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In conclusion, it may not perhaps be improper to remark that I do not advocate this proposition for the purpose of extending the power and influence of the Smithsonian Institution. On the contrary, I think the exhibit should be made a truly national one, and be immediately under the control of the Government. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JOSEPH HENRY, President National Academy of Sciences.
INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION, 1876,
West Philadelphia, November 23, 1876. SIR: I would respectfully suggest that, in connection with the steps which the President proposes to take for the purpose of securing authority and means from Congress to keep together all the exhibits of the Government now in its building at the Centennial, and to display them suitably in the city of Washington, his attention be invited to the enormous mass, and great economical and industrial value, of the immense donations made to the United States Government by the com. missioners of nearly all the foreign countries represented at the International Exhibition.
These consist, in niany cases, of nearly the entire exhibits of the coun tries referred to, so far as they relate to the resources of the respective nations, derived from the animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms, together with many series illustrating the peculiar habits and characteristics of the people, especially of China, Sianı, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. Since the close of the exhibition, the Smithsonian Institution and the Department of Agriculture have been busily en gaged, with a large force, in transferring the collections referred to from the different buildings of the commission to that belonging to the Government, and weeks must elapse before this will be finished.
The countries that have, so far, made contributions of more or less magnitude are, the Argentine Confederation, Austria, Brazil, Chili, China, Egypt, Germany, the Sandwich Islands, Japan, Mexico, Nether lands, Norway, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunis, Great Britain, Bermuda, Canada, New South Wales, New Zesland, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Venezuela; while several others have promised contributions, but have not yet taken the necessary steps toward turning them over.
The value of these collections to the people of the United States cannot be overestimated, consisting, as they do, of many varieties of ores and minerals, specimens of animal products and materials from the vegetable kingdom, including also the stages of their manufacture and the finished products, as well as, in many cases, the apparatus by which these results are accomplished. Thus nearly all the known varieties of the ores of silver, gold, mercury, iron, copper, lead, tin, zinc, nickel, cobalt, antimony, &c., are represented, with the furnace products accompanying them, and the resulting metal; the brick, tile, and pottery, earth and clays of China, Japan, France, Belginm, Great Britain, and Australia, in many cases accompanied by careful analy. sis of their composition and numerous illustrative specimens of their products, building-stones, marbles, &c., specimens of artificial stone, mortars, and cements, with the materials producing them, and samples of coals from hundreds of different localities.
Among illustrations of products from the animal industries may be mentioned specimens of leathers from all parts of the world, and from every imaginable forın of animal; wools, graded by their different qualities and applications and prices; furs of various species of animals of Europe, Asia, and Australia; and preparations of Russian isinglass, glues, and gelatines in immense variety.
The wealth of vegetable material is incalculable ; embracing, as it does, the magniticent displays of Brazil, the Argentine Confederation, Australia, Netherlands, and other countries that have excited so much attention during the Exhibition.
Among the individual objects may be enumerated samples of the woods of thousands of species of trees, fibers of all kinds, including material for paper and textile fabrics, objects of the materia medica, gums, dye-stuffs, materials for tanning, seeds of every variety of the grains, hemp, flax, cotton, ramie, tobacco, coffee, cocoa, &c., many of them at present new to the United States, and giving promise of successful introduction therein, these having been received, in large part, in quantity sufficient for distribution, Russia alone supplying more than two hundred bashels of seeds of every best variety of hemp, oats, wheat, barley, &c. A large amount of material illustrating the habits and customs of other nations has also been received. Notably among these objects may be mentioned the entire exhibit of the King of Siam and that of the commissioners of customs of China. Both of these collections present an exhaustive illustration of the mode of life, habits, and characteristics of the people. Many important collections of educational apparatus and objects have also been presented. department of Russia has furnished samples of cordage, wire rope, chain cable, iron forgings, &c,
The various objects thus presented are now being transferred to the Government building and turned over to the respective departments to which they are most appropriate, and by which they would naturally be exhibited in connection with any systematic display that might be authorized by Congress.
It is proper to state that the utmost eagerness has been manifested by the representatives of technical, industrial, and educational institutions in the United States in gathering objects of the kind in question, and that in very great part they were prevented from accomplishing their object by the information that the entire exhibits had been presented to the United States, and that application should be made to its representatives for any desiderata. It has been impossible, however, to make any selections with this object, as the time of those concerned has been fully occupied in packing and removing the collections. It will, however, be possible to make up from the duplicate material a considerable number of sets of these various substances for distribution to such establishments as Cougress may direct, whenever the means are furnished for the purpose.
I need hardly say that some provision must be made to meet the expense of removing these articles to Washingtou and of exhibiting them there. When, however, it is borne in mind that such a collection as bas thas been presented to the United States could not be reproduced in a long period of years without the expenditure of a large sum of money, and that it bas been spontaneously offered to the people of the United States, it is quite reasonable to hope that Congress will take the steps
necessary to make it available to the country, with all the benefits likel to result from the display of a portion of the same, and the distribu tion of its duplicates. I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
SPENCER F. BAIRD, Representative Smithsonian Food-Fishes Department. Col. S. O. LYFORD,
Chairman Board of Executive Departments.
A report of the contingent erpenses of the War Department.
DECEMBER 8, 1876.–Laid on the table and ordered to be printed.
Washington City, December 7, 1876. SIR: I have the bonor to transmit herewith a report of expenditures of the War Department and its bureaus, under the appropriation for contingent expenses, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1876. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. D. CAMERON,
Secretary of War. The SPEAKER of the House of Representatives,
Washington, D. C.
To whom paid.
On what account.
3 30 20 00 92 88
2 00 827 01 20 00
3 Washington and Georgetown Tickets ....
Railroad Company. Jals 6 J. L. Harmon
Metropolitan Railroad Company. Tickets.. July 9 J. W. Boteler & Bro...
Feather dusters, &c. July 16 George P. Rowell & Co.
Newspaper Reporter Joly 16 | Mohun Bros...
Stationery July 16 Washingtou and Georgetown Tickets..
Railroad Company. 17 Thomas Norfleet..
Lap-covers, &c Joly 17 H. Hoffa ......
Clock July 19 Charles F. Moore..
Camphor, &c 21 City post-office
Stamps.. July 29 Smith, Young & Co
Maritime Register July 30 Oscar L. Berger.
Winding, &c., clocks 31 William Callow.
Newspapers July 31 C. Graham..
8 00 11 75 10 00
7 50 12 00
7 60 20 CO
Contingent expenses of War Department, &c.-Continued.
To whom paid.
On what account.
1875. July 31 | Thomas Irwin
Carriage and horses.. Aug 5 Joseph N. Wright.
Soap Aug. 7 Daniel Leonard.
Carpenter's work Aug. 10 W.C. & F. P. Church.
Army and Navy Journal.. Aug. 11 Great Falls Ice Company.
Ice Aug. 14 Mohun Bros...
Carriage and borses Aug. 31 C. Graham....
Washing towels. Sept. 2 J. W. Boteler & Bro...
Feather dusters, &c... Sept. 4 William Callow...
Tools, &c... Sept. 30 Thomas Irwin...
Carriage and horses.
Washing towels Sept. 30 William Callow.
Newspapers Sept. 30 Great Falls Ice Company.
Repairing locks, &c..
Winding, &c., clocks. Oct.
8 Metropolitan Railroad Company. Tickets.. Oct. 13 Charles F. Moore
Sundries Oct. 16 G. W. Pach ..
Album Oct. 18 Washington and Georgetown Tickets..
Carriage and horses.
Repairing harness Nov. 4 Great Falls Ice Company
Ice.... Nov. 4 City post-office
Stamps. Nov. 6 D. Van Nostrand.
Magazine. Nov. 8: Washington and Georgetown Tickets.
Railroad Company. Nov. 15 H. Semken
Clinton Daily Herald
Newspapers Nov. 27 City post-office
Stamps... Nov. 29 J. W. Boteler & Bro..
Feather dusters, &c.. Nov. 30 C. Graham...
Washing towels Nov. 30 Thomas Irwin
Carriage and horses.
1 Washington and Georgetown, Tickets....
Railroad Company, Dec. 2 William ('allow.
Newspapers Dec. Great Falls Ice Company
Ice Dec. 8, George D. Perkins
Newspapers Dec. 8 | Ayres & McClelland