Imágenes de páginas

338. INFLECTIONS. in eneo lote naay Proverbs. 1. The remedy is oon worse serve to present this important branch of our than the disease. 2. To him that wils, ways are subject, in a light sy to le understood by seldom rantiny. 3 A well-balawel mnd--will all. An elderly s intleman asked the author, resist the pressure of uiltersity. 4. Be akmaya on if he thought it possible for him to learn to your guard, against the adviling of the tithiad,

ng? He was answered in the firm ctire, when you come in coninut with il-m. 5. Imbiance provided he low / music, and was anxious to

is he, that readeth, and undersmuth W8: he learn. His voice was quite flexible, and va

readeih. 6. Take it for granted, th. re ius be yo

excellence, without labor. 7. The rich man is often ried, in conversation, and he used all the notes of the scale, except two. It was 8. Beware of gathering scorpions, for this. or the

a stranger to the quiet and content of the poor nan. thought, upon the spur of the moment, to future world. 9. There is no general rule, wiihget the old man a little angry, (and after-out exceptions. 10. Erery light-is not the sun wards beg his pardon,) in order to induce 11. Never be angry-at what you cannot help. him to slide his voice through the octare: the etlort was successful; and with much feeling,

Anecdote. Use of Falsehool. A jury, he again asked, “Do you say sir, that (1) I—which was directed by the J!!!!ge, to firing in can learn to sing ? an old man like me.?" |sion and pleo, returned a verdist of

a certain prisoner grilly, on his own (07.fe's.

Not carrying his voice from the first to the eighth Guilly;" and oftered, as a reason, that they note, on 1, sing, and me. Just then a frien't huew the fellow to be su greut a liur, they came in, to whom he observed, with incred

did not belicre him. ulous surprise, mingled with a little contempt.--"He says I can learn to sing:" and Talent. One man, perhaps, stoves miserhis voice fell from the cighth to the first note, able in the study of the law, u ho miuht lave on 1.

flourished in that of ph: i; or vleirily; (in339. No one can read the following sen-other--runs his head a rant te pupil, who tence of ors, even in the common manner. might have been serviceable to country at without any regard to inflections, and not the plough; and a third--proves a very dull give the word before or, the rising infection, and heavy philosopher, who possibly would and the one ofler it, the falling inilection; have made a good mechanis, and liave done and the reader's car must be the judge. well enough at the us fiel philosophy of the Good, or bad; true, or false; right, or wrong; spadle or anvil. this, or that ; bor, or girl; main, or woman; Varieties--in the Uses of Infectims. 1. malt, or female; land, or water ; 0'er, or is genuine repentance founded in lire, or un'ler; abore, or belor ; before, or behind i feur? 2. Can we intentionally odjend a pervilhin, or without; oll, or young; strength, son, whom we truly love? 3. Have not angel or weakness; fine, or course; one, or two; is, as well as satanic bein, s, once been mer, 9011, or I; well, or ill; kind, or unkind; and women, on some of the countless earins black, or white; rpil, or green; rough, or in the universe ? 1. Has any one actual sin, smoothe ; hurd, or sofl; straight, or cronk till he violates the knoun will of God, and ed; long, or short ; round, or square ; fut, wilfully sins against his own cmscience ? or lean ; swift, or slov; up, or down. If 5. How can the Red men be for otten, while the reader does not satisfy himself the first so many of the stoles, territories, mouse time, let him practice on these phrases till he tains, rivers and likes, bear their names? 6. docs.

Since decision of character can be acquired 340. READING. The purposes of reading by discipline, what is the best method to arare threr: the acquisition of knowledge, as- quire it? The firm resolve-to obtain that sisting the memory in treusuring it up, and knowledge, necessary for a choice, and then the communicalion of it to others : hence, to do what we know to be righi, at any, and we see the necessity of reading aloud. The every peril. 7. What places are better adapancient Greeks never rralin public, but reci. ted than theatres, in their present dixrache beit from memory ; of course, if we wish to tion, to teach the theory and practice of fasha succred as they did, we must follow in their ionable iniquity? 8. What is a more fuithe footsteps. How much better it would be, ifful, or pleasunt friend, than a good book? clergymen would memorize those portions When you mournfully rivet-your tarladen eyes, of the Bible, which they wish to read in That bare seen the last sunset of hope-pass away, public! But it may be said, that the task

On some tright ort, that seems, through the still sapphire shume

Ia beauty and splerdor, to roll on its way: would be a serere one: true, but how much

Oh rememler, this earth, if behelt from e far, more effect might be produced on themselves

Woull seem wrapt in a la'o- clear an alrigue and others : and then to have a large part, or As the pure silver radiance-shrining yon sinr, the whole, of that blessed book. stored up in Where your spirul--is eugely soaring to-rizt! the mind, for use here and hereofler !

And at this rery moment, perhape, kornie poor heart,

That in achine ani loinking in that distant sphere, The business that we love, we raise batime,

Gazes down on this dark world, and longs to derart Arago 10--with delight.

From its own dumal home, wa wrighiu ade hans


341. The Risivo ISFLECTION('). This Proverbs. 1. Good manners are sure to proindicates that the voice glides upward con- cure respect. 2. Sey-conceit makes opin on obsti. tinuously, on the more inportant words. Ex. nate. 3. knowledge is the mind's treasure. Do you say that I can learn to sing? Are Make the best of a lad targain. 5. Never speak you goin; to tian to-day? Is he a good to decrire, nor listen to betray. 6. Passion-is ever mín? Do you lure and práctice the truth? | the enemy of truth. 7. Prefer less, lo unjusi gair,

and solid sense, 10 wt. Quit not certainty for Is it your desire to become ústfiel? Do you wish to become a 9001 ridici, speaker, and hope. 9. Rejoice in the truth, and maintain it. 10.

Seek not after the failings of others. 11. Mightsinger? Is there not a difference between does not make right. 12. Divinity-cannot be dewórle, thoughts, and felings?

.fined. 13. Deride not the unfortunate. 342. TWEE MODES OF EXISTENCE. May

Philosophy. Philosoph!}, so far from dewe not appropriately contemplate our bodies, serving contempt, is the glory of human naand our minds, as consisting of three degrees, ture. Man approaches, by contemplation, to each having its own legitimate sphère? Is what we conceive of celestial purity and exnot euch like a three story hwúse, with three cellence. Without the aid of philosophy, the successive suits of apartments, which may be mass of mankind, all over the terraqueous called the lower, the middle and the uji per? globe, would have sunh in slavery and eu perAre there not three vital degrees of the undy, stition, the natural consequences of gross the ab lominal, the thoracie, and the enceph'- ignorunce. Men, at the very bottom of soalic? And does not the mind consist of as ciety, have been enabled, by the natural mamy degrees, called scientific, rutinal and

talents they possessed, seconded by favorable affectuous? or, natural, spiritual and hear'. enly? Is there not in us, as it were, a la liter opportunit cs, to reach the highest improve

ments in pbilosophy; and have thus lifted reaching from earth to heaven? Shall we not uscend, and descend upon it, and thus the weakness and deformity of the castle on

up a torch in the rulley, which has exposed take a view of both the worlds in which we the mountain, from which the oppressors sallivé ? But will not the material part soon lied, in the night of durkness, and spread die, and the soul-live forever .? Then does desolation with impunity. Despots: the not wisdom say, attend to each, according to its importance ? Are we nut wonderfully norunt of the human race, who would have

meanest, the bascs/, the most bruted and ig. made? Doth our soul know it right well? trampled on the rights and happiness of men And will we praise our Redeemer, by doing unresisted, if philosophy had not opened the his wilt?

eyes of the sufferers, shown them their oun 343. On examining children, in an unper-power and dignily, and taught them to despise rerted state, and all animals, it will invariably those giants of power, as they appeared thro' be found, that they use the lower muscles for the mists of ignorance, who ruled a vassal breathing, and producing sunınds. Who is world with a mace of iron. Liberty-is the not aware that children will hallon, all day daughter of philosophy; and they who delong, without becoming hoarse, or exhausted, test the offspring, do all that they can to vility And how often it is the case, that parents wish and discountenance the motitr. their children to call persons at a distance, be- Varieties, 1. Vinat is humility, and ing aware that they have themselves lost the what are se effects? 2. Vice---stings us, power to speak as formerly. Now all that is!

ever, in our pleusures ; but virtue-consoles necessary to be done, by such individuals, is us, even in our pains. 3. Cowards—die many retrace their steps to truth and natuit. Re- times; the valiant-never taste of death but member, that examples, in this url especially,

4. True friendship is like sound are better than precepti, . rules are to prevent health ; the value of it is seldom known till it fuults, not to introduce beauties; therefore, is losl. 5. Young folks tell what they do; old become so familiar with them, that they may ones, what they have done; and frole, what govern your practice involuntarily.

they will do. 6. Men's evil manners live in Anecdote. Gobil Pills. Dr. Gol:lsmith, brass; their rirtuce, we write in sand. 7. baving been requested by a wife, to visit her The natural eflects of (4) fidelity, (5) clemhusband, who was melancholy, called upon ency and (6) kindness, in governors, aro the patient, and seeing that the cause was preace, good-will, order and esteem, on the part poverty, told him he would send him some of the governed. 8. Never make yourself pills, which he had no doubt would prove too lillle for the sphere of duty; but stretch, efficacious. He immediately went home, put and expand yourself to the compass of its ob ten guineas into a paper, and sent them to jects. 9. (4) Friends, (5) Romans, (6) counthe sick man: the remedy had the desired Trymen---lend me your ears ; I come to bury efect.

Cesar, not to praise him. 10. All truths Suspicion-oreturns-what confidence-buills; are but forms of heavenly loves ; and all falAndhe.whodares but doubt when there's no ground, sities--are the forms of infernal loves. Is neither io himself, nor others -soun'.

If you would excel in arts, excel in industry.


344. INFLECTIONS. One very encourag- Proverbs. 1. The body contains the working ing feature of our interesting subject is, that tools of the mind; masier your tools, or you will all our principles are drawn from nature, and be a bad workman. 2. Here, and there; or, this are therefore inherent in every one; the grand world, and the next, is a good subject for reflection. design is to develop our minds and bodies in 3. Ali artist lives everywhere. 4. The body is accordance with these principles; which can

the image, or type, of the soul; and the soul is be done, not by silently reading the work, offer, in hopes of a better one; the first is certain;

visible, only through it. 5. Never refuse a good or thinking about its contents; but, by pa- the Inst is only hope. 6. A promiscuous and sutient, persevering practice: this, only, can perficial study of books, seldom yields much solid enable us to overcome our bad habits, and information. 7. 'Tho' ruin ensue, justice must bring our voices, words, and mind into har-nol be infringed. 8. Those things beco:ne us besh mony, so that the externals may perfectly that apperiain to our situation in life. 9. Pros. correspond to the internals.

perity-intoxicates and disturbs the mind : aduersie 345. 1. Is there aughe, in éloquence-ty-subdues and ameliorates it. 10. The strongest that can warm the heart ? She draws her symptoms of wisdom in us, is being sensible of our fire from natural imagery: Is there aught follies. 11. A good man-is not an objeci of fear.

13. in po try to enliven ihe imaginition? | 12. Friendship-is stronger than kindred. Thremis the secret of her pwer. 2. Do Sin is sin, whether seen or not. you love to gaze at the (3).svín, the (4) moin,

Duelling. We read, in Swedish history, and the (6) plinels ? This affection con; that Adolphus, king of Sweden, determining tains the science of ASTRONOMY, as the sced -contains the future tree. Would a few

to suppress these false notions of honor, is. pence-duty, on tea, for raising a revenue,

sued a severe etlict against the practice. 'Two have ruined the fortunes of any of the Amer? gentiemen, however, generals in his service, icans? N! but the payment of one penny, on a quarrel, agreed to solicit the king's per. on the principle it was deminded, would mission, to decide their dillerence by the law; have inade them-slives.

of honor. The king consenteil, and said, he

would be present at the combat. He was at346. INVALIDS--will find the principle, and practice, here set forth, of great service tended by a body of guards and the public

executioner, and before they proceeded to to them, if they possess the strength, and the onset, he told these gentlemen, that they have the resolution, to arlopt them; and they must fight till one of them died. Then, turnwill often derive special aid by attempting to do something: for the mind, by a determina- ing to the executimer, he added, do you imtion of the will, can be brought to act upon This had the intended effect; the difference

mediately strike off the head of the survivor. the nervous system, in such a way, as to start between the two officers was adjusteil

, and the flow of the blood on its career of health, and strength; and, ere they are aware of it, no more chullenges were heard of in the army

of Gustavus Adolphus. they will be ready to mount up as with the

Variettes. 1. Oh! who can describe wo wings of an eagle, and leave all care, and trouble, and anxiety on the earth. Let them man's love, or woman's constancy. 2. Can try it, and they will see : persevere.

the immortality of the soul be proved from

the light of nature? 3. If the sculptor could Anecdote. The Cobbler. A cobbler, at Leyden, who used to attend the public dis- put life into his works, would he not resem

ble a good orator? 4. Can we be too zealous putotions, held at the academy, was once in promoting a good cause? 5. Are miraasked if he understood Latin. “No," replier cles the most convincing evidences of truth? the mechanic,“ but I know who is wrong in 6. Is it not very hard to cherish unkind feel the arguinent.” “ Flow ?” replied his friend. ings, and thoughts, without showing them in “Why, by seeing who is angry first.”

unkind words and actions ? 7. Are theatres Lill up thine eyes, afflicted soul!

-beneficial to mankind? 8. Ouglit any From earth--lift up thine eyes,

thing be received, without due examination ? Though dark-lhe erening shadows roll,

9. Do you wish to know the persons, against And daylight beauty--dies;

whom you have most reason to guurd yourOne sun is sci-a thousand more

self ? your looking-glass will reveal him to Their sounds or glory run,

you. 10. If a man is in earnest, would you Where science leads thee-lo explore

therefore call him a fanatic.
In every star--a sun.
Thus, when some long-loved comfort ends,

They are sierping! Who are sleeping ?
And nature would despair,

Captives, in their gloomy cells ;
Faith--to the hearen of heavens ascends,

Yet sweet dreams are o'er them creeping,
And mceis ten thousand there;

With their many-colored speils.
First, faint and small, then, clear and brighi, AN they lore-again they clasp them;
They gladden all the gloom,

Feel again-their long-lost joys ;
And stars, that seem but points of lighh,

But the hasie-with which they grasp ther,
The rank of suns assume.

Every fairy forın destroys.

11. The

347. The Falling INFLECTION () in- Proverbs. 1. Speech--is the image of action, dicates that the voice glides downwards, 2. Superstition-is the spleen of the soul. 3. Suscontinuously, on the more important words' pect a tale-bearer, and trust him not. 4. Suspicion 1. “Where are you going? 2. Of what-is the passion of true frienutship. 5. Street are are you thinking? 3. Who sendeth the the slumbers of the virtuous. 6. Safe is he, who curly and the latter rain ? 4. What things action. 8. Set not 100 high a value on your own

serves a good conscience. 7. Never do a mean are most proper for youth to learn? Those abilities. 9. Simple diet makes healthy children. that they are to practice, when they enter 10. Sncer not at thai you cannot rival upon the stage of action. 5. Be always sure bast answer to a slander-is silence. 11. Vice-is you are right, then go ahead.6. Begin'; infamous in every body. be bold, and venture to be wise : He who

Compassion. Compassion—is an emo. defers this work, from day to day, Does on a tion, of which we ought never to be asham. river's brink expecting, stay, 'Till the whole ed. Graceful, particularly in youth, is the stream, that stopt him, shall be gone,—That tear of sympathy, and the heart, that melis runs, and runs, and ever will run on. 7. I at the tale of wo; we should not permit ease do not so much request, as demand your and indulgence to contract our affections, atiention 8. Seck the truth for its own and wrap us up in a selfish enjoyment. But suke, and out of love for it; and when found, the distresses of human life, of the solitary

we should accustom ourselves to think of embrace it, let it cut where it will; for it is cottage, the dying parent, and the weeping all powerful, and must prevail.

orphan. Nor ought we ever lo sport with 348. Never begin, or end, two successive pain and distress, in any of our amusements, Bentences on the same pitch: neither two

or treat even the meanest insect with wanton lines in poetry; nor two members of a sen. cruelty. tence ; nor two words meaning different things; if you do, it will be monotonous.

Variettes. 1. What does the tree of life The

3d, 4th, or 5ih note is the proper pitch signify, and what the knowledge of good and for commencing to read or speak; the force What heaps of the ruins of a former world,

evil, and what the eating from them? 2. must be determined by the occasion, the size are piled up to form the substratum, and of the room, the sense, &c. If we are in surface, of the one we inhabil? 3. Why is the middle of the pitches, we can rise or fall ihe Caucasian, or European race, so migra. according to circumstances; but if we begin tory and unsettled in its habits and propen. too high, or too low, we shall be liable to sities, while the African race seenis dis. extremes. Look at those of the audience at a medium distance, and you will not greatly 4. Where, in the brain, is the determina

posed to stay ai home, contented, and happy? err in pitch. 349. Mental Philosophy — treats of

tion of the mind, when we think intensely? the faculties of he human mind; their laws

Is it not where phrenologists locale causal. and actions, with a general reference to their ity? 5. Why is the eye used to represent use and cultivation. I teaches, that the the spirit of man, that goeth upward, and

wisdom? 6. Who knoweth, (says Solomon,) two constituents of mind--are the will and che spirit of the beast, that goeth downward! the "INDEKSTANDING; the former is the re. ceptacle of all our affections, good, or evil; 7. Why is a circle-used io represent eler. the lailer, of all our Thoughts, Irue or false.

nity? Phronology-may be considered, to a certain extent, as the highway to the philosophy of

Vital spark-of hearinly flame! mind; but it is not a sure guide, being found

Quil, oh quit this mortal frame; ed on the philosophy of effects, instead of

Trembling, hoping, ling'ring. flying, that of causes; as is the case with all the Oh, the pain, the bliss--of dying! sciences: hence, it cannot be depended on.

Cease, fond nature, cease thy strije, To judge righlcously of the subject of mind,

And let me languish-into life. we must have the whole man; which in. Hark! they whisper; angels say, volves phrenology, physiology, and psycholo. “Sister spirit, come away." gy: all of which must be seen in the light What is this-absorbs me quite; of TRUTH. nutural, and spiritual.

Steals my senses, --shuis iny sight, Anecdote. Rhymetry.

Drowns my spirits.-draws my breath! Elizabrth visited the town of Falkenstene,

Tell me, my soul, can this--Le death? the inhabitants employed their parish clerk

The world receides ; il disappears! to versify their address: the mayor, on be.

Heav'n--opens on my eyes! my ears ing introduced, with great gravity mounted

With sounds seraphic ring :a three legged stool, and commenced his

Lend, lend your wings! I mouni! Ily' poetical declamation thus :—“O mighly

O grare! where-is thy rictory? queen, Welcome to Falkenstene!". Eliza

O death! where--is thy sting? beth burst out in a loud roar of laughter; and, without giving his worship time to re. I hate to see--a shabby book, cover himself, she replied, “You great fool,

With half the leares--torn out,
Get off that stool."

And used, as if its owner-Dougla
Keep company with the wise and good.

Twere made--to ross about


When queen


:350. INFLECTIONS. The reader sees that Proverbs. 1. TI.rough the car, we must find the rising intection is used, when questions access to the heart. 2. Hunger mahes every kind are asked, that may be answered by yes, or of tool acceptabile. 3. Dealit - is the finishing no; also, in cases of doubt and uncertuintyj: stroke in the picture or life. 4. The remembrance and that the falling intlection is used, whien or labors performed, and difficulties orercome, is alquesiions are asked that are not thus an- ways agreeable. 5. The labors of the student are swered ; and in all cases of strong afirma. sveeter, the farther he proceeds; because his heart tion. Some authors seem not to have no- is in them. 6. Always yield to the truth. 7. The ticed the distinction between a rising injico improvement of the mind is of the first importancs. tron of the voice, and a simple suspension 8. Beware of going into the way of templations : of it, when there is a continuation of the many have been ruined, merely by looking on, lo

Let us not rely too much on the in- see how others do. 9. Tricks and treachery are flections, to enable us to give variety, but the practice of fools. 10. The proper study of on the different pitches of voice: the former mankind--is man. 11. Proinote virtuous commugives artificial variety, and the latter, a nication. 12. An ape-is ridiculous by nature; natural one.

men-by art and study. 13. Flatlery-is a very 351. 1. Accustom yourself to submit, on fashionable art. all oceasions, (even in the mosi minuie, as

Anecdote. Oud Habits. The duke de well as the inoat impriunt circumstances in Nivernois was acquainted with the countess life,) to a smill, present evil, to obtain a de Rochefort, and never omitted going 10 griver, distant good. This will give de- see her a single evening. As she was a cision, tone, and energy to the mind; widow and he a widower, one of his friends which, thuy liociplined, will often reap ricio- observed to him, it would be more conven. ry-from d juu, ind honor--from repulse. ient for him to marry that lady. “I have Ilaving acquired this invaluable habit of often thought so," said he," but one thing rational priprmce, and just appreciation, prevents me; in that case, where should I start for the prize that endureth Jorcuer. 2.

spend my evenings?". The man, who-e house is on fire, cries- Promises. If promises --- from man 10 Fire! Fuz'!! FIRE'!!! with the fulling min? Their very weakness is the charter

man bave force, why not from man 10 woinflection: but the roguish boy, who would of their power, and they should not be inraise a fülse aların, cries, Firé, firé, fire, jured because they can't return it. with the rising inflection. 3. This is an

1. (5) pen, (4) honorable challenge; why are what are the rights and duties of the fami

Varieties. Educational Questions. you (6) silent? Why do you (5) prevari- ly, and of society at large, respecting the aude? T() insist upon this point; I (5) education of children? 2. To what sort and

ve you to it: (4) priss it; nay, I (3) di- degree of education can any human individmand-it.

ual, as such, lay claim, independently of 352. The end, the cause and the EFFECT, forlune, or any other distinction? 3. How are the three distinct things, which follow far should the education of a child be regu. each other in regular and successive order; fated, according to his natural capacities, for every thing, in this world, and in the and how far should external circumstances other, proceeds according to these degrees: be permitted to affect it? 4. What are the hence, intelligence properly consisis in chief obstacles to a more general education knowing and distinguishing them, and see of the poor; and what are he leading errors ing them in their order. Illustration: the committed in this greatest of all charities, end of man is the love of his will; for what so far as it extends at present? 5. What one loves he proposes and intends: the are the chief errors committed in the educa. cause with him is ihe reason of ine under. tion of the wealthier classes, and by what stunding; for the end, by means of the rea- means can the education of both poor and 8on, secks for mediatex, or efficient causes: rich be made to produce, in the course of and the sect is the operation of the lovly time, a more harmonious state of sucily! from, and according to them. When these 6. How far, hitherto, mas christianity bren ihree are exhibited in act, the end is inward- allowed to in luence education, and by wha: lv in the cause, and thro' the cause in the means can the difficulties, arising from dis. effect: wherefore, they co-exist in the effect. l'inctions among christians, be obvialer in it? Hence, the propriety of judging every one. 7. Who will satisfactorily answer these im by his works; that is, by his frui's: for the portant questions ? end, or the love u ine will, and the cause,

"From the birile or the reason of his understanding, are 10 of mortal man, the sov'rejor Mixer had, gether in the effects; which three constitute Thai in mumble, nor in brief delight, The whole mail.

Not in the fading echoes of renown,
O, how poor

Power's purple robes, nor pleasure's flowery lap,
Seems the rich gift of genius, when it lies, The soul-can find enjoyment; but from these
Like the miliar... Ver man. Wu-own Turning, aisgamfu. 10 an equlie ory!
Hus strength--upon the sea, ambition-wrecked- Thro' all th' ascent of !...enlarge her rice,
A thone thrush mighi piry, as she sits, T... every bound- ength--shall disappear,
Brooung :) quel, ou ner ioway nest,

| And infinite perfuiion-close the scene."

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