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(1) in the case of an economic poison(a) if it is adulterated or misbranded;

wise indicate that he is authorized by the Secretary to inspect, sample, or weigh tobacco under this chapter. [1935]

(c) if it fails to bear on its label the information required by sections 135-135k

(1947) Sec. 135k. Cooperation between department and agencies.

The Secretary is authorized to cooperate with any other department or agency of the Federal Government and with the official agricultural or other regulatory agency of any State, Territory, District, possession or any political subdivision thereof, in carrying out the provisions of sections 135–135k. and in securing uniformity of regulations. (1947) U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 7, Ch. 21A—"Tobacco

Inspection Act.
Sec. 511e. Weighing; fees; construction of section.

The Secretary, independently or in cooperation with other branches of the Government, State agencies, or persons, whether operating in one or more jurisdictions, is authorized to employ and/or license competent persons as

weighers to weigh and certify the weight of tobacco, or as inspectors of tobacco to determine and certify, upon the request of the owner or other financially interested person, the type, grade, weight, condition, and/or such other facts as the Secretary may deem necessary.

The Secretary is authorized to fix and collect such fees or charges in the administration of this section as he may deem reasonable, and the moneys collected, except as provided in this section, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous receipts. Fees or charges collected under an agreement with a State, municipality, or person, or by an individual licensed to inspect or weigh or sample tobacco under this chapter (Secs. 511-5119], may be disposed of in accordance with the terms of such agreement or license.

This section is intended merely to provide for the furnishing of services upon request of the owner or other person financially interested in tobacco to be sampled, inspected, or weighed and shall not be construed otherwise. [1935) Sec. 511i. Unlawful acts.

It shall be unlawful

Sec. 511k. Penalty for violations.

Any person violating any provisions of sections 511d and 51li of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. [1935] U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 7, Ch. 38—"Agricultural

Marketing Act of 1946."
Sec. 1622. Duties of secretary of agriculture.

The Secretary of Agriculture is directed and authorized:

(a) To conduct, assist, and foster research, investigation, and experimentation to determine the best methods of processing, preparation for market, packaging, handling, transporting, storing, distributing, and marketing agricultural products:

(c) To develop and improve standards of quality, condition, quantity, grade, and packaging, and recommend and demonstrate such standards in order to encourage uniformity and consistency in commercial practices.

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(h) To inspect, certify, and identify the class, quality, quantity, and condition of agricultural products when shipped or received in interstate commerce, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe, including assessment and collection of such fees as will be reasonable and as nearly as may be to cover the cost of the service rendered,

except that no person shall be required to use the service authorized by this subsection.

[1946) Sec. 1626. Agricultural products defined.

When used in this chapter (Secs. 1621–1629), the term "agricultural products" includes agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and dairy products, livestock and poultry, bees, forest products, fish and shellfish, and any products thereof, including processed and manufactured products, and any and all products raised or produced on farms and any processed or manufactured product thereof. [1946] U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 19, Ch. 1–Customs, Test

ing of Weighing and Measuring Apparatus at Ports. Sec. 40. Semiyearly comparison of weights and measures used in customhouses.

At ports at which there are a collector, comptroller, and surveyor, it shall be the duty of the surveyor, who shall be in all cases subject to the direction of the collector

(d) For any person employed, designated, or licensed by the Secretary as an inspector, sampler, or weigher of tobacco under this chapter (Secs. 5115119) knowingly to inspect, sample, or weigh improperly, or to issue any false certificate under this chapter, or to accept money or other consideration, directly or indirectly, for any neglect or improper performance of duty as an inspector, sampler or weigher.

(f) For any person falsely to represent or other

U.S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 19, Ch. 1-Customs, Testing

of Weighing and Measuring Apparatus at Ports -Continued.

First. To superintend and direct all inspectors, weighers, measurers, and gaugers within his port.

Par. 766. Sugar beets, 80 cents per ton of two thousand pounds;

Par. 779. Hay, $5 per ton of two thousand pounds; straw, $1.50 per ton of two thousand pounds; broom corn, $20 per ton of two thousand pounds; rice straw, and rice fiber, $10 per ton of two thousand pounds. Par. 1509. Buttons: Line button measure.

Provided, That the term “line" as used in this paragraph and paragraph 1510 shall mean the line button measure of one-fortieth of one inch. Sec. 1481. Weights and measures to be used in custom invoices.

(a) All invoices of merchandise to be imported into the United States shall set forth

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(4) The quantities in the weights and measures of the country or place from which the merchandise is shipped, or in the weights and measures of the United States; [1930]

Eighth. To examine, and, from time to time, and particularly on the first Mondays of January and July in each year, try the weights, measures, and other instruments used in ascertaining the duties on imports, with standards to be provided by each collector at the public expense for that purpose; and where disagreements or errors are discovered, to report the same to the collector; and to obey and execute such directions as he may receive for correcting the same, agreeably to the standards. [1799; last amended 1930.]

[Ed. Note.—In U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., following the foregoing section, it is stated: "Office of surveyor of customs abolished except in Port of New York, see section 5a of this

title."] U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 19, Ch. 3—Customs,

Bushel Weights.
Sec. 391. Legal weight of bushel for certain products.

For the purpose of estimating the duties on importations of grain, the number of bushels shall be ascertained by weight, instead of by measuring; and sixty pounds of wheat, fifty-six pounds of corn, fiftysix pounds of rye, forty-eight pounds of barley, thirtytwo pounds of oats, sixty pounds of peas, and forty. two pounds of buckwheat, avoirdupois weight, shall respectively be estimated as a bushel. (1866) U.S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 19, Ch. 4Customs, Units

and Invoices. Sec. 1001. Bushel weights of certain com

mmodities; ton; line button measure.

Par. 722. Barley, hulled or unhulled, 20 cents per bushel of forty-eight pounds;

Par. 724. Corn or maize, including cracked corn, 25 cents per bushel of fifty-six pounds;

Par. 726. Oats, hulled or unhulled, 16 cents per bushel of thirty-two pounds;

Par. 728. Rye, 15 cents per bushel of fifty-six pounds;

Par. 729. Wheat, 42 cents per bushel of sixty pounds;

Par. 734. Apples, green or ripe, 25 cents per bushel of fifty pounds;

Par. 738. Cider, 5 cents per gallon; vinegar, 8 cents per proof gallon: Provided, That the standard proof for vinegar shall be 4 per centum by weight of acetic acid.

Par. 747. Pineapples, 50 cents per crate of two and forty-five one hundredths cubic feet;

Par. 762. Oil-bearing seeds and materials: flaxseed, 65 cents per bushel of fifty-six pounds;

Sec. 1494. Expense of weighing and measuring.

In all cases in which the invoice or entry does not state the weight, quantity, or measure of the merchandise, the expense of ascertaining the same shall be collected from the consignee before its release from customs custody. [1930] U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 26, Ch. 26%"Internal Revenue Code," Intoxicating Liquor.

[ED. NOTE.-The Internal Revenue Code was approved on Feb. 10, 1939 (53 Stat. 1), and reenacted many of the provisions of earlier revenue laws. Secs. 2808, 2809, 2842, and 2845, below, trace their origin to Act of July 20, 1868, Ch. 186; and Sec. 3150 traces its origin to Act of July 13,

1866, Ch. 184.] Sec. 2808. Instruments to prevent and detect fraud.

For the prevention and detection of frauds by distillers of spirits, the Commissioner may prescribe for use such hydrometers, saccharometers, weighing and gauging instruments, or other means for ascertaining the quantity, gravity, and producing capacity of any mash, wort, or beer used, or to be used, in the production of distilled spirits, and the strength and quantity of spirits subject to tax, as he may deem necessary; and he may prescribe rules and regulations to secure a uniform and correct system of inspection, weighing, marking, and gauging of spirits. [1939] Sec. 2809. Standard of proof spirits; standard gallon.

(c) Proof spirits shall be held to be that alcoholic liquor which contains one-half of its volume of alcohol of a specific gravity of seven thousand nine hundred and thirty-nine ten-thousandths (.7939) at sixty degrees Fahrenheit.

(d) In all sales of spirits a gallon shall be held to be a gallon of proof spirit, according to the standard prescribed in the preceding subsection, set forth and

declared for the inspection and gauging of spirits throughout the United States. [1939]

other producer, or as an importer or wholesaler, of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages, or a bottler, or warehouseman and bottler, of distilled spirits, directly or indirectly or through an affiliate:

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Sec. 2842. Penalty for using false weights and measures.

Every person who knowingly uses any false weights or measures in ascertaining, weighing, or measuring the quantities of grain, meal, or vegetable materials, molasses, beer, or other substances to be used for distillation, shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $5,000, and imprisoned not less than one year nor more than three years. (1939) Sec. 2845. Authorized barrel of proof spirits.

Every distiller shall make a return of the number of barrels of spirits distilled by him, counting forty gallons of proof spirits to the barrel, whenever such return is demanded by the collector of the district. (1939) Sec. 3150. Fermented liquors: Standard barrel.

(a) There shall be levied and collected on all beer, lager beer, ale, porter, and other similar fermented liquor,

a tax of $7 for every barrel containing not more than thirty-one gallons, and at a like rate for any other quantity or for fractional parts of a barrel authorized and defined by law. In estimating and computing such tax, the fractional parts of a barrel shall be halves, thirds, quarters, sixths, and eighths; and any fractional part of a barrel, containing less than one-eighth, shall be accounted one-eighth; more than one-eighth, and not more than one-sixth, shall be accounted one-sixth; more than one-sixth, and not more than one-fourth, shall be accounted one-fourth; more than one-fourth, and not more than one-third, shall be accounted onethird; more than one-third, and not more than onehalf, shall be accounted one-half; more than one-half, and not more than one barrel, shall be accounted one barrel; and more than one barrel, and not more than sixty-three gallons, shall be accounted two barrels, or a hogshead.

The provisions of this section requiring the accounting of hogsheads, barrels, and fractional parts of barrels at the next higher quantity shall not apply where the contents of such hogsheads, barrels, or fractional parts of barrels are within the limits of tolerance established by the Commissioner by regulations which he is hereby authorized to prescribe with the approval of the Secretary; and no assessment shall be made and no tax shall be collected for

any ex. cess in any case where the contents of the hogsheads, barrels, or fractional parts of barrels heretofore oi hereafter used are within the limits of the tolerance so prescribed. (1939)

(e) To sell or ship or deliver for sale or shipment, or otherwise introduce in interstate or foreign commerce, or to receive therein, or to remove from customs custody for consumption, any distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages in bottles, unless such products are bottled, packaged, and labeled in conformity with such regulations, to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, with respect to packaging, marking, branding, and labeling and size and fill of container (1) as will prohibit deception of the consumer with respect to such products or the quantity thereof

(2) as will provide the consumer with adequate information as to

the net contents of the package,

[1935; last amended 1942.) U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 31, Ch. 8-Coins and

Coinage.
Sec. 316. Silver coins; weight.

The silver coins of the United States shall be a dollar; a half-dollar, or fifty-cent piece; a quarterdollar, or twenty-five-cent piece; and a dime, or tencent piece. The weight of said coins shall be that determined by the President under the provisions of section 821 of this title. [1873; last amended 1939.)

[ED. NOTE.—Under the “Regulations for the Transaction of Business at the Mints, Assay Offices, and Bullion Depositories of the United States," revised December 1, 1947, the weights of silver coins are as follows: Dollar, 412.5 grains; half-dollar, 192.9 grains; quarter-dollar, 96.45

grains; dime, 38.58 grains.] Sec. 317. Minor coins: Standard weight.

The minor coins of the United States shall be a five-cent piece, and a one-cent piece.

The weight of the piece of 5 cents shall be seventy-seven and sixteen-hundredths grains troy, and of the onecent piece, forty-eight grains. [1873; last amended 1890.) Sec. 349. Deviations allowed in adjusting weights: Silver coins.

In adjusting the weight of silver coins the following deviations shall not be exceeded in any single piece: In the dollar, six grains; in the half-dollar, four grains; in the quarter-dollar, three grains; and in the dime, one and one-half grains. [1873; last amended 1947.] Sec. 350. Same: Minor coins. In adjusting the weight of the minor coins

there shall be no greater deviation allowed than three grains for the 5-cent piece and two grains for the l-cent piece. [1873; last amended 1890.]

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U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 27, Ch. 8"Federal Al

cobol Administration Act.” Sec. 205. Marking requirements.

It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in business as a distiller, brewer, rectifier, blender, or

U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 31, Ch. 8Coins and age thereof shall be regulated. [1873; last amended Coinage-Continued.

1911.) Sec. 363. Assay commissioners.

Sec. 365. Standard weights for mints and assay offices. To secure a due conformity in the silver coins to It shall be the duty of the Director of the Mint to their respective standards of fineness and weight, the procure for each mint and assay office, to be kept judge of the District Court for the Eastern District of safely thereat, a series of standard weights correPennsylvania, the Comptroller of the Currency, the sponding to the standard troy pound of the Bureau of assayer of the assay office at New York, and such other Standards of the United States, consisting of a one. persons as the President shall, from time to time, pound weight and the requisite subdivisions and designate, shall meet as assay commissioners, at the multiples thereof, from the hundreths part of a grain mint in Philadelphia, to examine and test, in the to twenty-five pounds. The troy weight ordinarily presence of the Director of the Mint, the fineness employed in the transactions of such mints and asand weight of the coins reserved by the several mints say offices shall be regulated according to the above for this purpose, on the second Wednesday in Febru- standards at least once in every year, under the inary, annually, and may continue their meetings by spection of the superintendent and assayer; and the adjournment, if necessary. If a majority of the com- accuracy of those used at the mint at Philadelphia missioners fail to attend at any time appointed for

shall be tested annually, in the presence of the assay their meeting, the Director of the Mint shall call a commissioners, at the time of the annual examinameeting of the commissioners at such other time as tion and test of coins. [1873; last amended 1911.) he may deem convenient. If it appears by such ex

U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 18, Ch. 7—Coins and amination and test that these coins do not differ from the standard fineness and weight by a greater quan

Coinage, False Weights. tity than is allowed by law, the trial shall be con

Sec. 280. Alteration of weights or scales at mints or assay

offices. sidered and reported as satisfactory. If, however, any greater deviation from the legal standard or If any of the gold or silver coins struck or coined weight appears, this fact shall be certified to the at any of the mints of the United States President; and if, on a view of the circumstances of

shall be of less weight or value than the same ought the case, he shall so decide, the officers implicated to be, pursuant to law, or if any of the scales or in the error shall be thenceforward disqualified from

weights used at any of the mints or assay offices of holding their respective offices. (1873; last amended

the United States shall be defaced, altered, increased, 1934.]

or diminished through the fault or connivance of [ED. Note.--In U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., following the fore

any officer or person employed at the said mints or going section, it is stated:

"Words 'gold and'

assay offices, with a fraudulent intent; # preceding words 'silver coins' were omitted from original every such officer or person who commits any of the enactment of this section, inasmuch as the coinage of gold said offenses shall be fined not more than $10,000 or was discontinued and existing gold coins were withdrawn

imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. from circulation by section 315b of this title and all laws inconsistent therewith were repealed by section 446 of this

[1909] title."]

U. S. Code, 1946 Ed., Title 46, Ch. 2—Shipping, Sec. 364. Standard troy pound for regulation of coinage.

Register Tonnage. For the purpose of securing a due conformity in Sec. 77. Register tonnage defined. weight of the coins of the United States to the pro- The register tonnage of every vessel built within visions of the laws relating to coinage, the standard the United States or owned by a citizen or citizens troy pound of the Bureau of Standards of the United thereof shall be

in tons of one hundred States shall be the standard troy pound of the mint cubic feet each, to be ascertained as follows: of the United States, conformably to which the coin- [1864; last amended 1946.]

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Laws of the States, Territories, and Possessions of the United States

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Code 1940, Title 37, Ch. 10, Art. 5—Cities and Towns,

Regulation of Slaughter Houses Sec. 499 Slaughter houses may be established; weigh

ing of livestock; fees

ures

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Sec 587

588

591 592

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593

Code 1940, Title 2, Ch. 1, Art. 5—"Alabama Seed Law"
Sec. 45 (2) Definitions

50 45 (3) Marking requirements

51 45 (4) Prohibitions pertaining to marking require

ments
45 (5) Exemptions

51 45 (7) Duties and authority of state board of agriculture and industries

51 45 (8) Duties and authority of commissioner of agriculture and industries

51 45 (9) Seizure; penalty for violations; prosecutions 52

595

597

599 600 601 602 603

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605 606 607

52 52

State standards

43 Construction of contracts

43 Standards of weights and measures.

43 Custody of standards

43 Duties of commissioner

44 Local sealers: Appointment; custody of standards

44 Same: Terms; salaries; removal; bonds 44 Same: Records; reports

44 Same: Powers and duties

44 Sealing of weights and measures

45 Condemnation of weights and measures 45 Seizure of weights and measures

45 Police powers

45 Definitions

45 Offenses

45 Evidence

46 Misdemeanor to give short weight or measure 46 Bushel and barrel weights

46 Sale of ice regulated -

47 Bottles for milk and cream

47 Sale or use of non-standard bottles

47 Sealers' duties as to milk bottles

47 Coal: Weighing of on public scales

47 Same: Sold by weight; ton

47 Same: Delivery tickets

48 Packaged commodities: Marking require

ments
Same: Definitions

48 Fruits, nuts, vegetables and grain to be sold

by weight; exceptions; "original standard
container" defined

48 Standard containers for agricultural products 48 Rules and regulations; specifications and tolerances

48 Standard containers for farm products 49 Commodity sales by net weight only; exception

49 Presumptive evidence

49 Measuring devices for oil

49 Weighmasters

49 Same: Rights and duties

49 Same: Weight certificate

49 Same: Seals

49 Same: Records

49 Same: Contents of certificates of weights 49 Same: False weight certificates

49

610 611 612

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48

613 614

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615 616

53 53

617 618

619

Code 1940, Title 2, Ch. 1, Art. 12—Cotton, Seed Cotton,

and Gins Sec. 141 Cotton: Deduction from weight of

53 142 Same: Penalty for violating preceding section 53 143 Same: Warehouseman's record

53 150 Same: Purchaser's records

53 157 Same: Marking

53 161 Same: Sampling

53 162 Same: Moving before weighing

53 167 Seed cotton: Records

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