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guishing badge of their identity, as a separate people, the worshippers of the God of Abraham ; and, finally, that they should be restored, with the whole house of Israel, to the land of their fathers. This diversity of treatment in the interim, and similarity of treatment in the end, might be verified by a multitude of quotations; when, therefore, we speak of final restoration, we include both kingdoms; but when we speak of a perpetuity of manifested separation, we of course contemplate the kingdom of Judah only.

That objection, therefore, to our general statement, which is grounded upon such passages as Hosea i. 6, For I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel ; but I will utterly take them away, falls to the ground. We have only to proceed with the quotation of the context, to support and confirm our view : but I will have mercy upon the house of JUDAH, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, nor by horses, nor by horsemen. These expressions, says Bishop Horsley, are too magnificent to be understood of any thing but the final rescue of the Jews from the power of Antichrist in the latter ages, by the incarnate God destroying the enemy with the brightness of his coming ; of which the destruction of Sennacherib's army in the days of Hezekiah might be a type, but it was nothing more. It

may seem, perhaps, that the prophecy points at some deliverance peculiar to the house of Judah, in which the ten tribes will have no share, such as the overthrow of Sennacherib actually was; whereas, the destruction of Antichrist will be an universal blessing. But in the different treatment of the houseof Judah, and the house of Israel, we see the prophecy hitherto remarkably verified. After the excision of the kingdom of the ten tribes, Judah, though occasionally visited with severe judgments, continued however to be cherished with God's love, till they rejected our Lord. Then Judah became Lo-ammi," (not my people :) but still continues to be visibly an object of God's love; preserved as a distinct race, for gracious purposes of mercy. Perhaps in the last ages, the converts of the house of Judah will be the principal objects of Antichrist's malice, Their deliverance may be first wrought, and,

b

Horsley on Hosea. Preface pp. xvi.—xxiii., where the typical import of the names of the three children of the prom, phetess (Hosea's wife) is ably argued. The three children represent certain distinct parts of the Jewish nation; of the whole of which, the mother was the emblem. Jezräel (the seed of God) signified the election, consisting progressively of a beloved remnant, and, eventually, of the whole nation. Compare the fifth and twenty-eighth verses of Rom. xi. Lo-ruhamah (un, pitied ouk naenuern. 1 Pet. ii. 10.) signified the ten tribes, during the whole interval, till the final restoration. And Loammi, (not my people,) signified the kingdom of Judah, during the times of the Gentiles. Till both Lo-ruhamah and Lo-ammi having run their course, the whole twelve tribes become the Jezreel, and great shall be the day of Jezreel.

through them, the blessing may be extended to their brethren of the ten tribes, and ultimately to the whole world. This order of things, the subsequent prophecy seems to point out."

Thus, we have cleared our way one step. The kingdom of Israel is, in reference to our present subject, dismissed out of our view. They are lost to the eye of man, and were so, be it observed, many centuries before the time of Christ. God withdrew them from the recognized scene of his providence, and they are now nowhere to be found, except in the revealed purpose and plan of Jehovah, who has caused their name to be clearly written as co-heirs, in the prophetic entail of the land. But with Judah, it is far otherwise; they have been held forth, by the hand of God, to the observation of men in all ages: the curtain has never for one moment dropped, to hide them from the view of either the church or the world ; but they have stood prominent from generation to generation, as God's witnesses, in the earth. Witnesses indeed, of the desperate' iniquity of their fathers, and the infatuated obstinacy of the children; but witnesses also, whose testimony can never be invalidated, of the righteousness and truth of the Lord their God. It is admitted, that the language of our text was strictly applicable to the Jews, till the time of Christ ; but Israel was carried captive by Shalmanezer, king of Assyria, outcast and lost, seven hundred years before Christ ; consequently, during that interval, the language of our text was applicable to Judah only. Concerning Judah we now speak, and allege the perpetuity of this application, “ Lo! the people shall dwell alone, and shall not be reckoned among the nations."

• Ibid. i. 6. See note B in the Appendix.

If it be urged, in opposition to this view, that, in the New Testament, the apostles speak of Israel, not Judah ; the answer, I think, is, that the ten tribes, as a kingdom, being lost sight of for ages; and individuals of many, perhaps of all of them, having come up with Judah from Babylon, or afterwards mingled among them; the general name of the whole nation, in its earlier ages, from Jacob to Rehoboam, is used generally, without any special recognition of a distinction between the two kingdoms, which had been long practically obsolete. A proof of this is, that St. Paul calls himself an Israelite, in the same sentence where he specifies the tribe of Benjamin as his paternal tribe. (Rom. xi. 1.) Similar is the answer to the objection, grounded upon the mention of the twelve tribes by the apostles. (Acts xxvi. 7 ; James i. 1.) That individuals of each tribe are intended, is clear, from the fact, that St. James, who addressed his Epistle to the twelve tribes, writes as to Christians throughout; not arguing doctrinally, to convince his nation of the messiahship of Jesus ; but urging the experience and practice of true disciples of Christ. Will it be asserted that the apostle addressed his countrymen nationally, as confirmed believers in the Lord Jesus ? Surely not; and if not, to whom is his Epistle addressed ? obviously to individual believing Jews, of whatever tribe they might be; some, perhaps, of every tribe.

II. It is further necessary to our proof, to mark the distinction between Judah, considered nationally, and certain individuals selected out of that nation, in each succeeding age, since the promulgation of the gospel.

The apostle Paul states this distinction pointedly, in Rom. ii. 28, 29. In one sense, all were Jews, who were circumcised in the flesh; they belonged to the nation : in another sense, those only were Jews who were circumcised in the heart also; they belonged to the election. This distinction between the nation and the election, is again strongly marked by the same apostle ; who, speaking of grace and salvation in Christ, saith, “The nation hath not obtained the blessing ; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.” Again he saith, “ Hath God cast away his people ? (without exception?) God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.” Then follows, in the next verses, the distinction between the nation and the remnant which God foreknew. This was not a novel distinction ; it had existed at all times ; specially the apostle referred to the days of Elijah the prophet, when this

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