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DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION.

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR.

. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIRST; CONGRESS, Houses

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SECOND SESSION

ON

Section 805 of H.R. 16098

TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS AND IN EMPLOYMENT IN EDUCATION; TO EXTEND THE EQUAL PAY ACT SO AS TO PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL AND EXECUTIVE EMPLOYMENT; AND TO EXTEND THE JURISDICTION OF THE U.S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL

RIGHTS TO INCLUDE SEX

Part 1
HEARINGS HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C.,

JUNE 17, 19, 26, 29, 30, 1970

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

CARL D. PERKINS, Chairman

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1970

50-147

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CONTENTS

(Subject Index of Testimony and Materials on page 1257)

Hearings held in Washington, D.C.:

June 17, 1970.

June 19, 1970-

June 26, 1970.

June 29, 1970-

June 30, 1970-

Text of section 805 of H.R. 16098..

Statement of -

Allan, Virginia R., Chairman, the President's Task Force on Women's

Rights and Responsibilities.

Blank, Mrs. Diane, and Mrs. Susan D. Ross, Women's Rights Com-

mittee of New York University Law School, accompanied by

Frances Schreiberg Debbie Ginsburg, Nancy Ennis, Edith Barnett,

Bonnie Brower, Mary Kelly, Susan Perlstadt, Marion Davison,

Janice Goodman, and Liz Dunst -

Dowding, Dr. Nancy, president, Women's Equity Action League; and

counselor, Cuyahoga Community College --

Fields, Mrs. Daisy, president, Federally Employed Women..

Fitzgerald, Dr. Laurine E., associate dean of students and professor of

education, Michigan State University-

Harmon, Mrs. Myra Ruth, president, National Federation of Busi-

ness and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc.; Jean Ross, chairman,

National Legislative Committee, American Association of Univer-

sity Women; Dr. Elizabeth Boyer, immediate past president, Wom-

en's Equity Action League; Commissioner Wilma Scott Heide,

Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission, behavioral scientist,

American Institutes for Research; and Dr. Ann Scott, University of

Buffalo, representing the National Organization for Women: a panel.

Harris, Ann Sutherland, assistant professor of art history, Columbia

University, representing Columbia Women's Liberation; Pauli Mur-

ray, professor of American studies, Brandeis University; and

Bernice Sandler, chairman, Action Committee for Federal Contract

Compliance in Education, Women's Equity Action League.-

Komisar, Lucy, writer and a national vice president of the National

Organization for Women..

Norris, Frances S., M.D., Washington, D.C..

Roberts, Mrs. Sylvia, attorney, secretary of the Louisiana Commission

on the Status of Women, and regional director of the South, National

Organization for Women..

Schuck, Dr. Victoria, professor of political science, Mount Holyoke

College, South Hadley, Mass...

Shaw, Mrs. Daisy K., director of educational and vocational guidance

of New York City, and past president, Directors of Guidance of

Large City School Systems of the American Personnel and Guidance

Association..

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.:

Allan, Virginia R., chairman, the President's Task Force on Women's

Rights and Responsibilities, median annual salaries of teaching staff

in colleges and universities by sex, 1965-66 (table) --

Blank, Mrs. Diane, representing the Women's Rights Committee of

New York University Law School:

"Sex Discrimination and Protective' Labor Legislation," an

article entitled..

Statement of the Women's Rights Committee of New York

University School of Law...

(III)

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510

260

286
242
273
265

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.—Continued

Boyer, Dr. Elizabeth, immediate past president, Woman's Equity

Action League:

"A Matter of Simple Justice," a pamphlet entitled.

"Jurisdictional Statement," a Supreme Court brief entitled.

Presentation in behalf of the Women's Equity Action League

(WEAL) -

"Sex Bias Suit Filed by Woman Over Job," an article entitled..

"Woman Charges Ohio AFL-CIO With Favoring Male Mem-

bers,” an article entitled..

Fields, Mrs. Daisy, president, Federally Employed Women, "High-

lights," an article entitled.

Fitzgerald, Dr. Laurine E., associate dean of students and professor

of education, Michigan State University, “References Cited,” a

reference list entitled

Harmon, Mrs. Myra Ruth, president, National Federation of Busi-

ness and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc.:

Fact sheet on the earnings gap-

Prepared statement of

Harris, Ann Sutherland, assistant professor, art history, Columbia

University:

"Columbia Women's Liberation," an article entitled...
"Kinder, Kuche, Kirche as Scientific Law: Psychology Con-

structs the Female," an article entitled.
Statement of..
“The Building of the Gilded Cage," an article entitled.

“The Politics of Housework," an article entitled.

Heide, Wilma Scott, commissioner, Pennsylvania Human Relations

Commission:

"Action Resolutions, National Organization for Women," an

article entitled...

"Fact Sheet on the American Family in Poverty,' an article

entitled

"Fact Sheet on Women," an article entitled.

Prepared statement on S. 2453.

Testimony advocating H.R. 16098, section 805.

"Women In Poverty-Jobs and the Need for Jobs," an article

entitled.--

Komisar, Lucy, writer, and a national vice president of NOW:

Employment ratio of men to women at United Press Interna-

tional, 1969–70 (table) ---
Employment ratio of men and women at UPI Television News

Corporation (table)

May, Hon. Catherine, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Washington, statement of -

Mink, Hon. Patsy, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Hawaii, statement of .

Murray, Dr. Pauli, professor of American studies, Brandeis University:

Appendix 1.-Job Discrimination and the Black Woman.

Appendix 2.-Fact sheet on nonwhite women workers.--

Fact sheet on “Educational Attainment of Nonwhite Women,'

an article entitled --

Labor force participation rates (table)

"Labor Laws Affecting Private Household Workers," an article

entitled...

Statement of

Table 1.-Number of men and women graduating with honors

1961-1970

Table 2.- Number of men and women graduating with honors,

1961-1970.

Table 3.-Men and women faculty of Arts and Sciences, 1969–

1970.

Why women complain (chart) -

"Women Private Household Workers Fact Sheet,” an article

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entitled

"Women Workers Today," an article entitled.

357

350

Prepared statements, letters, supplemental material, etc.—Continued

Norris, Frances S., M.D., Washington, D.C.:

"Choosing A Medical School," an article entitled..

'Disaster Aid Given Schools of Medicine," an article entitled-

Excerpt from letter to Chairman Green.--

"Facts on Prospective and Practicing Women in Medicine,

publication entitled..

"Increase is Urged in Black Doctors, a newspaper article en-

titled

Letter from Harry W. Linde, Ph. D., assistant professor, North-

western University, dated April 8, 1970..

Letter from Donald M. Pitcairn, M.D., director, Physician

Education Branch, HEW, dated November 10, 1969

“Medical Schools: HEW Funded Half of 68 Expenses,

article entitled..

Medical Womanpower," an article entitled.

"Reasons for Petitions of the Alumnae Association, an article

entitled..

Sex distribution of students and graduates, 1968-69 (table 3)

Statement of...

Study of U.S. medical school applicants, 1968–69 (table) -

"Studying Attitudes of the Medical Profession Towards Women

Physicians,” a survey entitled --

Summary of medical school financial reports, 1958-68 (table 28).--

U.S. medical schools ranked in order of percentage of women

students enrolled (table) -

Roberts, Mrs. Sylvia, attorney, secretary of the Louisiana Commission

on the Status of Women:

Appendix: Suggestions to the EEOC.

Hacker, Dr. Sally, president, Houston Chapter NOW, statement

to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission..

Statement of

Ross, Mrs. Jean, chairman, National Legislative Committee, American

Association of University Women:

Letter to President Nixon, dated June 16, 1970, from the American

Association of University Women

"Rebelling Women—The Reason, an article from the U.S.

News & World Report-

Statement of.--

Sandler, Dr. Bernice, chairman, Action Committee for Federal Con-
tract Compliance in Education, WEAL:
Dowding, Nancy E., Ph. D., president, Women's Equity Action

League, letter to Secretary Schultz, dated January 31, 1970.---
"Equal Employment Opportunity Provisions Directly Related to

Education or Training,” an article entitled.---

Percentage of doctorates awarded to women in selected fields

(table)

"Sex Discrimination in Universities and Colleges, an article

entitled

"Some Reasons Why It Is Difficult for Girls to Get Good Counsel-

ing,” an article entitled-

Statement of

"Women's Equity Action League.-Universities and Colleges

Charged With Sex Discrimination Under Executive Order

11246 as Amended,” a compilation entitled.---

Schuck, Dr. Victoria, professor of political science, Mount Holyoke

College, South Hadley, Mass.:

"Some Additional Statistics," an article entitled.

“The American Political Science Association Committee on the

Status of Women in the Profession.-A Progress Report,

September 1970," a report entitled...

"Women in Political Science: Some Preliminary Observations,"

a magazine article entitled...

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315

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