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AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.

Area and Population.

The area and total number of inhabitants (civil and military) of the Monarchy are given as follows in the returns of the censuses of December 31, 1880 and 1890:

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For details of the various provinces see "Commercial Year Book," Volume II or III.

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The emigration statistics for Austria-Hungary are shown as follows:

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Fiscal Affairs.

The sources of revenue are indicated by the following budget estimates, for the common affairs of the Monarchy, for the year 1898:

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The branches of expenditure are shown in the following budget estimates for 1898:

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The income and expenditure of the Monarchy were as follows (in thousands of florins):

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The following table shows the growth of the debt of the Monarchy in thousands of florins:

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There is also to be reckoned a common floating debt amounting in December, 1896, to 138,919,109 florins. The cost of the general debt in 1897 was estimated at 126,799,554 florins, of which 96,488,601 florins was borne by Austria, and 30,310,953 florins by Hungary. The cost of the "special debt" of Austria was estimated at 71,649,258 million florins.

* The great sum of transitory revenue and expenditure is the result of the financial operation for the regulation of the standard of money. The gold-buying of the Government for this purpose represented 77.3 million florins.

Agriculture.

The products of the soil in Austria and Hungary were as follows:

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Austria produced, in 1896, 88,180,000 quintals of potatoes, and Hungary 35,644,000; of sugar beet Austria produced 59,348,000 quintals, and Hungary 15,469,000; beet (other), Austria, 24,426,000, and Hungary 31,159,000.

The produce of the vineyards in Austria in 1896 was 3,485,000 hectolitres; tobacco, 66,000 quintals; 100,000 quintals hops, 221,000 quintals hemp, and 394,000 quintals flax.

In 1891 the amount of beer produced in Austria-Hungary was 14,253,000 hectolitres; in 1892, 15,557,000 hectolitres; in 1893, 16,261,000 hectolitres; and in 1894, 16,772,000 hectolitres.

NOTE-1 hectare 2.47 acres. 1 hectolitre = 2.8375 bushels. 1 metre-centner = 110.23 pounds avoirdupois. 1 hectolitre = 26.417 gallons.

Mineral Products.

The following table shows the quantities and values, respectively, of the leading minerals and furnace products of Austria and Hungary in 1896:

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In 1897, Hungary produced 1,150,000 tons of coal and 4.130.000 tons lignite. In Austria-Hungary the output of pig iron in 1897 was 1,205,000 tons, and steel, 553,000 tons.

The following statement shows the production, imports, exports, and consumption of pig iron in Austria-Hungary, in metric tons:

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The entire commerce, comprising imports and exports of merchandise (specie excluded) and specie, together with customs receipts, is shown as follows, in millions of florins:

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The values of the imports and exports as between the United States and Austria-Hungary for the years ending June 30 were as follows:

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The principal articles of import from the United States for the year ending June 30, 1896, were as follows: Copper, $432,150; cotton, unmanufactured, $648,727; rosin and turpentine, $103,295; mineral oils, $100,360: cottonseed oil, $425,095. The exports to the United States were: Chemicals, drugs, and dyes, $557,418; buttons and button forms, 8517,335; earthen, stone, and china ware, $782,903; flax, hemp, and jute, manufactures of, $500,751; glass and glassware, $996,424; leather, and manufactures of, $406,705; malt liquors, $113,566; metals, and manufactures or, $194 338; silk, manufactures of, $203.680: sugar, beet, $931,263; wood, manufactures of, $101,640; wool cloths, $157,863.

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Shipping, Railroads, Post-Office, and Telegraphs. (See Index.)

Money and Banking.*

The issues from the Austro-Hungarian mint and the value of coin in circulation for 1896 are shown as follows, in florins: Gold-Four-ducat, 1,313,659; single ducat, 2,229,397; twenty and ten crown, 80,116,220. Silver-Levantine thalers, 6,455,600 (pieces); single crown, 4,022,871; bronze two and single heller, 1,072,942; State notes in circulation, 138,949,109; Austro-Hungarian bank notes in circulation, 659,726,360.

For the years 1891 to 1896 consult "Commercial Year Book," Volume III, page 35, and earlier years, Volumes I and II.

For gold and silver coins, see Index.

Of the total value of 385,506,000 florins, 232,342,000 florins were for Austria proper; and 153,164,000 florins for Hungary. THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN BANK.

The following are the statistics of the Austro-Hungarian Bank, in thousands of florins:

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1896.... 90,000 32,499 659,726 133,483 964,362 448,277 217,592 76,093 136,790 964,862

*For further information see this "Year Book," Volume I, page 113, "Banking," and page 63, "Monetary System."

The transactions of the Austro-Hungarian Bank in 1895 amounted to 2,532 million florins, against 2,311 millions in 1894; the discounts were 1,250 millions, against 1,076 millions the preceding year. At the close of 1895 the coin and bullion in the Bank amounted to 383 million florins, of which 250 millions consisted of gold, 127 millions silver, and 6 millions gold bills.

JOINT-STOCK AND PRIVATE BANKS.

The following are statistics for December 31, 1895, of the 54 Austrian, and for 1894 of the 241 Hungarian, joint-stock and private banks, in thousands of florins:

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In 1895 the number of savings-banks in Austria was 488, with 2,877,154 depositors and 1,597,619,000 florins; Hungary, in 1894, 595 banks, with 547,253,000 florins deposits.

The post-office savings-banks in Austria numbered 5,592 in 1896, with 1,205,793 depositors and 113,846.985 florins of deposits. Hungary, in 1896, had 4,019 banks, 295,597 depositors, and 10,427,000 florins deposits.

N. B.-For full particulars of "Monetary System" see "Commercial Year Book," Volume I,

page 63.

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