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every person conversant with the educated part of the world. I put it then to the good feelings and the good sense of the eminent in the profession, whether something be not wanting that might en. sure the advantages I have endeavoured to prove to be indispensible to the advancement of the professional reputation, as well as to the řemoval of those prejudices, which with more or less justice, now obtain against the introduction of musicians into the intimacy with the world, to which persons of infinitely lower standing in intellectual refinement are commonly admitted. It appears to me that this desideratum is a sort of COLLEGIATE ESTABLISHMENT for the edu. cation of youth designed for the profession of music. If it be objected that our universities already afford such an opportunity, I must deny the assertion. The universities are closed by a multitude of opposing impediments, one of which is all powerful, viz. EXPENCE; and were this objection not insuperable, I should contend that they do not afford the necessary foundations for a good musical educa. tion. They are deficient in almost every particular.
I am not prepared, Sir, to go into the detail of what would be required for such a foundation. The object of my present essay is to
* In confirmation of our correspondent's opinion, we can quote from our own knowledge instances of artists, who have at a later period of life) reached a far more elevated advancement than that described in the text. Miss PARKE, a lady who stood deservedly high, both in private and public esteem, had made attainments in science, in language, and in literature, which were astonishing, when combined with the exercise of her professional duties; and Mus, Bianchi Lacy was not less gifted. The acquirements of these two accomplished women would have done honour to any condition of life, and in point of brilliancy and solidity, are matter of just surprize to those who knew how incessantly' their time was occupied by public calls. Both of them spoke and wrote their native language with great purity and elegance, besides Italian and French with the spirit and accuracy of natives. Both were well versed in the classical authors of their own country. They were both among the first pianoforte players of their time, and the finest singers. We believe the former added a knowledge of Spanish to her other acquisitions, and the rooms of the latter were embellished with the productions of her pencil. They were both endowed with excellent hearts and with enlarged intellects. They were both received into the very highest circles in the kingdom with the respect such tan lents demanded. The one still lives to adorn a private station, and the other, we lament to say, at the call of conjugal affection, has just quitted her country, her children, and her friends, together with an ample income, for India, Mr. Lacy's health requiring a change of climate. She carries with her to the east such recommendations as few have enjoyed, in addition to those which must accompany her every where. We hope a warmer air will restore Mr. Lacy to the fullest exercise of those talents which had just begun to be known, and which had placed him at the very summit of professional attainiacnt in England.- Ditor.
prove its necessity, and to assist in attracting the attention of professional eminence and public patronage towards so important a provision for the happiness of the talent employed in promoting a pur. suit now almost universal, and a pleasure that is come to form so principle a share in the amusements of all ages and all classes. Your first number contained an ample proof in the history of the Fund for the relief of the widows and children of deceased musicians, of what zeal is able to effect in so good a cause—and surely those provisions which should prevent poverty and depression, are equally entitled to public patronage and private generosity with the charity that relieves them. I am one of those who think it would be an important and a fortunate change for society, if we could restore the customs of that time, when madrigals were the substitutes for cards and dice, and when to be able to sing his part at sight” was considered as one of the requisites of the complete gentleman."* I am not, Sir, a musician, but I have been a deeply-interested witness of the innocence and purity of mind the practice of the science has contributed to preserve, as well as of the happiness it has enabled large families to participate, with their parents, relations, and connections. I have also observed, that music, supported by other liberal attainments, has frequently formed the best introduction to the best company; and I have as uniformly seen, that even in connection with great particular talent, if unaided by such concomitants, it has led to dissolute habits, and the ultimate destruction both of body and soul. Considering your publication as promising a union of literature with music, which can but be favourable to the propagation of those ideas I have ventured to throw out respecting the character and conduct of professors, I beg to conclude my essay by
* Music was so generally well understood, (about 1650) that a man who had any voice or ear was always supposed to be able to sing his part, in a madrigal or song, at sight. Peacham requires of his gentleman, “to be able to sing his part sure, and at the first sight; and, withal, to play the same on the viol or lute."-Complete Gentleman, 100. And Philomathes, in Morley's excellent Introduction to Practical Music, fol. Lond. 1597, thus complains — (at the banquet of master Sophobulus)—“ Supper being ended, and musicbooks, according to custom, being brought to table, the mistress of the house presented me with a part, earnestly requesting me to sing. But when, after many excuses, I protested unfeignedly, that I could not-every one began to wonder; yea, some whispered to others, demanding how I was brought up, So that, upon shame of mine ignorance, I go now to seek out mine old friend, master Gnorimus, to inake myself his scholar.”
wishing it may enjoy an extensive circulation among them, and the aid and encouragement of those, who like myself, enjoy the leisure, and cultivate the desire to render both subservient to the purposes of public virtue and public happiness.
I am, Sir,
THE MUSICAL STUDENT.
No. 1. I Have often lamented that musical literature should be so little cultivated among us.
This appears more remarkable, when we con sider the great encouragement which is given to music in this country, and when every one is aware that we are exceedingly apt to take offence if our claim to the distinction of a musical people is disputed,
On this topic much might be said, but as I now have neither leisure nor inclination for a formal disquisition, I shall hereafter, from time to time, state my opinions concerning it. At present, it may suffice to observe, that the chief design which I have in view is, to excite, in my brother professors, a taste for more particular enquiry into the principles of the art they practice, and to induce them to make the result of their enquiries public, for their mutual instruction and advantage.
It is a remark of Dr. Burney, that music has been more advanced by the labours of unlearned men, than it has been by philosophers and mathematicians; and, should any one be disinclined to believe this assertion, he must still admit, that the greatest benefit may be expected to arise from an interchange of ideas between those, who with genius and enthusiasm for their art, are in the daily study and exercise of it.
A frank exposition of the doubts, the difficulties, and even of the disappointments and failures of such men, will be of incalculable advantage to those who follow them; and, in this work, the humblest musician should not be deterred from bearing a part, since, by some happy circumstance, he may occasionally contribute as much to the general improvement, as the most enlightened and distinguished.
It is this consideration which encourages me to commence a series
of essays, on musical subjects, though to say the truth, I have little or no pretensions to scholarship, and am quite a novice in literary composition. After this declaration, many perhaps will think iny undertaking exceedingly rash. But I would entreat them to consider what I have just said, and to remember that the Trumpeter, though a very insignificant personage, is often instrumental in summoning the greatest heroes to the field.
Besides, the old observation may be here repeated, that it is impossible for any one to aim at the instruction of others without improving himself; and, therefore, my present attempt may make a writer of me, when my friends Icast expect it. Pope, I remember, somewhere mentions the great diffioulty which he experienced, when he first began his translation of Homer, and Gibbon describes, with much complacency, the facility in composition which practice
Now I am far from supposing that I shall ever be so poetical as Pope, or so philosophical as Gibbon; nevertheless I trust that liabit will improve me in the art of writing, and that I shall not hereafter be reduced, as I now often am, to nibble one end of my pen for a thought, as much as I wear out the other in expressing it.
It is usual for authors, at the commencement of their works, to state the plan on which they intend to proceed; but I must really confess that I have no plan at all. I do this without any affectation of singularity, and, indeed, it does not appear requisite for me, at this time, to specify any particular object which I may have in view -save that of general improvement.
Biography, criticism, and scientific discussion, may all occupy me in turn; and in the treatment of them, my readers, if I should have any, must be pleased to take me in my own way.
I have just acknowledged my unacquaintance with literary composition, consequently it is not to be apprehended that I shall sacrifice truth to the rounding of my periods. Nay, were I so inclined, I think that I should be deterred by the example of a reverend gentleman, who having lately introduced the Pope and the Inquisition for the above-mentioned purpose, received for his pains a rebuke from the highest and most grave authority.
In the prosecution of my design, it will also be my earnest wish and endeavour to avoid giving offence or uneasiness to individuals. I sball, therefore, treat my subjects as generally as possible, but if
any one should imagine that my remarks apply particularly to him, notwithstanding my declaration to the contrary, he must be reminded of the homely French proverb- Qui se sent galeux se gale.
The Spectator says—“I have observed, that a reader seldoni peruscs a book with plcasure till he knows whether the writer of it be a black or a fair man, of a mild or choleric disposition, married or a batchelor, with other particulars of the like nature, that conduce much to the right understanding of an author.” It is not, however, my intention to say much concerning myself; for, being quite an every-day sort of person, it would be an idle waste of my reader's time. . It does not appear that I have ever been very remarkable for genius, or that my birth was accompanied by any prodigies. No bees are said to have settled on my cradle-though, to be sure, that might have happened from my being born in London, and in the winter. Even for music, I did not discover any early predilection. Once I cried, it is true, till my good father bought me a fife, and I afterwards cried because I could not play upon it; but, as such things may have been done by other children, I shall lay no stress on them. Music now constitutes one of the great delights of my life, and its advancement in my country, and the encreasing reputation and honor of all those who wortbily profess it, are objects always near to my heart.
It is on these accounts that I have ventured to present myself before the public, in spite of all the disadvantages under which I labor; but, circumstanced as I am, let no one wonder that I wish to be strictly incognito. My friends, therefore, should they recog. nise me, must have the goodness to let me pass on without any of those significant nods and winks which show them to be wiser than their neighbours; and, should I ever be compelled to deny myself, I entreat them to extend to me that polite indulgence which often leads them to allow that an acquaintance is not at home," although they have just seen the worthy gentleman move away from the window.
Enough has now been said to give a general idea of my design, in the execution of which I shall neither be profound nor witty, if I can help it. The ladies, therefore, and the critics will bave nothing to fear.
Those persons who are disposed to assist the musical student in bis undertaking, are requested to send their communications addressed