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distance being maintained on either grew and Col. C. Davis, of S. C., side. Mahone's brigade was brought and Col. Long, taken prisoners. He up to the aid of Pryor, and Howard's claims to have taken 10 guns, 6,000 to that of French ; and finally muskets, and “several hundred” Meagher's Irish regiments went to prisoners—an expression which the the front, and a desultory conflict was number of our wounded who fell maintained for some two or three into his hands must have fully justihours, during which Gen. Howard fied. He probably took few others, lost his arm and had two of his staff and no officer of distinction. wounded. The Rebels at length Gen. McClellan reports our total desisted, and retreated unpursued. loss at 5,739," whereof.890 were Their reports assert that they made killed, 3,627 wounded, and 1,222 no attack, but only repelled one. missing : some of these probably

The Rebels remained through the dead, and others left on the field day in quiet possession of Couch's wounded, to fall into the hands of and Casey's camps, sending off mus- the enemy. Among our killed were kets, tents, and camp equipage to Col. G. D. Bailey, Maj. Van ValkenRichmond ; following themselves burg, and Adjt. Ramsey, of the 1st. after nightfall. Johnston says that N. Y. artillery ; Cols. J. L. Riker, Smith did not renew his attack on 62d, and James M. Brown, 100th our right, because of his discovery of N. Y., Rippey, 61st, and Miller, 81st strong intrenchments in that quarter, Pa. Among

wounded were which he had not seen the night be- Gens. Naglee, Pa., Devens, Mass., fore. It is certain that he was not 0. 0. Howard, Maine, and Wessells; disturbed by any demonstration on Col. E. E. Cross, 5th N. H., and our part, and retired wholly unmo- many other valuable officers. lested. Ten days later, we had not Considering that the bulk of the recovered the ground held by Casey's loss on either side fell on regiments advance on the morning of May 31. which together brought less than

Johnston reports the loss in 15,000 men into the field, the admitSmith's division at 1,233, and in ted loss is quite heavy. Keyes's Longstreet's” at “ about” 3,000; corps numbered about 12,000 men total, 4,233; saying nothing of any present; of whom 4,000 were dead or loss sustained by Huger. Among wounded before 5 P. M. of the 31st. his killed were Gen. Robert Hatton, Perhaps as many had fled to the of Tenn. ; Cols. Lomax, 3d Ala., rear; yet Gen. McClellan's dispatch Jones, 12th Ala., Giles, 5th S. C., to the War Department, written so and Lightfoot, 22d N. C.;, while, be- late as noon of the second day, in side himself, Gens. Rhodes and Gar- saying that “Casey's division gave land, with Cols. Goodwin, 9th Va., way unaccountably and discreditand Wade Hampton, S. C., were ably,” is indiscriminate and unjust. wounded. He also lost Gen. Petti- A green division of less than 7,000 : 19 Gen. McClellan says that Hill estimates his 13 But in a confidential dispatch of June 4th, loss at 2,500, and adds this number to the above to the War Department, he says: "The losses total, making in all 6,733: but it is evident that in the battles of the 31st and 1st will amount to Johnston includes Hill's loss in that of Long- 7,000." Though this may have been an estistreet, who was in command of both divisions. mate merely, it was very near the truth.

MORE DELAYS AND EXCUSES.

149

soon

one

men could not fairly be expected to Call's division of McDowell's corps arrest and repel a determined ad- should follow as speedily as might vance of the entire Rebel army, be. Gen. McClellan responded :46 whereof two choice divisions, num

“I am glad to learn that you are pressing bering 15,000 men, were hurled forward rëenforcements so vigorously. I directly upon them. That some of shall be in perfect readiness to move for

ward and take Richmond the moment our men behaved badly is true; but McCall reaches here, and the ground will the responsibility of their failure rests admit the passage of artillery. I have adon the Gerferals by whom they were driving off the Rebel pickets, and securing

vanced my pickets about a mile to-day; badly handled. They were sent up a very advantageous position.” by brigades to confront Rebel divi

He soon afterward“ telegraphed : sions, and thus beaten in detail; and,

“I am completely checked by the weathwhen at last the time came for fight-er. The roads and fields are literally iming with the advantage of numbers passable for artillery--almost so for infanon our side, the directing, impelling state. We have another rain-storm on our

try. The Chickahominy is in a dreadful will was absent.

hands. I shall attack as

as the Gen. Hooker, next morning," by weather and ground will permit; but there Heintzelman's order, made a recon

can foresee, for the season is altonoissance in force, advancing to with-gether abnormal

. In view of these cirin four miles of Richmond, unresisted tion the propriety of detaching largely

from

cumstances, I present for your considerasave by pickets. Gen. McClellan, Halleck's army, to strengthen this; for it on learning this movement, ordered would seem that Halleck has now no large

organized force in front of him, while we Hooker to be recalled to and take bave. If this cannot be done, or even in position at Fair Oaks. The General connection with it, allow me to suggest the commanding wrote this day to the movement of a heavy column from Dalton

upon Atlanta. If but the one can be done, Secretary of War:

it would better conform to military princi“The enemy attacked in force and with although the rëenforcements might not ar

ples to strengthen this army. And, even great spirit yesterday morning; but are eve

rive in season to take part in the attack rywhere most signally repulsed with great upon Richmond, the moral effect would be loss. Our troops charged frequently on

great, and they would furnish valuable asboth days, and uniformly broke the enemy. sistance in ulterior movements. I wish to The result is, that our left is within four be distinctly understood that, whenever the miles of Richmond. I only wait for the weather permits, I will attack with whatriver to fall to cross with the rest of the force and make a general attack. Should I force would enable me to gain much more

ever force I may have, although a larger find them holding firm in a very strong po- decided results. I would be glad to have sition, I may wait for what troops I can bring up from Fortress Monroe. But the once, without waiting for his artillery and

McCall's infantry sent forward by water at morale of my troops is now such that I can

cavalry." venture much. I do not fear for odds against me. The victory is complete; and

Secretary Stanton promptly reall credit is due to the gallantry of our offi- sponded :" cers and men,”

“Your dispatch of 3:30, yesterday, has The President, on hearing of this been received. I am fully impressed with bloody battle, placed the disposable the difficulties mentioned, and which no art

or skill can avoid, but only endure, and am troops at Fortress Monroe at the ser- striving to the uttermost to render you vice of Gen. McClellan, sent five new every aid in the power of the Government. regiments from Baltimore by water municated to Gen. Halleck, with a request

Your suggestions will be immediately comto his aid, and notified him that Mc- that he shall conform to them. At last ad14 June 2 June 7.

16 June 10.

17 June 11.

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vice, he contemplated sending a column to tempting to many imitations, some operate with Mitchel against Chattanooga, of them brilliant in design and exeand thence upon East Tennessee. Buell reports Kentucky and Tennessee to be in a cution; some of them damaging to critical condition, demanding immediate at the adverse party; others disastrous tention. Halleck says the main body of Beauregard's forces is with him at Okolo- to their executors; but, on the whole,

McCall's force was reported yesterday involving a squandering of horseas having embarked, and on its way to join flesh and an amount of useless devasyou. It is intended to send the residue of McDowell's force also to join you as speed tation which rendered them decidedly ily as possible.

unprofitable, and hardly reconcilable yesterday, with Jackson's force at Union with the legitimate ends of warfare. Church, oight miles from Harrisonburg. He Gen. McClellan, at midnight on claims the

victory, but was badly handled. the 14th, telegraphed to the War It is clear that a pretty strong force is operating with Jackson, for the purpose of de- Department as follows: taining the forces here from you. I am

1 urging, as fast as possible, the new levies.

“Camp LINCOLN, June 14, 1862. “Be assured, General, that there never has been a moment when my desire has

“All quiet in every direction. The stambeen otherwise than to aid you with my ther now very favorable. I hope two days

pede of last night has passed away. whole heart, mind, and strength, since the hour we first met; and, whatever others shall advance as soon as the bridges are

more will make the ground practicable. I may say for their own purposes, you have never had, and never can have, any one

completed and the ground fit for artillery

to move. At the same time, I would be more truly your friend, or more anxious to support you, or more joyful than I shall be glad to have whatever troops can be sent at the success which I have no doubt will

I can use several new regiments to

advantage. soon be achieved by your arms."

“It ought to be distinctly understood

that McDowell and his troops are comGen. McCall's division arrived by pletely under my control. I received a water during the two following telegram from him requesting that McCall's days;fo on the last of which, Gen. J. division might be placed so as to join him E. B. Stuart, with 1,500 Rebel cavalry "That request does not breathe the proand 4 guns, attacked and dispersed per spirit. Whatever troops come to me two squadrons of the 5th U.S. caval- good. I do not feel that, in such circum

must be disposed of so as to do the most ry, Capt. Royall, near Hanover Old stances as those in which I am now placed, Church; thence proceeding to make Gen. McDowell should wish the general in

terests to be sacrificed for the purpose of a rapid circuit of our grand army, via increasing his command. ,

“ If I cannot fully control all his troops, I ing two schooners laden with forage, fight the battle with what I have, and let

want none of them, but would prefer to and 14 wagons; capturing and taking others be responsible for the results. off 165 prisoners, 260 mules and lowed to interfere with me ; but Gen. McD.,

“The department lines should not be alhorses; halting three hours to rest and all other troops sent to me, should be at Talleysville, in the rear of our placed completely at my disposal, to do

with them as I think best. In no other army; resuming his march at mid

way can they be of assistance to me. I night; crossing the Chickahominy therefore request that I may have entire near Long Bridge, by hastily impro- and full control. The stake at issue is

too great to allow personal considerations vised bridges, next forenoon; and to be entertained; you know that I have reaching Richmond unassailed next none.

"The indications are, from our balloon morning. This was the first of the

reconnoissances and from all other sources, notable cavalry raids of the war, that the enemy are intrenching, daily in

18 June 12-13.

STONEWALL JACKSON JOINS LEE.

151

creasing in numbers, and determined to thousand men have left Richmond to rëenfight desperately.”

force Jackson, it illustrates their strength

and confidence. After to-morrow, we shall On the 20th, he telegraphed to the fight the Rebel army as soon as Providence President:

will permit. We shall await only a favor

able condition of the earth and sky, and the "By to-morrow night, the defensive completion of some necessary preliminaworks, covering our position on this side of ries. the Chickahominy, should be completed. I am forced to this by my inferiority of

To-morrow and to-morrow passed, numbers, so that I may bring the greatest and still our army did not advance; possible numbers into action, and secure the army against the consequences of unfore- until, on the 24th, a young man of been disaster."

suspicious character was brought in At this time, his returns to the by Gen. McClellan's scouts from the Adjutant-General's office give the direction of Hanover Court House, following as the strength of his army fessed himself a deserter from Jack

who, after some prevarication, conon the Peninsula : Present for duty, 115,102 ; special duty, sick, and in son’s command, which he had left arrest, 12,225; absent, 29,511—total, near Gordonsville on the 21st, mov156,838.

ing along the Virginia Central Rail

road to Frederickshall, with intent Stonewall Jackson, having done to turn our right and attack our rear us all the mischief he could in the on the 28th. To McClellan's disValley, arrested McDowell's overland patch announcing this capture, and march to join McClellan, and sent asking information of Jackson's posi40,000 or 50,000 of our men on all tion and movements, Secretary Stanmanner of wild-goose chases, was

ton replied “o as follows: his now on

“We have no definite information as to in full force to Richway

the numbers or position of Jackson's force. mond; hence, misleading reports of Gen. King yesterday reported a deserter's his movements were artfully circu- statement, that Jackson's force was, nine lated among our commanders. Gen. 10,000 Rebels under Jackson at Gordons

Some reports place

days ago, 40,000 men. McClellan telegraphed” to the War ville ; others that his force is at Port ReDepartment that he had information public, Harrisonburg, and Luray. Fremont

yesterday reported rumors that Western from deserters that troops had left Virginia was threatened; and Gen. Kelly, Richmond to rëenforce Jackson, and that Ewell was advancing to New Creek, that they were probably not less than where Fremont has his dépôts. The last

telegram from Fremont contradicts this 10,000 men. To this the President rumor. The last telegram from Banks says responded, that he had similar infor- the enemy's pickets are strong in advance

at Luray. The people decline to give any mation from Gen. King at Fredericks- information of his whereabouts. Within burg; and added: “If this is true, it the last two days, the evidence is strong is as good as a rëenforcement to you.” that,

for some purpose, the enemy is circu

lating rumors of Jackson's advance in McClellan on that day telegraphed various directions, with a view to conceal to the President :

the real point of attack. Neither McDowell,

who is at Manassas, nor Banks and Fre“A general engagement may take place mont, who are at Middletown, appear to have at any hour. An advance by us involves a any accurate knowledge on the subject. battle more or less decisive. The enemy “A letter transmitted to the department exhibit at every point a readiness to meet yesterday, parporting to be dated Gordonsus. They certainly have great numbers ville, on the 14th inst., stated that the acand extensive works. If ten or fifteen tual attack was designed for Washington 19 June 18,

20 June 25.

and Baltimore, as soon as you attacked point, and that all the available means of Richmond; but that the report was to be the Government should be concentrated circulated that Jackson had gone to Rich- here. I will do all that a General can do mond, in order to mislead. This letter with the splendid army I have the honor looked very much like a blind, and induces to command; and, if it is destroyed by overme to suspect that Jackson's real movement whelming numbers, can at least die with it now is toward Richmond. It came from and share its fate. But, if the result of the Alexandria, and is certainly designed, like action, which will probably occur to-morthe numerous rumors put afloat, to mislead. row, or within a short time, is a disaster, I think, therefore, that, while the warning the responsibility cannot be thrown on my of the deserter to you may also be a blind, shoulders; it must rest where it belongs. that it could not safely be disregarded. i Since I commenced this, I have received will transmit to you any further informa- additional intelligence, confirming the suption on this subject that may be received position in regard to Jackson's movements here."

and Beauregard's arrival. I shall probably That day, having his bridges com- other side of the Chickahominy to arrange

be attacked to-morrow, and now go to the pleted, Gen. McClellan ordered án for the defense on that side. I feel that advance of his picket-line on the left, there is no use in again asking for rëen

forcements." preparatory to a general forward movement; and, during the day, low! :

The President responded as folHeintzelman's corps, with part of

"WASHINGTON, June 26, 1862. Keyes's and Sumner's, were pushed “Your three dispatches of yesterday in forward," he reports, through a relation to the affair, ending with the stateswampy wood, though smartly re- ment that you completely succeeded in

making your point, are very gratifying. sisted, with a loss on our side of 51 The later one, suggesting the probability killed, 401 wounded, and 64 missing : of your being overwhelmed by 200,000 men, total, 516. Returning from over will belong, pains me very much. I give

and talking of to whom the responsibility looking this affair, Gen. McClellan you all I can, and act on the presumption telegraphed to the War Department that you will do the best you can with what

you have; while you continue—ungene. as follows:

rously I think-to assume that I could give Several contrabands, just in, give infor- you more if I would. I have omitted—I mation confirming the supposition that shall omit--no opportunity to send you rēJackson's advance is at or near Hanover

enforcements whenever I can." Court House, and that Beauregard arrived, with strong rëenforcements, in Richmond yesterday. I incline to think that Jackson

Gen. Robert E. Lee, having sucwill attack my right and rear. The Rebel ceeded to the chief command of the force is stated at 200,000, including Jackson and Beauregard. I shall have to contend Rebel army, had, in counsel with the against vastly superior odds, if these reports master spirits of the Rebellion, at be true. But this army will do all in the length resolved on striking a decisive power of men to hold their position and repulse any attack. I regret my great inferi- blow. To this end, rëenforcements ority in numbers, but feel that I am in no had been quietly called in from all way responsible for it, as I have not failed available quarters, swelling the Rebel to represent repeatedly the necessity of rëenforcements; that this was the decisive Army of Virginia, including Jack

" But Brig.-Gen. A. R. Wright, of Huger's di- Gen. McClellan at night telegraphed, over his vision, who opposed this movement, reports own signature, to the War office in Washington, that he had 3,000 men in all

, resisting not less that he had accomplished his object, bad driven

me back for more than a mile, had silenced my than 8,000 or 10,000 on our side; and adds:

batteries, and occupied our camps, there is not "The object of the enemy was to drive us one word of truth in the whole statement. When back from our picket-line, occupy it himself, the fight ceased at dark, I occupied the very and thereby enable him to advance his works line my pickets had been driven from in the several hundred yards

our lines. | morning; and which I continued to hold until In this, he completely failed; and, although I the total rout of the Federal army on the 29th."

nearer

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