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THE RIVAL ROUTES TO RICHMOND.
STONY CR. STA.
APPROACHES TO RICHMOND,
NOTE-The above map does not pretend to trace the various wagon roads that traverse south-eastern Virginia, and thus may be deemed im. perfect; bat any map that purported to give such ronds, would be more sikely to deceive than to enlighten. There are different views as to
what constitutes a road-the Virginia estimato being remarkably liberal Roads abound and radiato in every direction throughout this region : but nine-tenths of them range, save in the dryer portions of Summer and Fall, from very bad to impassable
adds that the change which had worthless was McClellan's observameantime been made from Urbana tion and secret service, that no hint to Fortress Monroe, as the point of of it appears to have reached our debarkation, had caused delay in the General until the day after its commovement.
pletion." He then ordered an adThe force of Gen. McClellan's ob- vance of our grand army upon Cenjections to the advance desired and terville and Manassas, as transports at first commanded by President had not yet been provided for their Lincoln, depends entirely on the cor- passage down the Potomac and Chesrectness of his estimate of the Rebel apeake, and with a view of giving numbers in his front. He estimated them, he says, “an opportunity to throughout that these ranged from gain some experience on the march 80,000 to 120,000 men, with over and bivouac, preparatory to the cam300 cannon." On the other hand, paign, and to get rid of the superfluthose who were eager for a direct and ous baggage and other “impedidecisive blow, insisted, from first to menta,' which accumulate so easily last, that the Rebel army at no time around an army encamped for a long exceeded 60,000 in number, and was time in one locality." His cavalry oftener below 50,000."
advance, Col. Averill, reached the Gen. Beauregard had relinquished" enemy's deserted lines at Centerville the command of the Army of Vir- at noon next day. Of course, no ginia, to take direction in the West, enemy was found there, nor nearer and been succeeded by Gen. Joseph than Warrenton Junction; where E. Johnston, who soon commenced a Gen. Stoneman, with our cavalry, quiet and careful evacuation of his discovered them in force on the 14th, Winter camps, which he completed and returned
returned without attacking on the 8th of March ; retiring south- them. The main body of our army ward behind the Rapidan, leaving had commenced its return to the Po nothing of the least value to our ser- tomac on the 11th; on which day the vice. So admirably was this usually President issued' War Order No. 3, perilous movement conducted, or so relieving Gen. McClellan from the
"He states in his official Report that the clude outlying detachments, whether at and chief of his secret service corps, Mr. E. J. Al- toward Winchester or below the Occoquan. len, reported, on the 8th of March, that the Most Rebel writers' who touch this point, and forces of the Rebel Army of the Potomac at British officers who served with or visited the that date were as follows:
Rebel army during the ensuing campaign, were At Manassas, Centerville, Bull Run, Upper
unanimous in making their total effective force Occoquan, and vicinity.
80,000 men. At Brooks's Station, Dumfries, Lower Occo
during that Winter less than 50,000. quan, and vicinity
13 Jan. 30. At Leesburg and vicinity. In the Shenandoah Valley.
" For the space of three weeks before the army Total number...
left its intrenchments at Manassas, preparations * The writer visited, early in January, Gen.
were being made for falling back to the line of Wadsworth, in his camp near Ball's Cross- the Rappahannock, by the quiet and gradual reRoads; when, on this point, Gen. W. said: “Imoval of the vast accumulations of army stores; see and examine all deserters and contrabands and, with such consummate address was this who reach us from the Rebel camps in our front; managed, that our own troops had no idea of
what was intended until the march was taken and their testimony convinces me that they have
up. The first intimation the enemy had of the but fifty or sixty regiments in all-certainly not evacuation of Manassas was the smoke of the over 50,000 men." This, of coitrse, did not in. soldiers' huts that had been fired by our army."
14 Pollard says: