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Page.
Dam8, over navigable streams, when States may authorize...... 91
Dartmouth College Case, State can not impair contract obligation
of charter, when ..........

.........147, 150
Debts of United States, not to be questioned ........

332
Congress has power to pay.........
those contracted before Constitution, valid........

283
States can not make anything but gold and silver coin a
tender for ........

144
of Confederate States, never to be assumed or paid........ 332
Defense, Congress may provide for common, and pay debts for.. 24
Direct taxes, how laid, what are, etc.......................10, 21, 141
income tax unconstitutional

. 141
taxes on real property are..............................

11
and on incomes therefrom...................

12
succession tax not a...

12
Diplomatic Appointments, President to make...

217
Disabilities for part in Civil War ......

331
Disfranchisement by educational disqualification may be made. 360
Disorderly beharior, each house may punish or expel for..... 17
Distiller's output, Congress may tax........

30
Distress for internal taxes, allowable....

29
against revenue officers when allowed............

298
to collect income tax lawful...............

298
District of Columbia, power of Congress over.................. 125
is not a "State"....

125
may impose direct tax in.......

123
and apportion tax ...........

125
may cede part back to State........
Dirorce, laws for, impair no contract........

.....184, 192
Dockyards, Congress has authority over ........

125
Domestic Insurrection, Congress may call out militia..

121
may decide which is State government

122
Drainage, when, by due process of law.......

375
Drummers" of other States, State can not tax unequally...... 45
Duc Process of Law, definition of ............. ................303, 361
in levying taxes ........................................

361
instances of depriving, without .........

362
administration of estates of living person, not..........

365
proceedings in courts, when........

............

365
Duties, Congress has power to lay....

24
shall be uniform throughout the United States.....

24
shall not be laid on exports......

141
no State shall impose on imports or exports...........

196
net produce of duties for inspection, to inure to U. S. .... 196
vessels not to pay, in States

142

................

126

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..........................

207

47

179

342

Page.
Election of President and Vice President, by electors.......
Election of Representatives, power of Congres over............ 15, 16
Election of Senators, State legislatures may prescribe time, place
and manner ...........................................

15
but Congress may make or alter regulations

16
Electors. (See, Presidential Electors.)...........

206
Elevators, States may regulate charges........................

72
contracts for, not interference with interstate commerce,

when ........................ ........................
nor "no preference" clause.....

143
Eminent Domain, private property not to be taken for public use,
without compensation

299
when such taking is by due process of law...

306
prohibiting sale of liquor, not ........

306
laws permitting, when repealable.........
Employes, liability of corporations for, within State control... 345

States may require payment to, on discharge.............. 347
Engineers, States may require locomotive, to be licensed...... 345
Equal Protection secured by Constitution, 14th Amendment.... 333
cases where denied by States ...........

337
by denying carriers a reasonable profit............

338
police regulations not denying...........

....339,
Escheat, when to State, is by "due process".........

372
Eæcises, Congress can lay.........

24
such taxes not affected by State prohibitory laws...
nor hostile to same......

32
Executive Power vested in President......

206
independent of other departments ..

209
can not forbid execution of laws............

209
to choose between several State governments.............. 209
to protect judges of U. S. courts........

210
may establish provisional governments in newly acquired
territory, when .........

210
and provisional courts in insurgent territory.............. 210
Exclusive Franchise, when not impaired by chartering rival line. 178
when not granted, others may be.......

180
Exemption from taxation, State may bind itself by con-
tract .........

....147, 155, 156
of railroad property, includes what..

160
of stock, includes shares

189
but not property of corporation...

189
nor land granted .......

189
when not a contract .......

47, 155, 187
Ecports, from States, no tax to be laid on.........

141
stamp taxes on tobacco not a tax on.....

141
excise taxes, not a tax on....

141
tax on withdrawal of spirits from bonded warehouses, not
a tax on ............

.... 142
from States, not to be taxed...

...... 141
decisions as to ..

..................... 141, 142

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Page.
Es post facto laws, Congress shall not pass...

....: 134
what are and are not.........

...........134, 139
States shall not pass, instances of, and decisions on... 146
Extra Session, President may convene Congress in........... 220
Extradition of fugitives from justice......

264
under foreign treaties ................

265

.......

243

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95

Faith and Credit, full, to be given in each State to acts, records,

etc., of other States.....
when to be given........

243
instances, where not given ....

....243-252
instances, where given ..............

243-252
Felony, members not privileged from arrest for........
on high sea, Congress may punish.

111
accusation for, must be by indictment.....

299
Federal Questions," what are, arising in State courts..... 233
Fences, State may require railroads to build...

.....71, 345
Perry, across navigable streams, State regulation of .........
when franchise not a contract........

...............175, 176
Fiftcenth Amendment, text of, to Constitution................ 383
decisions under .....................

383
Fines, excessive, not to be imposed...............

316
Fish and Game, States may regulate killing and shipment of ...77, 346
Flowing lands, laws for, constitutional, when......

en................. 307
Foreign Coin, Congress may regulate value...

101
and punish counterfeiting of ........

103
Forfeiture, treason not to work, except for life of attainted.... 241
Forts, power of Congress over..........

...........................124, 126
Fourteenth Amendment, text of, to Constitution............... 330
• decisions under ........

............332-382
operative against States only...... ....................

333
Instances of laws discriminating against colored persons... 334
where laws have denied equal protection.....

337
discriminated against non-residents...............

337
limited carriers rates unreasonably................

338
where regulation of carriers does not violate.....

339
what States may require of carriers...

340
may fix maximum rates in State ....

340
power of States over rates.........

341
police power of States not affected by.

342
instances of constitutional police power.

..............

342
instances of proper local taxation.......

354
what is due process of law under....

361
instances of unconstitutional acts....................... 362
depriving of property without due process................ 362
Instances where "due process of law" was found........ 365
court procedure, when due process.....

368
eminent domain, when due process..................

374
taxation when and when not "due process”......... 379
operates retrospectively .........

360

30

......

355

Page.
Franchises, granted by Congress, when taxable by States......
States may tax, how and when.

51
State taxes on, valid .......
when a vested contract right........

......................

47. 159
exclusive, when a contract .....

169
Foreign Corporations, admission to do business in a State, not
a contract ............................................

190
States may exclude ...................................

348
Foreign-held bonds, States can not tax, when..................30, 157
Congress may tax ...

.................

30
Form of Government, republican, guaranteed

274
Formation of New States, admission of, into Union............ 266
Freight, tax upon, an interference with interstate commerce,
when ................................. ...............

58
regulation of charges for, by States, void, as to interstate.. 59, 66
States may regulate charges, when

........183, 352
but not unreasonably ........

......338, 353
Fugitives from Justice, to be delivered up, when..

264
Fugitive Slaves, former provisions as to ......

261
decisions upon .......

261

Game and Fish, States may regulate killing and shipment of..77, 346
Gas, States may regulate waste of natural......

351
General welfare, Constitution established for..................

1
Congress may provide for .....
Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wheat., 189, leading case as to power of
Congress over navigation, etc. ...

38
Gold and Silver, State can make nothing else a tender......... 144
Government, republican form guaranteed to States......... 279
Grand jury, indictment by, for capital or infamous crimes..... 299

States can not disqualify for color........ ..........324, 330
Granger Ca8e8," States may regulate freight charges of common

carriers. ........................................
Grant of lands, by State can not be impaired..............154, 155
Greenbacks" States can not tax.............

27
Gro88 earnings of interstate railways, taxation by State...... 52
Gross receipts of interstate carriers, when taxable by States. , 56, 65
when not so taxable ......

56
Guarantees to States of republican form of government......... 279

President may determine which is government of State..... 279
Luther V. Borden Case.......

279
Kentucky Election Case .......

281

......

183

Habeas Corpus, not to be suspended, when........

Supreme Court can not review on..........
jurisdiction of Supreme Court in .......

133
311
387
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Page.
Harbor Lines, States may locate.......

344
Highways, cities may protect .......

344
assessments for improvements, when constitutional........ 381
High Crimes and Misdemeanors, President and civil officers im-
peachable for ......

.. 221
High Seas,Congress may punish piracy and felony on...... 111
what are ........

112
House of Representatires, how composed.......

qualifications of members ....
who may be representatives ........
how apportioned among States
what number to compose..................

10
vacancies, how filled......
to choose Speaker and officers ..........................

10
has power of impeachment ......

14
judge of elections, etc., of members.....

17
majority a quorum ........

17
may determine rules of proceeding.........

17
may punish cr expel members for disorderly behavior, etc...
shall keep a journal ....

19
not to adjourn more than three days without Senate's con-
sent ........

19
privilege of members ......
for speech or debate ...

20
disabilities of members ...

21
from rebellion, how removed.....................

331
revenue bills to originate in .............................

21
may punish for contempt .......

17
and pass laws to compel attendance of witnesses........
may count those present not voting in qu

18
Houses of Ii Fame, States may fix limits for................ 351

17

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47

Immigration. (See, Head Money.)

State can not tax incoming passengers.....
Immunities (See, Privileges and Immunities)......
Impairment of Contract by State, laws, instances of

instances where laws not an......

by statutes of limitations ...
Impeachment, President, etc., liable to .....
Implied Contract may be impaired by State laws......
Imports, States can not lay duty on, except, etc......

what are ..............
Imposts. (See, Commerce.)

Congress may lay taxes on, etc........
to be uniform throughout U. S...
may distrain to collect .............
decisions as to .....................

... 252
...147-174
....174-196

193
221
174
196
197

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