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1. LORD WILLIAM RUSSELL PARTING WITH HIS FAM- England, Bank of-Hogg's Instructor,
ILY, painted by Bridges, engraved by Sartain. Emperor's, The, Night Adventure, 2. ATALIBA BECEIVING THE LAST EMBRACES OF HIS Epidemics — Westminster and Foreign Quar
FAMILY, painted by Colin, engraved by Sar- terly Review,
tain. 3. PORTRAIT OF MI48 PARDOE, painted by Lilley, en
F. graved by Sartain. 4. ARREST OF LADY JANE GREY, painted by
Faith and Reason.—See Reason.
Human Progress-Westminster Review,
Humboldt's Aspects of Nature in Different Arctic Voyages, The-New Monthly Magazine. 414
Lands- North British Review, Accommodation Bill, The Chambers's Edin
Hundred Years Ago-Patriot, burgh Journal, .
History of Epidemics.-See Epidemics.
House of Brandenburg, History of.-See
Brandenburg Battle of Trafalgar.-See Trafalgar.
Knowledge, Superficial, on Mr. Macaulay's
Praise of-Fraser's Magazine, Brandenburg, History of the House of-English Review,
Locke and Sydenham-North British ReCanada, Conquest of_English Review,
vier, Christopher under Canvass.-See Dies Boreales.
Lycanthropy-'Chambers's Edinburgh Jour: Chemistry of the Stars—British Quarterly
nal, Review, .
Life and Genius of Rabelais. - See Rabelais. Cordelier, The, of Sisteron- New Monthly Last Days of Mirabeau.—See Mirabeau. Magazine,
Last of the lucas, China and the Chinese-Dublin University Life Assurance, What is ?-North British Re: Magazine,
view, Chalmers, the late Doctor, Life of_Tait's Life of Howard.— See Howard. Magazine,
400 Life of the late Dr. Chalmers.-Seo Chalmers. Christendom and Turkey. See Turkey.
Lady Jane Grey. - Chopin, Frederic, the Pianist-Bentley's Miscellany, .
M. California. --Sharpe's Magazine.
Memoir of Myself,
Mirabeau, Last Days of – Dublin University
Man, Natural History of.—See Natural HisDies Boreales, No, 5—Blackwoods Magazine, 112
tory. Death of the Queen Dowager-Britannia, 274 Mayfield, Maurice; or, Never too LateDenmark, Winter Pictures of—Taits Maga
Mrs. Ellis's Morning Call, zine,
626 | MISCELLANEOUS.-Hungarian Crown,
Russell, Lord William,
Reason and Faith, their Claims and Conflicts
Romance of the Peerage.- See Peerage.
Sontag, Henrietta-Tait's Magazine, ·
Selkirk, Alexander-Hogg's Instructor,
Stars, Chemistry of.-See Chemistry.
Sphynx's Riddle-Hogg's Instructor, .
Trafalgar, Battle of— Fraser's Magazine, 63, 236
Voyages, The Arctic.-See Arctic.
Vienna, Legend of.-See Emperor.
What is Life Assurance I-See Life Assurance.
1. Lectures on the Races of Men. By Robert Knox, M.D., F.R.S.E. Medical
Times. 2. The Philosophy of the Human Hand. Translated from the French of M. Le
Caine. S. D'Arpentigny. Medical Times. 3. Modern Painters. By a Graduate of Oxford. London : Smith, Elder & Co.,
We have grouped these works together, whether king, kaisar, carle, or earl? The though apparently dissimilar, because they philosophical spirit does not deal in polemics, all bear upon the question of all others im- and abuse of individuals helps to perpetuate portant to man, viz., human progress, phys- abuses. But Dr. Knox seems to us rather ical and mental. The lectures of Dr. Knox to be an acute perceiver than a sound reahave excited considerable interest, and de- soner, and somewhat prone, like the actor servedly so; but we regard them as valua- Dennis, to cry out, " That's my thunder !" ble rather by inciting discussion than for the But we respect him for things which he has, soundness of their philosophy.
not expecting those he has not; and very thorough appreciation for all earnest men, valuable is he in his day and generation. even when their faith is questionable, and If we understand Dr. Knox's theory, it is thoroughly recognizing the earnestness of that men were originally created of differing Dr. Knox, we cannot sympathize with the races, like the wild animals, and that howvituperative tone he uses toward the mental ever they may mingle in marriage, there is a inferiorities of the world, who, for their mis- constant tendency for the mixed race to die fortune and ours, may be put in high places. off, and the races to revert to their original We do not use terms of abuse to the sloth, types. More than this, he assumes that or the slug, or tiger, or hyæna, when dis- these original types are constantly disappearcussing their peculiarities; and why should ing, if we may judge from his words: “All we do
to man when he is unfortunate things seem to move in cycles; races enough to be misfitted to his occupation, ceed races on the stage of the world.”
VOL XIX. NO. I.
Regarding man simply as an animal, this Premising that we believe in the ultimate proposition may hold good ; but contempla- eradication of vicious qualities from man, in ting him as a highly intellectual being, pos- other words, in the fitting application of all sessing imagination and wisdom, the argu- man's qualities to uses beneficial to himself ment is utterly worthless. There can be no and his fellow-men, as intended from the bedoubt that our orchard apples, were England ginning, we will endeavor to set forth our dispeopled, would all revert to crabs, and we own views as to the processes he has passed have, moreover,
through, and has yet to pass through. We "Some tough old crab-trees here at home, that will may assume either of two theories,—that
man was created civilized and lapsed into a Be grafted to our relish."
savage, or that he was created a savage ab
inilio. In his savage state, he could only But "so long as England is England,” subsist on food of spontaneous growth-the that is, inhabited by a race of men, in the vegetables of the earth, or the animals feedlarger sense of the word, there is more ing on those vegetables. So long as he chance of a crab-tree becoming a curiosity could procure food in plenty he would not than of apples being extinct. The philoso be ferocious, but pressed by hunger he would phy of Dr. Knox would form the whole races be, like any of the carnivorous tribes, a fierce of men into castes—creatures of instinct, not savage.
He would war on his fellow-man to of will. The world's history is yet but the appropriate the scarce food, and this is predawn of mankind, and the reasoning built cisely the practice that obtains amongst the thereon lacks sufficient data. The original red tribes of men in America. Gregarious types of man seem to us capable of infinite man first associated, as distinct herds of catvariety, and that we are in a state of con
tle do, for self-protection. His food was stant progress from lesser to greater-from wild animals. As they became scarce, hunplainness to beauty-from stupidity to high ger ensued, and to prevent this, a species of intellect—from loatnsome animality to high property-tribal property-was assumed unand divine morality.
Thus far we may
der the title of “ hunting-grounds," the claim agree with Dr. Knox, that the inferior types being nearly of the same kind as a strong of man are disappearing and the superior in-lion or tiger might assume. The numbers creasing, as the cycles roll on,
of the tribes increasing, they preyed on each
other's hunting-grounds, and thus induced « And the thoughts of men are widened with the war, whereby the numbers of men being reprocess of the suns."
duced, the numbers of animals increased, and In both Dr. Knox and M. D’Arpentigny, the peace followed. This was the state of the love of theory seems to lead them to a Pro- red men at the advent of Columbus, and is crustean process of bending all things to their state still, save where the white men their own fancy. Doubtless each human have come in amongst them. It is the state being is born with a peculiar natural apti- of the Arab tribes in Africa also. It is the tude, as are dogs and horses, and each hu- state of all nations of men where the animal man being will prove valuable to the world faculties are in excess of the reasoning. It and to himself as this aptitude is developed ; has been more or less the state of Ireland up but we hold that, in order to be perfect, to the present time. The law of prey, reasoning man must be a compendium of all which is the original law of nature, can only that is desirable in man; and that, out of the be abrogated by the law of human reason, whole races of men upon the earth will arise, which, in its approach to perfection, will in some future day, the mixed, or rather, gradually disperse those imperfections we are perhaps, we should say, the restored race, accustomed to class under the name of that will realize the dream of man's perfect- “evil.” ibility. Saxon industry, Celtic art, Arab The origin of race, therefore, is very easy passion, Negro hilarity, are all high qualities to understand. It is obvious that in å sav
a of man; and when they shall be combined age state the term strongest applies to the in the same individuals, instead of existing man of the most perfect animal faculties. separately, a harmonious world will be the Good ears, sharp eyes, strong teeth, good result. Man, divided into distinct types, re- health, and nervous and muscular energy, sembles the lame man mounted on the would constitute the strong man; vice versa shoulders of the blind man, recorded in one the weak man. A portion more or less of of Mrs. Barbauld's stories, producing a result cunning superadded to these qualities would by very imperfect processes.
constitute à chief of men, or king-König,