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1889.
130 Mr. Blaine to Mr. Andergon. June 6 Claim of Carlos Butterfield : Exchango of notifi-

cations of the convention for its settlement:
formal invitation to arbitrator, Mr. Edmund
Monson, the next step; the manner in which
the invitation should be extended; either by a
joint note or separate identic noies. Draught

of such notes inclosed.
131 Same to same... ....... | June 7 Claim of Carlos Butterfield: Danish representa-

tive at Athens baving no diplomatic character ;
Mr. Anderson is authorized to sign joint pote
to Mr. Edmund Monson with Danish minister
for foreign affairs or to write a separate note
from Copenbagen; date of the receipt of notice

defined.
, Mr. Anderson to Mr. Blaine. July 1 Claim of Carlos Butterfield : Suggestion to Dan-

ish foreign office of joint noto of invitation to
Mr. Edmund Monson; Denmark's preference
for separate identio notes; correspondence on
the subject inclosed, and also Mr. Anderson's

note of invitation to the arbitrator. 313 Same to samo.....

July 16 | Claim of Carlos Butterfield: Sir Edmund Mon.

son's reply to Mr. Anderson's invitation; copy
inclogril; disgussion with Danish minister of
foreign aflairs as to the value of a telegram as
a formal acceptance of the invitation from Den-

mark.
315 Same to same............... July 18 Claim of Carlos Butterfield : Mr. Anderson's note

of thanks to Sir Edmund Monson for accepting
the task of arbitrator inclosed; the same on

the part of Denmark sent to Sir Edmund.

1890. Sir Edmund Monson to Mr. | Jan. 22 Claim of Carlos Butterfield: Transmits his award | Blaine.

in the case; will send duplicate award to the
Danish Government.

156

157

158

FRANCE.

161

162

103

161

1888.
T20 Mr. McLane to Mr. Bayard. Dec. 19 Arbitration : Conference of members of British

and French Parliaments, held in Paris, with
purpose of securing peace by means of tribunals
of arbitration; attitude of the United States to-
wards the movement; character of the mem.
bers of the French Chamber interested; copy

of the resolutions of the conference inclosed.

1889. 419 Mr. Rives to Mr. McLane... Jan. 7 Arbitration: Resolutions of the conference at

Paris sent to the appropriate committees of

Congress.
789 Jr. McLapo to Mr. Blaine.. May 3 Arbitration : Copies of circular issued by the con.

ference at Paris inclosed, with request from Mr.
Passy of the French Chamber and his asso-
ciates that the circular be communicated to
those who are in favor of its object; moral sup).

port of the United States Government songbt. 16 Jr. Blaine to Mr. Reid ..... June 11 Hog products: Incloses copy of resolutions of the

Chicago Board of Trade relative to the probibi.
tion by Germany and France of the importa-
tion of American hog products; earnest remon-
strance against the inju- tice of the probibition;
importance of present memorial; injurions effect
of France's insistence upon what is regaried
as an unnecessary and upjust discrimination
against the United States: healthfulness of
American pork; magnitude of the question ;
no suggestions of retaliation on our part; tbo
subject should be pressed upon the attention of

the French Government. 21 Mr. Reid to Mr. Blaine ..... June 28

June 28 Hog products: The present not an opportune

moment for presenting the question to the
French Government; the prohibition is not per-
sisted in upon sanitary grounds; the govern.
ment in favor of removing the prohibition, but
can not now. in view of existing complications,
be expected to press the matter upon the Cham-
bers; all attention engaged by the exhibition,
General Bonlanger's trial, and the coming elec-
vions; suggests postponement of the subject
until after the eloction of the new Chamber in

the antnun.
FR89_-IV

166

FRANCE-Continued.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

167

1889.
79 Mr. Ruid to Mr. Blaino..... Oct. 19 Hog products: The French Government invited

to inspect meats of that class in the Universal
Exbibition; call of Mr. Reid and General
Frankliu u pop Mr. Spuller; note verbale in-
closed; Mr. Spuller favorably inclined, but
there were difficulties in the way; the idea of
protection to French producers; Mr. Spuller
himself a free-trader, but the tendency of the
new Chamber he thought was in the opposite
direction; he will probably favor the free ad.

mission of American pork products.
04 Same to same...... ........ Nov. 15 Passports: Application for a passport by Mr.

Frank R. Blackinton, a resident of Paris since
1871, but wbo claims legal residence at North
Adams, Mass. ; during his residence abroad he
hag frequently returned to the United States,
but does not know when he will return there
to live; at present he has no intention nor
desire to do so; passport refused; many Amer.
icans in Europe in Mr. Blackinton's position ;
result of refusing them passports; instructions

requested.
76 Mr. Blaino to Mr. Roid ..... Dec. 2 | Passports: Application by Mr. Frank R. Black

inton; his birth; departure from the Unitod
States; residence abroad: visits to the United
States; payment of taxes at North Adams; his
domicile ; his intentions; passports only for cit-
izens of the United States; who are citizens;
Mr. Blackinton's status; favorable action on
Mr. Blackinton's application can not be directed.

168

GERMANY.

178

179

1869. 818 Mr. Coleman to Mr. Blaine.. Sept. 16

Sept. 16 Military service cases : Report on those arising

between October 11, 1888, and September 16,
1889; inclo-ed favorable decisions of all but
thrue; the exceptions: inherent rights of a
State to expel foreigners when self-interest and
public wellare dictate such a course; cause of

The imposition of military fines.
16 Mr. Phelps to Mr. Blaine.... Oct. 10 Claim of Albert Bernhard: A paper found in the

archives of the legation at Paris, showing
Bernhard to have joined the "Ligie des Pa-

triotes," sent by Mr. Reid to Mr. Phelps;
1888.

copy inclosed.
384 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Coleman. Nov. 21 Samoan Affairs: The German minister's assur.

ance that his Government desires to act in a
Apirit of friendliness and comity towards the
United States in relation to Samoan affairs ;
German fleet ordered to return to Samoan
waters; allegation of interference in affairs at
Apia by United States vice-consul; the Depart-
ment uninformed as to instructions of the Ger-
man fleet; its confidence in the disposition of
the treaty powers to respect the choice of a
king by the Samoan people; an alleged news.
paper interview in the United States with the
United States consul.general at Apia referred
to and that officer's disavowal of the genti.
ments there ascribed to him ; departe conti-
dence in his good will toward his colleagues
and towards a settlement of the difficulties in
Samoa ; indifference of this Government as to
what chief may be at the head of affairs;
causes of complaint arising among consular
officers at A pia to be taken up by their respect-

ive Governments on occasion.
Mr. Bayard to Count Von Nov. 21 Samoan atlairs: Purport of conversation between
Arco Valley.

Mr. Bayard and Count Von Arco Valley com-
municated to United States minister at Berlin,
and to be communicated to United States con-
sul at Apia, with instrnctions to avert friction
between the citizens of the two Governments;
in case questions arise they are to be referred
to respective Governments for decision; sim.
ilar reports from Samoa received at Berlin and
Washington; indifference of both Governments

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vil in Parlia British Go from 10 a qucold faith on affairs; otract from.

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Mr. Dararıl to Connt von Nov. 21 as to who sball be elected king: the hope ex-
Arco Valley-Coutinued.

pressed that Count Arco will recommend to
his Government that its officials in Samoa be
instructed to co-operate with those of the
United States for thie peaceable conduct of af
fairs, and the reference to the home Govern-
ment of any cause of difference arising there,

not possible of arrangement there.
Saime to same.............. Nov. 26 Samoan affairs: United States consul general at

Apia expected to leave San Francisco for his
post about 15th of Docember, probably reach-
ing & pia about the Ist uf January; has Ger-
mau consular representative at Apia boen in-
structed in accordance with the line of Mr.
Bayarul's note to Count Arco, of November 21st

instant!
GEO Mr. Coleman to Mr. Bayard. Nov. 26 Sam an affairs: Transmits narrative of events in

Samoa by a German long resident there; value

of the paper. 710 Same to same...

Doc. 19 Samoan atlaire : Response of Sir J. Ferguson,

British Inder secretary of state for foreign
a flairs, to a question in Parliament by Mr. Mc.
Arthur as to good faith of the British Govern-
ment in relation to Samoan affairs; extract from
the l'oss'sche Zeitung, quoted; extract from
the London Times on the subject inclosed; con.

clusion therefrom.

1880
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Pendle-. Jan. 5. Samoan affairs : Repeats substance of a telegram
ton. (Telegram.)

from the first lieutenant of the United States
sbi) Nipsic of the landing of an armed forco
from German Vessels and an engagement with
Mataafa's forces; result, Germans shelling na-
tive villages : instructs the minister to repre-
sent this to German minister for foreign affairs

and report.
Mr. Bayard to Count von Jan. 5. Samoan afturs: Communicates the substance of
Arco Valley.

the telegram from the first lieutenant of the
Nipse and recites its communication to the
Upitell States minister at Berlin and the in-
struction thereupon, in relation to the engage.
ment between the German armed forco and
Mataafa'party, and the shelling of the native

villages.
Mr. Pendleton to Mr. Bay.. Jan. 7. Samoan affairs: Mr. Pendleton has been shown
ard, (Telegram.)

telegraw from the German foreign office of
January 7 to German minister at Washington
for submission to Mr. Bayarıl; telegram states
that representations of the United States would
not be answered in detail until i'nll report from
Samoa is received at Berlin; and that the nien
landed from one German ship only had been

engageil in the fight.
Mr. Bayard to Count von Jan, 12. Samoan affairs : The German minister's commu-
Arco Valley.

nication of his Government's statement of the
engagement between German forces and Ma.
taafa's party; cause of the landing of the Ger-
man forces; attacked by Samoans under the
leadership of Klein, an American citizen ; com-
plication arising therefrom ; treaty rights to
be respected; Germany asks the United States
to join in restoring quiet; reference to former
correspondence and conversation; the citizen.
ship of Klein, who had no official relation to the
United States Government por authority from
it; character of the instructions given United
States officials in Samon: relief from danger
of American citizens there by the President's
order ; effects of the conference at Washing.
ton on Samoan aflairs, held in the summer of
1887; free election of their King by the
Samoans agreed to by all three Governments :
desire that such an election now be held; rcar-
Admiral Kimberly instructed to go to Apia
with his flag.sbip, the Trenton; confidence in
him and in commanders of the other national
vessels there, and that German officers will be
instructed to assist in framing a plan of settle-
ment of difficulties; clearness of the treaties
on the subject; the views of this Government
unchanged since January, 1888, and those of the
German Gorernment understood to be un.
altered.

186

186

GERMANY- Continued.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

188

189

189

191

1889.
Prince Bismarck to Count Jan. 13 Samoan affairs : Landing of German naval forces;
von Arco Valley.

engagement with the natives, under the leader.
ship of Klein, said to be an American; conse-
quence of the conflict; contest to be continued
with consideration for English and Anerican
interests; assistance of the United States re-
quested: Germany will abido by agreements
with the United States and Great Britain ; com-
munication to be read to Mr. Bayard and a copy

leit with him.
Count von Arco Valley to Jan. 15 Samoan affairs: Duty of the German consul at
Mr. Bayard.

Apia of getting questions regarding the inter-
ests of foreigners in Samoa rendered difticult by
the attitude of the officer in charge of American
consulate and the commander of the American
war vessel, who take part of Mataafa against
Tamasese, who is recognized by Germany; evils
of Mataafa's rule suggested; his inability to

bring guilty parties to justice.
Mr. Bayard to Count von Jan. 18 Samoan affairs: Neutrality of both the consular
Arco Valley.

and commanding naval otlicer of the United
States at Apia as to native chiefs ; enjoined by
their Government to abstain from all recognitory
action in relation to the de jure powers claimed
by either chief; this Government regrets the
conflict and its results, but must continue to
maintain an attitude of noutrality in the belief
that the best interests of all concerned would
be served by permitting and assisting the pa
tives to choose freely their own king; the ob.
jection to Tamasese comes from the majority of
his own countrymen, who claim that he was
never legally chosen king; his rule should not,

therefore, be insisted upon.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Pendle. | Jan. 31 Samoan affairs: Mr. Pendleton instructed to in-
ton. (Telegram.)

form German Government that advices from
Apia state that German consul bad declared
Germany to be at war with Mataafa and Samoa
to be under martial law; substance of Princo
Bismarck's declaration on the subject recited;
Germany mnst instruct German officials in
Samoa not to interfere with American citizens
there; Germany's declaration of martial law

not recognized by the United States.
Mr. Bayard to Count von Jan. 31 | Samoan affairs: Declaration of war and martial
Arco Valley.

law by Germany in Samoa; Mr. Pendleton
communicated with on the subject, and in-
structed to advise the German Government
that the United States expects German ofhcials
in Samoa to abstain from all interference with
American citizens and their property, and that
Germany's declaration of martial law can pot

be recognized by the United States.
Mr. Pendleton to Mr. Bay. Feb. i Samoan affairs : Declaration of martial law by the
ard. (Telegram.)

German consul at Apia contrary to his instruc-
tions: his action regretted and the consul re.
buked; the German Government will adhere
strictly to treats status: this statement an-
ticipates the representations Mr. Pendleton
was instructed to make, and he accordingly

withholds them.
Count von Arco Valley to Feb. 1Samoan affairs: Proclamation by commander of
Mr. Bayard.

German squadron at Apia of martial law per.
missible under rules of international law; but
Prince Bismarck, thinking that German mili-
tary authority had gone too far, telegraphed to
commander to withdraw that part of the order
relating to foreigners; German consul at A pia,
who had asked of Mataafa that the administra.
tion of the islands of Samoa be handed over to
bim, instructed to withdraw his demand imme.

diately.
Mr. Bayard to Count von Feb. 1 Samoan affairs: Anticipation by the German
Arco Valley.

foreign offire of Mr. Pendleton's instructions
in relation to proclamation of martial law by the
German consnl at Apia.

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1889.
Prince Bismarck to Count Feb. 4 Samoan affairs: Necessities of the present situa-
von Arco Valley.

tion in Samoa; duties of the three treaty powers
to put an end to contention and bloodshed in
the islands; resumption of consultation of
1887, of representatives of Germany, England,
and the United States ; proposition for such a
consultation at Berlin, Germany's neutrality
in the islands and desire for permanent safety

of commercial interests.
Str. Barard to Count von Feb. 5 Samoan affairs: Desire of the President to restore
Arco Valley.

peace and order to the people of Samoa ; ac-
ceptance of Germany's proposal for a conference
at Berlin by the tree powers, based upon proto-
cols of conference of 1887 and regarded as a re.
sumption of that conference; its resumption
should be expedited; a truce should be pro-
claimed in Samoa and further armed action pre-
vented; there is no equality in a struggle
between a scanty band of Samoans and the
forces at Germany's command; instructions to
suspend belligerent action suggested; it is
hoped they will not be delayed; the announce.
ment of the conference will doubtlesg cause a
cessation of hostilities; except as the condi-
tions may be changed in Samoa by the free
election of a king, affairs there should remain
in statu quo pending the conference: with the
hope that these suggestions will be fruitful, the
Government of the United States will take steps
at once to be properly represented at the con-
ference; statements of the German consul in
Samoa finding fault with Captain Leary, of the
Nipsie, and Mr. Blacklock, United States consul
there, must be classed as mere hearsay evidence;
the statements of the German consul will be
brongbt to the attention of Captain Leary and
Mr. Blacklock and their reply communicated ;
allowance should be made for excitement pre-

vailing in Samoa
| Yr. Blaine to Measry. Kag.Apr. 11 Samoan affairs: Instructions as commissioners to
won, Phelps, and Bates.

the conference at Berlin; the general princi-
ples which will govern the opinions and con.
trol the decisions of the United States Govern.
ments; fuller instructions will be sent from
time to time; character of the substance of
the protocols of the first conference: the United
States Government desires a speedy and amica-
ble solution of all problems involved; it will
maintain its equality of right in disposing of all
questions and protect its own citizens wherever
their lawful enterprise may carry them; the
President hopes for a frank and friendly confer-
ence with satisfactory results to the powers
and justice to the Samoan people; his confi.
dence in the motives and purposes of the Ger.
man Government; the present conference re-
garded as an adjourned meeting of the confer-
ence of 1887, and not as a new one; and the in-
fluential conditions then existing regarded as
unchanged; Mr. Bayard's note to Count Arco
of February 5, 1889, referred to on this point;
the scope and purpose of the present confer.
ence ; effect in Samoa of the municipality con-
vention of 1879, and the treaty of peace of July,
1881 ; the transactions of 1885 not now to be
considered in detail; disavowal of irregular ac-
tion of German and United States consuls of
both Governments recited : quotations from
former correspondence on the subject; agree-
ment of the three treaty powers to send com.
misioners to Samoa to report upon the actual
condition of affairs there, and their report re-
ferred to: these matters were fully discussed
by the first session of the conference; events
since the adjournment of the conference in
July, 1887 ; declaration of " war" by Germany
against Malietoa, personally:"bis deportation;
these acts regar led as an abrupt breach of the
joint relations of the treaty powers unreconcila-
ble with the friendly language of Germany

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