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late Viscount Palmerston. His lordship larged edition in 1859. A third edition was appointed lord-lieutenant of the appeared in 1870 under the title of “The county Down in 1845, a responsible posi- Pontificate of Pius the Ninth.” For his tion he was compelled by mental malady labours in connexion with this work he to relinquish in 1864. He is succeeded in received the Knight Commandership of the marquisate and other honours by his the Order of St. Gregory and a gold medal half-brother, George Henry R. C. W. from the Pope. His Industrial MoveVane-Tempest, Earl Vane.

ment in Ireland in 1852” appeared in the following year; “Father Matthew-a

Biography in 1863; “ The Irish in SIR DONALD MʻLEOD.

America” in 1868; and “ The Next

Generation," a three-volume novel of Sir Donald Friell M‘Leod, Knight prophetic political life, in 1871. Mr. Commander of the Star of India, who was

Maguire, who was four times Mayor of killed on the Underground Railway on

Cork, was married, in 1843, to Margaret, the 28th inst., was the son of General second daughter of Mr. Robert Bailey, of M‘Leod, of the Bengal Engineers (son of

that city. He took an active part in a Scottish laird, Donald M.Leod, of promoting the growth of flax in the south Gearies, Ross-shire), by Harriette, his

of Ireland, and established a company for wife, daughter of Philip Friell Boileau,

introducing the linen industry into his Esq. He was born at Fort William, native city. Mr. Maguire was at the head Bengal, in 1810, was educated at the of other local companies of an industrial High School, Edinburgh, and at Hailey- character, and his name was conspicuous bury College, and entered the Bengal

in the promotion of every work which he Civil Service in 1828. He was Assistant

believed could tend to the prosperity of Magistrate at Monghir till 1830, and in

Ireland. Although an earnest Liberal, the Saugor and Nerbudda territories till

and a member of the “Tenant League," 1843, when he became Magistrate and

he was one of those who voted for the Collector at Benares. From 1849 to

Conservative Reform Bill of 1859. He 1854 he was Commissioner of Jalandha, also voted against the suspension of the and in the latter year was appointed

Habeas Corpus Act in 1866. Financial Commissioner of the Punjaub, which post he also held at Lahore during the Indian Mutiny. In 1865 he was

REV. A. MARTINEAU. made Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjaub, from which position he retired in

The Rev. Arthur Martineau, preben1870. Sir Donald was created a C.B. in 1858, and a K.C.S.I. in 1866. He mar

dary of St. Paul's, rector of St. Mildred's,

Bread-street, with St. Margaret Moyses, ried, in 1854, Fanny, eldest daughter of Sir Robert Montgomery (Sir Donald's

London, and chaplain to the Archbishop predecessor in the Punjaub).

of Canterbury, died at Cannes, in the South of France, at the age of sixty-tive. Mr. Martineau was educated at Trinity

College, Cambridge, where he graduated MR. MAGUIRE, M.P.

B.A. in 1829, his name standing third in

the first class of the Classical Tripos. He Mr. John Francis Maguire, one of the was for some time Fellow of his college ; members for the city of Cork, expired in was ordained deacon in 1837 by the Dublin on November 1, at the age of Bishop of Lichfield (Dr. Butler), and fifty-seven. Deceased was the eldest son priest in the following year by the Bishop of the late Mr. John Maguire, a merchant of Ripon (Dr. Longley). He was succesof Cork, of which city he was a native. sively vicar of Whitkirk, near Leeds, and In January, 1843, he was called to the Irish rural dean and vicar of Alkham with bar, and at the general election of 1847, Capel, Kent. He was appointed to his and again in 1851, unsuccessfully contested city living in 1864, and to his prebendal the borough of Dungarvan. At the general stall in St. Paul's in 1866. He had been election of 1852, however, Mr. Maguire chaplain to Archbishop Tait since the year defeated Mr. E. O'Flaherty, and retained 1869. Mr. Martineau was the author of the seat until July, 1865, when he was one or two sermons and pamphlets, inreturned for Cork.

For many years

cluding one entitled “ No Need of a previous to his death the hon. gentleman Living Infallible Guide,” and also of a was proprietor and editor of the Cork “ Church History of England from the Examiner. In 1857 he published the earliest times down to the Reformation," first edition of “Rome and its Ruler," which was published in 1853, and has which was followed by a second and en- since reached a second edition.



the researches of two German electricians'

Riess and Moser, who showed that the This accomplished and venerable old action opon the magnetic needle was not lady, who died at Naples on the 29th inst., caused by the violet rays. In 1831 or had attained a great age. If she had 1832 Mrs. Somerville' published her survived until the 26th of December she “ Mechanism of the Heavens.” This would have entered on her ninety-third book, her only strictly astronomical work, year, having been born in Roxburghshire which is largely derived from Laplace's on Dec. 26, 1780. Her father, the late celebrated treatise, “La Mécanique Vice-Admiral Sir William George Fair- Céleste,” is understood to have been pro. fax, Knight Banneret, and Lord Duncan's posed by Lord Brougham as one of the flag-captain at Camperdown, was the publications of the Society for the Diffuyounger son of Mr. Joseph Fairfax, of sion of Useful Knowledge; but, being Bagshot, Surrey. Sir William's second moulded on too large a scale for their wife was Margaret, daughter of Mr. series, it was given to the world in an Samuel Charters, Solicitor of Customs for independent shape. A few years later her Scotland, who was the mother of Mary name became more widely known by her Somerville and the late Sir Henry Fair- “ Connexion of the Physical Sciences," fax. The daughter, as Mary Fairfax, was a work, original in plan and perfect in educated in a private school at Mussel. execution, which has been called “a true burgh, near Edinburgh. She was twice • Cosmos ' in the nature of its design and married. Her first husband was Captain in the multitude of materials collected Samuel Greig, son of High Admiral and condensed into the history which it Greig, of the Russian navy, a distin- affords of the

physical phenomena of the guished officer under the Empress Cathe- universe.” This she followed up with her rine. Left a widow, with one son, Mr. “ Physical Geography,” which, as its Woronzow Greig (since deceased), she name imports, comprises the history of the some years afterwards married her cousin, earth in its whole material organization. Dr. William Somerville, by which mar. These two works, in addition to their riage she had three daughters, two of popularity in this country, as testified by them now surviving her.

the many editions through which they It is more than fifty years since Mrs. have passed, have been translated into Somerville has been known as a profound several foreign languages; and their student and writer of treatises upon the author's services to geographical science physical and mathematical sciences. In were recognized in 1869 by the award of 1826 she presented to the Royal Society a the Victoria medal of the Royal Geopaper on “The Magnetizing Power of the graphical Society. In the same year she more refrangible Solar Rays,” in which she gave to the world her “Molecular and detailed her repetitions of the experiments Microscopic Science,” a complete con. made by Morichini, of Rome, and Bérard, spectus of some of the most recent and of Montpelier. The paper had for its most abstruse researches of modern object to prove whether solar light is a science. It describes admirably not only source of magnetic power. By means of the discoveries of our day in the field of a prism the component rays of a sunbeam physics and chemistry, but more especially were separated, and those which are now the revelations of the microscope in the known as the chemical or actinic rays vegetable and animal worlds. were allowed to fall upon delicately-poised In a letter written since her death Sir needles of various sizes which had been Henry Holland, one of Mrs. Somerville's previously proved to be devoid of magnet. oldest friends, says:—“I happen to know ism. In every instance the steel exhibited that within the last year of her life she the true magnetic character after an ex. desired to be sent to her at Naples Proposure of several hours to the violet fessor Hamilton's "Calculus of Quaterlight. Experiments were then made by nions,' a record of one of the most recent covering unmagnetic needles with blue and remarkable attainments in the higher glass shades and placing them in the sun, mathematics. It is interesting to assoand in all cases they became magnetic. ciate this fact with one dated sixty years From these experiences Mrs. Somerville before. In 1811 Mrs. Somerville received concluded that the more refrangible rays a medal at Edinburgh as a prize for the of the solar spectrum, even in our latitude, solution of some mathematical problem." have a strong magnetic influence. This Her scientific labours during this long communication was printed in the Philo- interval of years gave to Mrs. Somerville's sophical Transactions at the time; and

a high reputation, eminently it led to much discussion on a very diffi- merited, and not limited to our own cult point of experimental inquiry, which country. In France, Germany, and Italy was only set at rest some years later by they were well known and duly valued.


The testimonies of Laplace, Humboldt, him, and that of D.D. in 1849. He was Herschel, Airey, Davy, and Faraday all appointed Select Preacher to his Univer. stand on record to warrant their excel- sity in 1830. His first pastoral charge lence. The Royal Society, and the was the perpetual curacy of Elstow, BedAstronomical and Geographical Societies, fordshire, which he held from 1819 to bestowed their honours upon her, so far 1832, when he removed to London. As as their rules and usages allowed in the rector of St. Paul's, Covent Garden-an case of a lady. The pension of 3001. a appointment for which he was indebted year given to her under Sir Robert Peel's to the late Duke of Bedford—he acquired administration was fully sanctioned by considerable influence and popularity, and the feelings of the scientific community, was regarded as one of the ablest and as well as by those who knew her various most successful preachers in the metropolis. other attainments and the virtues and Dr. Bowers published in 1842“ A Scheme graces of her private life.

for the Foundation of Schools for the Sons of Clergymen and Others,” which led to the foundation by him (in conjunction

with the Rev. E. Plater) of Marlborough December.

College, Wilts. He also originated
Hailey bury College (late the East India

College), and Rossall School, of which he VISCOUNTESS BEACONSFIELD. was chairman, on a plan similar to that of

Marlborough. Dr. Bowers's remaining The Right Hon. Mary Ann, Viscount. contributions to the press consist of “A ess Beaconsfield in her own right, and Volume of Sermons preached before the wife of the Right Hon. Benjamin Dis- University of Cambridge,” and another, raeli, died at Hughenden Manor, near entitled “Sermons preached in St. Paul's, High Wycombe, on the 15th instant. Covent Garden, in 1848.” He was a Her Ladyship, the only daughter of John warm supporter of the open church moveViney Evans, Esq., of Brampford Speke, ment, and of the principle of the offerDevonshire, and niece of General Sir

tory as a substitute for pew rents. Dr. James Viney, K.C.H., of Taynton Manor, Bowers was twice married. One of his Gloucestershire, was married, first, to daughters has acquired some celebrity as Wyndham Lewis, Esq., of Greenmeadow, a successful delineator of the scenes of the in the county of Glamorgan, M.P. for hunting field and of country life, which Maidstone, and was left a widow March

have become widely known in Punch. 14, 1838. She was married, secondly, September, 1839, to the Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, of Hughenden Manor, THE HON. LADY DOUGHTY. Bucks, M.P., P.C., and was raised to the Peerage, Nov. 30, 1868, as Viscountess The Hon. Mary Katharine, Lady Beaconsfield, on the retirement of her Doughty, who died at Tichborne House husband from the office of First Lord of on the 12th inst., was daughter of James the Treasury. The title (her Ladyship Everard, ninth Lord Arundell of War. having died without issue) becomes ex- dour, and was married, June 26, 1827, to tinct.

Edward Doughty, Esq., who had, in the previous year, exchanged his paternal

name of T'ichborne for that of Doughty, DR. BOWERS.

and who, in 1845, succeeded to the old

family baronetcy, at the decease of his The death is announced, at Leaming- elder brother, Sir Henry Joseph Tich. ton, on December 27, of the Very Rev. borne, Bart., of Tichborne, Hants. The George Hull Bowers, D.D., who had re.

issue of the marriage consisted of one son cently resigned the Deanery of Manches.

and one daughter-viz., Henry Tichborne ter. He succeeded the Hon. Dr. Herbert

Doughty, born Aug. 8, 1829, who died as Dean of Manchester in 1847. Dr.

May 30, 1835; and Katharine Doughty, Bowers was born in the year 1794. His

now Lady Radcliffe. preliminary education was obtained at the Grammar School in Pembroke, whence he was sent to Clare College, Cambridge. His career was a brilliant one, his applica.

MR. J. K. LORD. tion to study being unreinitting, his natural talents very considerable, and his early The death of Mr. John Keast Lord, the training sound and thorough. In the manager of the Brighton Aquarium, is year 1819 he was ordained priest, in 1829 announced. Mr. Lord was laid up with the degree of B.D. was conferred upon a severe attack of paralysis some mont


since, but though it was known that he was not in the enjoyment of robust health, it was far from being generally thought that his indisposition would so soon be brought to a fatal termination. Mr. Lord was not confined to his house till about twelve days ago, when he caught a cold. He died at his residence, 17, Dorset-gardens, Brighton, on the morning of December 9. Mr. Lord, who was in his fifty-fifth year, was unmarried, and leaves no near relations except a brother, whose whereabouts is not yet known. Originally a captain in the Royal Artillery, in which capacity he served in the Crimean war, and took part in the battle of Balaklava, Mr. Lord seeins to have always entertained an intense love for the study of natural history ; and at the close of the Russian campaign be quitted the army for a field in every way more congenial to his tastes. He now devoted himself to the study of nature in good earnest, and spent some time in Vancouver Island, which he appears to have thoroughly investigated. The results of his labours were afterwards given to the world in “ The Naturalist in Vancouver Island ;" and he subsequently published, among other works, * The Naturalist on the Amazons.” Mr. Lord afterwards served on the North American Boundary Commission, and later on was engaged by the Viceroy of Egypt to report upon certain characteristics of that country. It was from Egypt, we believe, that he was called by the directors of the Aquarium to take the appointment for which he was peculiarly fitted.

Admiral John Lyons, R.N., who died at Worthing on the 15th inst., was the eldest son of John Lyons, Esq., of Lyons, Antigua, and St. Austin's, Hampshire, by Catharine, his wife, daughter of Main Swete Walrond, Esq., of Montrath, Devon, and was brother of the celebrated Admiral Lord Lyons, G.C.B. (so created 1856), and consequently uncle of the present Lord Lyons, her Majesty's Ambassador at Paris. He was born Sept. 1, 1787, and at the age of eleven entered the Navy on board the “St. George," for some time Lord Nelson's flagship, and was in the action of Copenhagen, 1801. He served for three or four years on the West Indian and home stations, and in 1805 joined the famous ship “ Victory," under Nelson, taking part in the battle of Tra. falgar, of which he was one of the very few survivors. Subsequently he was en. gaged on the Mediterranean station, where, too, he saw some active service, participating in the reduction of the is. land of Capri, the evacuation of Seylla, and other minor affairs. He was engaged successively off Toulon, at the Plymouth station, and at the Cape of Good Hope. In 1830 he retired on half-pay, but was for several years employed for the Government in Egypt. The Admiral mar. ried, first, 1810, Caroline, daughter of Major Bowen, R.A., which lady died in 1864; and, secondly, Aug. 31, 1865, Anna Maria, widow of Colonel John Leland Mowatt.




The Hon. David Lynch, Judge of the Landed Estates Court, Ireland, died, on the 18th inst., at his residence, 27, Merrion-square, S., Dublin. This learned lawyer and esteemed judge was born in 1813, the son of a Dublin merchant, Mr. David Lynch. He was called to the Irish bar in 1833, and went the Munster Circuit for many years. His practice was very considerable, and his legal opinion much sought after. In 1849 he was made Queen’s Counsel, in 1857 was appointed Chairman of the county of Louth, in 1859 constituted a Judge in the Bankruptcy Court, and in 1867 succeeded Judge Longfield in the Landed Estates Court. He married, 1841, Margaret, fourth daughter of Edward Kennedy, Esq., of Bankis House, in the county of Tipperary, and leaves a large family.

We have to record the death of Chan. cellor Massingberd, one of the most learned and orthodox of the clergy of the Church of England. He had been for some time very ill, and on his last appearance in Convocation, of which he was so distinguished a member, his evident infirmity caused great anxiety to his friends. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, and took a second class In Lit. Hum. in 1822. He took his M.A. degree in the following year, and was ordained deacon by the Bishop of Oxford in 1824, and priest by the Bishop of Lincoln in 1825. He had been rector of South Ormsby, Lincolnshire, & family living, throughout his life, and having been a prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral for many years, became a chancellor and canon in 1862. By his influence great improvements were made in the services of Lincoln Cathedral, but he will be re


membered chiefly, and his loss will be felt wrangler of this year was Bishop Colenso.
most widely, in the Church at large. No Mr. Smith was an unsuccessful candidate
man's judgment (says the Standard) was for the chair of Astronomy at Glasgow,
held in higher esteem. At once orthodox and after declining an offer of employment
and prudent, firm in the maintenance of at the Greenwich Observatory, be was
what he believed to be the truth, and yet called in 1839 to the Chancery Bar, and
conciliatory to those who differed from from that date forward he was mainly oc-
him, the late chancellor will be mourned cupied with professional business.
by many who, while not sympathizing devoted his leisure, however, to mathe.
with all his (to them) old-fashioned matical studies, and his contributions to
opinions, yet held in the highest regard science were of the highest practical value.
his genuine piety, unaffected simplicity, Upon the recommendation of a joint com-
and honesty of purpose. The late chan- mittee of the Royal Society, he was
cellor took a warm interest from the first employed by the Government to execute
in the revival of Convocation, as to which a magnetic survey of the Antarctic re.
he has published several pamphlets, and gions. In connexion with these inquiries
was an active member of the Eastern he made a series of researches relative to
Church Association. The last important compass deviations, which were published
question in which the deceased took part in 1862, under the title of the "Admiralty
was the opposition to Dr. Temple's con- Manual for the Deviation of the Com.
secration. He was a member of Mr. pass,” which was republished and trans.
Gathorne Hardy's Oxford committee, lated into various languages. As a recog-
was an old-fashioned Tory as well as nition of his scientific labours, Mr. Smith
Churchman. Indeed, during the late received from the Royal Society one of its
Administration his name was more than Royal medals, and from the Emperor of
once mentioned for a bishopric.

Russia a compass set with diamonds. Her
Majesty's Government still more recently

requested his acceptance of a gift of 20001., DEAN RAMSAY.

not as a reward, but as a mark of their

appreciation of the value of his researches The Very Rev. Dean Ramsay, of the

and of the influence they were exercising Episcopal Church in Scotland, died at his

on the maritime interests of England and residence in Ainslie-place, Edinburgh, on

the world at large. Mr. Smith, who, beDecember 27, in the eightieth year of his

sides his scientific acquirements, was an age. The Dean was the fourth son of the

eminent Real Property lawyer, stood as late Sir Alexander Ramsay, of Balmain.

the Liberal candidate for the representaHe received his education at Harlsley,

tion of the University of Glasgow, but Yorkshire, at the Grammar School, and

was not successful. In 1853 he married St. John's College, Cambridge. He came

the daughter of Vice-Chancellor Sir James to Edinburgh in 1824, and in 1830 he Park, who survives him. He leaves a succeeded to the incumbency of St. John's,

family of six sons and two daughters. Edinburgh, on the death of Bishop Sandford. He was appointed dean in 1831. He was offered, but declined, in 1835 the

MR. J. STARTIN, F.R.C.S. bishopric of Fredericton; also, in 1848,

Mr. James Startin, student of St. Bar. the see of Glasgow, and in 1863 that of Edinburgh. He was well known as the

tholomew's Hospital, died on December

24, after a short but very severe illness. author of “ Reminiscences of Scottish Life

Mr. Startin was well known as a most and Character,” of which twenty-one edi.

successful dermatologist, and, if not the tions have been published.

founder, was for many years the senior surgeon to the Hospital for Diseases of

the Skin, Blackfriars. He was the author MR. A. SMITH.

of several valuable contributions to der

matology, a speciality to which so much The death is recorded at River Bank, attention has been directed by Professor Putney, on December 26, of Mr. Archi- Erasmus Wilson (the founder of the Derbald Smith, LL.D., F.R.S., of Lincoln's matological Chair at the Royal College of Inn, barrister-at-law, and of Jordan Hill, Surgeons), Mr. Jonathan Hutchinson, Mr. Lanarkshire. Mr. Smith was born in Milton, Dr. Tilbury Fox, &c. Mr. Startin, 1814. After studying at Glasgow Uni- who was a member of several learned soversity, he went to Cambridge in 1832. cieties both at home and abroad, was In 1836 he was senior wrangler and first admitted a member of the Royal College Smith's prizeman, and was soon after of Surgeons on February 15, 1828, and a elected a Fellow of his college. The second Fellow on July 6, 1852.

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