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1888.
Mr. Rives to Mr. Tree (tele- Oct. 20 Extradition of Adolph Sambolino. Instruction to
Tam).

request his detention at Antwerp, upon appli.
cation of authorities of the State of New York,
until arrival of extradition papers charging

forgery. 146 Same to sanie....

Oct. 24 Extradition of Adolph Sambolino. Recites tele

gram of same date that papers were forwarded;
formal application to be made for his surrender
upon charge of forgery in State of New York
and as a fugitive from the justice of the United
States, to Mr. Charles Ileidelberg, as agent of
this Government; warrant and authenticated

papers will be sent to Mr. Heidelberg.
6 Mr. Tree to Mr. Bayard..... Oct. 31 | Extradition of Adolph Sambolino: Mr. Tree has

received telegrams, and reports his personal
call upon the minister for foreign affairs of
Belgium, and incloses copy of his note asking
for Sambolino's detention. Mr. Leopold A ban,
director general of Belgian department of for.
eign affairs, promises compliance with request
for detention of the criminal, but remarks that
in doing so he goes beyond the extradition
treaty. Count d'Arschot's proposition to the
United States Government for additional clause
providing for temporary arrests on information
by telegraph. Mr. Tree asks for precise infor-
mation as to Count d'Arschot's proposition,
and is promised an answer in writing: the
answer inclosed; detention of Sambolino granted

without hesitation. 19: Same to same........

. Nov. 10 Extradition of Adolph Sambolino: Mr. Heidle

berg's call with papers in the case ; speedy
action asked of the Belgian minister for foreign
affairs by note, copy of which is inclosed; Mr.
Tree believes that Sambolino has been sur-
rendered to Mr. Heidelberg, and that the latter
sailed with the prisoner in charge on the 10th

November, 417 Same to same....

Nor. 23 Extradition of Adolph Sambolino: Incloses copy

of note from Belgian minister for foreign
affairs giving formal notice of the surrender of

Sambolino to Mr. Heidelberg on the steamer

1889. Westernland on November 10,
13 Ur. Bayard to Mr. Park Jan. 28 Extradition of Adolph Sambolino: Observations
hurst

of the Prince de Chimay, Belgian minister for
foreign affairs, on the case, and upon the con-
vention of June 30, 1882, as to feasibility of
securing arrest of fugitive, upon telegraphic
request, to be held for extradition pending ar.
rival of papers by mail; refers to the case of
twofugitives named Mandelius and Edelhausen;
decision of the Secretary of State under section
5270, Revised Statutes of the United States;
decision of a judge in New York in conflict
therewith; it does not appear from records of
the Department how the case came before a
New York judge; in the Department's view
these considerations are not material; the De..
partment's potice to Belgian minister in the
case of Mandeling and Edelbausen, that issn.
ance of preliminary certificates to obtain pro-
visional arrest had been discontinued was after
such application had been made by other Gov.
erpments and refused; the issuance of such
warrants not required by statute, but became a
practice in consequence of an opinion of certain
judgos who disavowed jurisdiction in such cases
until a requisition should be made upon the
President and his authority obtained; in recent
years a change of opinion in this respect has
occurred and the President's anthority is not
regarded as pecessary; so the Department has,
except in cases of express conventional obliga-1
vion, abstained from issuing preliminary certifi.
cates or warrants; decision of Supreme Court
in the case of George Benson alias M. R. Mayer,
whose extradition was demauded by Mexico in
1886; recapitulation of the correspondence in
the case; judgment of the Supreme Court
quoted; this judgment settles the point that
under section 5270, Revised Statutes, a fugitive

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1889.
18 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Park. Jan. 28 from a country with which the United States
hurst Continued.

has the necessary treaty may be arrested with-
ont the intervention of the President or proof
of a requisition; it is believed that judical mag-
istrates afiord every facility in such cases:
copies of correspondence in the Benson (Mayer)

caso inclosed.
22 Same to same............... Feb. 12 | Extradition of Adolph Sambolino: Incloses copy

of a l tter from the district attorney at New
York reporting that Sambolino has been con-
victed of forgery and sentenced to imprison-
ment at hard labor for ten years.

BRAZIL.

1888.
164 | Mr. Armstrong to Mr. Nov, 22 Brazilian Parliament, close of the, and speech
Bavard.

from the throne: Copy of speech inclosed; the
Emperor's grateful acknowledgments to the
people for their affection; Prince José, whose
death is alludod to, was the third son of the

Eniperor's youngest daughter (now deaci), who

1889. narrical tho Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
2 | Mr. Adams to Mr. Blaine... July 23 | Attempted assassination of the Emperor: Reporis

the communication of the President's tele-
graphic congratulations to the Emperor, on bis
escape, to tho minister for foreign affairs by

note, copy of which is inclosed. Samo to game....

Aug. 8 Attenipted assassination of the Emperor: In

closes copy of reply of minister of foreign af.

fairs to congratulatory note. Same to same (telegram).... Nov. 16 Revolution by army and navy reported. De

position of the ministry anil of the imperial

dynasty, Republic declared-order maintained. Same to same (telegram).... Nov. 17 Revolution: Departure of imperial family. Gor:

erpnient de facto with ministry established.
Importance of acknowledgmont by United States

first.
Same to samo (telegram).... Nov. 19 Revolution: Foreign minister announces forma.

tion of Government. Treaties intact. Contin.

uance of relations requested.
20 | Same to same..... ......Nov. 19 Revolution: The revolution optirely upexpected

by the Government or people. Its accom-
plishment without bloodshed, riotous proceed-
ings, or interruption of business. Events
which led to tho change. Refusal of the re-
publicans to accept the results of the elections
of August 31. The Emperor's measures to se-
cure the succession to Princess Isabel. Distrust
of the army by the Emperor's Government;
formation of National Guarul anil transfer of
regular troops to the Interior. Friday, Novem-
ber 15: Assemblage of troops, sailors, and offi-
cers of the pavy, city police, and tiremen, all
armeil ou the great square in Rio and r public
declared. Ministry arrested and deposed.
Baron Hadaris, minister of marine, alone re-
sists. He is wounded, but will probably la
cover. His service in the United States Nary
during the southern rebellion. Formation of a
provisional government by Marechal Deodoro,
and issuance of a proclamation, copy of which
is inrlosed Emperor summoned from Petrop-
olin, on resignation of ministry at midnight,
endeavors to form new ministry. Ilo is made
prisoner in the palace and the imperial fimily
is orilered to leare Brazil in twenty-four honrs.
Steam-ship Alagoas placed at their service with
iron frigate Riachudo qe escort. Censorship of
telegrams. Prohibition of cable communica-
tion for twelve honra-Saturday night until
Sunday midday. Constitution promnlgated on
Sunday, Departure of imperial family on San-
day afternoon; United States Constitution and
flag copied. Copies of Diario Oflicial in-
closed, containing decrees of provisional gov.
ernment. Settlement in money conferred on
late Emperor, and his acceptance thereof re-
garded as an abdication.

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1889. Mr. Blaine to Mr. Adams | Nos. 19

(telegram). Mr. Ailans to Mr. Blaine Nov. 23

(telegram). 21 Same to same............. Nor. 27

Maintenance of diplomatic relations with provis.

ional government.
Recognition by Argentine Ropublic, Chili, and

Uruguay.
Revolution : Continuance of the minister's report

on guaranty to ex-Emperor by provisional gor.
ernment of continuance of his present income
until meeting of new assenıbly, and grant of
$500.000 offered and accepted. Decrce contirni:
ing the grant inclosed. Proposal by diplomatic
corps to make demonstration in behalf of the
Eniperor, Mr. Adans declines to participate;
but calls alone at the palace where admittanco
was refused by guard. Monday, November 18,
Rio qniet again. Names of the officers of the
provisional ministry. Copy of circular from
foreign oflice inclosed. Provisional govern-
ment informed of Mr. Adams's instructions to
maintain diplomatic relations, and consul gen.
eral of the United States advised and requested
to notify consuls thereof. Copy of decree in-
closed concerning the new national colors. Pro-
visional government continues to perfect its
organization; order continuey meanwhile in the
provinces. Removal of former presidents and
appointment of others in the provinces ; aboli.
tion of provincial assemblies. Many prominent
men of affairs stand aloof.
Recognition of Brazilian Ropublic by the United

States to be given on its establishment.
Rovolution : Continuance of Mr. Adains's report
on change of government. Recognition of the
Republic by Switzerland. France, and the l'ope.
Resumption of diplomatic relations by Euro-
pean powers Abolition of requirement of pass.
ports us foreigners ; Mr. Alams's letter to Bra-
zilian secretary of exterior relations inclosed
by copy, together with copy of reply of that
minister to notice of maintenance of diplomatic
relations. Brazilian Government's appreciation
of the friendly attitude of the United States.
Decree inclosed. Commission of four appointed
to draught constitution. Arrival of tbe United
States frigate Richmond at Rio, and her depart.
ure for Babia ou December 5.

Mr. Blaine to Mr. Adams Nov. 30

(telegram). 23 Mr. Adams to Mr. Blaine... Dec. 6

CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE LEGATION OF BRAZIL AT WASHINGTON.

18891 Mr. D. Costa to Mr. Blaine. July 18 | Attempted assassination of the Emperor; a Por

lugue'so the criminal; the Emperor unhurt;

the Portuguese arrested. Mr. Wharton to Mr. Da July 20 Attempted assassination of the Emperor ; Presi. Costa.

dent's congratulations on Emperor's escape tele

graphed to our minister at Rio. Mr. Valente to Mr. Blaine.. Nov. 23 Revolution : Brazil constituted a republic under

the denomination of the United States of Brazil and the provisional government. Chief of the provisional government, Marshal D. odoro de Fonesca. Tho ministers' names and titles. The new government will meet all engagements of! the state. General satisfaction, and autherence of the privinces to the new political situation. Confirmation by the provisional government of Mr. Valente's power as minister to the United States and delegate to the International American Congress, and also of the powers of Messrs. Lafayette and Mendonça on special mission as delegates. Copies of telegrans inclosrd. Mr. Lafayette declines venewal of his powers. The powers of the Captains T. A. Cordovil Mauritz and Luis Felippe Saldanta da Gama as delegates to the maritimo conference

also renewed. Same to same

Nov. 24 Revolution: Encloses copy of telegram stating

that all the provinces have signified their ad herence to the republic and provisional governiment. Rapid organization of state governments. Extension of the franchiso. Benediotion of the

CHINA.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

75

1888
713 Mr. Denby to Mr. Bayanl... Oct. 1 Misionary troubles at Chi-Nan-Fa: Copy of Mr.

Denby's note of September to the Tsung.
li Ya Jen inclosed asking assistance in the set-

tlement of the difficulties 721 Same to same...

The Trung Wen College: I nder the superintend.
ence of His Imperial Highness and otbers. Its
American president; its courses of ins ruction;
classification of students. The minister's ex.
amination of the students. Rewards; degrees
of offic.al rank; promotion in the public service.
Duties of students; allowances to them. Dr.
J. Edkins's translation of primers, which the

Emperor is supposed to be studying 7:23 S.me to same........

Oct

Missionary troubles at Chi San-Fu: Incloses re

ply of the Yamen to Mr. Denby's last note on
the subject. The Yamen willing to aid the
missionaries, but it does not issue positive or.
ders. Advice to Mr. Reid. Substance of dis-
patch communicated to Mr. Reid. Little prob-
ability of a settlement. Shall the minister go
to Chi-Wan-Fu himself, or send second secre-
tary to confer with local anthorities If he is
to go or send, he desires anthority to draw for

expebses. 737 Same to same...

.... Oct.
Oct. 19 Marriage certificates and mixed marriages: Their

issuance by diplomatic officers abroad ; impor.
tance of such questions. The case of Mr.
Thompson, & missionary of the American
board, but a subject of Great Britain, who
made a contract of marriage with Miss Vetter,
a citizen of the United States. Mr. Thompson
and Miss Vetter anxious for an immediate mar-
riage. Requirements of British statutes as to
residence and publication of binus before sol.
emuization of marriage by a consul. Possi.
bility of immediate marriage at British Lega-
tion. Complications in the case of Mr, Thomp-
son and Miss Vetter, the question of ralidity
arising by reason of their different nationalities.
Mr. Denby advises ceremony at British lega-
tion, and later be advises prior ceremony at
United States consulate. Circulars to Ameri.
can and British ministers on the subject. Mixed
marriages between British and Swiss citizens
in Paris declared null and void in Switzerland.
Complication by lex loci. Marriage may be cele-
brated at British embassy if form of marriage
valid in foreigner's country has preceded, and
representative of foreigner's nation will recog.
nize it as valid, tben no certificate is required.
Mr. Denby proposes to givesuch rtcoguition, and
in this way he regards the difficulty as settled.
The lex loci limited by circular in its application
by reason of polygamy. The effect upon it of
the doctrine of extra-territoriality. Silence of
United States Consular Regulations touching
mixed marriages. The case in China. Neces-
sity for instructions to ministers and consuls as

to mixed marriages.
738 Same to sme... ... Oct. 20 Population of China: Estimate prepared by the

imperial maritime customs. Inaccuracy of

official censuses in China. 741 Samo to same ...

Railway in China: Inspection by Viceroy Li,
under orilers to report to the Thrope; the cere-
mony accompanying he inspection; process of
tbe trial ; an accont of the proceedings re-
cited from the Chinese Times; rate of speed
attained; troops drawn up at stopping places;
inspection of ile colliery at Tong Shan; re-
turn to Tientsin; distances traversed; pro-
jected extension of the road; the road as far as
completed designed and constructed by Mr. C.
W. Kinder, C. E.; the management of the
company in the hands of Mr. Ng Choy, a bar.
rister of the English bar; rolling stock; per.
formance of locomotives; one engine from
America: noticeable adaptations of Ameri-

CHINA-Continued.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

79

82

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85

1888.
711 (Mr. Denby to Mr Bayard- Oct. 23 can mprovements; "bogie-trucks" and "Jan.
Continued.

ney" couplers and buffers: Westinghouse
brakes; excellence of work in the road; pro.
vision against annual flood along the route;

cost of the line.
757 Same to samo .......... .... Nor. 12 Marriage of the Emperor: Decrees inclosed

whereby he has chosen an Empress and two

secondary wives. 766 Samo to same..........

Nov. 26 | Railway carriages: Six presented to Prince

Chun for the Emperor's use by M. Thavenet,
chief of French syndicate in China; descrip-
tion of three elaborate carriages for the pri-
vate use of Emperor, Empress, and high court
otlicials; estimated cost 150,000 francs; pro-
jected trial of them; special engine to draw
the carriages constructed for use on projected

sbort line in the Imperial pleasure grounds.
375 Mr. Bayard to Mr. Denby.. Dec. 5 Marriage certificates and mixed marriages :

The case of Mr. Thompson and Miss Vetter;
views of the Department upon the points raised
by Mr. Denby in his number 737, of October 19,

10 which this is a reply.
376 Same to same.............. Dec. 10 Claims against China by citizens of the United

States; approval by the Department of Mr.
Denby's suggestion as to tho advisability of
obtaining from the Chinese Government a
comprehensive adjnstment of such claims.
The Government of China would probably be
prompted to act in a spirit of comity by way of
reciprocating the attention paid by United
States Government to claims of Chinese sub-
jects in the United States : indemnity paid by
United States for losses of Chinese at Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and also for all other
losses suffered by Chinese subjects in the
United States. The latter provision inserted

in the treaty which China failed to ratify.
7.1 Mr. Denby to Mr. Bayard. Dec. 12 Catholic cathedral of North Peking consecrated

with great pomp and ceremony; attendance of
foreign ministers and their stafls, and of Chi.
neso officials. General remarks on the Roman
Catholic propaganda in China. Early mission.
aries; their checkered carcers. Distribntion of
missionary work. The consecration of the new
cathedral puts an end to a vexed question.
When the allied forces took Poking in 1860 the
French insisted upon the restoration of the
original sites for buildings formerly occupied
by Catholic churches, among them the old P'si
T'ang, which stood on an eminence overlooking
the impe:ial palace grounds for a liundred
years. Chinese jealousy of lofty buildings led
to a compromise, by which the old site was sur.
rendered to the Emperor for 400.000 tasls and a
fine tract of ground in the Imperial city, but on
the plain; here the cathedral stands, Advantage
to all religious sects in China derived from the

settlement of the question. 772' Samo to same.....

Dec. 18 Catholic cathedral: Measurements of cathedral

and site: form; architecture; ornamentation;
material; workmanship; cost and inscriptions ;
museum; printing and engraving office; clock.

Incloses extract from the Chinese Times. 778 Saine to same...

... Dec. 29 Taxation: In Peking, and other parts of China;

development of present method; arrangement
of districts; the tax upon arable land only;
var ation in the tax; the method of its assess.
ment; no tax on bouses or personal property in
city of Peking; lekin tax on merchandise; trans.
fer tax on real estate, red and white deeds; li.
cense fees. Military duty required of Chinese
subjects ontside of Peking. Source of moneys
expended on public account in Peking. The bulk
of the people pay no taxes whatever, to which
state of affairs the permanence of the Govern-
ment and the tranquility of the people is due.

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