repayment of Advances voted in

Miscellaneous Civil Services

2 11
For Greenwich Hospital

138,991 16 1 Customs and Inland Revenue De
Money raised by Creation of Addi.


2,578,093 14 6
Baptional Debt: Funded:

*ctus paups

2,455,691 19 8

out) Amount raised by the creation

Telegraph Service

454,477 3 3 Annuities to expire 5th April,

Post Office Packet Service

1,188,700 0 0 Per

42,852,943 17 7 145, and 32 provide for the Expense of con

71,490,020 6 structing certain Hortifications,

Total Ordinary Expenditure &o.. viz. - Annuity of £86,311

By Exponses of Fortifications, &c., de

frayed out of money raised by


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Advances in aid of and

Means (34 & 35 Vict. c. 89)
Advances for Deficiency of the
Lo Cossolidated Fund (per Act 29
x under, viz. :-

Vict. c. 39), received as
In the

30 June 1871

30 Sept. 1871 £1,800,000 Quarter ended

31 Dec. 1871 1,300,000 KALOHE (31 Mar. 1872 1,700,000

5,123,200 0 0
235,900 0 0

700,000 0 0

6,059,100 0 0

4,800,000 0 0

5,800,000 0 0

Temporary Advances repaid :-
Advances in aid of Ways and Means

repaid out of growing Revenue 1,000,00000
Advances for Deficiency of Consolidated

Fund, repaid as under :-
Out of growing Revenue

4,740,000 0 0
Out of Surplus Revenue (Sinking Fund) 60,000 0 0

5,800,000 0 0

By Balance in the Exchequer on the

31st March 1872:-
At the Bank of England
At the Bank of Ireland

7,706,923 14 1l
1,635,728 14 1

9,342,652 9 0

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