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. 212 Ash, Red

395

• 195

. 150

. 71 Asimina triloba

. 31

· 102 Azedarach . . .

· 123

. 93

. 95 Banian-tree. .

: 95 Bass-wood, American Lime-tree.

. 47

: 78 Bay, American Rose

. 359

. 101 " Loblolly. .

. 52

. 74 Red, Carolina Laurel

. 414

· 106 BERBERIS, generic characters of

76 Berbcris canadensis

. 80 “ vulgaris .

: 88 Berberry, Common .

: 98

Canadian .

. 37

: 83 Bignonia catalpa .

· 84 Birch, West India .

74 Bow-wood, Osage Orange

. 76 , Box-wood . .

. 350, 431, 432

: 73 Bread Fruit-tree. .

· 464

· 109 Bread Nut-tree, Jamaica ,

464

. 118 BROUSSONETIA, generic characters of . 460

. 110 Broussonetia papyrifera ·

· 461

. 111 Buckeye, Edible .

. 120

Fætid

. 110

Large, Yellow Pavia

. 118

. 111!

Small . .

118

. 120 Buckthorn, Purging . .

175

. 115 " Sea .

428

. 155 Buffalo Berry, Rabbit Berry ..

429

· 156 BURSERA, generic characters of .

188

· 156 Bursera gummisera. ..

189

· 224 BUXUS, generic characters of .

431

. 281. Burus sempervirens

432

. 282 " belearica . . .

. 431

. 282

282 Camphor-tree . . .

. 420

223 | Carob-tree . .

. 211

. 224 Cassena, Yaupon . .

. 169

. 230 CATALPA, generic characters of

. 231 Catalpa syringafolia .

· 113, 406

188 CELTIS, generic characters of

516

. 356 Celtis australis . . . .

616

30 " crassifolia . . .

31 " occidentalis ,

517

297, 298 " tenuifolia .

298 | CERASUS, generic characters of .

251

296 Cerasus avium .

253

borealis .

265

caprоnіапа .

257

caroliniana

272

243

chicasa .

250

394

mahaleb .

266

pennsylvanica

265

398

serotina .

268

384

sylvestris . .

253

404

virginiana . .

268

402

vulgaris .

257

0. semperflorens .

260

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. 54
· 133
· 134

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218

CERCIS, generic characters of
Cercis canadensis.

* siliquastrum ..
Cherry, American Bird, Choke

Carolinian, Wild Orange .
"6 Common Garden ,

Perfumed.
* Virginian, Wild, Black

- Wild, Gean, Merry.
Chicasaw Plum .
CHIONANTHUS, generic charac
Chionanthus virginica .
CITRUS, generic characters of
Citrus aurantium . .
CLADRASTIS, generic characters of .
Cladrastis tinctoria . .
Coffee-tree, Arabian .

66 Kentucky.
CORNUS, generic characters of . .
Cornus alba .

" florida

" mas . .
Cow-tree
Cranberry, Tree.
CRATÆGUS, generic characters of
Cratægus cordata .

crus-galli

punctula ..
Cucumber-tree .
CYDONIA, generic characters of
Cydonia vulgaris : : :

220 Gordonia pubescens
221 Grape-vine, American, Wild .
220

Bland's, Pale-red
265

Catawba
272

Elsanborough .

Isabella . .
. 266 Guava, Florida .
. 268 GYMNOCLADUS, generic characters of

253 Gymnocladus canadensis . . . .

250
. 370 Hack Berry, Hag Berry, Hog Berry .
. 371 HALESIA, generic characters of . .
. 56 Halesia tetraptera . . .
.. 57 Hawthorn, European . .
. 191 | Hippophae argentea . .
· 192 Holly, American .
. 353 " Emetic, Yaupon . .

218 " European .
. 347 Horse-chestnut, Common
. 348

" Scarlet-flowered .
. 350 Hydrangea hortense
. 348 Hypericum lasianthus
. 464

ILEX, generic characters of .
. 274 Ilex aquifolium

280 “ cassena . .
278 c. vera

opaci

" paraguariensis.
331 " romiloria . . .
333

Judas-tree, Red-bud .
. 422 June Berry, Shad-blow . . . .
. 381
. 367 | KALMIA, generic characters of . .

Kalmia latifolia . . . . .

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Daphne mezereum.

an Olive'

.
Devil-wood, American Olive
DIOSPYROS, generic characters of
Diospyros virginiana

. .
Dogwood, New-England Box-wood
Elm, American, White, Rock

" Boston, on Common .
“ European
“ Hatfield . . .

Johnstown

Penn's.
" Pittsfield
" Red, Slippery .
16 Thomas' . .
" Wahoo.
• Washington, .

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FICUS, generic characters of .
Ficus carica . . .

" Sycomorus . . . .
Fig-tree, Common
Franklinia . .
FRAXINUS, generic characters of
Fraxinus americana

46 ercelsior.
Fringe-trees . . . .
Furze . . .
Fustic-trees

Laurel, Kalmia .

“ Big, Magnolia.
507 " Carolinian, Red Bay .
· 479

" European, Sweet Bay
• 509

Sheep, Lamb-kill
. 510 LAURUS, generic characters of
. 504 | Laurus ben

Laurus benzoin ,
. 508 * camphora . .
· 501

carolinensis .
. 500

cassia . . .
. 502

cinnamomum
. 510

nobilis . .

sassafras .
469 Lilac, Indian, Persian . .
· 470 Lime-tree, American, Bass-wood. .

"

European, Linden

European, Linden . .
. 470 " Ogechee, Tupelo . . .
. 54 LIRIODENDRON, generic characters of
. 383 Liriodendron tulipifera .
. 394 Locust, Black .

.
384

Common . .
182,
2, 371

Green, Yellow .
· 191

Honey, Sweet.
66 Red . . .
46 Rose-flowering .
66 Water

66 White .
. 214 Lotus, European .
. 212 LYONIA, generic characters of .
. 51 | Lyonia arborea . . .
· 54 MACLURA, generic characters of .

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Georgia Bark, Pinckneya
GLEDITSCHIA, generic characters of.
Gleditschid, monosperma . .

* triacanthos .
GORDONIA, generic characters of .
Gordonia lasianthus

pubens . . . . .

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Vaclura aurantiaca.
MAGNOLIA, generic characters of
Magnolia acuminata

a. cordata
auriculata
conspicua
c. alerandrina.
C. soulangeana .
fraseri . .
glauca .
grandiflora
macrophylla . .
purpurea. .
p. gracilis
Pyramidata
tripetala .

umbrella .
Magnolia, Conspicuous-flowered

Ear-leaved
Large-flowered
Large-leaved .
Purple-flowered

Umbrella .
Mahogany-tree
Maple, Ash-leaved, Negundo .
** Field ..

Large-leaved
Montpellier
Mountain . .
Norway . .
Red, Swamp .
Round-leaved .
Silver-leaved . .
Striped-barked . . .
Sugar, Rock . .

Sugar, Black ,
* Tartarian . .

White, Soft, Silver
Maté, Paraguay Tea . .
Medlar, Dutch . .
MELIA, generic characters of
Melia azedarach · · ·
Mespilus arborea ..
MORUS, generic characters of .
Morus albu

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. 115

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Paulownia imperialis .
22 Pavia flava ..
10 " lutea

" macrostachya .
· 106

" rubra . . .
102 Pawpaw

78 Peach, Common ..
· 101 Pear-tree, Common

" Wild, Tupelo . .
80 Persica vulgaris

93 Persimon, Virginian Date Plum .
· 93 PINCKNEYA, generic characters of.

95 Pinckneya pubens . . . . .
: 76

" pubescens . . . .
: 83 Pipperidge, Tupelo .

84 PISTACIA, generic characters of .
73 Pistacia officinarum .
95 " vera . . .

Pistachio Nut-tree .
. 281 PLANERA, generic characters of
· 122 Planera gmelini . .

" richardii . .
282 " ulmifolia .
. 438 \Plane-tree, European Sycamore
. 443 | Pluin, Common Domestic

" Chicasaw · · ·
. 439 " Washington .
· 461 / Poison Sumach, Poison Elder .
. 457 | Pomegranate-tree . .
· 460 Poplar, White, Yellow . .
. 325 Pride of China, Azedarach .
. 439 PRUNUS, generic characters of.

Prunus armeniaca .
.444

avium
. 444

cerasus
· 461

chicasa
. 457

domestica .
446

mahaleb
. 443

serotina
. 343 PTELIA, generic characters of.
. 342 Plelia trifoliata
. 343 PUNICA, generic characters of .

Punica granatum , .
. 231 | PYRUS, generic characters of
· 105 | Pyrus aucuparia . .
• 106 I a. americana . .

517 communis
. 516 " C. pyraster . . .

.
. 422

cydonia . . . . .

. 245

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nigra.
* papyrifera ,
* rubra . .

* tinctoria
Mountain Ash, Wild Service .
Mulberry, Black .

Brousa . .
Chinese
Italian, .
Paper .
Red, Virginian
Tartarian

White.
Myrtle, Common European.
MYRTUS, generic characters of .
Myrtus communis . . . .

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Pyrus japonica

. 331 TILIA, generic characters of
malus .

. 296 Tilia americana
. .
66 m. acerba . . ..

. 297 " a. alba . .
6 m. coronaria . . .

297 “ europea .

L " glabra .
Quince, Common . . . . .

heterophylla .

Toothache-tree . .
RHAMNUS, generic characters of . . 174 Tree of Friendship
Rhamnus catharticus .

· 175

" Heaven .
RHODODENDRON, generic characters of . 358 | " Liberty .
Rhododendron maximum . .

359 | Tulip-tree, Liriodendron
ponticum . .

358 Tupelo-tree . .
ROBINIA, generic characters of . . · 194

Large.
Robinia glutinosa .

. 209

Sour.
montana ,
pseudacacia

. 195 | ULMUS, generic characters of
pseudo-acacia .

195 Ulmus americana
viscosa

209 " a. alata
RHUS, generic characters of

181

a. fulva
Rhus coriacca . .

182

a. opaca
66 cotinus . .

182

a. racemosa.
" typhina . . . .

184 a campestris.
venenata

. 186 " c. montana .
verniz

. 186 " c. m. glabra.

" rubra .
Sassafras-tree

. . 416 Umbrella-tree
Service-tree, Wild

. .325 Uvaria triloba .
SHEPHERDIA, generic characters of . . 428
Shepherdia argentea

. 429 Virgilia lutea .
Snow-drop-tree

366, 371 | VITIS, generic characters of
Snow-flower-tree, Virginian. .

371 Vitis labrusca
Sorbus aucuparia .

. 325 “ l. isabella
Sorrel-tree, Lyonia

. 356 " vinifera .
Sour Gum

. 423
" Tupelo

• 426 Wahoo . .
Stillingia sebifera . .

White-wood. .

. . .
Styrax officinale . .

. 365 Wickoby

. .
Sumach, Poisonous

. 186 Witch Hazel . . . . .
" Staghorn, Virginian

· 184
Venice . ..

. 182 XANTHOXYLUM, generic characters of
SWIETENIA, generic characters of . . 126 Xanthoxylum fraxineum . . . .
Swietenia mahogoni . .

127
Sycamore, Maple . . .

88 Yellow Gum, Tupelo . . . .

Yellow-wood, Virgilia.
Tallow-tree . .

431 “ Great Prickly. .
Tamarix gallica . . .

342, 403
Thorn, Cock-spur . . .

278 Zanthoxylum americanum . . .
" Dotted-fruited . .

277

clava herculis . . .
- Washington .

. . 280 Zelkoua, Zelkona . . . . .

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Derirations. The name Magnolia was given to this genus by Linnæus in honour of M. Pierre Magnol, a distinguished batanist of Montpelier, in France. The German name, Gurkenbaum, means Cucumber-tree; and Bieberbaum signifies Bearer-tree, which is sometimes applied in America to the Magnolia glauca.

Generic Characters. Calyx of 3 deciduous sepals, that resemble petals. Corolla of from 6_9 petals. Stamens numerous. Pistils numerous. Carpels disposed compactly in spikes, opening by the external angle, 1-2-seeded, permanent. Seeds baccate, somewhat cordate, pendulous, hanging out beyond the carpels by a very long umbilical thread. Trees and shrubs with large, entire leaves, and solitary, terminal, large, odoriferous flowers.--Don, Miller's Dict.

M AT HE genus Magnolia embraces the most admirable productions of

the vegetable world. All the species are highly ornamental, and may generally be cultivated in most parts of Britain, the middle and southern states of Europe and of North America,

without protection during winter. But, in Russia and the id northern parts of Britain, Germany, Sweden, and of the United

States, the less hardy kinds are green-house plants. Few of the species ripen their seeds in England, but most of them do in France. The American species are generally produced from seeds; but those from Asia are increased by layers, or by inarching, and in some cases from seeds.

Geographical Distribution. The native country of the most hardy magnolias is North America; but there are some hardy species found in China, Japan, and probably in Hindoostan. No tree of this genus has hitherto been found indigenous to Europe, Africa, South America, nor Australia; and the geographical range of the order Magnoliaceæ in America and Asia is comparatively limited.

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