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240. Parses, are indications of silence;! Proverbs.. 1. A bird is known by his nold tey were introduced with the art of printing ; / -and a man by his talk. 2. There are many. and it is questionable, whether they have act who glory in their shame. 3. A good characur--ed us much in learning to read or speak: for is a badge of ercellence, that cannot long be coloif there were no pauses, we should be com

cealed. 4. Never more, or less, than enough. 5.

Some -- rather imitate greatness, than goodness. pelled to exercise the mind, so far as necessary to understand the author. Pauses in 6. There is misery in want, and danger in ercess. speech, are analagous to rests in music; and .. Good sayings, belong 10 all; ev.l actions only

to their authors. 8. A knowledge of the way, is a there are seven different kinds in each art; all

good part of the journey. 9. If we go wrong. ihes of which must be thoroughly understood, in farther we go, the farther we are from home. their essence, to read, write, or sing correctly. Reform yourself first, and then, others. 11. The The true principles of notation, or pauses, fool-wanders; the wise-trare. 12 Words are ere found only in the mcasure of speech, wind; seeing is believing. which is based on the philosophy of mind, Inadequacy of Language. Words involving the exercise of thinking and feels are poor weapons. The most beautiful verses ing. The use of pauses is to aid in making -are those which we cannot express. The the sense clearer, and should be only just long diction of every language is insufficient; and enough to answer their end.

every day, the heart of man finds, in the de 241. There are two KINDS of pauses, - licacy of his sentiments, and the imaginalion Grammatical and Rh-torical. Grammaticul discovers—in the impressions of visible 10pauses are distinguished by characters, and ture, things, which the mouth cannot embody are addressed to the eye, as well as to the car. for want of words. The heart, and the The shortest pause is called a commuca, (,) thought of man-are like a musician--driven which indicates a silence of one seconil. The to play infinitely varied music-on an organ, teacher is recommended to co'ınt, at every which has but few notes. It is sometimes pause, while the pupil reads; the same as is more advisable to be silent than to speali. done at the rests in music; this exercise, is Silence—is felt by the soul, and appreciated the surest to accomplish the object. Er. 1. | by God; and that is enough. Do to others, as you would they should do to

Varieties. 1. Is not the doctrine of the you. 2. None can be a disciple of the graces, virinity, and humanity--of the Lord Jesus but in the school of virtue. 3. Be armed Christ, the touch-stone, by which the chriswith courage, against thyself, against thy tian church is to be tried? 2. The life of a passims, and against thy futterers. 4. Every christian-is his wulk; Christ is his way, leof, every twig, and every drop of water, and hearen-his home. 3. A coward in the teems with life. 5. The colors of the rain field, is like a wise man's fool; he does not bow are - - violet, in ligo, blue, green, yellow, know what he professes ; but a cowardl in the brange and red.

faith, is like a fool, in his wisdom, he does not 242. Erumples to Illustrate the Pauses. profess what he knows. 4. Virtue—consists The three grand degrees of all eristences are in the faithful performance of our duty, from -what is natural, HUMAN and DIVINE. love to God, and love to man; and vice-ir. The three grand divisions of all natural the neglect of our duty from a love of self things are--eurihs, waters and atmospheres. and a love of the world. 5. The heart of a The three kingdoms of nature are—the min. worthless man-is as unfired, and change eral, the vegetable, and the animal. The

able, as the fitful wind. 6. The tongue may three divisions of the mineral kingdom are speak the loudest ; but the heart--the truest. the soils, the rocks, and the precious stones. 7. Look at the form, consider the desire, and The three slivisions of the vegetable kingdom act, and mark the end; for thereby you may are --- grassée, plants and shrubs, and trees. know the nature of all created beings. The three divisions of the animal kingdom This world's not all a fleeting show, are-into those that creep and walk on the For man's illusion given;"earth, those that swim, and those that fly. Ile that hath soothi'd a icidow's wo, Each of these divisions is divided in trines : Or wip'd an orphan's tear, doth know according to which, all things exist, and sulle There's something here oi Heaven. sist.

And he, that walks life's ihorny way, Anecdote. An agent, soliciting subscri

With feelings calm and even, bers for a book, showed the prospectus to a Whore path is lit, from day to day, man, who, after reading --"one dollar in

By virtue's bright and steady ray, boards, and one dollar and twenty-five cents

Hath something fell of Heaven. in sheep,"_eclined subscribing, as he might He, that the christian's course hath rua, not have boards or sheep on hand, when call

And all his focs forgiven, ed upon for payment.

Who measures out life's little span The humble man, when he receives a wrong, In love to God-und love to man, Refers revenge-lo whom it doth belong.

On carth, hath lasted Heaven.

243. The Semicolon-is an indication that Proverbs. 1. Prosperity--enge ndets sloth. we should pause long enough to count tuo, 2. Lazinas-TOU's on people; it begins in coer deliberately; and while we are thus resting, webs. and ents in chains. 3. Manu have done a from physical effort, we can carry on our wise thing ; more a cunning thing; Lu very jew??lental effort, for the purpose of producing a generous thing. 4. Whai cannot be uh, had thie desired effect: for it is of the first impor- beiter not be done. 5. No patience, no irne vis. Lince, in reading and speaking, to keep the dom. 6. Those that are careless of themselves, can mind employed with the thoughts and feel hardly be mindful of others. 7. Contentmen! gives ings; even when there is no external act; a crown, where fortune hath denied it. 8. He, except it may be the play of the facial mus

who lives disorderly one year, does not enjoy him. cles. 1. Envy not the appearance of happi- self for fire. 9. Public men, should have ness in any one; for you know not his secret minds: or prirnte ends will be served, at the puós grirf. 2. The sign without the substance, is lic cost: 10. Mildness-governs ber'er than ange.

11. While there is life, there is hope. 12. Good nothing; the substance without the sign, is

men-are a public good. all things. 3. None are so innocent, as not to be evil spoken of; none so wicked, as to ternal world is designed, by its Creotor, i

Importance of Observation. The cro want all commendation. 4. We may know what we will not utter ; but we should never mind. Ten thousand objects appeal to our

aid essentially in developing the human uller, what we do not know.

obserration; and each one is a bool-of the 244. The following lines afford a good ex- most interesting character, which can be liad ercise, in the placing and use of the gram- without money, and without price. But we matical pause.

must attend to the animale, as well as to the I saw a peacock with a fiery tail

in-animate world,--to men, as well as to I saw a blazing star that dropt down hail things. We should not be ashamed to ask I saw a cloud begin with ivy round

for information, when we do not understand I saw a sturdy oak crecp on the ground

the whys and where fores; nor fail of conI saw a pismire swallow up a whale I saw the brackish sea brim full or ale

versing with every one, who can impuri to us

useful knowledge.
I saw a phial glass sixteen yards deep
I saw a cell full of men's tears to weep

Varieties, 1. Are christians prohibited
I saw man's eyes all on a flame of fire the proper use of any natural good? 2.
I saw a house high as the moon or higher

When the honor and interest of TRUTR are I saw the radiant sun at deep midnight concerned, it is our duty to use all lawful

I saw the man who saw this dreadful sight. means--for its support and defence. 3. Tolo 245. Natural Ilistory-involves the eration is odious to the intolerant ; free. study of all the productions of nature, ani- dom-to oppressors; property to robbers ; mal, vegetable and mineral; their qualities, and all kinds of prosperity to the enrious. relations and origin. It is divided into three 4. General Washington was born, Feh. 22nd, kingdoms, giving rise to the corresponding (O. S.) 1732; and died, Dec. 14th, 1797, aged sciences of Zoology, Botany and Mineralogy;

67; 21 years after the Declaration of Indewhich are divided into clusses, orders, genera, pendence. 5. What is the most perfect Gov. and species, founded on prominent distinc- ernment? that, where an injury done the inns; in which, what most resembles the 'mcane: citizen, is considered an insult upon rurth, are placed nearest in relation to it.

the constitution. 6. Grammar-speaks ; Di

alectics-teach truth; Rhetorir-gives colur. Anecdote. “Ilow do you know,” (said a ing to our speech; Music-sings; Arithmetraveler to a poor wandering Arab of the des- fir-numbers: Geometry--irighe; and Asert,) “ That there is a God?” “In the same tronomy--teaches us to know the sturs. 7. manne:," she replied,) “ that I trace the foot. As the Apostle saith, so it is, viz: The insteps of an animal,-by the prints it leaves visible things of God, and Divine Oriler, upon tlie sand."

may be seen, and in lerstoud by those things Vor let soft slumber-close your eyes,

which are made, in outward creaiion; even Before you've recollected thrice

his eternal power and Gol-head. The train of actions--through the day;

Ivords are like leares; and where they most ulound, Where have my feet-chose out the way Much fruit of sense beneath-is rarely fomu. Wiar nave I learn'd, where'er I've been, False eloquence, like the prismatic glass, From all I've heard, froin all I've seen ?

Iis gaudy colors spreads-on ev'ry place; Whai know I more, that's worth the knowing? The face of Nature-We no more survey; What have I done, that's worth the doing? All glares alike, without distinction-gay: What have I sought that I should shun? But true expression, like thi' unchanging sun, What duty-have I left undone?

Clears, and improves, whate'er it shines upon : Or into what new follies run?

Il gilds--all oljects, but it alors--none, These self-inquiries--are the road,

Erpression-is the dress of thought, and still Thaideuds to virtue-and to God.

Appeare more derentas inore suitable

246. A Colon, (:) marks a pause of three Proverbs. 1. Religion says -- love all; and seconds; or while one can count three, delib-bate none. 2. Observe all those rules of politeness erately. Principles-are tested by their ap- at home, that you would among strangers. 3. Al plication; but even then, we must think, as the close of each day, carefully review your conwell as feel, and ascertain the whys and duct. 4. Avoid unpleasant looks. 5. Be not orer wherefores. 1. Read the sacred Scriptures: anxious for money. 6. Acquire the useful--first; they are the dictates of divine wisdom. 2. the brilliantafterwards. 7. A virtuous youth, Harbor no malice in thy heart: it will be a spoils many good porecepts. 9. It costs more to te

will make a happy old age. 6 One ill example-viper in thy bosom. 3. Do not insult a poor renge injuries, than to bear them,

10. For the man: his situation entitles him to our pit y evidence of truth, look at the truth itself. 11. A 4. He, that studies only man, will get the friend is known, when neuled. 12. Who roba body without the soul: he that studies only scholar, robs the public. books, will get the soul, without the body: wisdom says, study both. 5. Partially deof

Experience. In early youth, while yet persons, more easily hear a moderately loud we live among those we love, we love without voice with a clear articulation, than a very

restraint, and our hearts overflow in every loud one, that is rapid and indistinct: so it look, word and action. But when we enter is with a weuk voice, in addressing a large and forgotten by friends, we grow more and

the world, and are repulsed by strangers, assembly.

more timi:t in our approaches, even to those 247. COINCIDENCE. Washington was

we love best. How delightful to us, then, born, Feb. 22d, 1732, was inaugurater,

are the caresses of children: All sincerity, 1789; and his term of service crpired in the 66th year of his age: John Allums was born, then only, we feel the renewal of our for:/

all cffection, they fly into our arms; and Oct. 19, 1735; inaugurated, 1797; term expired in the 66th year of his age: Thomas confilence, and first pleasure. Jofferson was born, April 2d, 17-13; inaun Varieties. 1. What is more rerollingrated, 1801; term expired in the 66th yeur of than the idea of a pluralily of Gods? 2. An his age: Malison was born, March 5th, 1751; evil habit, in the beginning, is easily subinaugurated, 1809; term expired in the 66th rued; but being often repeated, it acquires year of his age: Monroe was born, April 21, strength, and becomes inveterate. 3. The 1759; inaugurated, 1817; term expired in bee and the serpent--often extract the same the 66th year of his age: all these five presi- juices; but, by the serpent, they are converdents were men of the Revolution, and ended ted into poison ; while by the bec, they are their term of service in the 66th year of their converted into honey. 4. He, that aims at the

sun, will not hit it-but his arrow will fiy 218. BREATHING. When we sit at our higher, than if he aimed at an object on a leense, and are not exercising the voice, cur vel with himself. 5. Is there not a place and breathing is slow and regular; and the more stale, for every one, and should not cuery one we speak, work, or sing, the more frequently be in his proper state and place? 6. Those must we inhale fresh air; because the expan- little words, “try," and "begin," have been dilure is greater at such times: many persons greut in their results: I can'/"-lever did fall victims to this neglect; and little is our anything, and never will: I'l try has primary instruction in reading calculated to done wonilers. 7. The ministry of angels aid us in appropriate breathing; the results is that of supplying uswith spiritual reasons, of which are, exceedingly bad habits, induc- truths, and love-principles, whensoever we ing imperiments in vocal efforts, disease and stand in need of them. death. Oh, when shall we be wise, and un- Golll--many hunted, surat-and bled for gold; derstand these things? How hard to learn, Waked ail the night, and labored all the day: even by experience!

And what was th's allurement, dost thou ask! Anecdote. A Mutual Mistake. Two A dust, dug from the bowels of the earth, gentlemen were riding in a stuge-coach; when Which, being cast into the fire, came out one of them, missing his handkerchiíf, rashly A shining thing, that fools admired, and called accused the other of having stolen it; but A god; and, in devout and humble plighe, Svon finling it, had the good manners to beg Before it knetled, the greater—to the less.

And on its altar-sacrificed ease, preare, por dem for the affront; saying it was a misTake: to which the other replied, with great Lore, charity, benerolence, and all

Truth, faith, inugrity; good conscience, friends, realiness, and kind feeling, “ Don't be un

The sweet and tender sympathies or life; easy; it was a mutual mistake: you took

And to complete the horrid-murderous rite, me for a thif; and I took you, for a gentle. And sigualize their folly, offered up nan,"

Their souls, and an eternity of bliss, It is a vain attempt To gain them-what? an hour of dreaming joy To bind the ambitious and unjust, by trenties; A feverish hour--ihat hasted to be done, These-hoy eludt--a thousand specious ways. Aud endd-in the billetness of uo.

210. A Periol, (.) shows that we should Proverbs. 1. Put not of repentance-till arr panse four seconds; or while we can count other duy. 2. Rashness—is the ruliui parent of four, deliberately. 1. Envy no man. 2. misfortune. 3. Self-exaltation—is the fond's paraknow thyself. 3. Guard against illeness. 4. dise. 4. Sweet is the memory-of departed work. Vility no person's reputation. 5. Abhor a! 5. The coretous mu-is his own sormentor. . falschood. 6. Blessed are the poor in spirit.

Avail yourself of the visiiom and enjerience or 7. Jesus wept. S. Hurt not thyself. 9. Cher- others. 5. Be ambitious oi ercelling that you ish the spirit of benerolence. 10. Perform may do and get the greater good. &. The first step

to greatness is to be honest. 9. Truth--s the bu. your duty faithfully. 11. Make a proper sis of all ercellence. 10. Unlawful love-general use of time. 1. Cultivate the afections. ly ends in bitterness. 11. They that hide, can find. 13. Do good to all. 14. Be punctual in 12. A penny spared, is iwice goi. your engagements. 15. Love humanity.

The Gentleman and his Tonant. 6. Obey the commandments. 17. Live the A COUNTRY gentleman--had an estate of Lord's Prayer. 18. Be holy and just. 19. two hundred pounds a year, which he kept Be perfect. 20. Live for iminorlality. in his own hands, till he found himself so

230. Pythagoris, about five hundred much in debt, that he was obliged to seit one years before the Christian eru, called the visi. half to satisfy his crediilts, and let the reb'e universe by the very expressive Greek mainuler to a farmer for one and twenty name, ho kosmos--THE ORDER, which we years. Before the expiration of his lruse, the translate-the worlì. The Platonic school, furmer asked the gentlenul, wlien lie came afterwarris, with irawing attention from genel one day to pay his rent, whether he would eral nature, and fixing it on the epilome-scll the land he occupied. " Why, will you Man-began to call him-homikros kosmos, purchase it?" said the gentleman. “ If you the miniature world; or, order in miniature. wili part with it, and we can agree," replied llow much useful and instructive history the farmer. “That is exceeding strunge," there is in the origin of vores! and it is said the gentleman. “Pray, tell me how it gratisying to know, that these same subjects happens, that I could not live upon twice as employed such minds as Plato's, more than much land, for which I paid no rent, and that two thousand years ago.

you, after regularly paying me a hundred a 251. The intellectual physiognomy of year for the half, are able, so svon, to per Chatham-was of a severe, and commanding chase it.” “ The reason is plain," answered order; his genius-was eminently practical: , the farmer. “You sat still, and said, Go. ) and while no person--ever surpassed him, stood up, and said, Come. You lay in base in the lofty aspiration and generous enthusi-, and enjoyed your ease. I rose in the morn itsm of patriolism, frw have equalled him, in ing, and minded my business.'' their calm and christian application. His Varieties. 1. Who should be more rir private character,--shone with a lustre, very tuous and intelligent, than the Teucher, who ditlerent from the unhealthy glare of political is to educute, and form charucters--for time fume. His correspondence--presents him un- and eternity? 2. The happiness of every der an engaging aspect, and enables the rea- one---depends more on the state of his own der to admire the husband and father, not mind, than any external circumstance: nay ka than the statesman and the orator. more than all external things put together.

Anecdoto. The lar West. * Pray sir, 3. Borrowed money--makes tune shurri. suid one gentleman to another, “Is not In- The lowest condition of life, with prudence, dimn---the Fur IV'est.?"? Oh no sir," was is better than the most exallel station, willethe reply. “ Well, is not Illinois ?” “Very out it. 5. How absuril, to be complaining, fur from it." " Surely then, when we cross and tormenting ourselves, for what it is in the Mississippi, you are in the Far West !" possible to avoid, or attain. 6. Prise, a whilo, “No, not exactly.” “Where, then, is the Far ye travelers on earth, and candidates for eter West!" "Why sir, it is about a hulf a mile nity, and contemplate the unirerse, and the this side of sunset."

Wisdom and Love of Him who made it. 7. Tierare, proud man. the first approach to crime.

Where there is no unison with God, the only Triduigence-is most dangerous--nay, fatal,

source of order, love and light, there is nei Resist, or soon resistance is in vain.

ther order, or love, or light, but their oppen The first-leads to the second, then to the third sites. 8. Arimis long, life--is shurt. The fourth succeeds, until, familiar grown How territoris passion! how our trason With vice, we start not-at our own misdeeds. Falls down before it; while the tortured frame.

Temptation comes, so clothed in speciousness, Like a shop--dashed by fierce encounter ng lider, So full of scrming, we belold her not

And of her pix spoild, drives tourid and round, With apprehension, till her banerul pow's The sport of wind--and ware. lins wrestled with our virtue: dreadful stale! Our passions-always fatal counsel give; When rire s:ruls in, and, like a lurking thief, Through a fallacious glass-our wungs--appear Saps—th foundation of integrity.

Still greater--than they are

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252. The Interrogation, (3) indicates a Proverbs. 1. Manifest no ercitonini, when a nause, equal to the Coim, or Periot, accord- mistake is mulle. 2. Be sincere-in your profes in, to circumstances. It is generally used as

s.ons of friendship. 3. Culuvate a pure heart, and a sign of asking questions: though sometimes, you will have a pleasant countenance. 4. Neves it is one of the strongest modes of affirmation. speak to the disadrantage of any one, wless duty 1. Can you see? 2. Can you hear ? 3. Can -requires it. 5. Avoid light and tritting contesayou tuste.? 1. Can you smell? 5. Can you little, and is worth a good deal. 7. Diepel corrod

tion. 6. A ciril answer, to a nude speurh-costs but feel? 6. Who are you? 7. What are you doing? 8. Where are you going? 9. What passion. 8. Charms-strike the sighs; bui meris

mg care; and consider it sinful-to give way to is your destiny? 10. Who mule you? 11. wins the soul. 9. Persons are to be estimated, ar. of what are you thinking? 12. Whom do cording to their goodness,-1101 according to theis -1 Wre?

dress. 10. The sincere and candid man,-has no 253. Among the examples above, are, the thing to conceal; for he speaks nothing but the first live questions, that are direct : because truth. 11. Turn a deaf ear 10 angry words. 12. they admit the answer, yes, or no; all such He who promises-runs in debi. interrogations require the voice to glide up Laconics. We esicem mose things according ward, in asking them; the last seven questions to their intrinsic merit; it is strange man should be are indirect; because they do not admit the anexception. We prize a horse for his strength and answer yes, or no; all such interrogations re- courage-not for his furniture. We prize a man quire the voice to glide downward, in asking for his surrptuous palace, his great train, his ynga them. You can test the theory thus: Can revenue ; yet these are his furniture, not his mini. you see? Yes; or no. Who are you? Yes;

Varieties. 1. Which is the more imporor no. The former--makes sense; the lulter tant-and useful discovery, the balloon, o? nonsense. Can you hear? Yes. Can you the telegruph ? 2. What is the cause of sex taste? No. What are you doing? Yes. currents? 3. Will it take ages-to discorur Where are you going? No. However, it the truth; or ages--to acknowledge it, when will be seen hereafter, that the slides of the it is discovered? 4. What is meant by the voice, up, or down, may be reversed-in every words, a pure state of nature. Do they not instance, and yet make good sense.

mean that state, in which the conduum, cir254. Direct Question in reference to our cumstances, and habits of men--are in strict Living Temples. Is not the house, in which accordance with the laws of his nature? 5. we live, a very curious building? Can we is not Hip-poc-ra-tes called the Father of conceive of any form-more beautiful than Medicine? 6. If we are not happy, is it bethe human form, when it has not been per- cause our Creator has not endowed us with verted, or deformed? Who knows best, we, the capability of becoming so? 7 What is or our Creutor, what is the proper shape in the difference-in reasoning from fucts and which we should be? Can we mend his experience, and reasoning froin a mixture of works? Is any thing beautiful that is not truth and falsehood? Do not many-reason useful? Were we not made right, and have from the latter, instead of from the former? we not, in a measure, unmade ourselves? Is not our HOUSE a very convenient one, and the scene-was more beautiful--far to my eye its furniture admirably adapted to the wants Than is day-in iis pride-had arrayed it; of its occupant? Would it not be well-fre-The landl-breeze blew milil, and the azure arch'd sky quently to take a view of the form, covering,

Look d pure--as the Spirit that made i apartments, furniture, employments, uses The murmur rose soft, as 1 silently gaz'd and abuses of this wonderful house of ours?

On the shadowy ware's playful motion,

Froin the dim distant hill, ull the bearon-fire blaz'd Anecdote. A Challenge. After the battle

Like a star-in the midst of the orran. of Actium, Mark Antony - challenged Au

No longer the joy of the snilor boy's breast gustus,--who disarmed him in the following

Was heard in his willly breath'd numbers, words. “If Antony - is weary of his lite, The sea-bird-had flown to her ware-girdled nesh there are other ways of despatch, besides

The fisherman--sunk to his slumbers. fighting him; and for my part, I shall not one inomene I look'l—from the hill's gentle slope, trouble myself to be his erecutiomer.

All hushid was the billow's commotion). There are some-heart-entwining hours in life,

And thouglit--that the beacon look'd lovely as hope, With sweet seraphic inspiration rife;

That star-on life's tremulous ocean. When mellowing thoughes, like music on the ear,

The time-is long past, and the scene-is afar, Melt through the soul, and revel in a tear;

Yet, when my head-rests on 118 pillow, And such are they, wher, tranquil and alone, Will memory-sometimes-rekindle the slar We sit--and ponder--on long periods flown;

That blazed on the breast of the billow. And, charined by fancy's retrospective gaze,

In life's closing hour, when the trembling soul flies Live in an atmospliere--of other days;

And death-stills the heart's-last emotion, Till friends and faces, flashing on the mind, O then-may the seraph of mercy arise ! Concral the havoc--Lime has left behind

Like a star-on Eternity's ocean.


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