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19816, Cer. 5203).I The ofiice was sometimes united with others, e. g. in the reign of Theophilus, Theoktistos was Logothete and also 61:2 rm’) Kamxheiov (Gen. 83],). This must also, I think, have been the case with Gregory Bardas under Leo IV, of whom Schlumberger has published a seal (Sig. 528) which he reads [Bao't])\l.x(m) ao'ixprr' Kat AoyuOerhy) 'rov 8popiov. I suspect that aanxprr’ is intended for a’ ao'ucptr’ : 1rpm1'oaanxp1iry, though it is of course possible that an daqxpfirqs on becoming logothete might retain his position in the rdfls do’qxpnrdimz

The logothete was received in audience every morning by the Emperor (Cer. 520) in the Chrysotriklinos. It was his duty to present ministers and ofiicers (stratégoi, domestici, &c.) to be invested by the Emperor (ib. 525 sqq.). At the silention in the Magnaura, at which the Emperor makes a public speech, the logothet-e is associated with the protoasecretes and the chief of the Imperial notaries (ib. 5469). He naturally played the most important part at the reception of foreign envoys or potentates (ib. 568, 138); also at the exhibition of captives (610.), 15).

(I) The irpw'rovo'rdpaos 1'05 5p6pov (spathar Phil. 7355, and Takt. Usp. 124, or inferior ib. 127) appears in some of the ceremonies (conducting captives at a triumph, Cer. 60921, 6133; hearing the sportula of the archon of Taro, 13822, 5695). He is mentioned in Cont. Th. 19819.

(2) Xap-rovhdpwl. 1'06 bpo'pov (spathars Takt. Usp. 125 ; omitted accidentally in the list of spathars in Phil.), in full at X. roii dfe'ov 5po’p.ov Phil. 78822, and so De adm. imp. 184 (Sinartes, a eunuch) X. r. dféos 8. They are probably to be identified partly with the curiosi per omnes provincias 3 (Not. Dig., 01'. xi. 51), and partly with the Xap'rovhdpwL 113v Bapfidpwu who play a. part in the reception of the Persian ambassador, as described by Peter the Patrician (Cer. 40416, 405) and belonged to the scrinium barbarorum (see below). For vordpwi in the scrinium of the (provincial P) xap'rovAcipios we have the evidence of a seal (tenth or eleventh century): Aeov(n) 1101-’ run Xapr’ 'rou Bpop.’ (Me'l. 240).

1 We may, I think, assume that Thomas the logothete, in Vita Euthymii (ed. De B001‘) 16. 9, was Log. of the Course. Probably Xuo'ams ar[p]d'ro(p¢) 106 R0-y(o€miav), Me'l. 260 (ninth-tenth century), belonged to this ofiieium.

* We have also a seal of Martin, Imperial spatharocandidatus and koyofle-rq 'rov 05w: Spnpov (Sig. 529) and one of Stylianos (533)?

After the eighth century the Logothete would hardly have as low as spatharocandidate rank. Theoktistos was a patrician. Under Leo VI the office was held by his father-in-law Stylianos, with the rank of magister (Cont. Th. 354,) ; in the tenth century Leo Rhabduchos was pdywrpos Kai Au-yufié'rqs r. 6p. (De adm. imp. 156).

3 Cp. 0. Th. 6. 29, De curiosis.

(3) émirxs-n-rfi-rai. There are some late seals of e’mo-xe-n-rfirm who possibly belong here, e. g. that of Epiphanios, ,BamAucoi) e’arwxemirov HoSoIv-rov (Sig. 315). They probably had to report on matters connected with the safety of the provinces and frontiers.1

(4) éppxqvsvrai are the interpretes diversarum gentium in the ofiicium of the mag. off. in Not. Dig., Or. xi. 52. Cp. Peter Patr., in Ger. 40416. (On this subject cp. Bury, Byzantim'sche Zeitschrg'ft, xv. 540-1.”) The body of interpretes must have belonged to the scrim'um barbarorum which is mentioned in A.D. 441 in a constitution of Theodosius II, addressed to the mag. ofi. (Nov. 21), and is referred to in the text of Peter (Cer. 4008), from which we learn that, besides the chartularii an optio (6 dan-i’wv ré‘w /3., 4016), was attached to it, who was sent to Chalcedon to supply the Persian envoy with money.

(5) 6 Kovpd-rmp r06 d'n'oxpwlaptefov. The r’uroxpwtapte'iov was (as the title Kovpdrmp shows) a building; and we may readily conjecture that it was a hostel for the entertainment of foreign envoys (d-n'oxpw'idptot).3

(6, 7) buz-rpe’xov-res (= cursores) and uavMropes, cp. Phil. 78618, ,9.

The scrinium barbarorum, though not mentioned by Philotheos in connexion with the Logothete, seems to have been still in existence. Phil. 7'25‘i mentions 6 fldpfiapos (see also 'n'epl. raf. 461), who is evidently identical with 6 énl. r63» fiapfidpwv, who is recorded by several seal. Schlumberger has published six seals of Staurakios, a protospathar, who held this oflice. A seal of Peter [3. a’ amzGapws KGL 61m rwv [3apflapwv he ascribes to the ninth century. Sig. 448 sqq. See also Panchenko, ix. 357, xiii. 142; Konstantopulos, No. 307. Rambaud thinks that the function of the scr. barb. was to defray the expenses of foreign ambassadors. It seems to me more probable that the Ba'pfiapos exercised supervision over all foreigners visiting Constantinople.

5 6 a rovhd L05‘ 'roii o-axsMi'ov.
x P p

The Sakellion has been already dealt with. The Chartulary is sometimes called briefly 6 m6 aaxeMfov (Phil. 77' 7, Cer. 11520). We also find aaxéMqs instead of aaxeMi'ov (e. g. Takt. Usp. 127, Phil.

‘ There were c'maxmfirm under (1) the Prefect of the City, (2) the Logothete of the Course, (3) the Great Curator, (4) the Logothete of the F locks. Seals of others with this title are generally ambiguous, e. g. that of an 6mm. and KouBouxkimos published by Panchenko, xiii. 113.

' A e’ppqveés for Arabic, in the army, is mentioned by Theoph. Sim. 2. 10. 6.

a This word was applied to foreign as well as Imperial envoys ; cp. Theoph. 392m 15: 42921: 47521

73522, 75018, 7636. Schlumberger (Sig. 580) has published a seal of uncertain date (‘ VIII°—XI° siecle ’) of a Chartulary:

A’ Kai Xap[rov)t]ap’ 1'06 ,B[ao'(iiul<oii) a]axe)\[)uf]ov.

(1) vo'rdpiol. ,Baa'tMKol. r06 o'expe'rov (Takt. Usp. 6 vordpios aaxéhhns‘, read oi. ——01., under spathar rank), Phil. 7'3521 oi a'iraddpwt Kal flaa'LALKoi DOTdpLOL rfis‘ aaxe'Mnys‘, 752‘s 11. 1'06 0’0.K6)\1\£0U, Cer. 694-20 01 11. ‘his aaxéAAns, 594 . They correspond to the primiscrinii of the comes rei priv. (Not. Dig. Or. xiv).

(2) 1rpwrovo-rdpioi Oqidrwv} The duties of a 'n'pw-rovo-rdpios of a theme are illustrated in the schedule of the preparations for the Cretan Expedition of A.D. 902, Cer. ii. 0. 44. There we find the protonotary of the Thrakesian theme arranging for the purchase of the provisions required by the soldiers, for a supply of flax for caulking the vessels and for the use of the Greek fire-guns, and for a supply of nails (p. 658). The protonotary of the Cibyrrhaeot theme is to buy 60,000 nails for fastening hides to the vessels (p. 659). For duties connected with moving the Imperial baggage, which the Emperor left behind when he crossed the Saracen frontiers, see irepl. raf. (see further 464,, 466,, 47 79, 47918, 489,.) The protonotaries had it in their power to oppress the provincials, Cont. Th. 443,6. Their seals are common.”

(3, 6, 7) The (:evofio'xoi and 'ynpoxépoi (spathars Phil. 7364, e ; inferior Takt. Usp. 127) were heads of feuéives 3 and 'ynpokopeia supported by the state. They appear in the company of 6 mi; aaxeAMov (sc. xap'r.), Cer. 11520, Phil. 777,. The Xap'rovhdpwi 'réiv ofxaw, i. e. r611 niayéiv ufmv, dealt with the accounts and expenditure of these establishments. Possibly ez’iayé‘w should be restored here: Takt Usp. has at Xaprovh)uipioi r61: eiiayéiv oixwv 127, and so Phil. 7534. n’myfis was technical, in this connexion, from an early period: cp. C. I. 1. 3. 41 (11), A. n. 528 1611 re eiiayéiv fevaivwv Kai voa-oxopefrov KT)“ ‘the pious hostelries, hospitals,’ &c. ; Justinian, Nov. 60, p. 388.

(4, 5) The ('vyoa-ra-rfis (spathar Phil. 7364, inferior Takt. Usp. 127) examined and weighed the nomismata which came into the treasury.

‘ Cont. Th. 447".

’ Cp. Sig. 103, 112, 122, 298-9, 345, &c., &c. See also Mél. 208 S-redmvm B‘ mus nu dvo'r. iuzch', saec. ix ; 223 {3' a'vraeap' Kurd’ Km aver-up’ Helloirov', 888G. xi ; 236 Acorn v1ra'roi xal. avorap Xahdins saec. viii—ix.

’ e. g. those of Sampson, Theophilus, Eubulus, Nares, St. Irene. There was a écvodoxs'iov at Nicaea, cp. Panchenko, ix. 352 Mauow‘yh Bamhcxqi 1rpmroo'1ra0npiq) xai §¢vo86XqiNimiar (see Schlumberger, Sig. 381, Mél. 300) ; at Lopadion in Bithynia (Sig. 381), &c., &c. Cp. Panchenko, ix. 387-9. See also below under the Great Curator.

Cp. the constitution in C. Th. 12. 7. Julian refers to (vyoa-rarar’ in the various cities (ib. 2: quem sermo graecus appellat per singulas cim'tates constitui zygostaten), who decided if there was any dispute de qualitate solidorum. The perpnrai had similar duties connected with weights and measures.1

(8, 9) 1rpw1'oxayxeMdpws and Kayxehhdpwt.

(10) 6 oope'rrnxos rfis dvue'hns‘ (6 cipxwv 1'1’); 0. Cer. 3822) had for his province expenditure on public amusements. We may regard him as the successor of the tribunus voluptatum of the fifth century (C. Th. 15. 7. 13). For Ovpéxr; in this technical sense cp. the edicts of A.D. 426, C. Th. 8. 7. 21, 22 (actuarios thymelae et equorum currulium) ; J ustinian’s edict 'n'epi. 163v i'mdraw, addressed to the comes s. largitionum, Nov. 81, p. 468 Ta; @112 rfis‘ oxqm'ir ‘re Kai 01410019 ilovimfiefas'. There seems to have been a theatrical treasury controlled by the Prefect of the City in the sixth century (rfi GcarpaMq, Nov. 84, p. 480).

(6) 6 Xap-rovhdptos‘ r06 Berr'rtapfov.

In the fifth century (as stated above) the vestiarium sacrum was a scrim'um in the oficium of the comes s. larg., and its chief was, as usual, entitled primicerius. The oflicials at the head of the department were in the East the magistri lineae vestis (Not. Dig., Or. xiii. 14), in the West the comes vestiarii (ib., Occ. xi. 5). We may conjecture that the elevation of the vestiarium into an independent oflice, under a chartularius, was coincident with the transformation of the .9, largitiones into the yemxdv, was in fact part of that transformation. But when the vestiarium branched ofi from the fisc, the new oflice was increased in compass. In fact, three of the scrinia, which used to be under the comes s. larg., namely scr. vest. 8., scr. argenti, and scr. a miliarensibus, were combined to form a new ofiice which was called the fleo-ndpwv. The minting departments of the argentum and a miliarensibus are represented in the new ofiicium by the &pxwu rfis xapawfig

The vestiarium or public Wardrobe must be carefully distinguished from the Emperor’s private Wardrobe, the sacra vestis, over which 21 comes s. vestis (who was a cubicularius) presided (see C. Th. xi. 18. 1 with note of Godofredus). These two wardrobes remained distinct in later times, though they have been confounded by Schlumberger (in his Sigillographie) and by other writers. The comes s. vestis, who was under the control of the Praepositus s. cub., ls

‘ Cp. Justinian, Nov. 152. 15, p. 282. Thepérpa and o-radpa' supplied by Praet. Praef. and Com. larg. are to be kept in the most holy church of each city. For a drnuimos §u)o(rran'l. in Egypt A.D. 609 see ii. G. U. iii. 837. 18.

represented in the ninth century by the 1rpw-ro/3m-ndpws (an oflice confined to eunuchs), and his wardrobe is distinguished as ‘I'd oixaaxov Bmnmxbu Bwfldpzov ('n'spi. mf. 4651,, ,7, 4789) from the wardrobe of the Chartularius (To Bea-‘r. or 11‘) ,Bamhmbv ,Beo-r. Cer. 672, 67618).1

For the sphere of the public vestiarium cp. C. Th. vii. 6 dc militari veste, and xi. 18 de vestib'us holoveris et auratis. Duties connected with the equipment of ships seem to have been attached to the department in later times (cp. éfaprw-rfis below, and Cer. 672 and 676) .3

Two seals, which seem to belong to our period (ninth century), are published by Schlumberger3 (Sig. 603) Acorn payw'rpw Kat em rov ,Bea'napcov 1'0 Exhnpw, and MLXG‘QA v'rra'rm athevnapiw Kat Xap'rouhaplw 'rov ,BacnMxov ,Bwnapwv. Schlumberger suggests the ascription of the former to Leo Skleros, who became Strategos of the Peloponnesus 4 in A_. n. 811.

Another of the same period is published by Panchenko, ix. 364-, 1ra'r[pl.m.m] 1rpw1'00'1m(0aptm) Kat [Xap]rov)\(apl.w) 'r(ov) }9(a<n)\u<ov) [l3]ec'rLap (LOU).

(1) This secretum has fiao'LMKoi DOTdpLOt 'roii o'expe'rov like that of the sakellion, from which it otherwise difiers. These notaries (spathars, Phil. 73522; inferior Takt. Usp. 127 6 1101'. 106 Bear-r.) are mentioned, Cer. 594-8 and 694-. Cp. seal of Comnenian (P) age in Panchenko, xiii. 101 Aéaw dmyx[pfi]n[s] vo'r(dptos‘) 1'(oii) [;8(aau\u<oi3) ,B]e[<r]rnap[l'ov.

(2, 3) We may conjecture that the occurrence of a xév'rapxos(6 x. 1'06 Beo'napi'ov Phil. 73810) is due to the circumstance that the supply of military uniforms was an important department of this ofiice. But we have no evidence for his duties or those of the heya'rdpios.

(4) The dpxwv rfis- Xapayfis was chief of the mint (at all events for silver and bronze, see above). Xapa'y'rj is regularly used for moneta. Philotheos elsewhere mentions 6 Xpvo'oflllnnjs‘ (auricoctor) 7364, 7892, who also appears in Takt. Usp. 127. Perhaps he belonged to the oixaaxdv Beu'ndpwv. '

(5, 6) e‘fap-rw'rfis. XGPTOUAdpLOS. The juxtaposition suggests that this

‘ It is not clear which wardrobe is meant in Constantine, Them. 15, Where it is said that dp'yvpd pLvo-oz'lpia (dishes) dwi-yhmpa xeinu ('1! ‘re? Baa’. Burr. For the private wardrobe see below D, ll (2).

’ In the eleventh century the vestiarium (16 o-exps'rov 1'06 B.) seems to have dealt with vacantia : Alex. Comnenus, Nov. xx. 348-9.

3 Schlumberger groups the officials of the public and the private wardrobes, and also the Bw-n'rropu, under the same heading.

‘ Script. Incert. 336 (L00 Gramm. ed. Bonn).

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