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any difference. It is simple truth to say that such over-estimates seem to have been quite common on both sides.

I shall be personally obliged to any one, no matter on what side he served, who will furnish me with trustworthy data for the correction of any misstatement embodied in this work. If such correction shall dictate a revision of any harsh judgment on friend or foe, it will be received and conformed to with profound gratitude. My convictions touching the origin, incitements, and character, of the War from which we have so happily emerged, are very positive, being the fruits of many years' almost exclusive devotion to National affairs; but my judgments as to occurrences and persons are held subject to modification upon further and clearer presentments of facts. It is my purpose to revise and correct the following pages from day to day as new light shall be afforded; and I ask those who may feel aggrieved by any statement I shall herein have given to the public, to favor me with the proofs of its inaccuracy. Unwilling to be drawn into controversy, I am most anxious to render exact justice to each and all.

The subject of Reconstruction (or Restoration) is not within the purview of this work, and I have taken pains to avoid it so far as possible. The time is not yet for treating it exhaustively, or even historically; its importance, as well as its immaturity, demand for its treatment thoughtful hesitation as well as fullness of knowledge. Should I be living when the work is at length complete, I may submit a survey of its nature, progress, and results : meantime, I will only avow my undoubting faith that the same Divine Benignity which has guided our country through perils more palpable if not more formidable, will pilot her safely, even though slowly, through those which now yawn before her, and bring her at last into the haven of perfect Peace, genuine Fraternity, and everlasting Union—a Peace grounded on reciprocal esteem; a Fraternity based on sincere, fervent love of our common country; and a Union cemented by hearty and general recognition of the truth, that the only abiding security for the cherished rights of any is to be found in a full and hearty recognition of Human Brotherhood as well as State sisterhood-in the establishment and assured maintenance of All Rights for All.

H. G. New York, July 21, 1866.

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I Texas and New Mexico in 1862...... 17

Twiggs's Treason-Texas State Convention passes

Ordinance of Secession-Surrender of the Regulars

--Their Loyalty and Sufferings-New Mexico re-

peals Act legalizing Slavery-Canby in command-

Prepares to hold New Mexico-Sibley Brigade

Fori Craig-Sibley declines to attack -Battle of

Valverde-Heroibin and Death of McRae-Fight

at Apaché Pass-Rebels occupy Santa Fé-They

abandon New Mexico.

II. Missouri and Arkansas in 1862...... 26

Price returns to Missouri-Guerrilla Operations

Rains and Stein routed--Capture of Milford-Price

retreats to Arkanass-Sigel's Retreat from Benton-

ville--Battle of Pen Ridge-Rebels defeated-The

War among the Indians-Fight at the Cache

Guerrilla operations-Fight at Newtonia---Hind-

man driver into Arkanena - Cooper routed at

Maysville-Battle of Prairie Grove.

III. Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama in

1862-Forts Henry and Donelson

-Pittsburg Landing.


Battle of Mill Spring--Capture of Fort Henry-

Naval Born bardment of Fort Donelson-Gen. Pil-

lor's Sortie--Countercharge of Lew Wallace and

C.F. Smith-Escape of Floyd and Pillow--Surren-

der by Buckner-Retreat of Sidney Johnston from

the Cumberland across the Tennessee-Nashville

recovered_Columbus, Ky.-New Madrid—Island

No. 10- Fort Pillow-Memphis -- First Siege of

Vicksburg-Grant moves up the Tennessee to Pitts-

burg Landing-Sidney Johnston advances from

Corinth, Miss.-Assnile Grait's front near Shiloh

Church-Sherman and McClernand driven-Grant

bome back-Buell and Lew Wallace arrive-The

Rebels driven--Losses-Halleck takes Corinth

Mitchel repossesses Huntsville and most of North


IV. Burnside's Expedition to N. Carolina. 73

Roanoke Island carried - Elizabeth city submits-

Defenses of Newbern stormed-Newbern surren-

dered --Fort Macon reduced-Fight at South Mills

--Foster advances to Kinstou - Fails to carry


V. Butler's Expedition to the Gulf-Cap-

ture of New Orleans.....


Gen. B. F. Butler concentrates 15,000 men on Ship

Island-Capt. Farragut at the mouths of the Mis.

klasippl-Assails and passes Forts Jackson and St.

Philip-Destroys the Rebel Flotilla-Pushes

on to

New Orleans-The Forts surrender to Capt. Porter
--Gasconade of Mayor Monroe-New Orleans ege-
cumbs - Butler convinces the Rebels that he is
wanted there--General Order No. 98-Execution
of Mumford-Farragut and Gen, Williams ascend
the River to Vicksburg-Baffled there-Breckin-
ridge attacks Baton Rouge --Williams killed
Rebels repulsed-Ram Arkansas destroyed-Weit-
zel reduces the Lafourche country-Flanders and
Habn chosen to CongressButler superseded by
Banks-Butler's parting Address Jeff. Davis dig-

satiatied with his policy.

VI. Virginia in '62–McClellan's Advance. 107

Obstinate elayg.-The Routes to Richmond-Bat-

tle of Kernstown-Raid of the Iron-clad Merrimae

er Virginis in Hampton Roads---McClellan on the

Peninsula-Siege of Yorktown--Battle of Williams-

burg-Fight at West Point-Advance to the Chicks-

hominy - Recovery of Norfolk --Strength of our

Armies - McClellan's Complaints - Fight at Me-

Dowell --Jackson surprises Front Royal --- Banks

driven through Winchester to the Potomac Jack-

son retreats-Fremont strikes Ewell at Crosa-Keys

-Jackson crosses the South Fork at Port Repub-

lie, and beats Tyler - Heth routed by Crook at


VII. McClellan before Richmond.........140

Fitx John Porter worate Branch at Mechanicsville

-McClellan partially across the Chickshoming-

Battle of Fair Onks or Seven Pines - McClellan

reenforced, but still grembles and hesitates-Stone-

wall Jackson joins Lee-A. P. Hill attacks our

right at Mechanicsville-Battle Gaines's Mill

Flis John Porter worsted-McClellan retreats to

the James - Night at Glendale, or White Oak


Swamp Bridge--Rebels attack, and are repelled
with logs at Malvern Hill-McClellan retreats to
Harrison's Bar - Hooker returns to Malvern
McClellan withdraws to Fortress Monroe, and em-

barks his Army for Alexandria

VIII. Gen. Pope's Virginia Campaign......172

Pope appointed to command the forces of Fremont,

Banks, and McDowell-Advances to the Rapidan

Banks worsted by Jackson at Cedar Mountain--

Pope retreats across the Rappahannock-Jackson

flanks his right-Strike Railroad in his renr

at Bristow-Seizes Manassas Junetion-Compelled

to retreat - Longatreet hurrying to his rescue-

Jackson worsts King-Two Days Battle of Gaines-

ville and Groveton, or Second Ball Run - Pope

driven back on Centerville - Jackson flanks his

right, and attacks Kearny at Chantilly-Pope re-

trents to the defenses of Washington, and gives

place to McClellan--His Losses-McClellan's fail-

ure to support Pope - His Correspondence with

Lincoln, Halleck & Co.

IX. Lee's Invasion of Maryland in 1862..193

McClellan crosses the Potomac, and advances to

Frederick-Address to Maryland-McClellan fol-

lows to Frederick-Lee's plans discovered--He is

intent on the capture of Harper's Ferry McClellan

fights and beats his rear-guard at Turner'& Gap-

Franklin drives Howell Cobb out of Crampton's

Gap--Miles surrenders Harper's Ferry, with 12,000

men, to Stonewall Jackson - McClellan follows

Lee to the Antietam-Battle of Antietam or Sharps.

burg-Losses-Lee retreats across the Potomae--

Porter follows - McCle!lan hesitates to pursue -

J. E B. Stuart raids around his Army-McClellan

mnoves down to the Rappabannock--Ls relieved by


X. Tennessee-Kentucky-Mississippi-

Bragg's Invasion--Corinth.......212

Braga crosses the Tennessee and Cumberland -

Kirby Smith routs M. D. Manson and Nelson at

Richinond, Ky. - Brage captures 4,000 men at

Munfordsville Advances to Frankfort, and inau-

gurates Richard Hawes as Governor of Kentucky-

Buell follows him from the Tennessee to Bardstown

and Springfield-Battle of Perryville-Bragg re-

trenta out of Kentucky by Cumberland Gap-Rose-

crans fights Price at Tuks--Price retreats to Ripley,

Miss.-Van Dorn assails Rosecrans at Corinth-Is

beaten off with great slaughter-Van Dorn pursued

to Ripley-Losses.

XI. Slavery in the War—Emancipation... 232

Patrick Henry on Federal Power over Slavery-

Edmund Randolph-John Quincy Adams-Joshua

R. Giddings - Mr. Lincoln - Gov. Seward - Gen.

Butler-Gen. Fremont-Gen. T. W. Sherman-Gen.

Wool-Gen. Dix-Gen. Halleck-Gen. Carneron-

His Report revised by President Lincoln-Seward

to McClellan-Gen. Bumside-Gen Buell-Gen.

Hooker-Gen. Siekles-Gen. McCook-Gen. Double-

day-Gen. Williams-Col. Anthony--Gen. Hunter

-Overruled by the President-Gen. McClellan on

the Negro-Horace Greeley to Lincoln-The Re-

sponso--Do. to the Chicago Clergymen-Lincoln's

First Proclamation of Freedom-The Elections of

1869-Second Proclamation of Freedom-Edward

Everett on its Validity.

XII. Slavery and Emancipation in Congress. 256

E. R. Potter on Emancipation by War-Lincoln

for colonizing the Blacks---Congress forbids Mill.

tary Officers returning Fugitives from Slavery-

Abolishes Slavery in the District of Columbia

Lincoln proposes, and Congress enacte, Compen-

Bated Emancipation-Prohibits Slavery in the Ter-


--Confiscates the Slaves of Rebels-Opens

Diplomatic Intercourse with Liberia and Hayti-
Requires Equality in Education and Punishment
between Whites and Blacks--Right of Search on
the African Coast conceded---Fugitive Slave Act
repealed--Confinement of suspected Slaves in Fed-
eral Jails forbidden-Coastwise Slave-Trade for-

bidden--Color no Impediment to giving Testimony.

XIII. Rosecrans's Winter Campaign, 1862–3.270

The Army of the Ohio at Bowling Green-Réorgan-

ized by Rosecrans-Morgan's Raids--Surprise of

Moore at Hartsville-Our Advance from Nash-

ville-Battle of Stone River, Dear Murfreesboro

Bragg retreats--Cavalry Raids on our rear-Innes's

Defense of Lavergne - Losses-Forrest routed by

Sullivan at Parker's Cross-Roads--Morgan cap-
tures Elizabethtown-Gen. H. Carter's Raid into
East Tennessee-Wheeler raids down the Tennes-
see to Fort Donelson-Beaten off by Col. Harding
-Van Dorn captures 1,500 Unionists at Spring Hill
-Col. A. S. Håll defeats Morgan at Vaught's Hill
-Gordon Granger repulses Van Dorn at Franklin
--Col. A. D. Streight raids into Northern Georgia

- Is overpowered and captured near Rome. XIV. Siege and Capture of Vicksburg ... .286

Position and Importance of Vicksburg - Grant
moves against it from Lagrange-Advances to Ox-
ford, Miss.--Van Dorn captures Holly Springs
Murphy's Cowardice Grant compelled to fall
back-Hovey and Washburn on the Coldwater-
Gen. Wm. T. Sherman embarks 30,000 men at
Memphis-Debarks on the Yazoo, north of Mem
phis-Com. Porter's Gunboats--Sherman storms
the Yazoo Bluffs--Repulsed at all points with
heavy loss-Attempts to flank by Drumgould's
Blaf-Is baffled-Superseded by Gen. McClernand
--Who invests and captures the Post of Arkansas-
Gen. Grant assumes command-Debarks--Digging
the Canal-Proves an Abortion--Yazoo Pass Ex-
pedition-Stopped at Greenwood-Compelled to
return-Grant tries the Sunflower route-Baffled
again-The Queen of the West raids up Red River
-Disabled and abandoned--The Indianola cap-
tured by the Webb and Queen of the West-The
Indianola blown up in a panic--The Webb flees up
Red River-Grant moves down the Mississippi -
Com. Porter runs the Vicksburg Batteries--Grier-
son's Raid to Baton Rouge-Porter attacks the Bat-
teries at Grand Gulf-Grant crosses at Bruinsburg
-Sherman feints on Haines's Bluff-Crosses the
Mississippi at Hankinson's Ferry--Fight at Port
Gibson--Fight at Raymond-Fight at and capture
of Jackson-Battle of Champion Hills-Fight at
the Big Black --Haines's Bluff abandoned-Vicks-
burg invested-General Assault repulsed-The
Siege vigorously pressed--Pemberton calls a par-
ley-Surrenders-Grant drives Jo. Johnston from
Jackson-Fight at Milliken's Bend-Holmes ag-

sails Heleng, and is routed.
XV. Texas and Louisiana in 1863—Cap-
ture of Port Hudson..

.322 Galveston - Retaken by Com. Renshaw -Surprised by Magruder, and carried Our Fleet disabled and beaten-Disaster at Sabine Pass-Tho Alabama captures the Hatteras--Gen. Banks in command at New Orleans--Clearing the Atchafalaya-Fight at Carney's Bridge-Farragut passes the Batteries at Port Hadson-Banks returns to Berwick's Bay-Advances to Opelousas and Alexandria, La. - Moves thence to Bayou Sara, and crosses the Mississippi --Invests Port HudsonCombined

Attack on its Defenses--Repulsed with
a loss of 2,000 - Bank. presses the Siege-Second
Attack-The Rebel supplies exhausted-Gardner
surrenders--Dick Taylor surprises Brashear City
-Fighting at Donaldsonville-Franklin attacks
Sabine Pass, and is beaten off-Dans surprised at
Morganzia-Burbridge surprised near Opelousas
-Gen. Banks embarks for the Rio Grande-De-
barks at Brazos Santiago, and takes Brownsville
-Capture of Aransas Pass and Pass Cavallo-Fort
Esperanza abandoned-Indianola in our hands-

Banks returns to New Orleans
XVI. Army of the Potomac under Burn-

side and Hooker-Fredericksburg

Gen. Burnside in command in Virginia-Crosses
the Rappahan nock-Attacks Lee's Army, strongly
posted on the Southern Heights-Is repulsed with
heavy loss--Röcrosses the River-A' fresh Ad-
Vance arrested by the President The Mud March
-Rebel Raids in Virginia-Burnside gives place
to Hooker -Stoneman's Raid on Lee's rear-
Hooker crosses the Rappabannock, and advances
to Chancellorsville-His right wing turned and
shattered by Jackson Pleasanton checks the
Enemy-Jackson mortally wounded--Desperate
fighting around Chancellorsville-Hooker stunned
- Our Army recoils--Sedgwick storms Marye's
Heighte--Strikes Lee's Rear-Is driven across the
River-Hooker rēcrosses also Stoneinan's Raid a
Failure-Longstreet assails Peck at Suffolk-Is

benten off with loss, XVII. Lee's Army on Free Soil-Gettysburg

..367 Lee silently flanks Hooker's right, and moves northward-Cavalry Fight near Fairfax-Milroy, At Winchester, surprised and driven over the Potomac, with heavy lone--Cavalry encounters along the Blue Ridge–Jenkins raids to Chambersburg--Lee crosses the Potomac---Hooker and Halleck at odds---Hooker relieved - Meade in command-Ewell at York - Collision of vanguards at Gettysburg-Reynolds killed-UnionIsts outnumbered and driven--Howard halts on Cemetery Hill-Sickles coines up-Hancock takes command--Meade arrives--Both Armies concen

PAGE trated-Sickles driven back with long-Rebel Adyance checked --Night falls-Rebel Grand Charge led by Pickett-Terribly repulsed-Lee retreats Heavy losses--Feeble pursuit by Sedgwick-Les halts at Williamsport--Meade hesitates--Lee geta across the Potomac-Kilpatrick routs the Rebel rear-guard-Meado crosses at Berlin, and moves down to the Rappa hannock--Fight at Manassas Gap-Dix's Advance on Richmond-Pleasanton crosses the Rapidan-Lee flanks Meade, who retreats to Centerville-Warren worst: A. P. Hill --Lee retires across the Rappahannock--Imboden surprises Charlestown-Gen. D. A. Russell storms Rappahannock Station, capturing 1,600 prisoners -Meade crosses the Rapidan --- Affair of Mine Run-Toland's raid to Wytheville-Averill's to

Lewisburg-Fight at Droop Mountain.
XVIII. The Chattanooga Campaign........404

Morgan's Raid through Kentucky into Indiana
and Ohio-He is surrounded, routed, and captured
-His Imprisonment and Escape-Rosecrans ad-
vances from Murfreesboro' by Shelbyville and
Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at Bridgeport-
Bragg flanked out of Chattanooga ---Rosecrans
eagerly pursues--Bragg concentrates at Lafayette,
and turns upon his pursuers-Rosecrans concen-
trates on the Chickamauga-Desperate battle there
-Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to Chattanooga-
Losses-Rosecrans superseded-Pegram's raid in-
to Kentucky-Saunders's into East Tennessee

Burnside crosses the Cumberland Mountains
Knoxville liberated - Burnside rëtakes Cumber-
land Gap, with 2,000 prisoners--Longstreet impel-
led by Bragg against him-Wolford struck at Phil-
adelphia, Tenn.--Fight at Campbell's Station-
Burnside withdraws into Knoxville-Longstreet
besieges and assaults - Is repulsed with loss -
Raises the Siege and retreats-Grant relieves Rose-
crans---Hooker and Slocum hurried to the Tennes-
Bee-Wheeler's and Roddy's raids-Grant reaches
Chattanooga - Hooker crosses the Tennessee
Fight at Waubatcbie --Sherman arrives from
Vicksburg-Grant impels attacks on Bragg by
Granger, Hooker, and Sherman--Hooker carrieg
Lookvut Mountain-Bragg, on Mission Ridge, at-
tacked from all sides and routed-His Bulletin
Hooker pursues to Ringgold-Cleburne checks him
in a gap in White Oak Ridge Sherman and Gran-
ger dispatched to Knoxville-Losses at Mission

Ridge. XIX. The War in Missouri and Arkansas, in 1863.....

Marmaduke attacks Springfield, Mo.--Is repulsed
- Again at Hartsville-Waring routs him at Bates-
ville, Ark.-The Sam Gaty captured-Fayetteville
attacked by Cabell - Marmaduke assails Cape
Girardeau – McNeil repels him-Coffey assails
Fort Blunt Standwatie repulsed at Cabin Creek
-Coffey repulsed by Catherwood, at Pineville,
Mo. - Quantrell's Arson and Butchery at Law
rence, Kansas-Gen. Steele moves on Little Rock
-Fight at Bayou Metes-Davidson defeats Mar-
maduke at Bayou Fourche-Price abandons Little
Rock to Steele-Blunt's Escort destroyed by Quan-
trell-Col. Clayton defeats Marmaduke at Pine
Bluff-Gen. E. B. Brown defents Cabell and Coffey
at Arrow Rock-McNeil chases them to Clarks-
ville--Standwatie and Quantrell repulsed by Col.
Phillips at Fort Gibson--Sioux Butcheries in Min-
nesota-Gen. Sibley routs Little Crow at Wood
Lake--500 Indians captured and tried for murder
--Gen, Pope in command-Sibley and Sully pur-
sue and drive the Savage Gen. Conner in Utah
-Defeats Shoshones on Bear River -- Enemies

XX. The Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida

in 1862—3—Siege of Charleston. .455
Siege and Capture of Fort Pulaski by Gillmore-
Sinking of Stone Fleet in Charleston Harbor -
Com, Dupont sweeps down the Coast to St. Au-
gustine-Union Movement at Jacksonville-Pen-
sacola and Jacksonville abandoned-Edisto Island
relinquished-Gen. Hunter attacks Secession ville,
and is repulsed-Gen. Brannan threatens the Sa-
vannah Railrond-Fight at Coosawhatchie-De-
struction of the Nashville-Dupont repulsed at
Fort McAllister--The Isaac Smith lost near Le-
garéville-Iron-clad Raid from Charleston--The
Mercedita and Keystone State disabled - Benu-
regard and Ingraham proclaim the Blockade of
Charleston raised-Dupont with his Iron-clads at-
tacks Fort Sumter, and is repulsed-Col. Montgom-
ery's Raid up the Combahee-The Atlanta comes
out from Savannah - Capt. Rogers, in the Wee-
hawken, disables and captures her-Gen. Gillmore
seizes half of Morris Island-Gen. Strong assaults
Fort Wagner, and is bloodily repulsed-Gillmore
opens Trenches - The 'Swamp Angel' talks to
Charleston-The Rebels driven out

of Fort Wagner
-Com. Stephens assaults Fort Sumter-Charles-
ton bombarded from Wagner-Foundering of the
Weehawken-D. H. Hill repelled at Newbers-
Attacks Washington, N. C. - Is driven off by
Foster-Fight at Gum Swamp.

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XXIL Negro Soldiery.....

PAGE XXI. The Political History of 1863......484 Lord Lyons on Democratic Peace-Spring

Elections of 1863—Conscription ordered, fint by Rebel, nert by Union Congress – Judge Woodward pronounces the latter unconstitutional Suspension of Habeas Corpus-Military Arrest and Conviction of Vallandigham-Democrats of Albany thereon - President Lincoln's Response - Ohio Democratie Convention's Resolves-Vallandigham nominated for Governor-Convention de mand his Release--President Lincoln's ReplyThe New York Journalists on the Freedom of the Press-Ex-President Pierce's Fourth of July Oration-Gov. Seymour's ditto--The Draft Riots in New York-Arson, Devastation, and MurderGov. Seymour's Speech--He derands a stoppage of the Draft-President Lincoln's Reply-The Autumn Elections The Draft adjudged valid The Government sustained by the People.

.511 Negroes in the Revolutionary Armies--Royal Attempts to win them to the British side--The War of 1812-Gen. Jackson at New Orleans-Negro soldering suppressed in 1861-Gen. Hunter

direets a recruiting of Blacks--Gov. Wickliffe's Inquiry--Gen. Hunter's Response-Saxton authorized to arm Negroes-Gen. Phelps's Black recruiting In Louisiana --Gen. Butler thereon -- Jeff. Davis on Batler and Phelps together--Congress orders a general enrollment, regardless of ColorDernocratic Denunciation thereof-Gov. Andrew, of Mas, raises two Black Regiments-New York, by her Loyal League, follows the Example-Rebel employment of Negroes in War-Beauregard and Jea. Davis on Federal arming of Blacks--The Confederate Congress panishes it with DeathPresident Lincoln threatens Retaliation-Garrett Davie, S. S. Cox & Co. denounce the arming of Blacks-Adjt-Gen. Thomas engages in the work -His Speech at Lake Providence-Gen. Banks's Order-Negro recruiting goes ahead-Efficiency

of Black Soldiers XXIII. The War along the Coast in 1864..528

Organization of the XXXVIIIth Congress-
Lincoln'a profler of Amnesty-Gillmore and Sey-
mour in Florida-Finnegan defeats Seymour at
Olustee-Rebel Salt-Works in Florida destroyed
-Union Convention at Jacksonville--Union Re-
pulse at Bloody Bridge, S. C.-- Pickett assalla
Newbern, N. C.- Hoke besieges Wessella in
Plymouth-The Rebel ram Albeinarle disables
our Vessels-Wessells surrenders-The Albemarle
fights our Fleet off the mouth of the Roanoke-
Is beaten off by them-Blown up by Lt. Cushing
-Plymouth retaken--Wild's Raid Into Camden

XXIV. The War beyond the Mississippi in

......536 Banks in New Orleans - Porter'a Fleet in the Mississippi-Captures Fort De Russy-Dar Army and Fleet advance to Alexandria-Both move up Red River-Banks presses on toward Shreveport-Col. Gooding's Fight-Our Advance routed by Kirby Smith at Sabine Cross-Roads-Emory checks the Rebel Pursuit at Pleasant Grove Flerce and indecisive Battle at Plensant Hill Banks retreats to Grand Ecore - Porter works and fights his way down the River-Banks fights and drives Bee at Cane River-Return of Army and Fleet to Alexandria-Lt-Col. Bailey engiReers our Yessels over the Rapids-Union Loss of three Vasels at Dann's Bayou-Texas Coast Dearly abandoned-Banks retreats to Simmsport -Fight at Mansura--Cotton Operations on Red River - Steele's Advance from Little Rock Fight at Prairie d'Anne-Steele enters Camden -Union Disaster at Marks's Mills Steele retreats-Attacked by Kirby Smith at Jenkins's Ferry -- Rebels repulsed -- Steele, burning his Traine, escapes to Little Rock-Gen. Carr worsta Shelby at St. Charles-Col. Brooks fights Dobbias at Big Creek-Shelby captures the 54th Illinol Union State Convention in Arkansas Steele's Ineffciency-Rosecrans in command in Missouri - Arrests the Chiefs of the Sons of Liberty--Price's last Invasion-Hugh Ewing withstands birn at Pilot Knob Retreats to RollaRebel aprising-Price threatens St. Louis-Appears before Jefferson City-Gen. Mower follows him from Arkansas-Rebels

capture Glasgow Price at Lexington-Fights Blunt on the Little Blue-Fights Cartis on the Big Blue-Escapes south ward, by Little Santa Fe Pleasanton roats him on the Little Osage - Blunt routs him at Newtonis -- Cartis chases him to Fayetteville,

XXV. Gen. Grant's Advance on Richmond.562

Grant made Lieutenant-General --His Concep-
tien of the War--Assumes command-Army of
the Potonnac reorganized-Kilpatrick's Rald to
Richmond Col. Dahlgren killed-Grant crosses
the Rapidan--Battle of the Wilderness Grant

PAQK pashes on to Spottsylvania C. H.-Heavy, indecisive fighting-Hancock storms the Enemy's Lines, capturing Maj. Gen. Ed. Johnson and 3,000 Men - Sheridan's Raid to Richmond Death of J. E. B. Stuart-Butler moves against Richmond by the James-W. F. Smith fights D. H. Hill at Port Walthall Junction-Beauregard arrives from Charleston--Attacks Butler on the James-More Fighting there--Kautz's first Raid --Three Union Gunboats blown up-Grant moves by his Left to the North Anna-Hancock and Wright acrong-Burnside repulsed-Fighting on both Wings-Lee's Position impregnable -Grant moves by his Left to the Chickahominy -Röenforced by W.F. Smith from Butler's Position-Bloody Repulse at Cold Harbor-Sheridan's Raid to Louisa C. H.-Grant moves by his Left across the James, below Richmond --Recrosses for his Overland Advance-Butler impels Gillem and Kautz against Petersburg-W. F. Smith's Corps follows-Failures to carry it General Assault repulsed--Mende's costly Advance to the Weldon Railroad ---Wilson's and Kautz's expensive Raid to Burkesville-Butler pontoong the James-Sheridan fights on the Peninsula--Miles carries an Outpost at Deep Bottom-Burnside's Mine - Hancock on our Left, Gregg on our Right, advance, and are both worsted-Warren seizes and holds the Weldon Railroad-Hill defeats Hancock at Reams's Station-Warren advances to and over the Squirrel Level Road--Butler Assaults and carries Fort Harrison--Field fails to retake it-Mende advances to Hatcher's Run-Egan routs HethHancock repels Wade Hampton-Hancock re

tires--Losses of the Campaign--Criticisme XXVI. West Virginia and North of the

Rapidan in 1864..... .698 Sam Jones captures Beers at Jonesville-Rosser takes Petersburg-Averill hits him at Spring; field-Sigel's defeat at Newmarket--Averili worsted at Wytheville-Crook's Fight near Dublin Station--Hunter's victory at PiedmontHe takes Staunton, and advances to Lynchburg -Retreats across the Alleghnnies-Early chases Sigel out of Virginia--Wallace beaten on the Monocacy - Early threatens Washington Wright repulsed by Early-Avery worsted near Winchester-Early defeats Crook-Chambersburg burned by McCausland--Col. Stough routed at Oldtown - Sheridan appointed to command - Beats Early at Opequan Routs him at Fisher's Hill--Devastates the ValleyThe Richmond Whig on Retaliation --- Early surprises Crook at Cedar Creek - Sheridan

transforms defeat into victory-Losses. XXVII. Between Virginia and the Mississippi, 1863-4...

....615 Phillips's Raid to Grenada --McPherson advances from Vicksburg--Forrest's Raid to Jackson-W. T. Sherman's Advance to MeridianSovy Smith's Failure--Osband's Fight at Yazoo City-Palmer's Advance to Dalton-Forrest takes Union City-Repulsed by Hicks at Padacah--Assaults and carries Fort Pillow-Butchery after Surrender-Sturgia routed by Forrest at Guntown - A. J. Smith worsta Forrest at Tupelo-Forrest's Raid into Memphis--Fights at] Bean's Station, Charleston, Mossy Creek, Dandridge, and Maryville, East Tennessee Morgan's last Raid into Kentucky-Hobson's Surrender - Burbridge strikes Morgan at Mt. Sterling, and routs him near Cynthiana-Mor.. gan killed-Burbridge beaten at Saltville, Va.

-Attempt on Johnson's Island.
XXVIII. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.....625

Strength of Sherman's and Jo. Johnston's Ar-
mies-Sherman flanks Johnston out of Dalton
Hooker takes Resaca-Jeff. C. Davis takes
Rome - Fight at Pumpkin-vine Creek - At
New Hope Church - At Dallas -- Allatoona
Pass won--Gen. Polk killed-Rebel Repulse at
Kulp House-Sherman assaults Kenesaw, and
is repulsed with a loss of 3,000--Flanks John-
ston out of it --Passes the Chattahoochee -
Hood relieves Johnston-Rousseau defeats Clan-
ton-Hood strikes our left heavily, and is
repulsed-Strikes more heavily, and is badly
worsted-Stoneman's wretched Raid to Macon
- He surrenders-Hood strikes our right at
Proctor's Creek-Is badly beaten by Howard
and Logan-Kilpatrick's Raid around Atlanta
--Sherman moves by his right behind Atlanta
-Howard beats Hardee at Jonesboro'-J. C.
Davis repeats the lesson-Hood abandons At-
lanta-Sherman enter-Orders it cleared of
inhabitants - Pillow raids to Lafayette -
Wheeler to Dalton and through Southern Ten-
nessee-Jeff, Davis at Macon - Hood flanks
Sherman -- French attacks Allatoona-Corse
beats him off-Hood crosses Sand Mountain
Thomas intrusted with the defense of Tennes-
see-Sherman turns south ward

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PAGE XXIX. The War on the Ocean-Mobile Bay..

The Confederate Navy-Their Torpedoes -
British-built Privateers -- The Sunter - The
Alabama--The Florida--Seizure of the Chess-
peake --The Tallahassee - The Olustee --The
Chickamaaga-Capt. Collins seizes the Florida
in Bahia Harbor--Gov. Seward on Rebel bel
ligerency-The Georgia-Fight of the Kearsarge
And Alabama --Criticisms thereon-Farragut
before Mobile-Bombards and passes Fort Mor-
gan - The Rebel ram Tennessee fights our
fleet--Is captured-Fort Powell blown up-
Fort Gaines surrenders--Fort Morgan succumbs

-Mobile sealed up.
XXX. Political Mutations and Results-

Presidential Canvass of 1864..654
State Elections reflect the varying phases of
the War - Kentucky Unionism -- Lincoln to
Hodges - Lincoln at Gettysburg - Fremont
nominated for President - Radical Platform -
Union National Convention--Its Platform-Lin-
coln and Johnson nominated-Johnson's Letter
-A Season of Gloom--The National Finances
during the War-National Debi-Currency De-
preciation - Peace Overtures at Niagara and at
Richmond - Davis inflexible-Chicago Demo-
cratic Convention-Pence' Utteranoes The
Platform-MeClellan and Pendleton nominated
- National victories stimulate popular dissent

-Gen. McClellan tries to hedge - Seward's
Criticisnis Fremont declines—The Autumn
Elections-Maryland free--Death of Roger B.
Taney--Lincoln elected--The Soldiers' Vote-
The 'XXXVIIIth Congress - Lincoln's last
Nessage-Slavery prohibited by Constitutional
Amendment - Peace Overtures at Richmond,
and Negotiations in Hampton Roads--Lincoln's

Second Inaugural.
XXXI. Hood's Tennessee Campaign.....677

Forrest's last Raid-Captures_Athens, Ala-
Is chased out of Tennessee by Rousseau-Hood
presse's Gordon Granger at Decatur --Crosses
the Tennessee at Florence-Thomas retires on
Nashville - Hood follows - Fighting at Duek
River and at Spring Hill --Schotielä makes s
stand at Franklin - Bloody drawn battle-
Heavy Rebel loss - Pat. Cleburne killed
Thomas strong in Nashville -- Fights around
Murfreesboro-A Cold Week-Thomas Assumes
the Offensive-Steedman strikes on our left
A. J. Smith, Johnson, and Wilson on our right
-Col. Post storms Montgomery Hill --T. J.
Wood and A. J. Smith carry first line of
Rebel defenses-Overton's Hill stormed and
taken--Rebels routed and pursued to Franklin
-Their losses-Hood chased across the Ten-
nessee-Lyon's feeble Raid-Stoneman in East
Tennessee-Gillem routs Duke, and then Vaughn
- Breckinridge driven into North Carolina -
Saltville captured-Thomas's Captures-Hood

PAGS barded by the Fleet-The Sailors' asanlı-Re pulsed--Gen. Ames assaults

from the land side --Desperate Fighting-The Fort carried--Losses -Explosion of Magazine - Gen. Schofield ar. rives - Advances on Wilmington - Fight at Town Creek-Fort Anderson evacuated-Hoke retreats-Burns Vessels and Stores-Wilmington given up-- Advance to Kinston--Upham surprised at Southwest Creek - Hoke sirikes out Is repulsed, and retreats-Schofield enters

XXXIII, The Rëpossession of Alabama...716

Wilson at Eastport, Miss.-Crosses the Tennes-
see, and moves southward-Routs Roddy at

-Hurries Forrest from Boyle's Creek
Charges over the defenses of Selma, and takes
2,700 Prisoners-Montgomery surrenders--La-
grange routs Baford- Wilson takes Columbus,
Ga., by Assault-Lagrange charges and captures
Fort Tyler--Wilson in Macon--Cuxton cap-
tures Tuskaloosa-Zigzags to Macon--Canby
in New Orleans-Advances on Mobile Steele
moves up from Pensacola-Routs Clanton at
Mitchell's Creek Spanish Fort besieged-Ita
garrison driven out - Desperate assault on
Blakely--The Works carried, with 8,000 pris-
oners-Mobile evacuated --Fate of the ram w.

H. Webb.
XXXIV. Fall of Richmond End of the

... 724
Grant passive-Rebel attempt to arm Negroes
-Warren's advance to the Meherrin-Raid of
the Rebel gunboats--Fight at Dabney's Mill-
Our left on Hatcher's Run-Rosser's Raid to
Beverly-Capture of Kelly and Crook-Sheri-
dan up the Valley -- Annihilates Early at
Waynesboro'---Captures Charlottesville-Fails
to cross the James above Richmond-Crosses
below, and reaches Grant - Gordon surprises
Fort Steedman--Is repulsed at Fort Haskell
Surrender of 2,000 Rebels-Meade counter-as-
saults Grant directa a General Advance by our
left-Griffin's Fight at the White Oak Road-
Sheridan advances to Five Forks-Falls back
to Dinwiddie C. H.-Lee strikes Warren heavi.
ly-ls successful, but finally stopped-Sheridan
ngkin pushed back to Dinwiddie C. H.-Repels
his assailanta-Warren hurried to his support
-Rebels recoil ---Sheridan again advances to
Five Forks, and attacks-Warren's corps or-
dered to strike Enemy's left flank -- Combined
Attack completely successful-- Pickett routed
and driven westward-Warren superseded by
Sheridan -Our guns rëopen on Petersburg
General assault along our front - Forts Gregs
and Alexander carried - Miles dislodges the
enemy at Sutherland's Depot-Longstreet joins
Lee-Heth repulsed-A. P. Hill killed-Loe
notifies Davis that Richmond must be evacuated
-The Confederacy fires and quits that City-
Weitzel enters it unopposed--Captures of pris-
oners and arms - The news flashed over the
loyal States - Universal rejoicings - Connecti-
cut Election-Petersburg abandoned--Lee con-
centrates at Chesterfield C. H.--Retreats west-
ward by Amelia C. H-Sheridan heads him off
from Danville, at Jetersville-Davies strikes
his train at Paine's Cross-Roads--Lee hasten-
ing westward-Crook strikes him in fank-Is
repulsed-Custer strikes his train at Sailor's
Creek, and destroys 400 wagons - Ewell cut
off, and, after a fight, compelled to surrender
-Ord strikes Lee's van near Farmville-Is re-
pulsed, and Gen. Read kmled--Lee crosses the
Appomattox at Farı ville -- His Desperate
Condition - Grant proposes a surrender -
Humphreys attacks Lee, and is bloodily re-
pulsed - Lee resumes his flight - Sheridan
heads him at Appomattox C. H.-Last Charge
of the Army of Virginia-Correspondence be-
tween Lee and Grant-Lee Surrenders-Parting

with his Soldiers-His Army dissolved. XXXV. Death of President Lincoln-Peace. 746

The President at City Point-He enters Rich-
mond--Letter to Weltzel-Recruiting stopped
Celebration at Fort Sumter--The President
assassinated by J. Wilkes Booth-Gov. Seward
murderously assaulted by Payne Powell--Ac-
cession of Andrew Johnson to the Presidency-
Offers rewards for arrest of Jefferson Davis
and others-Stoneman's Raid into North Caro
lina--Sherman's Arrangement with Jo. John-
ston-Repudiated by the Government--Reasons
therefor-Johnston surrenders --Dick Taylor
ditto-Dissolution of the Confederacy-Flight
and Capture of Davis -- Kirby Smiih's voice
still for War Sheridan's Expedition-The Re-
bellion's final collapse-Career of the Shenan-
doah--Grant's Parting Address to his Soldiers

-Dissolution of our Arinies.



XXXII. Sherman's Great March....... 689

His Army in Northern Georgia-Concentrated
At Atlanta-He moves southward - Fight at
Lovejoy's - Kilpatrick before Macon - Slocum
at Milledgeville - Howard at Sandersville -
Kilpatrick at Waynesboro'--Fights Wheeler-
Blair at Millen-Hazen at Statesboro ---Fight at
the Ogeechee-Blair crosses at Fort Argyle-
Slocum crosses at Louisville --Sherman ap-
proaches Savannah-Hazen storms Fort McAl.
fister-Sherman hears from Foster and Dahl-
gren-Starts for Hilton Hend-Hardee evacuates
Savannah-Sherman's losses and captures in
Georgia-Correspondence with Lincoln-Dana's,
Davidson's, and Grierson's Raids - Grierson's
Victory at Egypt --Hatch worsted at Honey
Hill-Foster occupies Pocotaligo-Sherman en-
ters South Carolina-Pushes for the Edisto-
Horrible Roads-Fight near Branchville-Kil-
patrick at Alken-Blair fights and wine near
Orangeburg-Fight at the Congaree-Hood's
remnant, under Cheatham, pass our left-Co-
lumbia surrendered - Great Confingration
Sherman's and Wade Hampton's accounts of it-
Hardee evacuates Charleston and its defenses

Pollard's account of its devastation -Our
Flag raised on Forts Sumter, Ripley, and Pinck-
ney-Sherman's Foraging-His Banmers -
Fight at Williston's Station--Atkins's repulse
Sherman at Winnsboro'-Blair at Cheraw
Occupies Fayetteville, N, C.-Hampton sur-
prises Kilpatrick - Is beaten off-Slocum at-
tacked by Hardee at Averysboro

--Rebels recoil
-Jo. Johnstoppatrikes Slocum at Bentonville
Indecisive Fighting-Johnston decamps--Sher-
man enters Goldsboro'-- Butler and Weitzel's
Expedition to Fort Fisher-The Powder Ship-
Porter's Bombardment Butler returns to the
James - Grant dissatisfied -- Expedition sent
back under Terry-Fort Fisher invested-Bom-

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