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and the killed and wounded in Pren-, increased by accessions from various tiss's, McClernand's, and Lew. Wal- quarters to a little over 100,000 men. lace's divisions—the latter known to All this time, and afterward, Gen. be very light-and our actual losses Beauregard industriously strengthenin these two days' desperate conflicted his works, covering Corinth with can hardly have been less than 15,000 an irregular semicircle of intrenchmen; and it is probable that Beaure- ments, 15 miles long, and well-mountgard's, including the skulkers who ed with artillery; destroying the here saw enough of fighting and never roads and bridges beyond, and blockrejoined their regiments, was barely, ing the approaches with abatis. Gen. if any thing, less than this."

Halleck saw fit not to flank these forThe victory was clearly ours; for midable defenses, but to overcome we had the field and the dead; but them by regular and necessarily slow the losses were fairly equalized, while approaches, involving constant and the Rebels had the spoil of our camps mutual artillery practice and picket —though they could carry off but tighting, with very little loss; three little of it—and the prisoners. weeks of which brought our near

est batteries within three miles of Maj. Gen. Halleck, commanding Corinth." A reconnoissance under the Department of the Mississippi, Gen. Paine to Farmington," five left St. Louis directly after receiving miles N. W. of Corinth, had brought news of the Shiloh battles," and on a skirmish, in which he took 200 reached Pittsburg Landing by steam- prisoners, striking the Charleston boat two or three days thereafter. and Memphis Railroad at Glendale, Meantime, and for weeks following, three miles farther, and partially no attempt was made against the destroying it; while the Ohio road Rebel army at Corinth; and, though was in like manner broken at Purdy. Gen. Pope arrived from Missouri on Col. Elliott, with two regiments of the 22d, with a rëenforcement of cavalry, was dispatched on the night 25,000 men, even Monterey was not of the 27th to Aank Corinth and cut occupied by us till the 1st of May, the railroad south of it, so as to inwhen Gen. Halleck’s army had been tercept the enemy's supplies. He

OS “ An Impressed New-Yorker," writing of fearful wounds, which were enough to destroy the retreat from this Rebel victory, says:

life. And, to add to the horrors of the scene, "I made a detour from the road on which the the elements of heaven marshaled their forces army was retreating, that I might travel faster

a fitting accompaniment of the tempest of human and get ahead of the main body. In this ride of desolation and passion which was raging. A twelve miles alongside of the routed army, I cold, drizzling rain commenced about nightfall

, saw more of human agony and woe than I trust and soon came harder and faster, then turned to I will ever again be called to witness. The re- pitiless, blinding hail. This storm raged with treating host wound along a narrow and almost unrelenting violence for three hours. I passed impassable road, extending some seven or eight long wagon-trains filled with wounded and dy. miles in length. Here was a long line of wag. ing soldiers, without even a blanket to shield ons loaded with wounded, piled in like bags of

them from the driving sleet and hail, which fell grain, groaning and cursing; while the mules in stones as large as partridge-eggs, until it lay plunged on in mud and water belly-deep, the

on the ground two inches deep. water sometimes coming into the wagons. Next

“Some 300 men died during that awful re came a straggling regiment of infantry, pressing treat, and their bodies were thrown out to make on past the train of wagons; then a stretcher

room for others who, although wounded, had borne upon the shoulders of four men, carrying a struggled on through the storm, hoping to find wounded officer; then soldiers staggering along, shelter, rest, and medical care." with an arm broken and hanging down, or other 10 April 19, 1862,

70 May 21.

"May 21

struck it on the 30th, at Booneville, had taken, with 159 prisoners, two 24 miles from Corinth, in the midst hours before. Thus provided, he had of an unexpected retreat of the Rebel uncontested possession of 100 miles army, which had commenced on the of the Memphis and Charleston road 26th. Beauregard had held Corinth before night, or from Stevenson on so long as possible against Halleck's | the east to Decatur on the west; overwhelming force, and had com seizing five more locomotives at Stemenced its evacuation by sending off venson, and pushing on so far west a part of his sick and wounded. Elas Tuscumbia, whence he sent an liott captured 20 cars, laden with expedition so far south as Russelville, small

arms, ammunition, stores, bag- Ala., capturing and appropriating gage, &c., with some hundreds of Confederate property on all hands, Confederate sick, whom he paroled, without the loss of a life. He took" burning the engine and trains. The Bridgeport, Ala., with a force of five evacuation was completed during the regiments, by striking rapidly and night of the 29th; the Rebel mus- attacking from a quarter whence he ketry-firing having ceased at 9 A. M. was not looked for, driving out a of the preceding day. Explosions force nearly equal in number to his and fires during the night gave,plain own, with a loss of 72 killed and intimations of the enemy's departure; wounded, 350 prisoners, and 2 guns ; 80 that some of our officers in the while his own loss was inconsiderable. advance rode safely into town at 61 He was soon compelled, by the gathnext morning, and reported no enemy ering of Rebel forces around him, to present. Piles of provisions were abandon Tuscumbia and all south found in flames, and one full ware of the Tennessee, burning the railroad house undamaged; but never a gun. bridges at Decatur and Bridgeport, Beauregard retreated to Tupelo, pur- but holding firmly and peaceably all sued by Gen. Pope so far as Baldwin of Alabama north of that river. Had and Guntown, but without material he been even moderately rëenforced, results. Our army was disposed he would have struck and probably along the line of the Memphis and could have destroyed the great Rebel Charleston Railroad; which, by the armories and founderies in Georgia, falling of the Tennessee to a Summer or have captured Chattanooga; which stage, had become its line of supply. was assailed," under his orders, by

Gen. Negley, who was driven off by Gen. O. M. Mitchel, with a division a Rebel force under Gen. E. Kirby of Buell's army, had left Nashville Smith. Mitchel's activity and energy simultaneously with his commander, poorly qualified him for a subordinate but by a more easterly route, advanc- position under Buell; so he was transing through Murfreesboro', Shelby- ferred, in June, to the command at ville, Fayetteville, to Huntsville, Port Royal, s. C., where he died." Ala., which he surprised at day- Gen. Halleck was likewise summon. light,” capturing 17 locomotives and ed" from the West to serve as Gena large number of passenger and eral-in-Chief at Washington, leaving freight-cars, beside a train which he Gen. Grant in command at Corinth. April 9. ** April 29,

July 23,


74 June 6.

16 Oct. 20.






GEN. AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE and | tle still deeper in the sand, until she Com. L. M. Goldsborough led an became a perfect wreck-her masts expedition, which had in good part and smoke-stack cut away, her crew, been fitted out in New York, and with life-preservers tied about them, which left Fortress Monroe at the lashed to the rigging to save themopening of the year;' and, doub- selves from being washed overboard ling Cape Henry, moved southward by each succeeding billow; and at to Hatteras Inlet, whose defenses had last, after an endurance of 12 to 15 been quietly held by our troops since hours, the raging sea began to lift their capture by Gen. Butler and the deck from the hull with every Com. Stringham five months before." surge. Ere this, her fires had been The naval part of this expedition con- extinguished, her boats, all but one, sisted of 31 steam gunboats, mount- filled or stove, and her men utterly ing 94 guns; the military of about exhausted by long fasting and expo11,500 men, mainly from New Eng- sure to the cold waves which broke land, organized in three brigades, un- over them continually; while no atder Gens. Foster, Reno, and Parke, tention was paid from the fleet to and embarked with their material on their signal of distress, or even their some 30 to 40 steam transports. The hail to the S. R. Spaulding, which van of the expedition reached the passed out to sea. At length, two entrance of the Inlet on the 13th; mechanics, W. H. and Charles A. when it was found that, though care Beach, of Newark, N. J., launched had been taken to select or obtain the yawl, and, aided by engineer gunboats of such draft as could read-Wm. Miller, steward Geo. Mason, ily be worked over the bar at high and Hugh McCabe, fireman, pulled water, yet a large proportion of the successfully through the surf, over the transports, through the incompetence bar, to the fleet, whence boats were or dishonesty of those employed to at once dispatched to take off the reprocure them, were of such draft as mainder of the crew, who were speedrendered them totally unfit for this ily rescued. The vessel and cargo service. Of these, the propeller City were totally lost; as were the steam of New York, 600 tons, heavily laden gunboat Zouave, the transports Louwith rifles, ammunition, tents, bed isiana and Pocahontas, and two or ding, and forage, and drawing 16 feet three others. Col. J. W. Allen and water, when the greatest depth attain- Surgeon S. F. Weller, 9th New Jerable on the bar was but 13, grounded, sey, were drowned by the upsetting of course, in attempting to pass it;' of their small boat in the breakers, as when the sea broke completely over they returned to the transport Ann her stern, every breaker lifting her, E. Thompson from reporting the arand causing her, as it subsided, to set- rival of their regiment to Gen. BurnJan. 11-12, 1862. ? See Vol. I., p. 599.

Jan. 13.

• Jan. 15.

side. The National loss in precious Bartow, when the Rebel gunboats time, as well as life and property, by halted and added their fire to that the villainy which palmed off on the of the fort. A line of piles driven Government vessels totally unfit for across the channel was evidently exthis service, can hardly be overesti- pected to obstruct our advance, but mated. Two or three weeks of des- proved inadequate. Soon, our soldierperately hard work were expended crowded transports were seen swarmon getting over such of the craft as ing through the Inlet, and preparawere not wrecked; giving the alarmed tions were made for landing at Rebels the amplest time to concen- Ashby's Harbor, two miles below trate and fortify.

the fort, which had now been set on At length, every thing being in fire by our shells. The flames were readiness, our fleet moved slowly up soon checked, however, and the canPamlico and Croatan Sounds;' the nonade on both sides continued; while gunboats in advance and on the the Rebel gunboats, which had reflanks of the transports, formed in treated up the Sound, again appeared three columns, each headed by its flag- and engaged our fleet, till the Curship, every large steamer having one lew, their flag-ship, was struck by a or two schooners in tow, with the 100-pound shell from the Southfield, spaces between the columns kept and soon enveloped in flames. The carefully clear, and all moving at the firing was continued on both sides till regulated pace of four miles per hour. night, without serious loss in men on The fleet consisted in all of 65 ves- either. The Rebel barracks in the sels, covering a space about two rear of the fort were destroyed by miles square; some 50 transports, fire, and their remaining gunboats mainly schooners, having been left compelled to withdraw from the conat the Inlet. The day was beautiful; test. All our transports had passed the distance made about 28 miles, through the Inlet and anchored by 4 when they halted, near sunset, still P. M., when debarkation commenced 10 miles from the southern point of under the fire of our gunboats; and ROANOKE ISLAND, and lay undisturbed 7,500 men were ashore, and most of through the bright, moonlit night. them in bivouac, before 11 P. M.

At 8 A. M., the signal to weigh an- The Rebel forces in that region chor was given. At 11, progress was

commanded by Brig.-Gen. arrested, near the south point, by a Henry A. Wise,' whose headquarstorm; and the fleet again lay at an- ters were at Nag’s Head, across chor till next morning, when, at 10 Roanoke Sound, and whose forces A. M., the order was given to move numbered from 3,000 to 4,000; but forward, and the gunboats led the hardly 1,000 of them were on the way through the narrow passage Island prior to the approach of our known as Roanoke Inlet, into Croa- fleet, when rëenforcements were hurtan Sound, driving 7 Rebel gunboats ried over, raising the number of its before them. At noon, our gunboats defenders to about 3,000. Col. Shaw, were under fire of the chief Rebel 8th North Carolina, was in immedibattery on the Island, known as Fort ate command. Fort Bartow, otherFebruary 5.

• Ex-Governor of Virginia,




wise Pork Point battery, was a sub- After crouching through a rainy stantial earthwork, strengthened by night, some of them in miry bogs, abatis and a moat, and mounting our soldiers were formed and led on 10 guns; battery Huger, on Weir's at an early hour of the morning.' A Point, farther north, had likewise large portion of the Rebel force was 10 guns; battery Blanchard, mid-deployed as skirmishers, and contestway, but 4. The swampy nature of ed our floundering advance through the approaches, covered with thick the bog with spirit and effect until ets of shrubs and bushes, was counted near 10 A. M., when our leading region to bar access to Fort Bartow, save ments were close under the fire of the by a causeway road completely com- fort. They had by this time found it manded by its fire.

impossible to obey the orders which


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