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CHINA-Continued.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page

1889.
78.) Mr. Denby to Mr. Bayard .. Jan. 9 Religions of China: Confucianism; Budilbism,

and Taoism. The Buddhists the most numer.
ous. Miraculous occurrences attending birth of
Christ, Confucius, and Buddha compared. The
founders of these religions accounted men, not
gods. Chinese holidays. The "golden rule."
Perfection of the moral code of Confucius; Con.
fucianism the religion of the state; scholarship
and Confucianism identical; ancestral worship;
sketch of Confucius and Buddha. Chinese be.
lief in metempsychosis. Ceremonies. Numbers
of Chinese gods. Description of Taoism. Chi.
nese indifference to death. Superstitions. Ub-
structions to the work of foreign missionaries.
The Catholics the pioneers. Well-filled Protest.

ant churches. 790 Same to same...

Jan. 11 Emperor's assumption of the Government; spec.

ulation as to consequences; age, education, and
pedigree of the emperor; retirement of the
emperor's father, Prince Chun; the emperor's
brothers; Prince Kung and Prince Tun, com-
monly called the sixth and fifth prince, respec.
tively; sketch of these princes, Position of
the Empress Dowager. Foreign domination and
weytern influence in China. Progress of China
during the reign of the Empress Dowager ;

other internal improvements to come. 793 | Same to same...

Jan. 18 Slandering foreigners in China : Copy of letter

on the subject from the dean of the diplomatic
corps to the Tsung-li Yamen inclosed. An un-
usual method oftreatment involved in the dean's
action. Superstitions regarding the practices
of foreigners in China, such as the murdering
of children, etc. Outbreaks at Tientsin and
Seoul, Corea, in consequence. The means of

quieting such snperstitions. 816 Same to same..

Feb. 6 Marriage certificates and mixed marriages: Mr.

Denby's reply to Department's number 375, of
December 5, on the subject. The special case
of Mr. Thompson and Miss Vetter again refer-

red to. They bave decided not to marry.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Denby | Feb. 25 | Felicitations of the President on the Emperor's
(telegram).

marriage. 8.27 Mr. Denby to Mr. Bayard... Feb. 25 Marriage of the Emperor: Iucloses copy of the

Yamen's official announcementof the Emperor's

approaching nuptials, and Mr. Denby's reply. 831 Same to samo...............

The Empress Regent's retirement near at hand:

Brief review of her life and character. Events immediately preceding her assumption of government. A former effort to retire. The reconquest of Kansuh, Sungaria, Kulilja, and Kashgaria. The French and Chinese difficulty over Tonquin and Annam. Result of the war. Relations with England. Case of a British officer named Margary murdered in Yunnan. English occupation of Upper Bur. mah; stipulations thereupon. Surrender by England to China of Port Hamilton. Relations with Japan. Relations between China and the United States. Riots involving property and persons of foreigners in China deprecated by the Government. Development of the imperial maritime custom sirvice, and lighting of the coast. Naval progress. Telegraph; mining: railroads; steamers on the rivers. Study of mathematics and the physical sciences, and revival of educa tion in general. Western learning favored. Boys sent to the United States to be educated. Improvement and progress sketched; mainly due to will power of the Empress. Her place in

the atfections of the people, and in history. Same to same.....

Mar. 4 | Emperor's assumption of government: Incloses

official notice, by copy. Ceremonial obsery.

ances by diplomatio corps. 837 Same to same............... Mar. 5 The Empress Regent: Her refusal to receive a

petition and punishment of the Censor. Decreo

inclosed.
841 Mr. Denby to Mr. Blaine... Mar. 8 Marriage of the Emperor: Foreigners pot per-

mitted by custom to participate in public cere-
monies. Seclusion maintained at the residence
of the bride. Her reported objections to the
marriage. Incloses article from the North
China Daily News,

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1689.
Mar. 8 Marriage of the Emperor: Incloses translation

of the reply of Tsung-li Yamen to the Presi.

dent's felicitations.
Mar. 8 | The Empress Regent: A dinzer by the Tsung-li

Yamen to the diplomatic corps by her decree;
an upasual affair; elaborate and picturesque;
erection of special buildings; description of the
Ceremonies and speeches; copies of speeches

inclosed.
Mar. Steanu-ship facilities in China: Abstract of a me.

morial to the throne submitted by the provis.

ional judge of Kuangtupg.
May !0 Missionary trubles at Chi Nan Fu: Copy of a

note from Mr. Denby to the Tsung-li Yámen on
the subject and translation of the reply in-
closed; proposed journey of the minister or the
second secretary to Chi-Nan Fu to attempt a set-

tlement with local authorities.
June 10 Clunese in the cominercial centers of the far

East: vitality, perseverance, and colonizing
qualities of the race; statistical statement :
population and races in Hong Kong, Macao, Na-
gasaki, Kohé, Osaka, Yokohama, Manila, Sai.
gon, Haiphong, Hanoi, Borneo, Labuan, Siam.
Singapore Island, Malacca, Sungie Ujong, Se.
langor, Perak, Penang: Chinese gradually ab
sorbing business to the exclusion of native
and foreign traders; prospective objections to
their presence in the far East; absorption by

the Chinese of the Mongolians and Manchus.
Oct. 21 Teniple of Heaven: Destroyed by fire; delivery

of the officers in charge to the board of pun-
ishments; the fire caused by stroke of light-
ning: Chinese theocracy; ever thing ascribed
to supernatural influences; religious rites; ex-
ecution of the insane; date of the construction
of the temple; description of the building; im.

perial decree inclosed.
Nov. 10 Cremation in China: The Chinese have five forms

of burial, namely, water, wood, metal, earth,
and fire; description of each forin; cremation
practiced chiefly only by Buddhist priests and
lamas or by very poor persons: its introduction
into China; cremation practiced in Japan;
feeling against the custom ; advantages of cre.
mation; it is forbidden by statutes of the pres.
ent dynasty.

97 Same to samo....

111

900 Same to kame....

113

CORRESPONDENCE WITH TUE LEGATION OF CHINA AT WASHINGTON.

115

115

1888.
| Yr. Shu Cheon Pon to Mr. Oct. 10 Exclusion of Chinese. Arrival of a number of
Bayard.

Chinese laborers at San Francisco, some of
whoun are possessed of certificates of identity
to return to the United States, others of whom
desire transit through the United States, are
refused permission to land by collector of cus-
toms, who avers that he has been instructed
that such certificates are declared void: China's
contention that they should be permitted to
land; a reference of the case to the Secretary
of the Treasury requested, and instructions by

telegraph.
Mr. Rives to Mr. Shu Cheon Oct. 18 Exclusion of Chinese: The matter referred to the

Secretary of the Treasury, who is intrusted
with the execution of statutes in relation to for.
eign immigration. Mandatory provisions of the
act of October 1, 1888, prevent the landing of
the laborers in question; letter of Secretary of

the Treasury quoted; copy of law inclosed.
r. Rives to Mr. Chang Yen Oct 19 Chinese Indemnity: Approval by the President
Hoob.

of the act of Congress making appropriation for
all losses sustained by Chinese subjects in the
United States at the hands of residents thereof;
acts by which Chinese suffered can be ip no
wise imputed to the Government of the United
States : tbe provisions for indemnity made from
motives of humanity; the Secretary of Stato
will pay the sum to the minister of China.

Pon,

116

CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE LEGATION OF CHINA AT WASHINGTON-Continua

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

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1888. Mr. Chang Yen Hoon to Mr. Dec. 24 Chinese Indemn ty: The Chinese minister has Bayard.

ohed to Peking for an imperial decree giving him authority to receive amount of lu. demnity. He will ob receiving the decree pro

pose a day for payment.

1889. Same to samo.....

Jan. 3 Chinese Indemnity: The Chinese minister au.1

tborized by imperial telegraphic decree to re-
ceive the amount of indemnity; asks that a day

be named for its payment.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Chang | Jan. 5 Chinese Indemnity: The Chinese minister in-
Yen loon.

vited to the Department of State to receive pay.

ment of the indempitr Mr. Chang Yen Hoon to Mr. Jan. 7 Chinese Indemnity: Tbe Chinese minister will Bay ru.

call at the Department of State to receivu pay.

mept of the indemnity. Sanie to same ..

Jan. 11 | Chinese Indemnity: Receipt for the indemnity

* paid out of humane consideration and without

reference to the question of liability thereof." Same to samo...

Jan. 18 Exclusion of Chinese: Refusal of steamers ply.

ing between Havana and New York o take on
board Chinese subjects from Cuba to New York
in transit 1o China or other countries by reasou
of the ruling of tbe United States customs au.
thorities in the latter city under the act of Oc.
tober 1, 1889. Great inconvenience and hard-
ship causeil by the prrhibition, which is claimed
to be in violation of the treaty of 1880; the only
modification made by treaty relates to immigra.
tion of Chinese laborers, and does not affect
the right of transit. Violation of the treaty of
1880 by the act of October 1, 1880, uot now cou-
sidered, as these Chinese subjects bave never
been residents of the United States, anddesire
only transit through the country. Requests
that the matter be invited to the attention of

the Secretary of the Treasury Sanie to samo.

... Jan. 26 Esclusion of Chinese: Act of October 1, 1888, in

Telation to the probibition of the coming of Chi-
nese laborers into the United Staten in plain
violation of the treaty of 1880. Quotations of the
stipulations of articles I and II of tht treaty.
Power conferred on the Government of the
United States only to regulate, limit, or sus.
pend immigration, not to interfere with the
iree movements of Chin se subjects who have
once legally become residents of the United
States. An indetinite prohibition also a viola.
tival of the treaty which permits no such pro.
vision as supplementary to act of May 6, 1882,
the treaty plain and easy to be understood. An
examina ion of the circumstances under which
it was made. An intinzati n given the minis.
ter in an interview with Mr. Bayard that the
President would veto au y legislation in viola.
tion of the treaty. A desire that the President
intervene by a recommendation to Congress on

the subject.
Mr. Bacard to Mr. Chang Feb. 2 | Exclusion of Chinese: Conclusion of the United
Yen Hoon.

States Government from review of correspond
ence that the act of exclusion was in consonance
with expressed wishes of China; points out tbat
the assurance ay to the President's veto said to
have been given the Chinese minister by Mr.
Bayard (see foregoing note) could not have been
given and that Mr. Chang Yen lluon is under a
hiisapprehension as to wbat was actually said
in the interview through the interpreter; dic-
tated report of the interview discloses no such
assurance; incloses memorandum of interview
with Mr. Shu Cheon l'on; Mr. Shu hoped the
President would not approve the bill; such an
assurance out of the power of Mr. Bayard to

make good.
Mr. Shu Cheon Pon to Mr. Feb. 7 Exclusion of Chinese: Chinese subjects in Cuba
Bayard.

who desire transit through the United States not
permities to board steamer at Havana for New
York; accoriling to treaty stipulations these
persons should be granted transit; requests that
the attention of the Secretary of the Treasury
be invited to the case.

192

123

CORRESPONDENCE WITH TIC LEGATION OF CHINA AT WASHINGTON-Continued.

Frun and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

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125

129

130

1889.
Ir. (hang Yen Fioon to Mr. Feb. 16 Marriage of the Emperor: Will be celebrated Feb-
Bayard (tulegram).

ruary 28: Mr. Chang starts for Washington
on the 20th, having been courteously entertained

by United States consul.general at Havana,
Mr.Sliu Cheon Pou to Mr. | Feb. 18 Exclusion of Chinese: Transit of Chinese subjects
Bayru.

through the United States referred to the Secre-
tary of the Treasury; desire to know if he has

replied, expressing an opinion.
Mr. Parard to Mr. Shu Feb. 21 | Exclusion of Chinese: Absence of the Secretary
Cheuls l'on.

of the Treasury has delayed reply to Mr. Shu's
pote: the Secretary of the Treasury hesitates to
decide the question involved in advance of an
actual case; ruling of Mr. Frelinghuysen on the
transit question of January 6 and February 2,
1883, referred to, and no reason for a change of
that ruling perceived in the laws, either by Mr.

Bayard or the Attorney General.
M.(lung Yen Hoon to Mr. Feb. 25 | Exclusion of Chinese: Mr. Chang's reply to Mr.
Lajar.

Bavard's note of February 2, in relation to the
question of the President's disposition to veto
any act of Congress in violation of the treaty of
1880; incloses extract from memorandum of in-
terview on the subject of Chinese exclusion, and
discusses the causes of misapprehension as to
the question of the veto and the question of
China's desire regarding exclusion of Chinese

subjects by the United States. Samo to samo....

Feb. 26 Exclusion of Chinese: The present obstacle to

transit of Chinese subjects through the United
States is the unwillingness of the shipping com-
panies to take them on board ship; requests that
collectors of customs at New York and Now
Orleans be instructed to notify such corapanies
that former practice of permitting the transit

will be continued.
| Mr. Bayard to Mr. Chang | Feb. 28 Exclusion of Chinese: Mr. Bayard's reply to Mr.
Yea Πυυυ.

Chang's note of February 25 in relation to mis-
understanding between them concerning the
matter of the President's veto and the wishes of
China as to the exclusion of Chinese subjects by
the United States; China's refusal to ratify
treaty; popular belief as to exterior influence

thereto.
Same to same...... .. War. 2 Exclusion of Cbinese: Transit of Chinese subjects

through the United States not affected by any
new orders; the status existing prior to pas.
sage of the "Scott bill " held to remain undis.

turbed ; telegrams on the subject inclosed.
Mr. Chang Yen lloon to Mr. Mar. 11 Marriage of the Emperor: Thanks of the Emperor
Blaibe.

to the President for the latter's congratulations

upon the event. Mr. Blaine to Mr. Chang Mar. 13 Maruiage of the Emperor : The President's satis. Yen loon.

faction in the bappiness and prosperity of China

and its ruler.
Str. Chang Yen Hoon to M, July 8 | Exclusion of Chinese: Refers to Mr. Chan:'s note

of January 26 on the subject of laws of Con.
gress in violation of the treaty of 1880, and re-
discusses the subject at length, and the action
of Congress in relation to the exclusion of
Chinese subjects immigrating to the United
States, and those resident therein who desire
liberty of absence and return. Refers to the
position of the President at different times, and

i be views of Senators Sherman and Evarts. Sanie to save ............... July 10 | Exclusion of Chinese: Incloses dranght of a form

of identification certificate proposed for adop-
tion by Mr. Chang, which, if found conformable
with requirements of act of July 5, 1884, will be
submitted to the Tsung.li Yamen for its con.

sideration and adoption.
ir l.arton to Mr. Chang July 15 Exclusion of Chinese: Mr. Chang's note of the
Үеи Поп.

8th instant, in relation to act of Congress in
contravention of treaty stipulations will receive
the careful and prompt attention of the Depart-

ment.
Saine to samo... .......... July 19 Exclusion of Chinese: Mr Chang's draught of a

form of identification certificate has been sub
mitted to the Secretary of the Treasury for an
expression of his opinion thereun.

Blue.

139

140

140 CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE LEGATION OF CHINA AT WASHINGTON-Continued.

No.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

141

141

141

143

142

142

1889.
Mr. Chang Yeu Hoon to Mr. July 19 Exclusion of Chinese: Refusal of the customs
Blaine (telegram).

officers at Now Orleans to allow transit through
the United States to twelve Chinese laborers
landed at that port, and their detention in viola-
tion of treaty stipulations and existing customs
regulations; refers to previous correspond
ence, and to faithful observance by Chinese in
transit of Treasuri circular of January 23, 1883;

asks prompt decision of the case.
Mr. Wharton to Mr. Chang July 20 Exclusion of Cbinese: Mr. Chang's telegram in
Yen lloon (telegram).

relation to detention of twelve Chinese laborers
in transit at New Orleans has been submitted
for considerstion to the Secretary of the Treas-

ury.
Samo to samo.............. | July 25 | Exclusion of Chinese: The Secretary of the Treas.

ury finds Mr. Chang's draught of a forin of

identification certificate satisfactory.
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. Oct. 16 Esclusion of Chinese: Asks to be informed as to
Blaine.

whether any new legislative measures have
been adopted in regard to transit of Chinese
suljects through the territory of the United

States.
Mr Blaine to Mr. Tsui Kwo Oct. 18 Exclusion of Chinese: No new legislation on the
Yin.

subject of transit of Chinese subjects through

the Cnited States has occurred.
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. | Nov. 5 ) Exclusion of Chinese: Refers to a new Treasury
Blaine,

regulation requiring bond of $200 at the place of
arrival from Chinese subjects in transit through
Upited States territory, a copy of which is in-
closed; Chinese subjects in Cuba who desire
transit to China through the United States
chiefly affected; declination of steam-sbips and
i ailroad companies to furnish such bonds;
questions the authority by wbich the Treasury
regulation was issued, and quotes opinions of
the Attorney-General and Solicitor of the
Treasury on the transit question; asks an in-
vestigation of the subject and a revocation of

the requirement, and hopes for an early answer. Mr Blaine to Mr. Tsui Kwo Dec. 6 Exclusion of Chinese: Letter of the Secretary of Yin.

the Treasury received, giving his roasons for
the issuance of the new order requiring bond of
Chinese subjects in transit through the United
States; a modification of the order proposed
by which transportation companies interested
may give a general bond to secure guaranty of
good faith and pledge of reasonable diligence
on the part of companies engaged in transpor-
tation of Chinese subjects through the United
States and prevent abuses of the transit priv.
ilege: incloses correspondence on the subject.
including letters from Mr. Blaine, the Attorney-

General, and the Secretary of the Treasury.
Mr. Tsui Kwo Yin to Mr. | Dec. 16 | Exclusion of Chinese: No abuse of the transit
Blaine.

privilege shown; modification of the Treasury
regulation as to bonds does not remove the ob-
jection to that regulation; Chinese subjects
can not give individual bonds of $200: effect
of the regulation in default of such bonds: dis-
regard by Congress of treaty stipulations:
eftect of the appearance of a similar disregard
by Executive Departments of United States
Government; refers again to Mr. Chang's note
of July 8 on the general subject of recent legig.
lation in contraveution of treaty provisions, and
asks for the views of the United States Govern.
ment thereon.

115

149

DENMARK.

151

1888.
259 Mr. Anderson to Mr. Bayard. Dec. 7 Claim of Carlos Butterfield against Denmark: A

note from the Danish minister for foreign af
fairs signifying his willingness to sign conven-
lion for arbitration of the clair; the conven.
lion, duly signed, inclosed for consideration of
the Sepate.

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