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aground in port or elsewhere, and also the average speed per hour for twelve hours as shown by the log of each vessel in commission in the year 1882, when steaming in the ordinary course of service, and the consumption of coal per hour for each indicated horse power when so steaming;

to the Committee on Naval Affairs.

By Mr. Le Fevre :

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Interior be requested to inform the House whether there has been any attempted consolidation of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, incorporated by an act of Congress approved July 1, 1862, with any other railroad company and companies; and, if so, by what authority such action has been attempted.

Second. Whether any such consolidation has been approved by any department of the government or by the government directors of the Union Pacific Railroad Company.

Third. Whether the law affecting the Union Pacific Railroad Company has been disregarded by the failure of that company to appoint the government directors to places on the standing and special committees as provided in the acts approved July 1, 1862, and July 2, 1864, and further by failing to hold regular meetings of the board of directors, at which the government directors could be advised of the conduct of affairs of the company.

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Fourth. Whether the express command of Congress contained in an act approved March 3, 1873, has been defied by the Union Pacific Railroad Company, through an issue of bonds and stock prohibited except with the assent of Congress; and, if so, whether the department has taken any action in regard thereto, or whether the government directors have been at any time parties to the approval of any such issue of stock or bonds;

to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. S. S. Cox :

Resolved, That the Secretary of War communicate to this House what amount of the appropriations under the act of 1881 and 1882 "for the construction, repair, and preservation of certain works on rivers and harbors, and for other purposes," are withheld from use and under what provisions of law; also what works referred to in said bills remain uncontracted for, or what amounts of the appropriations therefor remain unexpended; specifically stating the details of such appropriations as to amount, river, harbor, creek, &c., giving the names of the contractors and engineers in charge of works in progress, what amount of work has been done, and the quality and necessity of the same, as well as the reason, if any, for the completion or discontinuance of any such work; to the Committee on Commerce.

Under the call of States, Mr. Gibson submitted the following resolution proposing an amendment to the rules; which was referred to the Committee on Rules, viz:

Resolved, That all subjects relating to the improvement of the Mississippi River shall be referred to the Committee on Levees and Improvement of the Mississippi River, and that the said Committee on Levees and Improvement of the Mississippi River shall have the same privileges in reporting bills making appropriations for the improvement of said river as is accorded to the Committee on Commerce for the improvement of rivers and harbors, and to the Committee on Appropriations in reporting general appropriation bills.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Sympson, one of their clerks : Mr. Speaker: I am directed to inform the House of Representatives

that a quorum of the Senate has assembled, and that the Senate is ready to proceed to business.

The Senate have appointed Mr. Anthony and Mr. Bayard to join such committee as may be appointed by the House of Representatives to wait on the President of the United States and inform him that a quorum of each House had assembled, and that Congress was ready to receive any communication he may desire to make.

The call of States and Territories having been completed,

By unanimous consent, leave of absence was granted as follows, viz: To Mr. Black, indefinitely;

To Mr. Hatch, until Wednesday next;

To Mr. Pacheco, indefinitely; and

To Mr. Reagau, for one week.

Mr. Hiscock, as a privileged question, submitted the following resolution; which was read, considered, and agreed to, viz:

Resolved, That after this day the daily hour of meeting of the House be 12 o'clock m.

Mr. Hiscock moved to reconsider the vote last taken, and also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table; which latter motion was agreed to.

Mr. Springer, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolu tion; which was referred to the Committee on Printing, viz:

Be it resolved, &c., That there be printed and bound at the Public Printing Office 1,500 extra copies of the report of the Tariff Commission and of all accompanying papers, 1,000 copies of which shall be for the use of the House and 500 for the use of the Senate.

Mr. Kasson moved that the rules be suspended, so as to enable him to submit and the House to agree to the following resolution, viz:

Resolved, That the Committee on Reform in the Civil Service have leave to report at any time a bill or bills for the better regulation of the civil-service reform, and that Tuesday, the 12th instant, immediately after the morning hour, be assigned for the consideration thereof, to be continued from day to day until completed, subject only to revenue and appropriation bills.

The said motion having been seconded,

After debate,

The question was put, viz:

Shall the rules be suspended?

And it was decided in the affirmative (two-thirds voting in favor thereof).

So the rules were suspended and the said resolution agreed to.

Mr. W. E. Robinson moved that the rules be suspended, so as to discharge the Committee on Invalid Pensions from the further consideration of the bill of the House (H. R. 6304) granting a pension to the sole surviving grandchild of the author of the Declaration of Independence, and pass the same.

Mr. Calkins demanded a second of said motion;


Mr. Robinson withdrew the same.

Mr. A. S. Hewitt, by unanimous consent, submitted the following preamble and resolution; which were read, considered, and agreed to, viz:

Whereas it is publicly reported that the United States revenue cutter Corwin has recently shelled two villages in Alaska:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be requested to report to this House whether the statement is true, and if true the circum

stances which called for this procedure, and the orders under which the commander of the Corwin acted, and all correspondence in relation thereto.

Mr. Hewitt moved to reconsider the vote last taken, and also moved that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table; which latter motion was agreed to.

A message in writing was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Pruden, one of his secretaries; which was laid on the Speaker's table.

The Speaker laid the said message before the House; which was read by the Clerk, as follows, viz :

To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States:

It is provided by the Constitution that the President shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.

In reviewing the events of the year which has elapsed since the commencement of your sessions, I first call your attention to the gratifying condition of our foreign affairs. Our intercourse with other powers has continued to be of the most friendly character.

Such slight differences as have arisen during the year have been already settled or are likely to reach an early adjustment. The arrest of citizens of the United States in Ireland under recent laws which owe their origin to the disturbed condition of that country has led to a somewhat extended correspondence with the Government of Great Britain. A disposition to respect our rights has been practically manifested by the release of the arrested parties.

The claim of this nation in regard to the supervision and control of any inter-oceanic canal across the American Isthmus has continued to be the subject of conference.

It is likely that time will be more powerful than discussion in removing the divergence between the two nations whose friendship is so closely cemented by the intimacy of their relations and the community of their interests.

Our long-established friendliness with Russia has remained unshaken. It has prompted me to proffer the earnest counsels of this government that measures be adopted for suppressing the proscription which the Hebrew race in that country has lately suffered. It has not transpired that any American citizen has been subjected to arrest or injury, but our courteous remonstrance has nevertheless been courteously received. There is reason to believe that the time is not far distant when Russia will be able to secure toleration to all faiths within her borders.

At an international convention held at Paris in 1880, and attended by representatives of the United States, an agreement was reached in respect to the protection of trade-marks, patented articles, and the rights of manufacturing firms and corporations. The formulating into treaties of the recommendations thus adopted is receiving the attention which it merits.

The protection of submarine cables is a subject now under consideration by an international conference at Paris. Believing that it is clearly the true policy of this government to favor the neutralization of this means of intercourse, I requested our minister to France to attend the convention as a delegate. I also designated two of our eminent scientists to attend as our representatives at the meeting of an international committee at Paris, for considering the adoption of a common unit to measure electric force.

In view of the frequent occurrence of conferences for the consideration of important matters of common interest to civilized nations, I respectfully suggest that the Executive be invested by Congress with discretionary powers to send delegates to such conventions, and that provision be made to defray the expenses incident thereto.

The difference between the United States and Spain as to the effect of a judgment and certificate of naturalization has not yet been adjusted; but it is hoped and believed that negotiations now in progress will result in the establishment of the position which seems to this government so reasonable and just.

I have already called the attention of Congress to the fact that in the ports of Spain and its colonies onerous fines have lately been imposed upon vessels of the United States for trivial technical offenses against local regulations. Efforts for the abatement of these exactions have thus far proved unsuccessful.

I regret to inform you also that the fees demanded by Spanish consuls in American ports are in some cases so large, when compared with the value of the cargo, as to amount in effect to a considerable export duty, and that our remonstrances in this regard have not as yet received the attention which they seem to deserve.

The German Government has invited the United States to participate in an international exhibition of domestic cattle, to be held at Hamburg in July, 1883. If this country is to be represented, it is important that, in the early days of this session, Congress should make a suitable appropriation for that purpose.

The death of Mr. Marsh, our late minister to Italy, has evoked from that government expressions of profound respect for his exalted character and for his honorable career in the diplomatic service of his country. The Italian Government has raised a question as to the propriety of recognizing in his dual capacity the representative of this country recently accredited both as secretary of legation and as consul-general at Rome. He has been received as secretary, but his exequatur as consul-general has thus far been withheld.

The extradition convention with Belgium, which has been in operation since 1874, has been lately supplanted by another. The Senate has signified its approval, and ratifications have been duly exchanged between the contracting countries. To the list of extraditable crimes has been added that of the assassination or attempted assassination of the chief of the state.

Negotiations have been opened with Switzerland looking to a settlement by treaty of the question whether its citizens can renounce their allegiance and become citizens of the United States without obtaining the consent of the Swiss Government.

I am glad to inform you that the immigration of paupers and criminals from certain of the cantons of Switzerland has substantially ceased and is no longer sanctioned by the authorities.

The consideration of this subject prompts the suggestion that the act of August 3, 1882, which has for its object the return of foreign convicts to their own country, should be so modified as not to be open to the interpretation that it affects the extradition of criminals on preferred charges of crime.

The Ottoman Porte has not yet assented to the interpretation which this government has put upon the treaty of 1830 relative to its jurisdictional rights in Turkey. It may well be, however, that this difference will be adjusted by a general revision of the system of jurisdiction.

of the United States in the countries of the East-a subject to which your attention has been already called by the Secretary of State.

In the interest of justice towards China and Japan, I trust that the question of the return of the indemnity fund to the governments of those countries will reach, at the present session, the satisfactory solution which I have already recommended, and which has recently been foreshadowed by Congressional discussion.

The treaty lately concluded with Corea awaits the action of the Senate.

During the late disturbance in Egypt the timely presence of American vessels served as a protection to the persons and property of many of our own citizens and of citizens of other countries, whose governments have expressed their thanks for this assistance.

The recent legislation restricting immigration of laborers from China has given rise to the question whether Chinese proceeding to or from another country may lawfully pass through our own.

Construing the act of May 6, 1882, in connection with the treaty of November 7, 1880, the restriction would seem to be limited to Chinese immigrants coming to the United States as laborers, and would not forbid a mere transit across our territory. I ask the attention of Congress to the subject for such action, if any, as may be deemed advisable. This government has recently had occasion to manifest its interest in the Republic of Liberia by seeking to aid the amicable settlement of the boundary dispute now pending between that republic and the British possession of Sierra Leone.

The reciprocity treaty with Hawaii will become terminable after September 9, 1883, on twelve months' notice by either party. While certain provisions of that compact may have proved onerous, its existence has fostered commercial relations which it is important to preserve. I suggest, therefore, that early consideration be given to such modifications of the treaty as seem to be demanded by the interests of our people.

In view of our increasing trade with both Hayti and Santo Domingo, I advise that provision be made for diplomatic intercourse with the latter, by enlarging the scope of the mission at Port au Prince.

I regret that certain claims of American citizens against the Government of Hayti have thus far been urged unavailingly.

A recent agreement with Mexico provides for the crossing of the frontier by the armed forces of either country in pursuit of hostile Indians. In my message of last year I called attention to the prevalent lawlessness upon the borders and to the necessity of legislation for its suppression. I again invite the attention of Congress to the subject.

A partial relief from these mischiefs has been sought in a convention, which now awaits the approval of the Senate, as does also another touching the establishment of the international boundary between the United States and Mexico. If the latter is ratified, the action of Congress will be required for establishing suitable commissions of survey. The boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala, which led this government to proffer its friendly counsels to both parties, has been amicably settled.

No change has occurred in our relations with Venezuela. I again invoke your action in the matter of the pending awards against that republic to which reference was made by a special message from the Executive at your last session.

An invitation has been received from the Government of Venezuela to send representatives in July, 1883, to Caracas, for participating in the centennial celebration of the birth of Bolivar, the founder of South

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