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cattle”? What mental condition caused them to be so ? 20. What is the chief element of a heroic character? In what sense is life a “strife”? Against what and whom should the strife be waged ?
21. Express fully your understanding of the word “ Trust ” as used here. 22. Who, or what, are the “dead” of the Past? 23. What is the meaning of “living” as applied to the “ Present”? This line takes us back to what preceding thought ? 23. What kind of heart should one have within ? "o'erhead " -- does this mean above us in actual space, or superior to us in power, holiness, love, etc. ?
25. Is this a contradiction of the thought in line 22? 26. sublime. Why should we not study merely the circumstances and deeds of great men, but also, and chiefly, the motives that prompted them to great things — the elements of true greatness in their characters ? Who, in his life, gave us a perfect example of the power of higher influences upon the human soul? 28. Point out the force of the figure “ the sands of time.” What comparison is implied by “Footprints”?
29. Are the abiding results of life chiefly for our own glory, or for the guidance of “another "? Which of these ideas is most potent in the ordinary human spirit? 30. Why “solemn" main ? Compare the last line of " The Chambered Nautilus." 31. Who is one's “ brother" in this sense ? Show the fitness of the word “shipwrecked.”
34. Why is this not an easy thing to do? 35. Does “still ” mean “quietly," or "continuously,” or both ? “ achieving" — compare the lines —
• Toiling — rejoicing - sorrowing,
Onward through life he goes; ,
Each evening sees it close ;
The Village Blacksmith. 36. Learn to “wait” for what? Why is this a hard lesson for mortals to learn ? Compare the last line of Milton's sonnet on his blindness, “ They also serve who only stand and wait.”
If a hymn or song is sung entirely in the same tone, it is not very musical. We must have variations of pitch, movement, energy, volume, according to the changing spirit of the piece. What is the mood
of the person who is thought of as speaking the words of the first stanza? What change of mood in the fourth stanza? What is the spirit of the response in the fifth and sixth? To what in musical composition do the last three stanzas correspond ?
“Doing rersus Dreaming.” Put in good order the thoughts about activity as an element of life that have been suggested by this poem; thinking, not dreaming, must precede work.
“ The Music of The Psalm of Life.'” Imagine that a musician is interpreting the poem; tell how the music is played, and its effect.
Commit the entire poem to memory, and make it one of the hymns of your soul throughout life.
THE BUNKER HILL MONUMENT
AN ORATION DELIVERED AT THE LAYING OF THE COR
NER STONE OF THE BUNKER HILL MONUMENT, AT CHARLESTOWN, MASS., JUNE 17, 1825
This uncounted multitude before me and around me proves the feeling which the occasion has excited. These thousands of human faces, glowing with sympathy and joy, and from the impulses of a common gratitude turned reverently to heaven in this spacious 5 temple of the firmament, proclaim that the day, the place, and the purpose of our assembling have made a deep impression on our hearts.
If, indeed, there be anything in local association fit to affect the mind of man, we need not strive to re- 10 press the emotions which agitate us here.
We are among the sepulchers of our fathers.
on ground distinguished by their valor, their constancy, and the shedding of their blood. We are here, not to fix an uncertain date in our annals, not to draw into 15 notice an obscure and unknown spot. If our humble purpose had never been conceived, if we ourselves had never been born, the 17th of June, 1775, would have been a day on which all subsequent history would have poured its light, and the eminence where we 20 stand a point of attraction to the eyes of successive generations.
are Americans. We live in what may be called the early age of this great conti
nent; and we know that our posterity, through all time, are here to enjoy and suffer the allotments of 25 humanity. We see before us a probable train of great events ; we know that our own fortunes have been happily cast ; and it is natural, therefore, that we should be moved by the contemplation of occurrences which have guided our destiny before many of us were born, and 30 settled the condition in which we should pass that portion of our existence which God allows to men on earth.
We do not read even of the discovery of this continent without feeling something of a personal interest 35 in the event ; without being reminded how much it has affected our own fortunes and our own existence. It would be still more unnatural for us, therefore, than for others, to contemplate with unaffected minds that interesting, I may say most touching and pathetic 40 scene, when the great discoverer of America stood on the deck of his shattered bark, the shades of night falling on the sea, yet no man sleeping ; tossed on the billows of an unknown ocean, yet the stronger billows of alternate hope and despair tossing his own troubled 45 thoughts; extending forward his harassed frame; straining westward his anxious and eager eyes, till Heaven at last granted him a moment of rapture and ecstasy, in blessing his vision with the sight of the unknown world.
Nearer to our times, more closely connected with our fates, and therefore still more interesting to our feelings and affections, is the settlement of our own country by colonists from England. We cherish every memorial of these worthy ancestors ; we celebrate 55 their patience and fortitude; we admire their daring
enterprise ; we teach our children to venerate their piety; and we are justly proud of being descended from men who have set the world an example of founding civil institutions on the great and united 60 principles of human freedom and human knowledge. To us, their children, the story of their labors and sufferings can never be without interest. We shall not stand unmoved on the shore of Plymouth while the sea continues to wash it; nor will our brethren in 65 another early and ancient colony forget the place of its first establishment, till their river shall cease to flow by it. No vigor of youth, no maturity of manhood, will lead the nation to forget the spots where its infancy was cradled and defended.
But the great event in the history of the continent, which we are now inet here to commemorate, that prodigy of modern times, at once the wonder and the blessing of the world, is the American Revolution. In a day of extraordinary prosperity and happiness, of high 75 national honor, distinction, and power, we are brought together in this place by our love of country, by our admiration of exalted character, by our gratitude for signal service and patriotic devotion.
The society whose organ I am, was formed for the 80 purpose of rearing some honorable and durable monument to the memory of the early friends of American independence. They have thought that for this object no time could be more propitious than the present prosperous and peaceful period ; that no place could 85 claim preference over this memorable spot; and that no day could be more auspicious to the undertaking than the anniversary of the battle which was here fought. The foundation of that monument we have