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the sights and sounds of general festivity. By THE STATE AGRICULTURAL FAIR AT Roca the tiine the aquatic tour was completed, Lord ESTER, held simultaneously with the Burne Elgin, Governor-General of the Canadas, at- Jubilee, vied with the latter in the splatended by his brother, Colonel Bruce, and Lord dor and interest of its concomitants. liwa Mark Kerr, was received at the Western Railworthy of the imperial State of New-Yet way Station by the Mayor. On arriving at the so rich in all natural endowments. The de Revere Ilonse, the descendant of a long line of play of agricultural products, farming im;de ancestry-honorable, too, as bearing the name ments, manufactured articles, cattle, pouita, of Bruce, (passing by Lord Byron's splenetic &c., was magnificent, and the multitudes tis Curse of Minerva pronounced on the Earl's crowded to the Fair from all parts, Americans father, we believe, for bringing the friezes of and colonists, were not less remarkable than the Parthenon, and other sculptures, from the thing itself. The Canadians distinguistici Athens to England)-went across the hall of themselves in several departments, and seti the same hotel to pay the homage due to the ed as much resolved to make themselves tan head of this Republic, to the son of a plain pily at home as their brethren in Bosto Yankee farmer. In the evening, the Earl | Lord Elgin dropped into the Fair on his was distributed himself among three or four re to the latter city, and looked about him i ception rooms of the Boston aristocracy. great interest, particularly at a gorgeous culo

The next was the superlative last day of lection of horses, blood horses, and so forth. the Jubilee. The whole population seemed to Governor Hunt was there; ex-Governors have come to the windows or into the streets; Marcy and Morton, and also ex-President TFand bunting enough for five hundred armies ler, General Wool, and other notabilities. A flew from roofs and spires, and arehed and grand dinner wound up the affair in a very draped the thoroughfares appointed for the splendid and harmonious manner; and at the route of the procession. In eleven large divi- conclusion it was resolved that this Fair sions it took up its pilgrimage,

should henceforth be an annual one. “ And wound, with blithesome march, its long array," On the 10th of last month a large body of to the pulsations of many drums and the in-armed negroes at Christiana, Pa., resisted the spiriting noise of wind instruments; while attempts of Mr. Gorsuch, of Maryland, (acsuch multitudes of faces looked and cheered companied by five others,) to reclaim two of from the houses on each side, “ you would his fugitive slaves. Mr. Gorsuch was killed, have thought the very windows spake." The and his son and nephew desperately wounded authorities and chief societies of Boston The negroes numbered sixty or seventy, and marched—the military divisions, Lord Elgin, fought with the most determined ferocity

. Governor Boutwell, the Canadian ministry, Under the prompt action of the United States the Canadian guests; and then the trades, a

Marshal, from forty to fifty colored persons long and highly interesting line. The Presi- were arrested; and the law of the United dent was suffering from cold, and did not ap- trial which takes

place this month.

States will be vindicated in this affair in the pear in the procession. The dinner in the pavilion on the Common was a grand affair.

One hundred and twenty-eight Hungarians Between three and four thousand persons oc- lately arrived in this country from Shumla. cupied seats at a cold collation of things, but Their delegates, Captains Britch, Lichtenstein warmed by a good deal of fraternal enthusi- and Bukovitz, had a recent interview with asm. President Fillmore sat to the banquet, the President at Washington, introduced by but only for a short time. Not being able Major Tochman, husband of the late Madle to stay till the close, he spoke his speech, by Jagello. The President welcomed them to anachronism, before dinner, and left the hall America, and hoped Kossuth would come to proceed to Washington.

soon and settle in this country. The HungaAfter his departure, several excellent rians were on their way to New-Buda in speeches were made by Lord Elgin, the Hon. Ohio, where Governor Ujhazy and others of Nr. Everett, Hon. Mr. Winthrop, the Hon. his nation have already settled. Mr. CorkoMr. Howe, of Canada, and others; all full of ran—the name shows that he is a son or de the spirit of the occasion. dusk the party scendant of old Ireland—has paid $1,700 for broke up to see the fire works on the Com- the passage of one hundred of these Hun

Lord Elgin left the city next morning. garians to their destination. Not to be outAnd thus terminated a celebration which, done in generosity, the railroad companies drawing the people of the British Provinces have resolved to carry them free, so that they into closer contact and sympathy than here will have the cash to purchase implements of tofore with our citizens, must foster a par- farming and other industry when they get to tiality for our ways all ations, and ultimately result in gri

independence on one side, and

al advan

-Oregon is going ahead almost as ges on the oth

rnia. Some time ago six steam


essels were expected to be on its rivers by, nons, sided with the people, and obliged the his time. The editor of the Spectator bas Ayuntamiento to come to terms and respect reen through the valley of Tualatin, where an the demands of the citizens. Another outcademy has been formed, and gives a highly break had occurred at Durango, in conseavorable account of the fertility of its soil quence of want of provisions, and several ind the salubrity of its atmosphere. Much lives were lost in the struggle. It is thought the largest part of the immigration to Ore- that the three thousand Cuban sympathizers gon was from the Council Bluffs rendezvous. who were ready to be wafted from NewGovernor Gaines and General Lane have been Orleans to Cuba when news arrived of the fighting with the Indians. The latter had defeat and death of Lopez will transfer thementered their territory, killed forty or fifty of selves westward, and, under Carabajal, Cardethem, and driven the rest into the mountains. nas, or some other leaders, endeavor to win He brought away thirty prisoners. The new States froin the Spanish-descended peonumber of the Indian tribes which the settlers ple of the mainland. Mexico is not insensihave to contend with in Oregon shows the ble to her own distracted condition or the fertility of the soil and the excellent natural designs of her enemies within and without. resources of the country.

The Senate had passed an act recommending all the Spanish American Republics to unite in an offensive and defensive alliance, estab

lish a uniform political system, a general act Mexico.-This country seems to be in a of trade and commerce, and tribunal for the precarious and unpromising condition; she settlement of differences, &c. In the State never, in fact, seemed to be in any other for of Guanajuata a pronunciamento was recently a long time past. Just now it is threatened made in favor of Santa Anna. It is scarcely with rebellion and the loss of some of its possible for Mexico, so torn by internal disnorthern provinces, among which are Tarnau- sensions, to be able to bring about any harlipas and New-Leon. The leaders in the monious action of the South American Rebusiness of revolution are Carabajal and Gov. publics—all as restless and angry as mosquiCardenas. They are to be assisted by a large toes. body of Texan rangers recently disbanded, and do not expect much resistance from the New-Grenada has been lately in the jaws Federal troops. This enterprise has been of insurrection. It is said to have been exconcocted for some time, and great hopes of cited by the Jesuits who were lately driven its success are entertained. Scarcity of pro- from the country. The government of Newvisions in consequence of a long and severe Grenada is going on the plan of radical redrouth is felt in the northern States of Mex- form, and has the support of the people. ico, and doubtless adds to the popular discon- General Borrero, who headed a body of maltents, and excites wishes for some change contents in Antioquia, was defeated by the in that quarter. An outbreak took place troops of the executive. lately at Vera Cruz, the people of which ap- General Flores, the absconding President pealed against tho taxation which weighs of Ecuador, recently left Peru to go and head upon them. They assembled to lay their an insurrection in Ecuador which was intendcomplaint before the Ayuntamiento. The ed to co-operate with the outbreak in Newlatter ordered some soldiers to be present at Grenada. · Flores is said to be the stipendiary the interview, which sent the people back to of Lord Palmerston, and the subordinate of their houses for their arms. Then began an Mr. Chatfield, the English envoy; he lately angry parley, and the argument grew into a resided at Costa Rica. Some years ago he general fusillade. Three persons were killed arranged a plan by which Spain could bring and half a dozen wounded in this business, back all the runaway Republics and make when the National Guard came out with can-I them colonies of Spain again.

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Lectures on the Lord's Prayer. By WILLIAM R. tion; the composure of the Areopagus carried into WILLIAMS. Boston: Gould & Lincoln.

the struggles of Thermopylæ.* Now the work of

Hale, thus the household manual in the dwelling of A series of most admirable discourses by a pro- the youthful Washington, contains a long, labored, found and pious thinker, on a subject of universal and minute series of Meditations on the Lord's application and interest. We enrich our page by Prayer. How much of the stern virtue that sbobe the following extract from the preface, remarkable serenely over the troubled strifes of the Commorfor its force and beauty :

wealth and Protectorate, and over the shameless “ Could we write the history of mankind as profligacy and general de basement of the restored it will be read by the Judge of all the earth in Stuarts, came from the earnest study of that Prayer, the last day, how much of earth's freedom, and only the Last Day can adequately show. We can order, and peace would be found to have dis- see, from the space it occupies in Hale's Folume, tilled, through quiet and secret channels, from what share the supplication had in his habitual the fountain full and exhaustless of this single and most sacred recollections. We seem to recor prayer. It has hampered the wickedness which dize, in his earnest, importunate deprecation of the it did not altogether curb; and it has nour sins from which society held him singularly free, ished individual goodness and greatness in the and in his urgent and minute supplications for all eminence of which whole nations and ages have grace and for those especial excellences in which rejoiced.

his age and land pronounced him to have me * What forming energy has gone forth from the eminently attained the secret of his immunity and single character of Washington, upon the destinies his virtue. Is it fanciful or credulous to infer that, of our own land and people, not only in the days directly or indirectly, in his own acquaintance per of our Revolution, but through each succeeding sopally with the work, or in his inherited admiration year! He only who reads that heart which He of the author's character, our Washington derived himself has fashioned, can fully and exactly define bis kindred excellences from Hale; and that heal. the various icfluences which served to mould the ing virtue thus streamed from the robes of the character of that eminent patriot; yet every Saviour on the mount, as He enunciated this form biographer has attributed much of what George of supplication-streamed across wide oceans and Wasbington became to the parental training and the intervening centuries, into the heart and character personal traits of his mother. To Paulding, in his and influence of him whom our people delight to Life of Washington, we owe the knowiedge of the hail as the Father of his Country fact, tha this Christian matron daily read to her “No human analysis can disintegrate from the household, in the youth of her son, the Contempla- virtue, and freedom, and prosperity of modern tions of Sir Matthew Hale, the illustrious and Christendom, the proportion and amount of it Christian Judge. The volume is yet cherished in which is distinctly owing to the influence of this the family as an heir-loom, and bears the marks single supplication.” of much use; and ne of its essays, “The Good Steward,

' is regarded by the biographer as having especially left its deep and indelible traces on the The Religion of Geology, and its connected Sciences. principles and character of the youth whom God

By Edward HITCHCOCK, D.D., LL.D. Boston: was rearing for such high destinies. And certainly,

Phillips, Sampson & Co. either by the direct influence of the book and its These admirable lectures form one of the most lessons on the son, or by their indirect effect upon valuable contributions to the subject that bas yet him through that parent revering and daily con appeared in so popular a form. The eminent acsulting the book, the Christian jurist and statesman thor has devoted many years to the elucidation of of Britain seems, in many of his characteristic the harmony between the inspired Revelation and traits, to have reappeared in this the warrior and the discoveries and conclusions of modern scientific patriot to whom our own country gives such ear- research in the magnificent field of Geology and nest and profound gratitude. The sobriety, the its kindred sciences, (one of the grandest subjects balanced judgment, the calm dignity, the watchful of human contemplation) and has brought to the integrity shunning the appearance of evil, the tem- task a mind thoroughly furnished both as a theolopered moderation, the controlling good sense, car- gian and a scientific savan. We regard the arguried to a rare degree that made it mightier than ments which he puts forth as impregnable both as what is commonly termed genius,-all were kindred traits, strongly developed in the character • “Calm, but stern ; like one whom no compassion could alike of the English and of the American worthy. weaken, In Washington's character, this seems among its Neither could doubt deter, nor violent impulses alter: strangest and rarest ornaments, its judicial serenity Lord of his, own resolves - of his own heart absolute maintained amidst the fierce conflicts of a revolu- SOUTHEY (of Washington) in his Vision of Judgment.

against the skeptical materialist on the one hand, | facts or even the laws of things or existences, but and those who still contend for the literal interpre to be morally and intellectually developed by tation of the Scriptures on the other. There can these-to become a conscious thought, worthy be no more profitable study than this work to all and capable of being the appreciator of the great parties.

Creator and Pervader of all.

The Epoch of Creation: The Scripture Doctrine The Works of Shakspeare: The Text carefully

Contrasted with the Geological Theory. By restored according to the First Editions ; with ELEAZAR LORD. With an Introduction, by Rich- Introductions, Notes, original and selected, and ARD W. DICKENSON, D.D. New-York: Charles Life of the Poet. By the Rev. H. N. Hudson, Scribner.

A.M. In eleven volumes. Boston and CamWe place our notice of this work in juxtaposi.

bridge: James Monroe & Company. Volumes tion with that of the above, inasmuch as it is an

I. and II. argument directly upon the other side of the ques- We have looked with much interest for this tion discussed by President Hitchcock. It is un- edition of the great master, since it was announced doubtedly able; the best argument, as a whole, as in preparation, knowing as we did the eminent on its side, that has come under our notice. Yet qualifications of the editor for his task. Several we must confess that to our mind it is utterly in of the essays of Mr. Hudson which have been sufficient, and we fear not calculated to do the contributed to the columns of this Review, and good intended by its author.

afterwards published among his Lectures, have If the meaning and intention of the first chapter made our readers acquainted with his profound of Genesis, and other parts of Scripture that have study of the bard, and the remarkable powers of any reference to natural facts and phenomena, is criticism and analysis which he exhibits in his at all an open question, (and how it can be con elucidations of the wonders and beauties of his sidered otherwise we cannot conceive, when so plays. We beg to refer our readers to Mr. H.'s many of the learned and pious have argued it,) it editorial preface for what he designs, and we is certainly most rativnal to adopt the view that doubt not will accomplish in this edition. We best harmonizes with what at least appears to us have little doubt but it will be altogether the best to be the facts and legitimate deductions of sci- popular edition yet published. The volumes beence. The whole superstructure of modern Ge- fore us are executed in a most admirable style, ology, as a science of principles, Mr. Lord denies, both in matter and manner; with observations or at least doubts; its deductions, which come from and notes both judicious and acute; printed on the very necessity of our reasoning upon its facts, beautiful paper, with remarkably clear and elegant he ignores; and he would have us draw po infer- type. They are of the duodecimo form, of all ences- eliminate no laws; although he must be others the most convenient for so constant a necesaware that such deductions and such inferences of sity as Shakspeare. We predict an unbounded laws are every day being confirmed by new facts popularity for the work. predicted from such deductions and inferences. Such views are in our opinion in conflict with buman development and progress, both intellectu. Drayton : A Story of American Life. Newally and religiously. The facts of the great York: Harper & Brothers, arcana of Nature are but the frame-work-if we may so speak-of the informing spirit of Law;

The slight glance which we have been able to and it is this latter alone that appeals to the high- | bestow upon this volume hardly enables us to est principles in the intellectual nature of man. judge of its merits. The story is a truly AmeriTo discover the principles of things has been the can one,--the career of a youth of genius, rising great educational stimulant of our nature through from a shoemaker's apprentice to the highest all ages, and the desire has been implanted in the honors of the bar. The style is somewhat inhuman soul by the Author of Nature for this flated, and yet there is a facility of narrative and highest of all purposes. Can we then believe a expression which, whilst that indicates an unpractheory that will only allow the mind to store up tised band, this gives promise of a capacity for barren facts! Mr. Abbott observes, speaking of something better. the topography of that wonderful region, the valley, of the Nile: "The human mind, connected with a pair of eagle's wings, would have solved Literary Reminiscences

, from the Autobiography the mystery of Egypt in a week; whereas science,

of an English Opium-Eater. By Thomas DE philosophy, and research, confined to the surface of

QUINCEY. In two volunes. Boston: Ticknor, the ground, have been occupied for twenty centu

Reed & Fields. ries in accomplishing the undertaking.”. So from These will probably be the most popular of this the mount of God, with the eye of inspiration, elegant series of volumes of the miscellaneous Moses might have revealed to us the structure of writings of De Quincey, by this enterprising house. the earth, as well as the fact of its construction; The wonderful grace and beauty of his language, might have demonstrated to us the mathematics the shrewd observation, the profound analytical of the heavens, as well as stated the simple and capacity, and the appreciative sympathy with all sublime fiat that bade them be and they were that is either refined or great in literature, qualify But this, even we can see sufficient reason for not this author, we had almost said beyond all others, doing. It is not the highest purpose to know the for such a purpose as is undertaken in these essays: namely, to represent to us the great liter- subject, scenery, and treatment. We can promise all ary geniuses of his time and acquaintance—Davy, those who have not read it a treat; and those who Godwin, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Southey, Edward read the first edition, now so long since published Irving, Talfourd, &c. These, with the many most will eagerly possess themselves of this new one. interesting circumstances of bis own literary career, will make the work a never-failing favorite with all for whom literature has charms beyond the Elements of Thought ; or Concise Explanations of vulgar things of sense.

the Principal Terms employed in the several Branches of Intellectual Philosophy. By Isaac

TAYLOR. New-York: William Gowans Second Passages in the Life of Mrs. Margaret Maitland. American, from the Ninth London Edition. New-York: D. Appleton & Co.

By giving the full title of this little work, and This is a “quaint and curious volume,” but of adding our testimony to the many before us of such unquestionable genius that no one with the the admirable manner in which the design of the faintest appreciation of quiet and truthful earnest- | author has been executed, we perform a duty to ness of character, and with any taste for sim- the public as well as to the publisher. To che plicity of antique modes of thought and speech, student of philosophy, with whom so much de can open it without being fascinated by the quiet pends upon the proper definition and clear under and quaint pictures that the author, with such standing of terms, this work should never be skill, maketh to pass before his mental eye. It wanting. is altogether wholesome and good.

The Sea and the Sailor ; Notes on France and lo: A Tale of the Olden Fane. By K. BARTON.

Italy; and other Literary Remains of Rer. Wel New-York: D. Appleton & Co.

ter Colton. With a Memoir, by Rev. HENET T.

Cheever. New-York: A. S. Barnes & Co. We must reserve our judgment of this book for

We have had occasion to notice the sereral a better opportunity of perusal. The scene is laid in ancient Greece, and the author has evi- other works of this pleasant and popular author


This dently a feeling of classic enthusiasm.

probably the most interesting of the series

, manner and style is, however

, strained and over making us acquainted as it does with the personal wrought. Such, at least, is the impression that history of the author, and exhibiting more fully the opening chapters make upon us

the versatility of his genius, and the variety of his accomplishments.

Episodes of Insect Life. By ACHETA DOMESTICA, Vagamundo; or the Attaché in Spain. Including M.E.T. Second Series. New-York: J. S. a brief Excursion into the Empire of Moroc. Redfield.

By John Esaias Warren. New-York: Charles

Scribner. This volume is no less attractive and beautiful than the first, of which we have already expressed Mr. Warren has given us in this work his advenour opinion. Truly admirable contributions they tures, feelings, and reflec.ions during a six months' are to popular scientific knowledge, with all the residence in Spain. grace and attractiveness of fairy tales, notwith- Entering as he does truly into the very spirit of standing their accuracy of detail and minuteness that most romantic land, with a ready pen and of scientific knowledge. There is no falling off in enthusiastic temperament, he could not well

, and the elegance with which the enterprising publisher has not failed to make a charming book. His has gotten up the work. • We know of no such style suits his subject, and his subject his style; centre-table attraction.

and therefore we may predict that his book will

be a favorite. Swallow Born; or a Sojourn in the Old Dominion Chambers's Papers for the People. Vol. I. Phila

By J.P. KENNEDY. Revised edition, with twenty
Illustrations by Strother. New-York: George

delphia: J. W. Moore. P. Putnam.

This republication is, we believe, a fac-simile of Familiar as the name of this book has been to cellany. This, therefore, will be sufficient to say

the original Edinburgh edition of this popular misus, we had not, before this beautiful edition was of the neatness and taste with

which it is issued put into our hands, seen it; and although we were the name of Chambers is a sufficient

guarantee of prepared to expect a work of no ordinary merit the excellence of the contents. from our knowledge of the later and graver writings of the distinguished author, we confess to having our expectations more than realized. A Wreath around the Cross ; or Scripture Truths To our fresh enthusiasm over this elegant edition,

Illustrated. By Rev. A. Morton Brown. With with its humorous and graceful illustrations, and

a Recommendatory Preface by John ANGELL clear brilliant type, it appears a worthy com

JAMES. Boston: Gould & Lincoln. panion of the somewhat similar volumes of The purpose of this work, and the recommendaWashington Irving; not unlike his Bracebridge tion with which it comes, will insure its welcome Hall, of- shall we say!—equal grace and humor, among the class of readers for whom it is dewith the advantage of being more national in its signed.

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