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Caspar's sense of feeling, and susceptibility of metallick and magnetick excitement,' were also very extraordinary. When professor Daumer, by way of experiment, held the north pole of a magnet towards him," he put his hand to the pit of his stomach, and, drawing his waistcoat in an outward direction, remarked that the magnet drew him thus, and that a current of air seemed to proceed from him. The south pole affected him less powerfully; and he said that it appeared like a current of air blowing upon him.
In regard to his sensibility to the presence of metals, and his power to distinguish them from each other merely by his feel. ings, one or two instances may suffice. On entering a store filled with hardware, he immediately hurried out again, being affected with violent shuddering, and complaining that he felt a drawing sensation in every part of his body, and in all directions at once. Upon a person's slipping a gold coin into Caspar's hand without his seeing it, he immediately remarked, that he felt gold in his hand. At a time when Caspar was absent, professor Daumer once placed a gold ring, a brass and steel compass, and a silver drawing pen under some paper, and in such a manner that it was impossible for him to see what was concealed under it. Mr. Daumer then directed him to move his finger over the paper without touching it. He did so; and by the difference of the sensation and the power of attraction which the various metals caused him to feel at the points of his fingers, he accurately distinguished and described them all, each from the other, according to its respective matter and form.
With a view to deceive him, Caspar was once required, in the presence of several distinguished gentlemen, to run his hand over the paper, when, as they supposed, nothing was concealed under it. After moving his finger over it, he exclaimed, “ there it draws."
“But this time," replied professor Daumer, as he withdrew the paper, “ you are mistaken, for nothing lies under it.” Caspar seemed, at first, to be somewhat embarrassed; but putting his finger again to the place where he thought he had felt the drawing, he assured them more positively than before, that he there felt a drawing. The oil cloth was then removed ; and upon making a stricter search, a needle was actually found under it.
But notwithstanding the interest and instruction to be derived from an examination of Caspar's physical and physiological aspect, the contemplation of his intellectual powers and of their development and operation, after having lain so long dormant, opens up a field still more richly stored with novelty and just subjects of philosophical investigation : and whilst we here dis: cover the acuteness of his natural understanding, we are, at the same time, enabled to draw exact conclusions concerning the fate of his life, and the state of utter neglect in which his mind had so long been left by the profligacy and baseness of human beings. Though his heart was filled with a child-like gentleness and kindness, which rendered him incapable of hurting a worm or a fly, much less, a man--though, in all the various relations of life, his conduct evinced that his soul was as pure and spotless as the reflex of the eternal in the soul of an angel, yet, as has already been observed, he brought with him from his durigeon to the light of the world, not an idea, not the least presen: timent of the existence of a God, not the shadow of a belief in a more elevated, invisible intelligence than himself: Raised like an animal, slumbering even while awake, in the desert of his narrow dungeon, sensible only of the crudest wants of ani. mal nature, occupied with nothing but the taking of his food and the eternal sameness of his wooden horses, his life may
*Eks-site'ment. bWer. •Eks-pèr'e 'ment. To'ůrdz him-not, to. egard' sim. •Dor mant-not, munt.
be compared to that of an oyster, which, adhering to its rock, is sensible of nothing but the absorption of its food, and perceives nothing but the everlasting, uniform dashing of the waves, finding in its narrow shell no room for the most limited idea of a world without. But Caspar was soon enabled to form a just conception of spiritual existences, and of a God; and he has now become as sincerely pious as he is innocent and amiable.
In October, 1828, an attempt was made, at mid-day, to mur. der Caspar in the house of his patron and tutor, professor Daumer, with whom he then resided. The foul assassin who rush. ed in upon him, gave him a severe wound in his forehead with a sharp in, trument, which was supposed to have been aimed at his throat The blood-thirsty wretch (who is believed to be known at Nuremberg, and is supposed to be either the former kepper of ( aspar, or one instrumental in his incarceration) made his escape, and, at the time of the writing of this narrative, had continued 13 elude the arm of justice.
In 1831 Caspar was adopted, by the Earl of Stanhope, as his foster son; and long ered this, he has probably taken him home with him to England.* Thus, this tender plant has happily been transferred to a more genial soil, where it will be nourished and protected from the rude blasts of a bustling world. *
a14-10-zőf'fe-kål. båne'jèl. Eg-zist'ense-not, unse. dåre.
* The earthly career of the ill-fated Caspar Hauser, was short; his life, enigma. tically wonderful; his end, tragical. On the 14th of December, 1833, he was met in the Palace Garden, at Anspach, by the same villain (according to Caspar's account) that attempted to assassinate him in 1828. In this last attempt, the assassin was
SECTION XI. Traits of Indian Character.-IRVING. THERE is something in the character and habits of the North American savage', taken in connexion with the scenery over which he is accustomed to range', its vast lakes', boundless for: ests', majestick rivers', and trackless plains', that is', to my mind', wonderfully striking and sublime'. He is formed for the wilderness', as the Arab is for the desert'. His nature is stern', simple', and enduring'; fitted to grapple with difficulties' and to support privations'. There seems but little soil in his heart for the growth of the kindly virtues'; and yet', if we would but take the trouble to penetrate through that proud stoicism and habitual taciturnity which lock up his character from casual observation', we should find him linked to his fel. low man of civilized life by more of those sympathies and af: fections than are usually ascribed to him'.
It was the lot of the unfortunate aborigines of America', in the early periods of colonization', to be doubly wronged by the white men'. They have been dispossessed" of their hereditary domains by mercenary and frequently wanton warfare'; and their characters have been traduced by bigoted and interestede writers'. The colonist'. . has often treated them like beasts of the forest'; and the author'. . has endeavoured to justify him in his outrages'. The former found it easier to exterininate than to civilize the latter', to vilify than to discriminate'. The appellations of savage and pagan', were deemed sufficient to
aFor-not, fer, nor, f'r. bin hiz heart—not, in iz art. cto him-not, to im. Dis-pôz-zést'. In'tériést-êd.
but too successful in the accomplishment of his diabolical purpose. Drawing sud. denly a concealed dagger, he plunged it twice into the breast of Caspar, who, after lingering three days, expired of his wounds. The villain fled; and, at the date of the latest accounts, he had not been apprehended. Suspicion had fallen upon a merchant of Bavaria.- It appears that Lord Stanhope had not taken Caspar to Eng. land; but, up to the time of his death, had contributed to his support at Anspach.
* These extracts are not designed to supersede the labours of the worthy transla. tor of "Caspar Hauser," but are presented with the view of bringing these labours into notice-of recommending to the reading portion of the community, one of the most interesting and valuable publications of the present day-a cheaplittle volume which opens a new and rich vein of instruction, not unworthy the attention of the physiologist, the naturalist, and the philosopher
sanction the hostilities of both'; and thus'. . the
poor wanderers of the forest were persecuted and defamed', not because they were'-. . guilty', but because they were'... ignorant'.
The rights of the savage have seldom been properly appreciated or respected by the white man'. In peace', he has too often been the dupe of artful traffick'; in wur', he has been regarded as a ferocious animal', whose life or death was a question of mere precaution and convenience'. Man is cruelly wasteful of life when his own safety is endangered', and he is sheltered by impunity'; and little mercy is to be expected from him when he feels the sting of the reptile'," and is conscious of the power to destroy'.
The same prejudices which were indulged thus early', exist', in common circulation', at the present day'. Certain learned societies', it is true', have endeavourde', with laudable diligence', to investigate and record the real characters and manners of the Indian tribes'. The American government', too', has wisely and humanely exerted itself to inculcate a friendly and forbearing spirit towards them', and to protect them from fraud anda injustice'. The current opinion of the Indian character', however', is too apt to be formed from the miserable hordes which infest the frontiers', and hang on the skirts of the settlements'. These'.. are too commonly composed of degenerate beings', corrupted and enfeebled by the vices of society', without being benefited by its civilization'. That proud independence which formed the main pillar of savage virtue', has been shaken down', and the whole moral fabrick lies in ruins'. Their spirits'. . are humiliated and debased by a sense of inferiority', and their native courage'. .cowed and daunted' by the superiourknowledge and power of their enlightened neighbours'. Society has advanced upon them like one of those withering airs that will sometimes breathe desolation over a whole region of fertility'. It has enervated their strength', multiplied their diseases', and superinduced
upon their original barbarity the low vices of artificial life . It has given them a thousand superfluous wants', whilst it has diminished their means of mere existence'. It has driven before it the animals of the chase', which fly from the sound of the axe and the smoke of the settlement', and seek refuge in the depths of remoter forests and yet untrodden wilds'. Thus do we too often find the Indiansi on our frontiers to be the mere wrecks and remnants of once powerful tribes', that have lingered in the vicinity of the settlements',e and sunk into precarious and vagabond existence'. Poverty', repining and hopeless poverty', a canker of the mind unknown in savage lile', cor. rodes their spirits', and blights every free and noble quality of their natures. They become drunken', indolent', feeble', thiey. ish', and pusillanimous'. They loiter', like vagrants', about the settlements', among spacious dwellings replete with elaborate comforts', which only render them sensible of the comparative wretchedness of their own condition'. Luxury'. . spreads its ample board before their eyes'; but they are excluded from the banquet'. Plenty'. . revels over the fields'; but they are starving in the midst of its abundance':' the whole wilderness has blos. somed into a garden; but they feel as reptiles that infest it'.
a Wér, - Rép'til. «Gåv'ůrn'ment-not, guv'ur'munt. dånd—not, un. eset-t'ments-not, munts. fDånt'éd. E-nêr'vå 'tëd. b Eg-zist'énse. In'de-anz
How different was their state', while yet the undisputed lords of the soil'! Their wants were few', and the means of gratification within their reach'. They saw every one round them sharing the same lot', enduring the same hardships', feeding on the same aliments', arrayed in the same rude garments'. No roof then rose'. . but it was open to the homeless stranger'; no smoke curled among the trees'. . but he was welcome to sit down by its fire', and join the hunter in his repast'. “For',”
says an old historian of New-England', “their life is so void of care', and they are so loving also', that they make use of those things they enjoy as common goods', and are therein so compassionate that rather than one should starve through want', they would starve all': thus do they pass their time merrily', not regarding our pomp', but are better content with their own', which some men esteem so meanly of'.” Such were the Indians', whilst in the pride and energy of their primitive natures'. They resemble those wild plants which thrive best in the shades of the forest', but shrink from the hand of cultivation', and perish beneath the influence of the sun'.
In discussing the savage character', writers have been too prone to indulge in vulgar prejudice and passionate exaggeration', instead of the candid temper of true philosophy'. They have not sufficiently considered the peculiar circumstances in which the Indians have been placed', and the peculiar principles under which they have been educated'. No being acts more rigidly from rule than the Indian'. His whole conduct is regulated according to some general maxims early implanted in his mind'. The moral laws that govern him', are', to be sure', but few'; but then', he conforms to them all'; the white man abounds in laws of religion', morals', and manners'; but how many does he violate'!
*Eg-zist'ense. bA-bůn'dånsem-not, dunse. •Wér. F2-los'd'fe.