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depend upon his attitude.1 As a rule he probably held the rank of protospathar.2

Under the Papias were :

(l) biatréptoi, namely, oi buurdpiol. 'roii peyo'Jtov 1raharfov (Cer. 8009), or chamberlains-in-waiting, who had the care of the various rooms (Mat-rm) in the Palace. They served in weekly relays and were hence called éfl6opnipwi. Their chief was 6 Bope'trrlxos 'roii peydAov 'n'aha'rfov (Cer. 800m; Bieliaev, i. 159).

(2) Aow-raf (Phil. 724,), who seem to have had the care of the baths (see Cer. 5546A‘, 5551,), and to include the ,Bahmaplrns and the 'n'pmrepflardpios'.

(3) mvbnildrrrai (Phil. 7241) had charge of the lighting of the Palace; there were special xavbnAd-rrmi for the Lausiakos and the Triklinos of Justinian (724'ls , 6).

(4) xaanvdbes (Phil. 7245) had charge of the heating of the Palace, and seem to have been also called KGAMPLOL (Cer. 800m, 8032).

(5) dipohiyot (Phil. 724-6) attended to the clocks.‘

(6) (apdfiaz (Phil. 724,). Their duties and the meaning of the word are uncertain. Reiske (859) thinks that {apdfins' is derived from the Arabic zarrab=pulsator, and that their function was to sound a gong (miaav-rpov) to announce the hours of divine service, &c.

The Papias and his subordinates have been very fully discussed by Bieliaev, i. 145-63.

(6) 6 belirepos roii peydAov waAan'ov.

The Denteros was the assistant of the Papias, and took his place when he was ill, but was independent of him, and had subordinates of his own. His special province was the care of the Emperor’s chairs and thrones (and probably the furniture) in the Chrysotriklinos, as well as the curtains in those apartments, and all the Imperial apparel and ornaments which were kept there. See Phil. 7 24-,,_ .

His subordinates were :

(1) oi. é'ni 'réiv dhhafi'aov (Phil. 72413), the attendants who took care of the Emperor’s apparel (‘ changes’ of dress).

(2) oi fleo'rfiropes (Phil. 724), with their primicerii, arrayed the Emperor on ceremonial occasions (cp. Ger. 9, &c., &c.).

(3) oi. é-n-i r631: dfiwpdrwu (Phil. 72415), the keepers of the insignia and ceremonial dresses worn by persons who were invested with dignities. These mcnin 163v tifiwpdrwv were kept in the Imperial wardrobes, some of them in the oratory of St. Theodore in the Chrysotriklinos (Cer. 640), of which the Deuteros kept the key (Cer. 6237). Philotheos says (ib.) that these officials o'vvdyovo'w r5. dfw'ipara 'n'apd 'rdiu hapfiavo'vrwv Ta‘s‘ dfias, which is interpreted to mean that they collected the fees paid by the recipients of the orders or oflices, but We should expect ‘rd; 01111110611115‘, not 1'6. dfio'ipa'ra.

1 Compare the part he played in the overthrow of Leo V and elevation of Michael II (Georg. Mon., ed. Bonn, 678, &c.).

2 This is suggested by the context of 7841,.

’ Cp. Reiske, 559; Bieliaev, i. 162, n. Constantine, mp‘i m5. 472.

(4) oi 6|.aL'rdpLOL. Phil. 724 e’we'xu 6% 6 be'lirepos' ‘rd. o'eML'a Kai 1'01‘); bran-apical; mi 1611 1rpq4axfipwv airréiv. Bieliaev (i. 180) thinks that these were distinct from the burn-6pm’. who were subordinate to the Papias, and this seems borne out by the words of Philotheos (7242,) o'vvdyeo'flm 6E rm‘); épqm-répw mazmplovs, where Bieliaev is obviously right in explaining, ‘of both the Papias and the Deuteros.’ But I suspect that the 61.0.L-rdpioa. 'rofi pe-ydhov ‘Imam-{av formed one 1651.: and had one primikerios or domestic, who was at the disposal of both the Papias and Deuteros,I though some of the diaitarioi were appropriated to the duties over which the Deuteros specially presided. For these duties see further, Ger. 7,.

For details see further, Bieliaev, i. 163-81.

(7) 6 myxe'pvns‘ 'rol'i 6ea'1r6'rov, (8) 6 'n'LyKe'pmys' r1"); Aliyolio-rqg. The text of Philotheos has here, in the first case, e’myxe’pvns—a form (which occurs in other texts also, see Ducange, 3.1). myxépvns) evidently due to a false derivation from the preposition gm’?

(9) 6 na'n'ias‘ 'rfis Mavvalipas, (10) 6 rram'as 'rfis Addwng.

The Magnaura and the Daphne, though closely connected with the Great Palace, had each a Papias of its own. In the case of the Daphne this was an innovation made in the reign of Michael III, see Georg. Mon. 816, ed. Bonn; and it is possible that the Magnaura, as well as the Daphne, was originally under the charge of the Papias of the Great Palace. The Domestic (of the 6uurépwt) of Daphne, and the 6Lau'épwt of Magnaura are mentioned, Cer. 800m, 17.

It is to be noticed that besides the 6LaL-rdpwr of the Great Palace, of Magnaura, and of Daphne, there were other rdéfas 0f aLGLTdPLOL serving in various parts of the Palace: thus the 6. r06 Kovaw-rwpiov, 6. 106 6yt'ov Erecbo'wov, 6. Ti); fmepayi'ag @znro'xov, 6. roii donaptxlov, 6. 1'05 o-ra'rwpmiov, 6. 1631: 4.6’ dxovfii'rwv (Cer. 800).

[graphic]

1 In Phil. 721, the prim. is called 6 rpm. uirroii, sc. 'roii Brurc'pou. ' The 1r. is mentioned in Vita Euthymii, x. '12.

I subjoin a list of oificials mentioned by Philotheos, but not occurring in his lists of rriéeis and aéxpe-ra. Most of them have already been discussed incidentally.

6 dfipqvmovdhios, see above under C. VII. 6.

6 ax-roudpws, see above under C. V. 1 and 2 ad fin.

6 d-pxuv 166 dppapév-rou, see above under C. VII. 5 (2).

6 BdpBapos, see above under C. IV. 4 ad fin.

6 8exooypd¢os, see above under C. III. 3.

6 pwooupd-rup, 78821. 081'. 2441-, eira hafithv 1'61: Guarani); 6 pwaovpdrwp 1*) mi 6 nonfat‘ 'roii nah. 1'05 aeydhov ; again, 24516 6 p., if a eunuch, raises the curtain (cp. schol. ad 100.). This otficia-l must be distinguished from the military awaovpdrwpes (who measured the ground for camps, computed road distances, &c.), frequently mentioned in tactical treatises (e. g. Leo, Tact. ix. 7). He is mentioned in Gen. 12522.

0i napao-rdrai. roii fihiaxoii, Phil. 75820, 7745, Cp. above under C. III. 3 (is the fiMaKo’v of the Chrysotriklinos meantP).

0i 'rorrorqpnrai 113v xopiiiv, Phil. 73822

6 Xpuaoeilmn’ls, see above under C. IV. 6 (4).

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His compendiis usus sum: L -= Lipsiensis, H = Hierosoly-mitanus, B = Bekker-i ed. (Bonnensis), R - Reiskius. 702 r xAn'mPmN B 3 KAn'mPoAormN B 6 KTHCEQZ L B: correxi 8 Ipoerpépau'flm L 16.: LB [6 Iapmrd'yova'w L 703 32 wvér-rurey L 23 mo L 24 &ms’ke: L

M 9—2

702

703

704

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