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tities of plunder were thus obtained, advance into Maryland, the increaswhile property of much greater value ing scarcity of food was the more was destroyed; and enough recruits immediate, while fond expectations were doubtless gathered to offset the of a general rising in support of the waste of war. Still, military opera- Confederate cause, afforded the retions, without a base and without moter incitement to this step. Louisregular supplies, seldom produce sub- ville, with its immense resources, stantial, enduring results; and the was the immediate object of this Confederate guerrillas either soon gigantic raid, though Cincinnati was abandoned Kentucky or concealed thought to be also within its purthemselves and lay quiet therein. view.' Crossing the Tennessee at The leaders, with most of their fol. Harrison, a few miles above Chattalowers, retired into Tennessee, where nooga, with 36 regiments of infanthey captured Clarksville' and pos- try, 5 of cavalry, and 40 guns, Bragg sessed themselves of ample military traversed the rugged mountain ridges stores; and a sharp cavalry fight at which hem in the Sequatchie ValGallatin resulted in a Union defeat, ley, passing through Dunlap,' Pikewith a loss of 30 killed, 50 wounded, ville, Crossville,' masking his moveand 75 prisoners.

ment by a feint with cavalry on McGen. Buell had left Corinth in Minnville, but rapidly withdrawing June, moving eastward, as if intent this when its purpose was accomon Chattanooga; but Gen. Bragg- plished, and pressing hurriedly northwho had succeeded to the chief com- ward, to Kentucky; which he enmand of the Rebels confronting him tered on the 5th. -had thereupon moved more rapid- Kirby Smith, with his division, ly, on parallel roads, from Tupelo, from Knoxville, advanced by JackMiss., through northern Alabama sonborough across the Cumberland and Georgia, to Chattanooga, which range, through Big Creek Gap, movhe reached ahead of Buell's van ing as rapidly as possible, with a very guard. Bragg's army had been light train; his men subsisting mainly swelled by conscription to some on green corn—which is scarce enough 45,000 men, organized in three in that poor, thinly-peopled regioncorps, under Hardee, Bishop Polk, his hungry, foot-sore, dusty followers and Kirby Smith respectively, where buoyed up with the assurance of of the last was sent to Knoxville, plenty and comfort ahead. His cavwhile the two former sufficed to hold alry advance, 900 strong, under Col. Chattanooga against any effort which J. S. Scott, moving from Kingston, Buell was likely to make.

Tenn., passed through Montgomery McClellan's Richmond campaign and Jamestown, Tenn., and Montihaving proved abortive, while con- cello and Somerset, Ky., to London, scription had largely replenished the where it surprised" and routed a Rebel ranks, Bragg was impelled to battalion of Union cavalry, inflicting try a bold stroke for the recovery of a loss of 30 killed and wounded and Tennessee and the liberation' of 111 prisoners; thence pushing on, Kentucky. As with Lee's kindred making additional captures by the

Aug, 19. ag. 24. • Aug. 27. Aug. 30. Sept. 1. Aug. 22. Aug. 13. Aug. 17.



way, to Richmond, Ky.; thence fall- | successfully turned by the Rebel left, ing back to rejoin Smith, who had Gen. T. J. Churchill, and routed in not yet come up.

a daring charge; whereupon our The Cumberland Mountains are whole line gave way and retreated. a broad range of table-land, some The Rebel Gen. Pat. Cleburne, after2,000 feet in average height, de- ward so distinguished, was here badly scending sharply to the upper waters wounded in the face, and succeeded of the Tennessee and Cumberland in his command by Col. Smith. on either hand, and pierced by a Gen. Cruft, with the 95th Ohio, single considerable pass—the Cum- had reached the field just before, and berland Gap—which had been for shared in this defeat; but he had some time quietly held by a Union three more regiments coming up as force under Gen. Geo. W. Morgan; our line gave way. Using two of who, on learning that he had thus these as a rear-guard, Manson atbeen flanked, blew up his works and tempted to halt and rëform just becommenced" a precipitate race for yond Rogersville; but soon saw that the Ohio, which he in due time this would not answer, and again rereached, having been constantly har- tired to the position wherefrom he had assed, for most of the way, by John commenced the fight the evening beMorgan with 700 Rebel cavalry. fore, and which he ought not to have

Moving rapidly northward, Smith left. Here, at 124 P. M., he received, found himself confronted" at Rich- just as the battle was rëcommencing, MOND, Ky., by a green Union force, an order from Gen. Nelson, who was nearly equal in numbers to his own, coming up, to retreat on Lancaster, under command of Brig.-Gen. M. D. if menaced by the enemy in forceManson, who immediately pushed an order which came entirely too late: forward to engage him, taking posi- the exultant Rebels being close upon tion on a range of hills, a mile or him, and opening fire along their two south of the town, which was whole line within five minutes afterotherwise indefensible. Here he had ward. a smart skirmish with the Rebel The fight beyond Rogersville had advance, and drove it back; which been maintained through three hours; prompted him to quit his strong po- here an hour sufficed to end it. Again sition for one still farther advanced, our right was charged and routed, at Rogersville, where his men slept compelling a general retreat; and on their arms that night. Next again-having been driven back to morning, he advanced half a mile his camp—Manson was trying to rëfarther, and here engaged Smith's form and make head, when, Gen. entire command, with no chance of Nelson having reached the ground,

His force was quite equal the command was turned over to in numbers and in guns to Smith's, him, and another stand made near but in nothing else. He attempted the town and cemetery, which was to flank the Rebel right, but was converted into a total rout in less defeated with loss by Col. Preston than half an hour; Gen. Nelson beSmith's brigade; when his right was ing here wounded, as Cols. Link, “ Aug. 17.

* Aug. 29.






12th Indiana, McMillan, 95th Ohio, fantry, 4,000 cavalry, and 15 guns and other valuable officers, had al- —which they don't. He estimates ready been. Lt.-Col. Topping and his loss at 200 killed, 700 wounded, Maj. Conkling, 71st Indiana, had and 2,000 prisoners. Kirby Smith, been killed.

on the contrary, makes our force The rout was now total and com- fully 10,000—his own but 5,000; plete; and, to make the most of it, and states his total loss at 400, and Smith had, hours before, sent Scott, ours at 1,000 killed and wounded, with his cavalry, around to our rear, 5,000 prisoners, 9 guns, 10,000 small with instructions to prepare for and arms, and large spoil of munitions intercept the expected fugitives. and provisions. It is quite probable Manson, who had resumed command that his story, though exaggerated, when Nelson fell, had formed a new is nearer the truth than Manson's. rear-guard, which was keeping the Smith set forward directly" for Rebel pursuit within bounds; when, Lexington, which he entered in trifour miles from Richmond, the flee- umph three days afterward, amid the ing rabble were halted by a body of frantic acclamations of the numerous Rebel horse. Manson, hurrying up, Rebel sympathizers of that intensely attempted to form a vanguard; but pro-Slavery region. He moved on only 100 responded to his call, who through Paris to Cynthiana, within were speedily cut up by a fire from striking distance of either Cincinnati a force of Rebels hidden in a corn- or Louisville, which seemed for a few field on the left of the road, whereby days to lie at his mercy; though conLt. Col. Wolfe and 41 others were siderable numbers, mainly of militia killed or wounded. The road was and very green volunteers, had been here choked with wounded horses hastily gathered for the defense of and other débris of a shattered army; the former, and were busily emit was growing dusk (7 P. M.), and ployed in erecting defenses covering the remains of our thoroughly beaten the Kentucky approaches to that force scattered through the fields; city, at some distance back from the every one attempting to save himself Ohio. as he could. Gen. Manson, with other Gen. Bragg had now completely officers, attempting escape by flight, flanked Buell's left, and passed bewas fired on by a squadron of Scott's hind him, without a struggle and cavalry; his horse, mortally wounded, without loss, keeping well eastward fell on him, injuring him severely, and of Nashville, and advancing by Carhe was taken prisoner; as were many thage, Tenn., and Glasgow, Ky.; first if not most of his compatriots in dis- striking the Louisville and Nashville aster.

Railroad—which was our main line Manson's report says that his en- of supply and rëenforcement-after tire force this day " did not exceed he entered Kentucky." His advance, 6,500,” of whom not over 2,500 were under Gen. J. R. Chalmers, first enengaged at once-a sad commentary countered a considerable force at on his generalship—and he adds : MUNFORDSVILLE, where the railroad “The enemy say they had 12,000 in- crosses Green river, and where Col. Sept. 1.

16 Sept. 13.


1. Sept.

P. M.

J. T. Wilder, with about 2,100 men, with his officers, surrendered; being had assumed command five days be allowed to march out with drums fore, by order of Gen. J. T. Boyle, beating and colors flying, take four commanding in Kentucky, and had days’ rations, and set forth immedihastily thrown up fortifications, with ately, under parole, for Louisville. intent to dispute the passage of the He says in his report that his entire river. Chalmers had already sent loss was 37 killed and wounded, a mounted force to the north of “while the enemy admit a loss of Munfordsville, by which a first de- 714 on Sunday alone.” Bragg, on mand for surrender was made at 8 the contrary, says, “Our (Rebel] loss

The demand being repelled, was about 50 killed and wounded;" an assault was made at daylight next and claims 4,000 prisoners and as morning, but speedily repulsed with many muskets, beside guns and muloss. At 9 A. M., Wilder was rëen- nitions. forced by six companies of the 50th Bragg now issued the following Indiana, Col. c. L. Dunham, who, address to the people of Kentucky, being his senior, after hesitating, as- which, read backward, will indicate sumed command; but was superse- the objects and motives of his invaded soon afterward by an order from sion: Boyle, and Wilder restored.

“GLASGOW, Ky., Sept. 18, 1862. The Rebels, after their first re

“KENTUCKIANS: I have entered your

State with the Confederate Army of the pulse, kept mainly out of sight, know- West, and offer you an opportunity to free ing that their ultimate success was yourselves from the tyranny of a despotic

ruler. inevitable, and allowed two more spoilers

, but to restore to you the liberties

come, not as conquerors or deregiments and six guns to make their of which you have been deprived by a cruel way into the town; assured that all and relentless foe. We come to guarantee

to all the sanctity of their homes and altars; who were there would soon fall into to punish with a rod of iron the despoilers their hands. At ļength, at 94 4. M. of your peace, and to avenge the cowardly

With all non-comon Tuesday,"" Bragg, having brought batants, the past shall be forgotten. Needup his main body and surrounded the ful supplies must be had for my army; but place with not less than 25,000 men, they shall be paid for at fair and remunera

ting prices. renewed the attack. Advancing cau- "Believing that the heart of Kentucky is tiously, keeping his men well cov- with us in our great struggle for Constitu

tional Freedom, we have transferred from ered, but crowding up on the weak

our own soil to yours, not a band of marauand exposed points of our defenses ders, but a powerful and well-disciplined in such numbers as absolutely to army; Your gallant Buckner leads the van.

Marshall is on the right; while Breckincompel the gradual contraction of ridge, dear to us as to you, is advancing our lines, he, about sunset, sent in a with Kentucky's valiant sons, to receive flag of truce, demanding a surrender. the honor and applause due to their hero

ism. The strong hands which in part have As Buell was not at hand, nor likely sent Shiloh down to history, and the nerved to be, and as there was no hope of arms which have kept at bay from our own

homes the boastful army of the enemy, are relief from any quarter, and no ade

here to assist, to sustain, to liberate you. quate reason for sacrificing the lives Will you remain indifferent to our call or Wilder, at 2 A. M. next will you not rather vindicate the fair fame

of your once free and envied State? We day," after the fullest consultation believe that you will; and that the memory Sept. 16.

17 Sept. 17.


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of your gallant dead who fell at Shiloh, I ly installed Governor had to flee their faces turned homeward, will ronse from their approach.” you to a manly effort for yourselves and posterity.

Gen. Buell, after leaving Nash“Kentuckians! we have come with joy- ville 21 ous hopes. Let us not depart in sorrow, as marched directly for Louisville, 170

strongly garrisoned, had we shall if we find you wedded in your choice to your present lot. If you prefer miles; where his army arrived beFederal rule, show it by your frowns, and tween the 25th and 29th. It had by we shall return whence we came. choose rather to come within the folds of this time been swelled by röenforceour brotherhood, then cheer us with the ments, mainly raw, to nearly 100,000 smiles of your women, and lend your willing hands to secure you in your heritage of men; but it was not, in his judgment, liberty.

yet in condition to fight Bragg's far “Women of Kentucky! your persecu- inferior numbers. Hence, time was tions and heroic bearing have reached our ear. Banish henceforth, forever,

from your taken to rëorganize and supply it; minds the fear of loathsome prisons or in- while the Rebel cavalry galloped at sulting visitations. Let your enthusiasm have free rein. Buckle on the armor of

will over the plenteous central disyour kindred, your husbands, sons, and tricts of the State, collecting large brothers, and scoff with shame him who quantities of cattle and hogs not would prove recreant in his duty to you, only, but of serviceable fabrics and his country, and his God. “BRAXTON BRAGG,

other manufactures as well. Buell's “Gen. Commanding.” delays, synchronizing with McClelIt was not the fault of the General lan's last, were so distasteful at Washcommanding that his army must ne- ington, that an order relieving him cessarily have subsisted on the re- from command was issued; but its gion of Kentucky it traversed; but, execution was suspended on the emwhen it is considered that he swept phatic remonstrance of his subordioff in his retreat all the abundant nate commanders. The hint being a horses and cattle that came within pretty strong one, Buell set his face his reach, with whatever else he toward the enemy;" moving in five could carry, and that he did not and columns: his left on Frankfort, his could not pay for any thing, it seems right on Shepardsville, intending to that the mockery of his promise of concentrate on Bardstown, where payment might wisely have been for- Bragg, with his main body, was supborne.

posed to be; skirmishing by the way From Munfordsville, Bragg con- with small parties of Rebel cavalry tinued his unresisted march north- and artillery. Thus advancing steadward, through Bardstown, to Frank- ily, though not rapidly, he passed fort, the State capital, where Smith through Bardstown, and thence to had preceded him, and where Rich- Springfield, 62 miles from Louisard Hawes," a weak old man, was ville; Bragg slowly retreating before inaugurated “Provisional Governor him, harassing rather than resisting of Kentucky.” “ This ceremony,

“ This ceremony," his advance, so as to gain time for says Pollard, “was scarcely more the escape of his now immense trains, than a pretentious farce: hardly was consisting mainly of captured Fedit completed when the Yankees eral army wagons, heavily laden with threatened Frankfort; and the new- the spoils of Kentucky. Here Buell Oct 1. Formerly a member of Congress.

Sept. 15.



20 Oct. 4.


22 Oct. 1.

23 Oct. 6.

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