Companion to English History (middle Ages)

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Clarendon Press, 1902 - 372 páginas
 

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Página 166 - Stones and javelins were hurled from the tops, and Greek Fire was known in England in the reign of Richard I, although there is no recorded instance of its use on board English or French ships. Heavy engines for throwing stones were fixed on deck, and such things as quicklime thrown from windward to blind the enemy ; there were three cannon on board the Christopher in 1338, but the use of artillery did not practically affect tactics or shipbuilding during the fourteenth century. As fireships (of...
Página 92 - ... its culminating point. Like the surcoat and the cyclas, the jupon had its slight accidents of shape, finally taking the typical form well shown by the latten effigy (1376; of the Black Prince at Canterbury, and by hundreds of routine alabaster and stone effigies and brasses of the last quarter of the fourteenth and the first quarter of the fifteenth century throughout the kingdom [PI.
Página 307 - is mentioned in a deed of 1123. . . . Bedford School is on record as existing . . . before 1120. . . . In London there were three grammar schools in 1137.' The twelfth-century revival of learning gave a great FIG. 282. WINCHESTER COLLEGE, founded 1373. impetus to the foundation of schools, and many arose in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, sometimes in dependence upon cathedrals and collegiate churches, and sometimes in connexion with hospitals, gilds, and chantries, while some came to exist...
Página 311 - The Master Fellows and Scholars of the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity within the Town and University of Cambridge of King Henry the Eighth's foundation. THIS noble and magnificent College, the Mastership of which is in the appointment of the Crown, was formed by the consolidation and extension of the earlier foundations of (1) Michaelhouse, founded in 1324 by...
Página 330 - ... rectangular panels with small figures of the classical type [Fig. 312] are set in conventional foliage and scroll-work, the whole in deep and rich colours. A rare and splendid example of twelfth-century metal-work is a candlestick given to Gloucester Abbey about mo, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum. 3. The Thirteenth Century and the Rise of Gothic Art. Hitherto, ever since the restoration of England to its share in the culture of Western Christendom, we have seen that English art and architecture...
Página 295 - Parliament, therefore, in 1371 attached the great penalty of a hundred marks (£66 135. 4^.) to this offence. Still the Commons complained, though now only of the obstructions erected prior to the reign of Edward I, which shows that the measures of the Government had proved effectual. Commissions were accordingly issued in 1398 to Justices of the Peace to destroy all of them which were a nuisance to navigation. These measures were enforced by Henry IV in Acts of 1399 and 1402. But in 1423 complaints...
Página 259 - Let us swear an oath, and keep it with an equal mind, In the hollow Lotos-land to live and lie reclined On the hills like Gods together, careless of mankind.
Página 28 - Pavement is square Tile, and it is very well lighted and seeled, and adorned with Eleven Statues in the Sides thereof; in the Midst a Brick Hearth for a Charcoal Fire, having a large Lanthorn in the Roof of the Hall fitted for that Purpose, turreted and covered with Lead.
Página 352 - Scavage is so called as being a ' shewing ' ; because it behoves the merchants that they shew unto the Sheriffs the merchandize for which the custom is to be taken, before that any of it be sold.
Página 251 - ... a monachus. They had charge, under the cellarer, of all the secular and external affairs of the monastery, and many of them lived in the granges or farms, which they worked under the direction of obedientiaries chosen from among themselves. When resident in the abbey, as some of them always were, they kept certain of the hours in the church like the monks, and at the same...

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