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EXPORT DUTIES, AND NEW TAX ON SHIPPING.

The duties on exports from Russia remain the same as before, as also the quarantine and additional duties, noticed in the report.

Since preparing the report, information has been received that a tax of three silver roubles, ($2 25,) per last, each voyage, has been laid on all the shipping, both foreign and Russian, trading to the port of St. Petersburg, for the use of the cook-house, dedicating the amount to the profit of the town of Cronstadt. The only exemption from the payment of this tax is in the case of the ship proceeding to St. Petersburg without entering the harbor. It is the intention of the Government to request the vice consuls of the different nations to collect this revenue.

MONEYS, WEIGHTS, AND MEASURES OF RUSSIA.

MONEYS.

Abstract of the imperial oukaz (manifest) of 1st July, 1839. The silver rouble of the present coinage, and all its parts, is, from henceforward, the principal, unchangeable, and legal measure or standard (monetary unit) of the currency; and consequently all taxes, dues, and contributions, and all payments and salaries, are to be cast into silver.

The bank notes are to remain as a sign of value, which is fixed at 30. roubles 50 copecks, bank notes, per silver rouble, whether in roubles or in the smaller parts.

At this rate, it is at the option of individuals to pay in silver coin or bank notes all Government taxes and dues; all payments by particularized scales, as postages, stamps, passports, &c., and all contributions levied under or payable to Government.

All agios, in silver and bank notes, are prohibited; exchanges are fixed in silver, and price currents are made out in the same; and no exchanges or prices in bank notes are allowed to be quoted.

Gold coin is received and paid by the credit establishment (i. e. the commission for extinguishing the debts of the empire, banks, &c.) at an advance of 3 per cent. on its original value, viz: the imperial at 10 roubles 30 copecks, and the half imperial at 5 roubles 15 copecks.

The treasurer's and credit establishments are not permitted to receive all Russian coin, old and new, unless clipped, punched, or filed.

Copper coin in circulation is to be received at 34 copecks per silver copeck, with some modifications.

By a manifest of July 1, 1841, His Imperial Majesty ordered the issue of notes of 50 roubles of silver, of a new form, to the amount of 30 millions of silver roubles, to be advanced against securities of immovable property, half the interest to be made by the banks of Moscow, and the other half those of St. Petersburg.

These notes were to be placed on the same footing as the notes then in circulation, and to be convertible into the precious metals on demand. For every issue of such notes, to any amount, the banks are obliged to deposite coin to the value of not less than one-sixth of the amount of notes so issued.

WEIGHTS.

For weighing precious stones, gold, or silver, the troy weight is used. The heavy goods, such as iron, hemp, tallow, &c., they weigh by the bercowitz, a nominal weight, containing ten one-poud weights.

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The verst contains 500 sagenes, 7 feet English=1 sagene.

The sagene contains 3 archenes.

The archene contains 16 verschokes 28 English inches.
The verschoke is 13 English inches.

To reduce the Russian archene into English inches, multiply by 7 and divide by 9.

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The vedro, which was definitely determined at 750 cubical English inches for its contents, is the standard liquid measure; it contains about 30 Russian pounds of river water; 13 English wine gallons contain about 4 vedros; 152 beer gallons contain 57 vedros.

Dry measure.

1 bag of rye flour weighs 9 pounds, or 360 Russian poods=40 poods per pound, dry measure.

1 bag of wheat flour weighs 5 pounds, or 200 Russian poods.

60 Russian tschverics contain about 14 English Winchester bushels."

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The desateen is in length 80 sagenes, and in breadth 30 sagenes, making 2,400 square sagenes, or 117,000, square feet.

No 6.

TARIFF (IN PART)

OF

IMPORTATION INTO SWEDEN.

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