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November 1, 1876. SIR: The most interesting fact which I have to report this year is the comparative freedom from malarial diseases which we have enjoyed since our occupation of the new jail. Only ten cases have occurred among the prisoners, and six or seven among the officers of the prison, having during the whole time since December 1, 1875, when we took possession of it, about 250 to 300 prisoners. This proportion of cases is very small under ordinary circumstances during a full season in any southern climate, but when we consider the fact that this prison is surrounded by marshes bordering a slowly current stream of water, our astonishment is only commensurate with our gratification at this happy result. Many circumstances must enter into our calculations as to the causes. First, it has been an unusually healthy season as regards malarial diseases tbroughout the District. Our neighbors, the almshouse and work house, bave suffered less than usual. How much bave our hygienic means operated upon the result!

Every precaution bas been taken ; tbe windows on the marsh-side bave been kept closed from an hour before sundown to 9 or 10 a. m. every day. The most perfect cleanliness has been preserved; the prisoners have been bathed twice weekly regularly, and their diet has been of the most wholesome kind, and served at regular hours and in healthy abundance; tbeir bedding carefully cared for, aired, and changed. The complete ventilation of the bouse has aided greatly ; not an odor ever arising of any kind perceptible to the most sensitive. Frequent whitewasbing, scrubbing, the free use of antiseptics, careful washing of the building, and all other means used to secure sanitary resalts. Add to this every sign of approaching disease has been promptly met by the most efficient means. We have been assisted in a great measure by our neighbors of the almshouse in removing causes of disease. Their “potter's field” has been cleared, new graves of sufficient depth made, and efficient sewerage established on their part as well as ours. We may, I think, reasonably look to all these means as efficient causes to account for the gratifyiug results.

We have had many severe cases of disease of chronic character, and the usual number of diseases incident to the kind of life led by prisoners before their admission, but all have responded satisfactorily to treatment.

No death bas occurred. I have been most efficiently aided in iny duty by all the officers, and particularly by the guard detailed as my steward of hospital. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Physician United States Jail, D. C. General J. S. CROCKER, Warden.


December 14, 1875. Received from Government Printer 1,000 copies of Opinions of the Attorneys-General. Distributed, 353 copies; ou band, 647 copies.

May 1, 1876. Received from the Department of the Interior 130 copies of 220 vols. of Wallace's Supreme Court Reports. Distributed, 118 copies; on hand, 12 copies.

October 2, 1876. Received from the Department of the Interior 130

copies of vol. 1st of Otto's Supreme Court Reports. Distributed, 123 copies; ou band, 7 copies.

October 18, 1876. Received from Government Printer 425 copies of Pampblet Laws 44th Congress, 1st session, 1875–76. Distributed, 388 copies; on hand, 37 copies.

October 31, 1876. Received from Government Printer 1,000 copies of Register of Department of Justice. Distributed, 584 copies ; on hand, 416 copies.

November 13, 1876. Received from Department of the Interior 130 copies of 23d vol. of Wallace's Supreme Court Reports. Distributed, 119 copies ; on hand, 11 copies.

November 25, 1876. Received from Department of Interior 130 copies of vol. 2 of Otto's Supreme Court Reports. Distributed, 122 copies; on hand, 8 copies.

This Department has also distributed since last report, December 6, 1875, the following volumes :

Four copies of 18th vol. United States Statutes.
Three copies of the Revised Statutes of United States.
Three copies of Revised Statutes District of Columbia.
One copy of 15th vol. of Wallace's Supreme Court Reports.
One copy 19th Wallace.
One copy 20th Wallace.
One copy 21st Wallace.
Four copies of 13th vol. of Opinions of Attorneys-General.


Washington, D. C., December 30, 1876. SIR: I bave the honor to report that during the past season there bave been various repairs and improvements made to the court-house in tbis city.

The criminal-court room has been renovated, the ceiling of which partly replastered, the walls and ceiling painted, and its ventilation improved by piercing its ceiling and placing an additional ventilating shaft on roof.

The rooms in the basement of the eastern wing have been fitted up ready for occupancy; and the register in bankruptcy, whose office has been heretofore in the upper story, has been moved into two of the rooms in this basement.

The room formerly occapied by that officer has been assigned to the recorder of deeds.

The exterior of the basement has been painted, and the water-pipes and hot-air furnaces kept in repair. I again urge that the court-rooms, at least, be heated by steam, as the present mode is not only hurtful to the health but more expensive to maintain.

An appropriation of one thousand dollars will be required to keep this building in good repair during the next fiscal year.

A considerable portion of this annual expense is occasioned by the water-pipes being so exposed in consequence of the corridor not being heated in winter that they often burst from freezing. Yours, very respectfully,


Architect U. 8. Capitol. Hon. ALPHONSO TAFT,

Attorney-General, Washington, D. O.

EXHIBIT K.--Fifteenth annual report of the board of Metropolitan Police

of the District of Columbia for the year ended September 30, 1876.




Washington, November 6, 1876. SIR: In submitting its fifteenth annual report of the condition of the police of the Metropolitan police district of the District of Columbia, agreeably with the requirements of law, which report is applicable to the year ending September 30, 1876, the board of police commissioners respectfully present the same as follows:

The maximum numerical strength of the force proper as authorized by law is two hundred and thirty-eight, including officers and men of all grades. This number, distributed as it must be over the entire District, is totally inadequate to the performance of the duties required of the force, as will be fully shown in a subsequent portion of this report.

Unfortunately, and probably unintentionally, the effect of the legislation contained in the sundry civil appropriation act of the last session of Congress has forced the board to materially reduce the force numeri. cally, in order to keep the expenditures within the amount appropriated. This reduction of the force is resulting in increased loss of time from sickness induced by overwork and overtaxed energies on the part of the members of the force who constitute its depleted ranks.

For the salaries and other necessary expenses of the police establishment for the year ending June 30, 1876, Congress appropriated the sum of $205,270, and further required that an additional sum, amounting to $102,635, should be paid out of the treasury of the District of Columbia for the same purpose, making a total appropriation amounting to $307,905 for the support of the police establishment for the year ending as already stated. The above last-named sum represents the apparent total only, however, of appropriations for police purposes. The fifteenth section of the act of Congress, organizing the present force, approved August 6, 1861, provides that it shall be the duty of the common councils of the cities of Washington and Georgetown to provide, at the expense of said cities, respectively, all necessary accommodations within their respective limits for the station-houses required by the board of police for the accommodation of the police force, for the lodging of ragrants and disorderly persons, and for the temporary detention of persons arrested for offenses, and the same suitably to warm and light." The Revised Statutes of the United States, published in 1875, contain the requirements just cited, only modified in language to conform to our changed form of local government. These items of expenditares, including necessary outlays for the erection of new and the repair of old station-houses, would amount to an approximate average annual sum of $25,000, which has never appeared in or been provided for by any special appropriation in the annual appropriations of Con. gress. Nor was there a sum for this purpose included in the appropri. ations for the year ending June 30, 1876. The expenditures included in this aggregate of $25,000 have been annually made by our District authorities without special appropriation, and simply under the general requirements cited in the act organizing the force. By adding the $25,000 to $307,905, the apparent annual expenses of the police estab lishment, a grand total of $332,905 appears as the real necessary annual expenditure for police purposes. The act of Congress making appropriations for sundry civil expenses for the year ending June 30, 1877, contains, under the head - Metropolitan police," the following: "For sala

ries and other necessary expenses of the Metropolitan police for the Dis. trict of Columbia, one hundred and fifty thousand dolllars: Provided, That a like sum shall concurrently be paid to defray the expenses of the said Metropolitan police force out of the treasury of the District of Columbia.” It will therefore be observed that but the sum of $300,000 is specially appropriated for police expenses, against $332,905, the sum required.

At this point it may be well to call attention to the action of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia in reference to the pay of the police and other necessary expenses of the establishment. In order that the views of said Commissioners may be correctly stated, and their position fully understood, the following communications are here presented :


Washington, July 10, 1870. GENTLEMEN: Under the appropriation as proposed by Congress, and which we do not expect to be changed, the United States will pay $150,000, and the District of Co. lumbia will pay a like sum for the police department, including salaries and all other expenses, for the fiscal year from July 1, instant, to June 30, 1877, which will leave the District to pay, on account of salaries, $125,570, or $10,464 per month. No more than this sum monthly can be paid by the District government for salaries; the residue, $24,430, will be reserved for maintenance of police stations. You will please arrange accordingly. Very respectfully,



Commissioners District of Columbia. To the BOARD OF POLICE,

District of Columbia.



Washington, August 16, 1876. GENTLEMEN: I am directed by the Commissioners to inform your board that, after careful consideration, they find that, after charging to the $150,000 to be paid by the District of Columbia to defray the expenses of the Metropolitan Police force during the current fiscal year, provided for by the “ Act making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven, and for other purposes," approved July 31, 1876, the following items, to wit: the amount paid on account of the board since the 1st July, the rentals, fuel, and estimated repairs of station-houses during the current fiscal year, there is a balance left of $142,681.90, which they have ordered to be paid to your board in twelve equal monthly installments of $11,890.16 each, for the payment of all salaries and other expenses of your board during the current fiscal year, not including the foregoing items for which said reservations are made ; and which monthlypay ments will be made on the proper requisition of your board in favor of your treasurer, receipted by him.

You will understand that no other payments than the foregoing will be made to your board on any account, as the said $150,000 is the full sum which the Commissioners are authorized to expend on account of your board, including all salaries and all other expenses. Very respectfully,


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Referring to the letter of July 10, it will be observed that it is as sumed that a sum amounting to $24,430 is necessary to defray the ex. penses required of the District by section 15 of the act of August 6, 1861. The expenses included in this suin have never been, as before stated, included in the District's quota of police expenses provided in

annual appropriations by Congress, but have been paid by the District, under the general requirements of the section and act above named. There remains, therefore, but $125,570 to pay the District's portion of the salaries and necessary expenses of the police organization; and by including the $150,000 appropriated by Congress out of the Treasury of the United States, an aggregate amounting to $275,570 only is reached with which to meet the necessary sum of $332,905 to cover police ex. penditures for the year. In this last aggregate, however, is included the sum of $6,970 for the erection of new station-houses and the repair of those now in use.

The following tabulated estimates, with a reference to the laws anthorizing the same, will show appropriations required annually for the police service, as at present established, and in accordance with which Congress has heretofore made appropriations and provisions,

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