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report of Mr. Turner on, 357 ; 1

their successful operation, 358 L
Reformatory System, the, errors of
mismanagement in, cxxii. 358-
362 ; Acts of 1853 and 1857, ib.;
Female Refuges, 367; the Carlisle
Memorial Refuge, ib. ; recent im-

provements in, 368
Regency Bill, passing of, cxii. 56
Regium Donum, origin of, cxxix. 448
Reichstadt (Duke of), Prince Ester-

hazy's account of, cxl. 532
Reid (Dr. Thomas, 1710-1796), on
sensations of external objects,
cxxiv. 132; on the connexion be-
tween sense and memory, 112

-- his comparison between
physical and mental science, cxxvi.
80; discards ideas' as entities,

85; his dual basis of reception, 87
Reindeer, ancient remains of, cxxxii.

457 ; in Norway and Scotland,

458
Relics, Roman Catholic Declaration

against, in 1825, cxxx. 324
* Religieuse, La,' French anti-clerical

novel, cxx. 437 ; secrecy of its
authorship, 438 ; probably written
by a layman, ib. 439; priestly
anathemas against, 440; a contin-
uation of Le Maudit,' 446; cha-
racters of Loubaire and Thérèse,

ib. 450
Religion, historical treatment of,

cxxxix. 419; materials for system
of Bayle, Voltaire, and Hume, 420;
views of Lessing and Herder, ib.

See Comparative Theology
Religious belief, better understand-

ing between Churches on questions
of, cxx. 302; influence of the will
on, 374, 375; dangers of dogmatic
education in, 379; Hallam's low
estimate of popular views on, 388

Chillingworth's assertion of
the freedom of, cxxi. 442 ; ideas of
fixity as to, 563; present need of
restoration, 565; tyranny of words
in, ib.; yeurning for infallible

guidance, 567. See Inspiration,

Scriptural
Religious belief, tolerance due to

imperfect creeds, cxxiv. 472, 473;
senility of modern so-called ortho-
doxy, 474

- rudiments of, among savages,
cxxxv. 117, 121
- Mr. Hunt's history of, in

England, cxxxvii. 198
- stages of, in the history of
mankind, cxxxix. 435. See Mül-

ler, Mar
Religious emblems, early varieties of,
cxxxi. 225

- movements, popular origin
of, cxl. 490
- persecution, the spirit of,

explained, cxxi. 437 ; effect of
Protestantism on, 439; Hobbes's
defence of, 441
- M. Montalembert on, cxxvii.

403 and note
Rembrandt Van Rhyn (Paul, 1606–

1674 or 1688), bis conception of
Christ in painting, cxx. 112, 114

- his travesties of sacred sub-
jects, cxxiv. 349
Renaissance, the, Christian painters
of, cxx. 106

- diversified character of, cxxv.
413
Renaissance architecture, its intro-

duction into Italy, cxviii. 72–75;
distinction between the older and
later styles of, 77 ; want of prin-
ciple in, applicable to all buildings,
79; its tendency to absolute copy-
ing, 81; entablature a typical
form of, 83; use of the dome in,
86-88; its defects summarised,
ib. ; reaction from, in England in

favour of Greek art, 91
Rénan (Ernest), his · Life of Christ,'

cxix. 574; bis remarks on the im-
portance of humility in sacred
criticism, ib. ; his rare literary
qualities, ib. ; causes of his popu-
larity on the Continent, 575; his

ideas of the dramatic unity of the of history, 476; bis argument on
Gospel, ib.; his Syrian explorations, the Churches of Galatia, 481 ; his
576; their effect in dissipating his reticence on Paul's missionary
unbelief, 577; three main princi teachings, 482 ; rejects the Acts,'
ples of his Introduction, 578; his 486, 491; on the influence of
studies centred on the history of Peter and Paul, 500
Christianity, 579; his theories Rénan (Ernest), his ‘L'Antechrist,'
suggested by Strauss, ib.; mate cxl. 485; his merits those of an
rials for his ‘Life,' 580; his dis artist, 486 ; his title misspelt,
tortion of the Gospel narrative, 487; his series of volumes, ib.;
581 ; his power of feeling not on the authorship of the Apo-
carried into practice, ib. ; his ex. calypse, 489; his theory of
planation of the divergencies in its polemical purpose, ib. 491;
the Gospels, 582; his criticism of identifies Nero with the Beast,'
St. Luke's Gospel, 683; denies 505
the truth of St. John's narrative, Rendu (M.), his memoir on glacier
584 ; ascribes its compilation to motion, cxiii. 239
personal vanity, 585; his disbelief Réné (Duke of Anjou, d. 1480), his
in miracles criticised, 590; his

character and government, cxxvi.
belief in a personal God examined, 95, 96
593; he repudiates Deism, 594 ; | Rennell (Major), his investigations
his conception of Christ's charac of the Gulf-stream, cxxxv. 433 ;
ter, 595 ; his Christian sympathies his doctrine of ocean-currents,
marred by false criticism, 598; on 435
the Gospels of St. Matthew and Rennie (Mr.), his iron bridges, cxvi.
St. Mark, 599; his scepticism as 208
to the Resurrection, 600; obsti Repp (Thorlesen Gudmanson), assis-
nacy of his dogmatism, 602; his tant librarian of the Advocates'
profane hypothesis of the raising Library, cxxxi. 212
of Lazarus, 603

Reprisals, system of, cxvi. 183
Rénan (Ernest), his history of the ori- Rescissory Act, the, cxviii. 6

gin of Christianity, Vol. II., “The 'Reset,' the Scotch term, explained,
Apostles,' cxxiv. 450; his dogma cxiv. 304
tism, 452; argues in a vicious circle, Reskymer, family of, cxxv. 432 note;
453; his premiss a pure assump Holbein's portrait of, ib. ; Resolu-
tion, ib. ; his misconception of tions, the Irish, cxvi. 125
Christianity, 455; attempts to Reumont (Alfred von), his 'History
substitute Imagination therefor, of the City of Rome,' cxxxvi, 114
462; his Pantheistic view of his Reverdin (M.), his experiments on
tory, 465; his calumny of the skin-grafting in surgery, cxxxvi.
Resurrection, 466

499
- his estimate of Calvin, cxxxi. Revelation, external and internal
153; his · Saint Paul,' 470; his re evidence of, cxii. 485
constructive theology, ib.; a pro - its position in the Science of
fessed theorist, 471 ; his amazing Religion, cxxxix. 438
research, ib.; truth sometimes sacri | Revolution (French), effects of, on
ficed to art, 472; general excellence | English opinion, cxvi. 124
of his work, 473; division of the 1 - Sir G. C. Lewis on, cxviii.
Epistles, 474; Positivist treatment | 142

Revolution of 1688, its permanent

service to the constitution, cxxxvii.
582
Révy (J. J.), his work on the Para-

ná, Uruguay, and La Plata Estu-
aries, cxxxix. 444 ; his employ-
ment by the Argentine Republic,
446 ; his valuable observations on
the Paraná, 448; his geological
remarks, 457 ; his description of a
dust-storm, 458; his discovery of
an important law in hydraulics,
460, 467; Mr. Bateman's suit

against him, 467 note
Reynolds (Sir Joshua, 1723-1792),

first President of the Royal Aca-
demy, cxviii. 487; his literary
services to art, 500; recommends
the election of Honorary Members
or Professors, ib.; his discourses,
503
- his poor impressions of Ra-

phael's works, cxxii. 76
- failure of his Hercules,'

painted for the Empress of Russia,

cxxxix, 195
Rhetoricians, the, Plato's attacks on,

cxxiii. 315
Rhyme, dangers of, in classical trans-

lation, cxxi. 142
Riad (Arabia), removal of Wahha-

bee capital to, cxxii. 513
Ribbonmen, outrages of, in 1840, 1

cxxix. 107
Ribbon Society, unearthed by the

recent Westmeath Act, cxxxiv.
505
Ricardo (Mr.), his evidence on pa-

tents, cxxi. 582
Rice-paper plant, the Chinese, cxxx.

471
Richard I. (1157-1199), his relations

with Anjou, cxxvii. 92
Richard III. (1452-1485), ineffectual

attempts to vindicate his character,
cxv. 294 ; his conduct at Tewkes-
bury, 298; his share in the death
of Henry VI., 299; his aversion
to bribes, 302; death of Clarence,

ib.; contradictory accounts of his
usurpation, 307; conduct on his
accession, 309; his reputed un-
easiness of mind, 311 ; his attach-
ment to his wife, 314 ; belief in
omens, 316 ; his conduct at Bos-
worth-field, 317; indignities offer-
ed to his corpse, 321 ; his personal

appearance, ib.
Richard III., memorials relative to,

edited by Mr. Gairdner, cxxi. 200;
his conduct towards the Earl of
Richmond, 201; his relations with
Louis XI., ib.; negotiations with
Spain, 202; overtures of Maximi-
lian, 203
- his portraits at Windsor
Castle, cxxiv. 350; and in the

National Portrait Gallery, ib.
Richard of Bury. See Angarville
Richard of Hampole, his life as a

hermit, by Mr. Perry, cxxv. 245
Richard (Mr.), Nonconformist mem-

ber for Merthyr, his recognition of
the national character of the

Church of England, cxl. 450
Richardson (Samuel, 1689–1761),

criticised by M. Taine, cxxi. 318,

319

- anecdote of the popularity of

his. Clarissa,' cxxvi. 482
Richelieu (Armand Jean Duplessis,

Cardinal, 1585–1642), his designs
on Lorraine, cxii. 66 ; requires the
surrender of Nancy, 68

- his policy respecting the
Mantuan Succession, cxxiii. 37,
44 ; his interviews with Mazarin,

45, 51
----- his treatment of the Hu-
guenots, cxxiv. 103

- his corpse decapitated in
1793, cxxiv. 363; mutilation of

his statue, ib.
Richelieu (Louis François Armand

Duplessis, Duke of, Marshal of
France, 1696–1788), his alleged
exploit at Fontenoy, cxx. 528,
529

Richelieu (Louis François Armand

Duplessis, Duke of), his spoiled
character, cxxv. 481; his liber-
tinism, ib. ; his intrigues with
the Duchess of Châteauroux, 489,

494
Richmond (U. S.), campaign of

1864 against, cxxi. 266; different
routes proposed by Lincoln and
McClellan, 268, 269; triple opera-
tions against, by Grant, 272,
273
- injudicious detention of Lee
at, cxxix, 263; Confederate sorties

from, 264; surrender of, 267, 268
Ricimer (Count, d. 472), his sacking

of Rome, cxviii. 350
Ricketts (Mr. George), deputy-com-

missioner of Loodiana, heroic con-
duct of, during the Indian Mutiny,

cxxxiii. 111, 112
Riddell (Mr. John), his services to

Scottish genealogy, cxxi. 341
- bis legal attainments, cxxxi.

204 ; friendship with Sir W.

Hamilton, ib.
Rienzi (Nicholas Gabrini de, d.1354),

his attempt at political regenera-

tion at Rome, cxxxvi. 122
Rifled Ordnance, two systems of,

cxix. 482 ; immense cost of expe-
riments with, 484; fundamental
error of breech-loading for field-
guns, 487; doctrine as to windage
recently modified, 488 ; fuzes, ib.;
French experiments on windage,
489; fouling increased by absence
of windage, 491; simplicity the
object of the French system of,
499 (see French Artillery); tabular
comparison of, in England and
France, 508; mania of Americans
for huge siege-guns, 512; superi-
ority of the old 68-pounder, 515;

shunt' guns described, 515; at-
tempts at Woolwich to strengthen
iron guns, 525; experiments in
hollow projectiles from heavy guns,
528; doubtful value of monster

guns, 529. See Armstrong, Sir

William
Riga, the town described, cxxxii. 52
Rigault (Raoul), Communist leader

in 1871 ; cxxxiv. 553; plans the
murder of the hostages, ib.; his

corrupt antecedents, 554; his death,
556
Rigdon (Sidney, the Mormon), his

views on Indian Hebrews,' cxv.

192
Right, the term explained as the

law of discord,' cxii. 393

-- vague acceptations of, cxiv.
468; Mr. Austin's definition of,

ib.
Rights, notions involved in the term,

cxviii. 453 ; correlative with
duties, ib. ; Mr. Austin's defini-
tion of legal rights, 453; his ana-
lysis of rights imperfect, ib. ; fidu-
ciary rights, ib.; their antithetical
term Wrong or Injury, 455; pri-
mary division of, in the Roman
law, 472; classes of, included in
quasi-contracts, 473; Mr. Austin's
division of, into primary and sanc-
tioning, 474 ; considered as a

groundwork of law, 476
Rig-Veda, the. See Vedas
Riley (Mr. H. T.), his · Memorials

of London Life,' cxxxi. 155; val-
uable picture of mediæval London,

156; and of early guilds, 172
Rilliet (M. Albert), his • Origines de

la Confédération Suisse, Histoire
et Légende,' cxxix. 127; his dis-
section of fabulous history, 128 ;
his use of original documents, 131 ;
on the story of Tell, 145, 152 ;
his candid and ingenious writings,

153
Rio (A. F.), his work on Shakspeare,

cxxiii. 146; his object to prove
him a Roman Catholic, ib.; his
reckless assertions, 149; perverted
quotations, 153; on the names of
Shakspeare's sons, 158; bis tra-
vesty of history, 163; absurd

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theory of Romeo and Juliet, 171; || Ritualism, recent legislation against,
and of King John, 172; misre cxl. 427
presentation of passages, 175; bis Ritualists, their excesses controlled
work confuted by Dr. Bernays, by civil authority, cxxviii. 268
179

Ritual Comunission, its proposals
Ritson (Joseph, 1752-1803), his respecting week-day services, cxl.

character as editor of old English 457 ; imperfect composition of,
literature, cxxv. 222

459; their Report submitted to
Ritualism, the controversy a revival Convocation, ib. See Rubric,

of earlier contests, cxxv. 440; Anglican
legal toleration advocated, 441; Rivers, hydraulic conditions of,
rapid efflorescence of, ib. ; elements cxxxix. 460, 467
of permanent influence, 442; con Roads, bad state of, in England, in
nexion with free-thought, 443; the last century, cxxxviii. 488
counter-tendencies to simplicity in Road-Act, the first, cxxv. 89. See
worship, ib.; exaggerated impor-

Highways
tance attached to question of vest Robbia (Luca della, Tuscan sculp-
ments, 444; the Act of Elizabeth, tor), not the inventor of glazed
445; ancient lay origin of vest terra cotta, cxxi. 542; his works,
ments, 446; the alb and pall, ib.; ib.; other sculptors in his family,
varieties of Roman overcoats, viz.
the cope, chasuble, cassock, surplice, Roberts (Dr. Alexander), his · Dis-
447 ; the costumes retained at the cussions on the Gospels,' cxxii.
Reformation for comeliness, ib.; 103; on Greek and Aramaic in
the Episcopal rochet, ib.; evils of Palestine, 105 note
innovation, 448; disgraceful scenes Robertson (William, D.D., 1721–
at St. George's-in-the-East, 449 ; 1793), Dr. Carlyle's sketch of,
insubordination against bishops, cxii. 171 ; his first interview with
450; mimicry of Romanism, 451 ; Smollett, 175

histrionic' worship advocated by - his ignorance of the early
Ritualists, ib. ; origin of the cre history of America, cxxv. 338
denre-table, 453; material views - his “four epochs' of Scottish
of the Eucharist, 454 ; assertion history, cxxvi. 238; on the early
of priestly functions, 455 ; intoler power of the Scottish nobility,
ance of Ritualists, 456; their 253
anti-social and anti-national ten-

- his misstatement as to Charles
dencies, 458; impatience of state V.'s reservation of income, cxxxii.
control, 459; alliance with Non-
conformists and philosophical Lib Robertson (Rev. James), his secret
erals, 460; violation of Church mission in 1808 to the Danish
and State principles, 461 ; ecclesi- | Islands, cxviii 245 note
astical tyranny in Free Churches, Robespierre (Francis Maximilian
462, 463; character of Ritualists Joseph Isidore, 1759-1794), his
as Nonconformists in the Church opposition to the war against the
of England, 464 ; toleration re Coalition, cxviii. 105; his share in
commended, ib. ; joint declaration the massacres of September, 120;
of Convocation against Ritualism, story of his murder by Méda, 124;
466 ; Charges of Bishops of St. report of the surgeous, 126; bis
David's and Oxford, 467

suicide clearly proved, ib.

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