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nothing else, and yet in a former letter he speaks of having partial paralysis from turning his honey-extractor so much. If he is so much of a beekeeper as that, he certainly ought to be interested in that part of the journal devoted to bee culture. His statement that he sang in the choir for many years indicates what we already know, that those who sing in our churches do not always belong to the Lord Jesus

Christ; and it is also true that we have some most earnest and faithful temperance workers who devoutly hate the liquortraffic but do not stand up before the world as followers of the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world.

If any of our readers should feel like lending a helping hand to our poor persecuted brother, his full address will be furnished on application.

Poultry Department

FORECASTING THE LAYING HENS, ETC. I have searched in forty or fifty poultry journals to see how much attention has been paid to friend Leonard's discovery that most laying hens lay their eggs a little later, more or less, every day. But little or no attention so far has been paid to the matter. That handsome journal called Poultry mentions a great layer that was in the habit of doing this when she was ready to take a little rest, in her wonderful stunts of an egg every day. See the following:

The best individual record is that made by Lady Showyou, White Plymouth Rock hen, No. 717. This record for each month is as follows: November, 17 eggs; December, 22; January, 5; February, 17; March, 20; April, 29; May, 31; June, 29; July, 29; total, 208.

She has 92 days yet left in which to complete her year's record. The only month this hen has failed to lay an unusually large number of eggs was in January. We had a snow about January 5 which was nearly two feet deep, and the tem perature went to about 24 below zero. Lady Showyou laid an egg the day following, and then quit business until about the 5th of February, taking just a month's lay-off. She then began a rather remarkable period of production in the days following this, laying 146 eggs in 151 consecutive days. She is the most industrious hen among the 655 in the contest. She goes immediately from the roost about daylight each day into her trap nest. She lays the egg, and is released from the nest about eight o'clock in the morning. She then spends the remainder of the day in eating a large amount of food and drinking lots of water, out of which to manufacture eggs for future days. We can usually tell about when she is going to miss a day. As this time approaches, she lays a little later each day; that is, if she is to miss soon, we do not find her in the nest as early as usual. She will go on at 10 o'clock; the next day at 1 o'clock; and the day before she misses, we do not find her on the nest until about four o'clock in the afternoon. When we find her on as late as this she then misses the following day; but the next day she has laid by 8 o'clock, and keeps it up at that hour until time to miss again. She has missed laying only five days in the past five months, and this has been true of her in each case when she missed a day.

Surely those who are trapnesting poultry at our experiment stations have had ample opportunity to learn how many hens lay eggs after this fashion. So far the answer seems to be that a few good layers lay in that way. Perhaps a greater number occasionally lay a little later each day until they finally skip a day. When

a hen is insufficiently nourished to produce an egg once in 24 hours we might naturally expect she would take a little longer period, and, as a result, finally drop an egg from the roost in the night, or wait until next morning, thus skipping a day entirely.

SURPLUS ROOSTERS; THEY ARE COSTING OUR COUNTRY 50 MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ANNUALLY.

The above is rather astonishing, is it not? But the statement comes from the State Board of Agriculture of Pennsylvania. Read the following, which I clip from one of our poultry journals:

W. Theodore Whitman, of Allentown, poultry lecturer for the State Board of Agriculture, and superintendent of the Allentown fair poultry show, in a recent issue of the Philadelphia Press states that he has started an earnest crusade for the production of infertile eggs for table use as a source of economy and greater healthfulness. So ardent does Mr. Whitman feel on this subject that he declares that eventually the legislature of the various States as well as Congress will enact laws on this question. Mr. Whitman declares that the fertilizing of eggs is the chief source of rots and spots, and that it is a fallacy that hens will lay better eggs if roosters are allowed to run with the flock. Roosters, he says, should be killed off, with the exception of the few best specimens that are needed for breeding, and even they should be kept penned up outside of the mating season. He said:

"It has been proved by investigations and tests at agricultural colleges that the hen does not need the rooster. She is better off without him at a time when she should be doing the work of making profit for the farmers by laying eggs which he can sell.

"If the farmers of this country would keep the hens away from the roosters at all times except during the mating season this country would be saved fully $50,000,000 a year. By this I mean that eggs valued at this amount are spoiled every year. They could have been saved if they had been infertile."

From what experience I have had, I am satisfied that the above is correct in the main, although I should have never placed the figures so high. All that it is necessary to do to avoid this great waste is for the farmer or any other keeper to pick out his best hens and place them with his best roosters only when he wants eggs for hatching, meanwhile either disposing of the roosters he does not wish to breed from or pen them up by themselves. I believe it has been settled by numerous experiments

that hens, especially pullets, lay better when they are not worried by the malesespecially the surplus males. Shall we not all of us "sit up and take notice."

MUSTARD FOR MAKING HENS LAY; THE ORIGINAL "STRIKEBREAKER."

So many inquiries have come to me in regard to the use of mustard, that I clip the following from the Petaluma Weekly Poultry Journal":

"STRIKEBREAKER" FORMULA.

For the benefit of new readers of the Journal we here reprint the "Strikebreaker" formula given some time ago by Mr. Keyser, and referred to by

him in his article this week. It is as follows: Blood meal, five pounds; bone meal, five pounds; yellow mustard bran, ten pounds; saltpeter, one pound; sulphur, one pound; Venetian red, two pounds. To be fed heaping tablespoonful to twenty-five hens once a day in wet or dry mash.

Of course, the blood meal is a good thing for chickens of all ages; and so is the yellow-mustard bran; and may be saltpeter is also I can not tell about that. Sulphur is probably a good tonic, and Venetian red, which is a salt of iron, may be all right. You will have to decide the matter yourself. As good results have come from the mixture as given above, it may be all right.

Temperance

Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also.-HAB. 2:15.

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Suppose I should paraphrase the above by saying, "Woe unto the United States of America if it continues to use its influ-, ence and machinery against our nation by 'putting the bottle to the lips' of our people, especially the boys and girls of this land." And we might add, "Woe unto the United States of America if it persists and continues in putting the bottle to the lips of a people who have combined together to make their locality 'dry territory.'' And still once more let me say, "Woe unto the people of the United States if they continue to put the bottle to the lips of those of foreign lands by sending shiploads of beer on the very vessel that carries less than half a dozen missionaries. Some liquor speaker who was recently defending the liquor traffic referred to ancient Greece. He said they were the most scientific and progressive people in the world in their time; and he added that they drank wine and other liquors, and drank them freely. Somebody in the audience "turned table" by asking the question why ancient Greece at the present time is a mass of desolate ruins instead of being the center of science, civilization, etc. Just after friend Doolittle's protest in our issue for Oct. 1 came out, the following from the Christian Endeavor World appeared. Read

it:

the

All the party platforms are silent on this vital question (except, of course, the Prohibition platform) though they deal with a great variety of topics, and enter into the elaborate discussion of all other great social and economic reforms.

The writer of this editorial has never voted the Prohibition ticket in his life, but he is growing very tired of the persistent ignoring of the saloon question by the parties of numerical prepondenance. Why is it necessary to ignore other questions in order to speak out manfully on this question? All parties advocate the initiative and referendum; why should not all parties advocate a Constitutional amendment forbidding the shipment of liquor into prohibition States? It is not necessary to leave one's

party to vote in favor of presidential primaries, for all parties favor the reform; why should it be neeessary to leave one's party in order to bring about local authority over the saloon question? Are the leaders of the great parties aware of the predica ment in which they are placing the conscientious voters in their ranks? By their insistence that the saloon is not a political issue they are doing their best to make it the overshadowing political issue of the times.

Perhaps I might mention right here, what you all know, that we are finally to have a parcels post, or at least a partial parcels post, and we should be thankful for so much. How did it come about, when these politicians and a lot of our big men were strongly against it? How did it come about that the express companies finally find themselves helpless? It came about because common people like you and me waged war against the flagrant injustice of our postal laws of the past. Well, when our people and our periodicals like the Christian Endeavor World, with its vast following, come out openly and declare against the shipment of liquor into prohibition States, something is going to be done. For some time back I have been saying repeatedly, in substance, that I would never vote for a man or a party that is too cowardly to come out in the open and denounce the liquor-traffic. It begins to transpire that I am by no means alone in my declaration. Let me repeat, by way of emphasis, what the Christian Endeavor World has said-why should our great political parties, year after year, go into elaborate discussions over all other reforms, and ignore and evade this one crowning curse of our nation? A revolt is coming. I do not know but I might call it a revolution. In fact, it begins to seem as if the time were coming for another "revolutionary war." It is not altogether the liquor-traffic. Pushing the cigarette trade where the people do not want it, in China, for instance, is in the same spirit,

"putting the bottle to our neighbors' lips."

To show you how the great wide world seems to be moving forward in the lines I have indicated, I submit below a mass of evidence gathered from periodicals scattered all over our nation:

CREATING A DEMAND FOR CIGARETTES IN CHINA.

See the following, clipped from the Chicago Advance:

The Anti-cigarette League and other anti-tobacco movements which have done so much to put cigar ettes out of the reach of young Americans will now have a chance to work on the Chinese if they care to invade that country. Opium, for centuries the curse of the Chinese empire, has given way before the insidious American cigarette, while in America the cigarette is leading to a more general use of opium, according to Professor Albert Schneider, in charge of the United States Bureau of Chemistry at San Francisco. Following the campaign against opium in China, the "tobacco trust," through its American and European branches, sent an army of men into the empire and distributed free more than $5,000,000 worth of cigarettes. Professor Schneider says boys and girls in China, many little more than able to walk without assistance, are confirmed cigarette "fiends." Professor Schneider said he had been told opium was put into the eigarettes now being sold in China.

Just think of it, friends! China has lately been bending every energy to banish opium, and wonderful things have been accomplished; but right in this very action, when China is struggling to get out of darkness and into the light of the present age, this huge octopus, this same "tobacco trust," proposes to spend five millions of dollars for cigarettes to be given away to children in order to create an appetite and enable the great tobacco company to make more money-money, just money. That is all they are living for. Shall not the whole wide world rise up in defense of the Chinese children?

SHALL WE TEACH OUR BOYS ON THE FARM HOW TO GROW TOBACCO?

Just now this question seems to be up for consideration by the agricultural periodicals of our land. Shall these periodicals publish directions for growing a crop of tobacco, without a protest or even a suggestion as to its ultimate effect? Below is a clipping from the periodical called The Farmer's Wife, which seems to touch the spot:

A WOMAN TOBACCO GROWER.

Commercial bulletins report a Kentucky woman disposing of a crop of 3000 to 4000 pounds of tobacco which she raised on her farm. Perhaps in dollars and cents this was a good paying crop, but we wonder if this woman has a husband who "smokes from morning till night," and whose children have inherited the taste or it until ordinary tobacco, "like father uses,' does not satisfy the craving, and other strong and more harmful narcotics are resorted to, perhaps at first on the sly, but ultimately in the broad open.

Here is another clipping from that same paper:

A YANKEE QUESTION.

The alarming increase of infantile paralysis has put the whole world on its guard in the work of prevention. In some cities restrictions have been placed on the attendance of school, church, and public libraries in order to guard against the new development of cases, on the ground that 400 children have died from this disease in the United States within the last year.

Four thousand children die of alcoholic diseases in this country each year, but that business is not quarantined. It is licensed. The very powers that would guard the lives of 400 children so sacredly will sacrifice the lives of 4000 without a qualm of conscience. Why? Perhaps every reader has his own answer on this subject.

Yes, indeed, why make such an ado about 400 children, and continue to keep mum in regard to 4000 others condemned to imbecility or a crippled condition for life, etc.? Here is something worse than death in babyhood.

Here is one more clipping from that same issue of The Farmer's Wife:

THE CHINAMEN'S OPINION. "Alcoholic drinks which are now being introduced into China are called by the Chinese newspapers 'new Jesus poison' or the 'German poison' to distinguish them from the English poison, opium."

To say the least, that is not the creditable reputation which the United States, posing as a missionary country to nearly every foreign land, should crave. Where and what is the power that can call a halt on federal permission to send shiploads of American merchandise, oftentimes out weighing in poison what they contain in life uplifting principles, to foreign shores?

Poor heathen China! that is, we have have been in the habit of calling them that. But is it any wonder that they should strike on to that suggestive title, "the new Jesus poison"? Just this of it! Shiploads of alcoholic drinks, with now and then a missionary, to uplift and Christianize 400 millions of Chinese!

THE GOVERNORS OF OUR DIFFERENT STATES -SHALL THEY BE WET OR DRY?

Some of you may suggest a Governor who stands neutral. My friends, it seems to be apparent just now, even if it has not been apparent heretofore, that there is no neutral ground on the wet and dry question. "He that is not with me 1S against me" comes in with wonderful pertinence right here. In a recent issue of the Union Signal there were letters or extracts from speeches from fifteen or twenty Governors of that many States, who come out so strong and clear that there is no misunderstanding or evasion.* Here is what our good friend Ex-governor Frank Hanley has to say about it. I clip it from the Cleveland Plain Dealer:

"I urge you to vote for no man for governor of Ohio this fall unless he is pledged to enmity to the saloon."

Such was the gist of the message delivered by

By the way, it is worth while to read the "honor roll" of the States that have or have had such Governors. They are as follows: Maine, Kansas, Oklahoma, West Virginia, South Dakota, Mississippi, Tennessee, Texas, North Carolina, Washington, Utah, Arkansas, and Michigan.

Ex-gov. J. Frank Hanley, of Indiana, to the Methodist ministers of the Northeast Ohio conference at their session at Epworth Memorial Church last night. A packed church auditorium and Sundayschool room listened to his address.

Why is not friend Hanley once more Governor of some of our States, or, better still, President of the United States?

"THE RIGHT OF WAY;" ELECTRIC CARS OR "BEER-WAGONS."

Near Cleveland, on Sunday, the 8th of September, a beer-wagon was driven leisurely up to a railway crossing. The motorman, with two cars in charge, supposing, of course, the wagon would stop when the car was in plain sight, pushed ahead; but for some reason or other, however, the stupid driver of the beer-wagon paid no attention to the railway track nor to the fast-coming car. In an instant there was a terrible smash-up. After considerable time spent in going over the cause of the accident, the city authorities decided that the electric cars were making too fast time, especially (although they do not say so) when beer-wagons might be discommoded (?) unless a slower speed were adopted. I read the various items in regard to the catastrophe with surprise and indignation; but a day or two afterward somebody had good sense enough to send the following to the editor of our daily:

Editor Plain Dealer:-I have just read in this morning's paper of the bad accident on the Lake Shore Electric at Dover Bay yesterday, caused by a beer-wagon crossing the track in front of a limited.

I notice that the authorities of the village have concluded to cut down the speed of the cars; but there is no comment, so far as I can see, as to why the beer-wagon should be there on Sunday, in violation of the law, nor as to the driver crossing the track without looking to the right or to the left, as one man testified.

It puts me in mind of the authorities in a Tennessee town, who, when the law was passed limiting the distance of saloons from a schoolhouse, met in solemn assembly and took steps to move the schoolhouse. I. K. HURT.

Amen, friend H., to what you say. When beer-wagons pushing their traffic on Sunday are of more consequence than the safety of the traveling public (although to tell the truth I do not believe in so much unnecessary travel on Sunday) it seems to me things are coming to a pretty pass. Have the good people who love righteousness and hate iniquity really all gone to sleen?

ACCIDENTS AND CATASTROPHIES IN SUNDAY TRAVEL.

In the Chicago Advance the editor has a column headed "I am Moved to Remark." Here is a recent one:

That an automobile can make a bloody Sunday -it would be safer for some people to be at church. Let me add to the above that the Cleveland Plain Dealer, which is not at all pu

ritanical, has repeatedly called attention to the accidents and tragedies that occur almost as regularly as Sunday comes, in greater numbers than in any other day of the week; and notwithstanding this, nobody seems to suggest that these deaths and injuries occur just as our people have less and less scruple about using God's holy Sabbath as a day of rioting and recreation.

"DUFFY'S WHISKY" FOR THE CURE OF CONSUMPTION, ETC.

The following is clipped from the Union Signal:

Of all the drugs that have fallen into disrepute in late years, alcoholic liquors may be said to take the lead. Whisky was once thought an essential for consumptives. Now consumptives are warne against it on every side, except by a few ignorant (or worse) doctors, such as those who give testimonials to Duffy's Impure Malt Whisky. Indeed, alcoholic liquors are now declared to be a prolific cause of consumption.

Just think of whisky for the cure of consumption, and even spending thousands of dollars for the insertion of advertisements of whisky when whisky of any sort, let alone cheap impure whisky, is the very worst thing for a consumptive. And yet respectable periodicals continue to accept advertisements of Duffy's malt whisky.

THE STATE OF MAINE AGAIN TRIUMPHANT.

We clip the following from the Union Signal:

TRIUMPH FOR PROHIBITION IN MAINE.

As we go to press, the news is received from our National President, Mrs. Lillian M. N. Stevens, that William T. Haines has been elected Governor of Maine. This is a splendid victory for prohibition, and a heavy blow to the liquor interests, who have been using every effort to defeat him.

As we go to press I see there is general rejoicing in temperance and Christian periodicals all over our land that Maine has finally succeeded in getting a governor who is in sympathy with prohibition, in place of his predecessor, who openly favored the liquor party.

TEMPERANCE PROGRESS IN MICHIGAN.

A goodly number of wet and dry county campaigns are in process of organization. The legis lature will be in session in January. All three of the candidates for governor are dry men, and the legislature looks good. The interstate liquorshipment bill has been favorably reported by the Senate at Washington, and is practically sure of passage.

The strongest endorsement the Anti-saloon League ever received was given it at the General Methodist Conference at Minneapolis in May, when, out of 819 delegates, only twenty-five men voted in the negative. The Detroit Methodist Conference in session at Alpena, Monday, the 16th, gave the league a most hearty and enthusiastic endorsement by a vote of 420, only three men voting in the negative.

The great question in Michigan to-day is, "Have we staying qualities?' There is no question of the final victory if we have.

GEO. W. MORROW,
State Superintendent of Anti-saloon League of
Michigan.

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