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first instructions in the Russian system abroad unsuited to Eng-
War, cxvii. 337; his conduct at land, 105; increased use of, for
the battle of the Alma, 349

communication, ib.; question of
Raglan (Fitzroy Somerset, Lord, minor railways, 106; private en-

Field-Marsbal, 1788–1855), un terprise should be encouraged, ib. ;
fitted for his Crimean command, proposed principles of legislation,
cxxviii, 381 ; his amiable private
character, 383 ; his alleged pro Railways, vast influence of, in modern
posal of an immediate assault on warfare, cxxxv. 150; means of
Sebastopol, 400

supplying armies, 152; strategical
Raikes (Mr. C.), his notes on the neglect of, in England, compared

revolt in the N.W. provinces with Prussia, 153; the Engineer
of India, cxxiv. 299 ; testifies to and Railway Volunteer Staff
the general loyalty of the people, Corps, ib. ; duplicate routes, 154.

See Franco-German War
Railway Companies, stock of loco - enormous development of, in

motives owned by, in 1867, cxxix. England, cxxxviii. 338; their im-

petus to industry, ib.; labour-
Railways, development of, in India saving machinery, 346; extrava-
under Lord Dalhousie, cxvii. 22

gant expenditure on, 360; sta-
- engineering triumphs in, tistics of property owned by com-
cxx. 487, 488; social drawbacks panies, 361; their receipts, ib.
to, ib.

Rainfall, observations on, in Eng-
- recent triumphs over steep land, cxxxix. 466
gradients on, cxxii. 125

Rajkot, Rajah of, convicted of in-
---- their effects on modern tac fanticide, cxix. 409

tics and strategy, cxxiii. 98, 126 | Rajpoots, contests of, with the Mah-
-- first notion of, as highways, rattas in the last century, cxxxir,
cxxv. 91; the idea countenanced 366, 367; their noble character,
by the Legislature, 92; consequent
privileges of companies, ib. ; ques Raleigh (Sir Walter, 1552-1618),
tion of protection or free trade, ib.; | his resolute conduct on the scaf-
the Committee of 1844, ib.; sub fold, cxx. 4
sequent vacillations of opinion re Ranke (Professor, b. 1765), his re-
specting rights of Companies, 93; ply to M. Thiers on Prussian hos-
standing orders as to deposits, 94; | tilities in France, cxxxiii. 477
attempts to check over-speculation, * Ranters,' the, cxxxiv. 176
ib.; Lord Redesdale's scheme of Raphaelle (Sanzio d’Urbino, 1483–
a subscription contract in 1866, 1520), his works in sculpture, cxxi.
ib.; defects of Parliamentary 550, 551.
legislation, ib. 96; objections to - his works not appreciated by
remedies proposed, ib. 97 ; enor Reynolds, cxxii. 76
mous power of companies, ib.; - his mode of fixing cartoons,
need of a Parliamentary tribunal, cxxiii. 13; his rapid fresco-paint-
98 (see Parliament, Private Acts ing, 19
of); English and foreign legis - his genius compared with
lation compared, 100; inferiority Giotto's, cxxxv. 132
of Continental trains, 102, 103; Rationalism, meaning of the term,
American legislation, ib.; paternal | cxiii. 488

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Rattray (Dr.), on the climate of

Vancouver's Island, cxix. 454
Raudot (M.), his essay De la Déca-

dence de la France,' cxxxiv. 289;
on the evil results of the Revolu-

tion, ib.
Rawlinson (Sir Henry, b. 1810), his

researches in cuneiform writing,
cxi. 34; his recent services to

Herodotus, ib.
Rawlinson (Professor George, b.

1815), his translation of Herodo-
tus, cxi. 32; his scientific objects
and coadjutors, 33

- his evidence on public school
education, cxx. 156

-his ‘Five Ancient Monarchies,'
Vols. I.-III., cxxv. 108; his view
of cuneiform interpretation, ib.;
his arbitrary treatment of Cushite
philology, 109; misrepresents the
results of Assyrian excavations,
110; confused distribution of in-
scriptions, 111; hasty views of
their credibility, 112; his igno-
rance of historical evidence, 113;
his view of the Chaldæan and
Assyrian dynasties, 114; bis
guess-work applied to early Eng-
lish history, 115; on the legend of
Memnon, 117; on the use of the
term Chaldæans, 118; on the
origin of Babylon, 119; his par-
tiality to Berosus, 120; attacks
the credit of Ctesias, 121; his con-
jectural theory of history, 123;
admiration of M. Gutschmid's

method of Assyrian chronology,
127; general character of his so-
called Chaldæan history, 130; on
the Medes in Chaldæa, 131 ; on
Nimrod and Orchamus, 132; con-
jectures on the monumental kings,
133, 137; on the Arabs in Chal-
dæa, 139; his authorities for the
Assyrian empire, 140; his con-
fused scheme of contemporary
history' of. Assyria, 142, 144;
on Tiglath pileser I., ib.; on the
Scythian irruption, 150; misuse
of cuneiform inscriptions, 152; ex-
aggerated view of Assyrian civili-

sation, 153
Rawlinson (Professor George), his

• Manual of Ancient History,'
cxxxii. 154; untrustworthy in
matters of fact, 156; misstate-
ments of Chaldæan history re-
peated, 157 ; elastic treatment of
Assyrian names, 163; philological
mistakes in Greek mythology,
170; on the Parian marble, 171 ;
his Athenian history criticised,
171; on Decemviral legislation at
Rome, 174
- on the Turanian family of

nations, cxvi. 156
Raymond (M. Xavier), on the

Navies of France and England,'
cxviii. 166; his fairness and can-
dour, 170; accepts the fact of
England's maritime preponderance,
ib. ; his criticism of the English
Admiralty, 171; objects of his
work, 172; his review of French
naval progress since 1815, 173;
on the probable effects of naval
changes on England, 175; on the
three elements of naval power, ib. ;
on the decreased importance of
daval arsenals, 176; on the value
of private industry in future wars,
177; friendly spirit of his strictures
on naval administration in Eng-
land, 178 ; his high opinion of
English 'private enterprise, 180 ;

condemns the "Inscription Mari-

time,' 182
Raynouard (M.), his theory of the
Provençal language, cxv. 84

- his Histoire du Droit
Municipal en France,' cxxxiv. 250
Read (Mr. C. S.), his pamphlet on

the Irish Land, cxxxi. 284
Reade (Winwood), his African

sketch-book, cxxxviii. 569; on |
affairs on the Gold Coast, 576
Real property, local burdens on,

cxxxv. 260 (see Taxation, Local);
proposed change of law respecting
descent of, in cases of intestacy,

Reasoning, considered as a mental

act, cxxiv. 145
Recamier, Madame (Jeanne-Fran-

çoise-Julie-Adélaïde Bernard, 1777
-1849), souvenirs and correspon-
dence of, by Mad. Lenormant, cxi.
204 ; her self-distrust, 205 ; rarity
of her letters deplored, 206; her
singular circumstances, 207 ; her
love of homage and influence,
208 ; her early life and marriage,
209; her want of affection, 210;
her intimacy with Madanie de
Staël, 211; sketches of the Bona-
parte family, 212; her father
arrested for favouring the Royal-
ists, 213; her hostility to Bona-
parte, 215; Fouché's overtures to
her, 216; she refuses a place at
the Court, 218; subjected to per-
secution accordingly, ib. ; her hus-
band's bank stops payment, 220;
sympathy with her adversity, 221;
her negotiations for marriage with
Prince Aurustus of Prussia, ib.,
223; visits Madame de Staël at
Coppet, 225; is exiled from Paris,
ib.; her high sense of honour,
226; removes to Italy, 227 ; her
bust by Canova, ib. ; interview
with Murat at Naples, ib., 228;
her brilliant return to Paris, ib. ;
her relations with the Duke of

Wellington, 229; popularity of
her salon, ib. ; her friendship with
the Montmorencys, 230; her affec-
tion for Châteaubriand, 233; rela-
tions with Ballanche. 234; her
blindness and death, 235
Red-deer, introduction of, into Eng-

land, cxi. 165
Redesdale (John Freeman-Mitford,

1st Lord, 1748–1830), his cha-
racter as Irish Chancellor, cxxxiv.

67, 68
Redesdale (Lord, the present), his

scheme of a subscription-contract

in railway undertakings, cxxv. 94
Redgrave (Mr.), director of the

Schools of Design at South Ken-
sington, cxviii. 503 ; his evidence

on the lectures, ib. 504
Red River Settlement, climate and

origin of, cxix. 478
Reed (Mr. E. J.), his designs for

sea-going ironclads in 1862, cxviii.

Reeve (Mr. Henry), his evidence on

the prolongation of patents, cxxi.
- his edition of Greville's
Memoirs, cxl. 515; on the cir-

cumstances of publication, 516
Reform, Parliamentary, altered mo-

tives of, since 1832, cxii. 289;
popular indifference to, in 1860,
291; should not be made a first-
class question, 292
- Pitt's opinion on, cxri.

- position of the question in
1865, cxxii. 268; different aspects
of demands for, 273 (see Fran-
chise, Political); present interest of
Parliament in, 280; causes of re
cent failure in, 288

- misuse of the term, cxxii.

– arguments of Ilorsman and
Lowe in 1866 against, cxxv. 270;
amateur projects of, 287 (see Re-
form Bill of 1866); advantages of

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indirect representation of classes,

Reform, abortive Liberal attempts at,

cxxvi. 544; discreditable conduct
of the Liberals in 1860, 545;
deprecated as a party question by
Mr. Disraeli, 563

- the question suspended from

1860 to 1866, cxxix, 287
Reform Bill (1831, the first), pre-

vious political crisis, cxxv. 517;
character of the Opposition, 518;
dignified conduct of Earl Grey,
520; question of household suf-
frage in 1829, 524; views of Lord
Brougham on the Bill, ib., 526 ;
dissolution urged by Lord Durham
in case of defeat, 527 ; the Bill re-
jected 18th April, 528; the King
agrees to dissolve, ib. ; story of
the dissolution, 529

-- its introduction, cxxxiii. 303;
General Gascoyne's motion, 304;
scenes in Parliament before the
dissolution, 305

- abolition of nomination
boroughs, its main feature, cxxxv.
632; its reception in the Commons,
533; scene in the Lords at the
dissolution, 534

- Lord Cockburn's account of,
cxl. 264
Reform Bill (1831, the second), its

introduction, cxxv. 533 ; the
• Chandos Clause,' ib.; dinner at
the Duke of Wellington's, ib.
note; rejection by the Lords, 7th
October, 534; popular excessos,
535; rise of the Waverers,' 537;

pourparlers, ib., 539
Reform Bill, question of creating

new Peers, cxxxiii. 306; differ-
ences in the Cabinet, ib., 309

- introduced 4th July, cxxxv.
535; its rejection by the Lords,

-- December sitting (1831), for
its introduction, cxxxv. 536; passes
the Commons 6th March, ib.; cre-
ation of new Peers urged by Lord

Brougham, 537, 539
Reform Bill (1860), allowed to be

smothered in debate by the

Liberals, cxxvi. 545, 546
Reform Bill (1866), debate on the

second reading anticipated, cxxiii.
586; the measure necessarily in-
complete, 589; favourable signs of
public opinion on, 590. See
Franchise, Political

- causes of its withdrawal,
cxxiv. 297

- its revolutionary character
disputed, cxxv. 272, 275; argu-
ments against its alleged tenden-
cies, 276; necessary anomalies in,
277 ; motiuns for amendment of,
ib.; Lord Grosvenor's motion, 278;
defeat of, due to tactical blunders,
ib.; its premature introduction,
279; intemperance of the so-called

popular leaders, 281
Reform Bill (1866), history of the

Bill reviewed, cxxviii. 551, 555
Reform Act (1867) inconsistent con-

duct of the Conservatives in in-
troducing it, cxxv. 583; geces-
sions from the Derby Ministry,

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Reform Act (1832), increased emi-

gration ascribed to, by Sir A.
Alison, cxi. 121; as also alleged

586; absurd preliminary Resolu- | Reformation, the, its check on
tions, 590; discussion on, com- church-building out of Italy, cxvii.
pared with 1832, 591 ; the term 77
• Household Suffrage,' 592 ; later - M. Taine's absurd theory of,
franchises added to, 593; attitude cxxi. 311; belief in Satanic agency
of the Liberal party, ib.; speech at, 434
of Mr. Disraeli on the second read - its two triumphs over the
ing, 595

Papacy, cxxxvii. 534
Reform Act (1867), its origin, cxxvi. Reformation in England), its poli-

548; original • Securities' in the tical effects not immediate, cxix.
Bill, ib., 549; conduct of the 247; completed by the Protector
Liberals, ib. ; announced as a rating Somerset, 251 ; liberty of con-
suffrage Bill, 550 ; dispute as to science not then established, ib.

compound householders,' 551 ; - change in ecclesiastical
illusory enfranchisement proposed courts effected by, cxxi. 152 ;
by the Government, ib.; direct and transfer of sacerdotal authority to
indirect ratepayers, 552; Mr. the Crown, 154; statute authority
Gladstone's motion for equality of therefor, 166
treatment defeated, 553 ; abolition --- its effects on church-worship,
of compound householders, ib., 1 cxxix. 177
553 ; Liberal demands conceded, 1 Reformation, the (in France), origin
555; the Bill no settlement, 556 ; of the movement, cxxiv. 88;
puny county suffrage and plan of exemplary conduct of early Re-
redistribution, ib.; its motley cba formers, ib. ; persecutions under
racter, 557 ; amendments in the Francis I., 89; increase of Pro-
Lords, 559; they destroy the testants, 90 and note; devices of
lodger franchise, ib. ; their vote priests to arrest its spread, 90; its
thereon reversed, 560 ; represen progress under the House of
tation of minorities, 561; the Valois, 91. See Huguenots
dual vote abandoned, 570; proba -- origin and progress of, cxxvii.
ble effects of the Act on Parlia-
ment, 579

Reformation in Scotland), consi-
- - its satisfactory settlement of dered as an epoch in Church
the franchise question, cxxviji. History, cxiv. 397 ; Mr. Buckle's
541 ; its effects on Parliament, absurd theory, 404; pupular share
543; it will destroy barriers to in, 405 ; possibility of less violent
social reform, ib.; immorality of measures examined, 406. See
its authorship, 557 ; folly of per Scotland, Church in
sonal payment of rates as a voting - antecedent causes of, cxix.
qualification, 562

185; intolerant support of, 186;
Reform Act (1867), small effects of, authority of the Kirk, 188

on the composition of Parliament, Reformation in Scotland), predispos-
cxxix. 288

ing causes of, cxx. 327; vast trans-
- results of, in connexion with fer of real property, ib.; expatria-
the proposed Ballot, cxxxiv. 584 ; tion of scholars in consequence of,
protection needed by village shop 329
keepers in voting, ib.

Reformatory Schools, prevent here-
Reformation, the, influences of ditary crime, cxxii. 354 ; the
Judaism on, cxvii. 189

Industrial Schools Act, 355;

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