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force, under Col. Mower, having sat- from Jacinto, between 24 and 45 isfied Rosecrans that the Rebel army P. M. next day. under Gen. Price now occupied Iuka, Rosecrans moved accordingly, at he so advised Gen. Grant; who there- 3 A. M," in light marching order, upon resolved on a combined attack, duly advising Gen. Grant; and was sending down Gen. Ord, with some within 74 miles of Iuka at noon, hay5,000 men, to Burnsville, seven miles ing been driving in the enemy's skirwest of Iuka, and following from mishers for the last two miles. DisBolivar with such troops as could be appointed in hearing no guns from spared to rëenforce him. Ord was Ord's column, he did not choose to to move on Iuka from the north ; push his four brigades against the while Rosecrans, with Stanley's, was more numerous army in their front to rejoin his remaining division, un- on separate roads, which precluded der Hamilton, at Jacinto, nine miles their reciprocal support, but advanced south of Burnsville, thence advancing slowly-Hamilton's division in front on Price from the south. This con- -up to a point two miles from Iuka, centration was duly effected;" and where a cross-road connected that Gen. Grant, who had now reached from Jacinto, on which he was movBurnsville, was advised that Rose-ing, with the road leading south-eastcrans would attack Iuka, 191 miles ward from Iuka to Fulton; where, 30 Sept. 18.

" Sept. 19.

at 4 P. M., the Rebels were found attempt to turn our left. Col. drawn up in force, holding a strong Boomer fell, severely wounded, and position along a deep ravine crossing darkness at length closed the battle: the main road, and behind the crest our men lying down on their arms, of a hill. Here our skirmishers were expecting to renew the struggle next driven back on the head of the col- morning ; Gen. Stanley himself being umn in advance, which was suddenly at the front, along with Brig.-Gen. saluted with a heavy fire of musketry, Sullivan and Col. J. B. Sanborn, grape, canister, and shell, under which who had bravely and skillfully the 11th Ohio battery was with diffi- directed the movements of Hamilculty brought into position, with the ton's two brigades; but not a regi5th Iowa, Col. Matthias, and 26th ment of Stanley's division, save the Missouri, Col. Boomer, supporting it; 11th Missouri, had been enabled to the 48th Indiana, Col. Eddy, posted participate in the action; and not a a little in advance of the battery, on shot had been fired from the directhe left of the road, holding their tion whence Ord's advance had been ground under a terrible fire; while confidently expected—the 'excuse for the 4th Minnesota, Capt. Le Gro, this being that Ord had only exand 16th Iowa, Col. Chambers, were pected to attack after hearing the hurried up to their support. The sound of Rosecrans's guns; and these nature of the ground forbidding any a high wind from the north-west preextension of our front, the battle was vented his hearing at all. thus maintained by a single brigade, Ord had been watching a Rebel against at least three times their demonstration from the south and numbers, until Col. Eddy was killed; west upon Corinth—which proved a when the remnant of his regiment mere feint—but had returned to was hurled back in disorder and our Burnsville at 4 P. M.," when he was advanced battery clutched by the directed by Grant to move his entire Rebels; but not till its every horse force—which had been swelled by had been disabled and every officer the arrival of Ross's division—to killed or wounded. A charge was within four miles of Iuka, and there instantly made to recover it, and the await the sound of Rosecrans's guns. guns were repeatedly taken and re- Ross, in his advance, reported to him taken; but they were finally dragged a dense smoke arising from the direcoff the field by the Rebels, only to be tion of Iuka; whence he inferred abandoned in their flight from Iuka. that Price was burning his stores

Stanley's division had meantime and preparing to retreat. Next come up, pushing forward the 11th morning, hearing guns in his front, Missouri to the front; where, uniting Ord moved rapidly into Iuka, but with the 5th Iowa and 26th Missouri, found no enemy there; Price having it first checked the Rebel advance retreated on the Fulton road during and then drove it back to the shelter the night. Ord, leaving Crocker's of the ravine; while Col. Perczel, brigade to garrison Iuka, returned with the 10th Iowa and a section of directly, by order, to Corinth ; while Immell's battery, repulsed a Rebel Rosecrans—having first sent Stan

Sept. 19

VAN DORN ATTACKS ROSECRANS AT CORINTH.

225

ley's division into Iuka and found bad returned to his own headquarters it abandoned—turned on the trail of at Jackson, withdrawing Ord's divithe Rebels, and followed until night; sion to Bolivar. Rosecrans had in and but found they had too much start to about Corinth not far from 20,000 be overtaken,

men—too few to man the extensive Hamilton reports that, in this affair works constructed around it by Beauof Iuka, not more than 2,800 men regard, when he held that position on our side were actually engaged, against Halleck's besieging army. against a Rebel force of 11,000, hold- Realizing this, Rosecrans had hastily ing a chosen and very strong posi- constructed an inner line of fortification. Rosecrans reports our total tions, covering Corinth, especially loss in this battle at 782–144 killed, toward the west, at distances of a 598 wounded, and 40 missing; and mile or so from the center of the that we buried on the field 265 village. Promptly advised by his Rebels, while 120 more died in hos- cavalry of the formidable Rebel pital of wounds here received; 342 movement northward, until it struck more were left wounded in hospital the line of his communications with by the Rebels, and 361 were made Grant, he supposed its object to be prisoners. He estimates that they Bolivar or Jackson, and that only a carried off 350 more of their less feint would be made on Corinth; but severely wounded; making their he was prepared for any emergency, total loss 1,438. He states that he having his forces well in hand and captured 1,629 stand of arms, 13,000 thrown out westward, into and rounds of ammunition, beside large beyond Beauregard's fortifications quantities of equipments and stores. already mentioned. · Hamilton held Pollard says that the Rebel loss “ was the right, with Davies in the center, probably 800 in killed and wounded." | and McKean on the left; while three

regiments, under Col. Oliver, were Price retreated to Ripley, Miss., thrown out in advance on the Chewhere he united with a still stronger walla road, down which the Rebels Rebel force, under Van Dorn, who were advancing. had been menacing Corinth during Van Dorn moved at an early hour, the conflict at Iuka, but had retreated and, forming in order of battle at a after its close, and who now assumed distance from our outworks, his command, and, marching northward, right, under Gen. Mansfield Lovell

, struck the Memphis Railroad at encountered, at 74 A, M.," our left Pocahontas, considerably westward advance, under Col. Oliver, holding of Corinth, thence pushing " rapidly a hill which afforded a strong posidown the road to Chewalla, with tion, and a broad and extensive view intent to surprise, or at least storm, of the country beyond it. He had Corinth next day. Rosecrans—who orders to hold it pretty firmly, so as had received ” his promotion to a to compel the enemy to develop his Major-Generalship directly after the strength. affair at Iuka—had been left in chief

Rosecrans, still distrusting that this command at Corinth by Grant, who attack was more than a feint, de

* Sept. 20. VOL. II.-15

ss Oct. 2.

* Oct. 3.

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signed to cover a movement on Boli- our left, was drawn back to the ridge var and Jackson, at 9 o'clock sent next beyond our inner intrenchments, Gen. McArthur to the front, who and ordered to close with his right reported widespread but slack skir- on Davies's left; Hamilton's division mishing, and said the hill was of was moved down until its left great value to test the strength of our touched Davies's right; while Stanassailants. McArthur, finding him-ley, moving northward and eastward, self hotly assailed, called up four was to stand in close échelon with more regiments from McKean's divi- McKean, but nearer Corinth. These sion, and continued what by this time dispositions had scarcely been comhad become a serious engagement, pleted, under a most determined until a determined Rebel charge, in- pressure on our center by the Rebels, terposing between his right and the which compelled Davies to give left of Gen. Davies, forced him ground and call upon Stanley for aid, rapidly back from the hill, with the when night compelled a pause in the loss of 2 heavy guns; thus compel- engagement; Col. Mower, with one ling a slight recoil of Davies also. of Stanley's brigades, having just

By 1 P. M., it had become evident come into the fight; while Hamilton, that the attack was no feint, but working his way through an impracmeant the capture of Corinth, with ticable thicket, was just swinging in its immense stores; and that success on the enemy's left. Van Dorn, supwas to be struggled for right here. posing Corinth virtually his own, Accordingly, McKean’s division, on sent off to Richmond an electrifying

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At 3 A. M.,

PRICE'S CHARGE AT CORINTH.

227 dispatch, claiming a great victory, shape of a monstrous wedge, and drove forand rested for the night on his lau- ward impetuously toward the heart of Cor

inth. It was a splendid target for our batrels.

teries, and it was soon perforated. Hideous the fight was rëopened gaps were rent in it, but those massive lines

were closed almost as soon as they were torn by the fire of a Rebel battery which open. At this

period, the skillful managehad been planted during the night in ment of Gen. Rosecrans began to develop. front and but 200 yards distant from It was discovered that the enemy had been

enticed to attack precisely at the point Fort Robinett, in our center, cover- where the artillery could sweep them with ing the road W.N.W. from Corinth direct, cross, and enfilading fire. He had preto Chewalla. Shell were thrown into throngh the mass with awful effect; but the

pared for such an occasion. Our shell swept Corinth, exploding in streets and brave Rebels pressed onward inflexibly. Dihouses, and causing a sudden stam- rectly, the wedge opened and spread out

magnificently, right and left, like great pede of teamsters, sutlers, and non- wings, seeming to swoop over the whole combatants generally. No reply was field before them. But there was a fearful made by our batteries till fair day- ping upward at an angle of thirty degrees

march in front. A broad, turfy glacis, slolight; when Capt. Williams opened to a crest fringed with determined, discifrom Fort Williams with his 20-pound plined soldiers, and clad with terrible bat

teries, frowned upon

them. There were a Parrotts, and in three minutes si- few obstructions-fallen timber—which dislenced the unseasonable disturber; ordered their lines a little. But every break two of whose guns were dragged off, ed fire ; but the enemy, seemingly insensible

was instantly welded. Our whole line openwhile the third, being deserted, was to fear, or infuriated by passion, bent their taken and brought within our lines. necks downward and marched steadily to By this time, the skirmishers of both ing to protect

themselves against a driving

death, with their faces averted like men stridsides had wormed their way into the storm of hail.

The Yates and Burgess swampy thickets separating the hos- sharp-shooters, lying snugly behind their

rude breastworks, poured in a destructive tile forces; and their shots, at first fire; but it seemed no more effectual than scattering, came thicker and faster. if they had been firing potato-balls, exceptOccasionally, there would be a lull still pressed onward undismayed. At last,

ing that somebody was killed. The enemy in this fusillade, swiftly followed by they reached the crest of the hill in front considerable volleys. Batteries on

and to the right of Fort Richardson, and

Gen. Davies's division gave way. It began both sides now came into full play, to fall back in disorder. Gen. Rosecrans, and shells were falling and bursting who had been watching the conflict with everywhere; but no Rebel masses, nor expressed his delight at the trap into which

eagle eye, and who is described as having even lines of infantry, were visible; Gen. Price was blindly plunging, discovered until suddenly, about 9} A. M., a vast the break, and dashed to the front, inflamed

with indignation. He rallied the men by column of gleaming bayonets flashed his splendid example in the thickest of the out from the woods east of the rail- fight. Before the line was demoralized, he road, and moved sternly up the Boli- when bravely led, fought again. But it had

succeeded in restoring it, and the men, brave var road. Says the witnessing cor- yielded much space; and the loss of Fort respondent of the Cincinnati Com- Richardson was certain. Price's right moved mercial :

swiftly to the headquarters of Gen. Rose

crans, took possession of it, and posted "A prodigious mass, with gleaming bayo- themselves under cover of the portico of nets, suddenly loomed out, dark and threat the house, and behind its corners, whence ening, on the east of the railroad, moving they opened fire upon our troops on the opsternly up the Bolivar road in column by posite side of the public square. Seven Rebdivisions. Directly, it opened out in the els were killed within the little inclosure in

Saturday, Oct. 4.

36

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