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COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE

WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington, Chairman JOHN O. PASTORE, Rhode Island

NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire VANCE HARTKE, Indiana

HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania PHILIP A, HART, Michigan

WINSTON PROUTY, Vermont HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada

JAMES B. PEARSON, Kansas RUSSELL B, LONG, Louisiana

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan FRANK E. MOSS, Utah

HOWARD H. BAKER, JR., Tennessee ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, South Carolina CHARLES E. GOODELL, New York DANIEL K, INOUYE, Hawaii

MARLOW W. COOK, Kentucky
JOSEPH D. TYDINGS, Maryland
WILLIAM B. SPONG, JR., Virginia

FREDERICK J. LORDAN, Staff Director

MICHAEL PERTSCHUK, Chief Counsel
ARTHUR PANKOPF, Jr., Minority Staff Director
HENRI F. Rush, Jr., Minority Staff Counse

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SEPTEMBER 30, 1970
Mansur, Dr. George Frank, Jr., statement by--

Biographical sketch..
Prepared statement-
Symington, Hon. Stuart, U.S. Senator from Missouri, letter of Septem-

ber 30, 1970.
Tower, Hon. John G., U.S. Senator from Texas, letter of September

29, 1970. Opening statement by Senator SpongSmith, Adm. Willard J., statement by

Biographical sketch..

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OCTOBER 1, 1970
Opening statement by Senator Hart..
Dennison, David S., Jr., statement by-

Biographical sketch..
Saxbe, Hon. William B., U.S. Senator from Ohio.-

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OCTOBER 6, 1970
Cain, Mrs. Clarissa, president, Consumers Education & Protective Associa-

tion International, Inc., Philadelphia, Pa.
Dempsie, Garlen, chairman, Consumers Education & Protective Asso-

ciation International, Inc.-
Rice, Mrs. Florence M., president, Harlem Consumer Education Council..
Weiner, Max, executive director, Consumer Education and Protective
Association..
Prepared statement..

ADDITIONAL ARTICLES, LETTERS, AND STATEMENTS
Angevine, Erma, executive director, Consumer Federation of America, let-

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ter of October 4, 1970-
Bryant, Agnes, telegram.
Consumer Federation of America, press release.
Dennison, David S., Jr., letter--

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Executive Order 11556, article from the Federal Register...
Frazier, Howard, president, Consumer Federation of America, letters of:

October 5, 1970..
September 31, 1970.

September 8, 1970.
Magnuson, Hon. Warren G., chairman, Senate Commerce Committee, let-

ter of September 1, 1970.---
Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1970, message from the President..
Rice, Florence, president, Harlem Consumer Education Committee, let-

ter of September 26, 1970.. Shapiro, Esther K., consumer affairs specialist, telegram of October 5,

1970.. Volpe, Hon. John, Secretary, Department of Transportation, letter of Sep

tember 9, 1970Whitehead, Dr. Clay T., Director, Office of Telecommunications Policy,

letter of November 23, 1970.. Young, Hon. Stephen M., U.S. Senator from Ohio, letter of October 6,

1970.

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RUDOLPH A. PETERSON, TO BE A MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF

DIRECTORS OF THE COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE CORP.; AND JOHN HAY WHITNEY, JACK WRATHER, SAUL HAAS, FRANK SCHOOLEY, AND TOM MOORE, TO BE MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING

TUESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1970

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The committee met at 2:35 p.m. in room 5110, New Senate Office Building, Hon. John O. Pastore, presiding.

Present: Senators Pastore, Magnuson (chairman of the committee), Baker, and Goodell.

Senator PASTORE. Having passed by 5 minutes the hour of 2:30, I think we can proceed. I have a very short opening statement.

OPENING STATEMENT OF SENATOR PASTORE

Senator PASTORE. Today the committee considers the nomination of Mr. Rudolph A. Peterson to be a member of the Board of Directors of the Communications Satellite Corp., and the nominations of Mr. John Hay Whitney, Mr. Jack Wrather, Mr. Saul Haas, Mr. Frank Schooley, and Mr. Tom Moore to be members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Two of the gentlemen-Mr. Haas and Mr. Schooley-are reappointments, both having served with distinction on the Board of Directors of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting since its creation. During the course of this hearing, I would hope that they will give the committee their assessment of the Corporation's progress and future plans, or submit your views for inclusion in the record at a later date.

The Communications Satellite Corp. was created by the Communications Satellite Act of 1962, and the Corporation was incorporated under District of Columbia law on February 1, 1963.

Under the provisions of that act three of the 15-member Board of Directors of the Corporation are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. Mr. Peterson has been appointed to the Board of Directors by the President to succeed Mr. William Hagerty. The advances in communications technology in the post-World War II era have been nothing short of stupendous, and none is greater than the ability to communicate via satellite.

From the beginning the United States, through its chosen instrument in the international field—the Communications Satellite Corp.has been the leading developer and user of this new technology-all countries of the world have been its beneficiaries, however.

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Currently the United States and other member nations of the International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium are meeting in a plenipotentiary conference to adopt definitive arrangements for a global satellite system. I have repeatedly urged that the United States not give away its birthright in these negotiations, and I mention it again today not only to emphasize my concern, but to impress its importance on Mr. Peterson and all members of the board of directors of the corporation.

Despite our leadership in international satellite communications, a domestic satellite system for the United States is still not a reality. The reasons, of course, are not technological, they have to do with matters of policy. Nevertheless, our failure to have such a system is a loss to the American people.

Recently the FTC has indicated that it is prepared to process applications for domestic satellite systems and I would hope that soon the people of our country will have the benefits of a domestic system.

No less important, and in its own way just as innovative, is the Corporation for Public Broadcasting created by the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967. The corporation is a federally chartered, independent, nonprofit corporation whose mandate is to encourage and facilitate the expansion and development of noncommercial broadcasting and program diversity in that medium.

The board of directors consists of 15 members, appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Not more than eight may be members of the same political party. All are distinguished Americans, from the business, broadcast, and educational sectors of our society. And, I must say, the nominees before us today are in that same illustrious mold.

The Corporation for Public Broadcasting-its directors and officers, and the men and women who have devoted their time and talent to its operation have illustrated once again that American talent and ingenuity, if given the necessary support and encouragement, cannot only mirror the ideal but achieve it.

The potential of public broadcasting is, of course, far from being realized. Essential to its full development is a plan for long-range financing. This committee has urged this administration and its predecessor to submit such a plan. Again—just as with our failure to develop a domestic satellite system-the American people are the losers when we fail to utilize our potential.

I again wish to express my hope that during the course of these hear. ings all of the nominees will feel at liberty to express their views and any ideas or opinions they might have.

Mr. Rudolph Peterson will be the first one we will call upon and then all the nominees of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting in successive order.

Mr. Peterson, first of all, we welcome you to this hearing.

STATEMENT OF RUDOLPH A. PETERSON

Mr. PETERSON. Thank you, sir.

Senator PASTORE. We congratulate the President of the United States for the wisdom and the judgment that he has displayed in choosing you. You are an illustrious man of tremendous renown in

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