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to describe the tenderness which he showed their own accord, in those moments of me, and henceforth I shall speak of it no abandon when the firmest souls, reposing in more. This month passed together in abso- confidence, are no longer troubled with relute solitude completed our union. I could serve. From that time our intimacy could read in his soul, and he in mine, every feel not be increased, and took at once a characing and every thought. There was mani- ter of sweetness and manliness which it fested the last degree of confidence, and the always preserved, even during the long years veils which still covered the most delicate of our separation. parts of our life were raised, as it were of




[Our readers will doubtless be gratified to find that our monthly review of literature will also con. tain a monthly review of things in general-of contemporary history, both in Europe and on our own continent. We mean a notice of those leading facts which are most significant of the times. Retrospects are not always unpleasant things. People in progress som "times like to pause, not so much to take breath as to look back over the road they have travelled, and congratulate themselves on the headway they have made. They also feel an interest in the breadth and comprehensiveness of the survey. Now-a-days literature is not merely a matter of abstract refinement, lying apart from the high roads of men. "It is bound up with the law of movement, partakes of its impulses, and wherever it lives healthiest, should show a lively sympathy with the business of the human family.

We hope that, in doing the business of Ariel once a month, putting, as it were, a girdle round the earth in forty minutes, our beneficent Prospero—the public --will smile encouragement, and not withhold the reward of such services.]

FRANCE.-France, after all, takes the atten- her angry face, like grasshoppers. Then she tion tirst, in spite of the splendid and praise-cooled down into subserviency to the will of worthy costermongery of the Crystal Palace. a despotic soldier. She afterwards took back, Béranger says, very grandly:

with a helpless grumble, the Bourbons she

had execrated. In a succeeding fit of mag" Le sang français des grandes destinées Trace en tout temps la route au genre humain."

nificence she kicked them out again; but

clasped a royal Artful Dodger to her bosom No doubt she has been a remarkable precur- instead of liberty. Another vehement erucsor in great changes, and sometimes leads the tation, after a time, sent him and his princes, van in fine style. She has been a pillar of all their regal hopes and household gods, fire to the nations. But it cannot be denied sprawling disastrously against the moon! that she has also been a very bewildering Then, what but the purest form of republipillar of cloud. She has been alternately canism-Liberty, Fraternity, Equality-the “ The glory, jest, and riddle of the world.”

trinity of her old worship! But look again.

The noble French nation has discarded its At this moment her tendencies are as uncer- idols of the Provisional days, and put a little tain as those of a meteor. What is she about Bonaparte at the head of the government. to become? We could make a shrewd guess The people forgot the customary Phrygian at the probable condition of any other Eu- cap, to fall down and worship the Emperor's ropean government at the end of the next old cocked hat! So did not William Tell two years. But what France will be at that upon a memorable Austrian occasion. time nobody can venture to prophesy. Of France seems upon the edge of another modern nations she presents the most startling explosion : she is always on the

edge of somecontrasts of elevated heroism and feeble, con- thing of the kind; and privy conspiracy has tented submission. In 1789 she rose, stung its foyers in the city of Paris, with affiliations with the injuries of a thousand years, and in other places a very influential one in the tyrants either perished at her feet or ran from English metropolis. In the beginning of last VOL. VIII. NO. IV. NEW SERIES.


month a plot was discovered having for its champaign country, for the most part; object a general socialist revolution. On the the Berryers are not put out of wit 6th ult., one hundred and twenty-five arrests countenance. had been made in consequence. M. Maillard, As for Louis Napoleon, he mainly en former secretary of Ledru Rollin, was among upon the great mass of the rural popalo those arrested, and it is thought the latter those who remember Napoleon, as the per himself is implicated deeply in the business. guese remember Don Sebastian; those who So the matter stands. The approach of 1852 Béranger describes in his “ Souvenirs and the Presidential election deepens the in- Peuple:” terest of all who work for France or think

“Long, long, in many a lowly home, of her. Louis Napolean desires to be chosen

They'll fondly talk of all his glory; for another term, shrinking back from the For half a century to come.

The cot shall know no other story. abyss of oblivion into which he should sub

There, many a time, at close of day, side on leaving his present seat. He evidently The villagers will meet and say: wishes to create an impression that, without

• Mother, to make the momenis Ay,

Tell us some tale of days gone by : his firm rule and measures of coercion, the What though his rule, they say, was hard, Republic would be pulled to pieces between

We keep his memory with delight: the Legitimists on the one hand, and the Red

Tell us or him, good grandmother,

Tell us of him to-night!” Republicans on the other; and he relies very much upon that easy class of the bourgeoisie He has the unreasoning instincts of such pe which dreads another outbreak and the knock-ple on his side. But a strong power is agus ing about of its crockery. There are about him if he means to subvert the Constituti “six Richmonds in that field” already, all The Generals, Cavaignac and Change looking either to the Presidency or to some will thwart any of his illegal attempts, est other shape of authority over the nation. divide the army against him; and Lames There is the party of Henry of Bordeaux; tine, to blast his pretensions in their strom that of the young “ County Paris ;" that of hold, pours out his withering denunciatio the Prince de Joinville, (as President;) that of Napoleon as a vulgar homicide, in his nes of Louis Napoleon and the cocked hat; that work, the History of the Restorations. Its of the moderate Republicans and Cavaignac; commonplace to say that France is the sot that of the Red-Republicans—this last being, face of a volcano; but the figure is so approas yet, acephalous. A pretty Medea's “ kettle priate that we adopt it till we can get a beå of fish," from which to bring forth the reno- ter for the purpose, vated France of the next two or three years! Two naval squadrons are about to be se: The chances of the two first seem feeble, and, from France: one to cruise on the coast we may add, those of the last named. That Italy to watch the disturbances that are be of the Prince de Joinville is thought to have ginning to threaten the peninsula; the other some sort of promise in it. He is about to to the sea of Japan under a Rear Admiraloffer himself as candidate for the department a military, scientific, and commercial explore of Finisterre, hoping to be returned, to have tion of those rich lands and waters so long his sentence of banishment repealed, and then tabooed against the Europeans, and now aboch to offer himself for the Presidency. MM. to be involved in the vortex of progress. Guizot, Duchatel, and other Orleanist leaders, are opposed to this project. Their aims are all royal. They look for a possible union of ENGLAND.—In England the noise and erthe two Bourbon branches and the restora- citement of the Crystal Palace are undergotion of the monarchy. Berryer, the world- ing diminution, and the Church business is renowned legitimist orator and advocate of beginning to make itself heard the loader. Henry V., has spoken with his usual boldness The late law, making the assumption of Cathin the French Chamber. He laughs at the olic Church titles penal, is agitating the emidea that France is republican, and asks what pire. In Ireland the hubbub is greatest, as signs of republicanism has she been showing was to be expected, and the Catholic priestfor the last two years? France, he says, can- hood protest as vehemently as the schismaties not be a republic. “Yes," he exclaims, “I of the fourteenth century did. A Catholic As say that the republic is incompatible with the sociation is organized to war against perfidious old society of Europe—is utterly unsuited Albion in the matter of these titles. Ireland, to the genius, wants, manners and feelings of as much of it as the emigration has left behind, a nation of thirty millions of inhabitants, is expected to range itself at the back of the closely packed together in the same territory, Bishops, and the old business of the O'Conand whose ancestors have been for centuries nell days is making that miserable terrarum governed by kings." This is pretty plain angulus still more ridiculous and deplorable. speaking—not without some applause. The The intention of the Irish dignitaries is to Mountain roars like the sea in a stiff tempest. assume the forbidden style, and then try the But France is not all mountainous; she is a thing in court. The Catholic Church will go

to law with England! In the latter country | doubts are for ever dumb. One English paper, the majority of the press is opposed to the the London Merchant, speaking the honest Catholic claims; even the liberal papers do conviction of almost the entire press of the not find their liberality proof against the tra- country, says: “We write to record our ditional dislike of every thing Popish. Punch opinion, that the empire of the seas must beis death on the Church of Rome! Of course fore long be ceded to America; its persevermany of our readers have seen (for Punch is ing enterprise, its great commerce, are certain no stranger in our American book-shops) the to secure this prize ; nor will England be in many comicalities, sharper than swords in a condition to dispute it with her. America, the end, by which Popery is assailed. as mistress of the ocean, inust overstride the

civilized world.” Not such a great misfor“ A thousand 'scapes of wit

tune for the world, that! Ainerica will do Make it the mother of their idle dreams, And rock it in their fancies."

nothing unladylike, thank God. She will

not overstride the world to plunder and What a figure the Irish Bishop cuts with the maltreat it. Meantime, England will keep Fiery Cross! And the clerical Wolf and her supremacy, we perceive, as long as she Little Red Riding-hood! But, after all, they may: Cunard is building four iron screw may laugh who win. And the titulars will steam-ships, the first to be ready for the bilwin.

lows on New-Year's Day. The Crystal Palace will be closed this England can boast her golden territories month. It has turned out to be an excellent as well as ourselves. Gold has been discorthing, even as a trading speculation. It could ered in the earth at several places in New not fail. The Queen and Prince Albert were South Wales, and a placer has been opened to that show what Barnum is to his own, and at Bathurst. Every thing is in apple-pie orcarried it through right royally. The almost der at these diggings. The Governor-General daily attendance of the Queen was enough to has issued a proclamation prohibiting the sustain the interest of the house, which might search for gold unless with a government otherwise have subsided soinewhat. At first license; and though the diggers are digging the London papers were disposed to dispar- as men do every where who dig for gold, eaage our contributions; but a Yankee reaping- gerly and energetically, they are doing so machine and the miraculous lock-picking of under regulations. A deposit bank was about Mr. Hobbs, of New-York, have made a more to be set up at the placer, to be supported from lasting practical impression upon a practical the license inoney. This would secure the people than nearly all the rest of the show winnings of the searchers, who, it is said, put together. But the United States showed, average half an ounce each per day. Mr. after all, that her best things were not by any Stuchbury, the geologist of the colony, has means at the Orystalline. Like an ancient reported very favorably of this golden disknight-errant, riding up alone to the gates covery, of a strange city, and challenging any cham- Gold has also been discovered in the valley pion disposed to come forth and fight with of the river Chandière, in Lower Canada. him, the very famous little cutter " America" | About five hundred Americans and several rode the other day into Cowes, where the persons from New-Brunswick have been swiftest keels of England were congregated, prospecting there during the summer. The and sent a cartel of defiance into the midst mineral region, it is said, extends over a surof them!

face of 3,000 square iniles, the gold being The Yankee craft stepped forth before the rest,

found in the bed of the stream and in the And, Albion, challenged you to run a race ! neighboring hills.

A letter has been published from Dr. John And she ran it, and won it too, beating the Rae, regarding his efforts for the discovery best yacht in England, by tremendous odds, of Sir John Franklin, dated Fort Confidence, in a course of twenty miles. John Bull stared, Great Bear Lake, Oct. 14th, 1850. He proas at something extremely unlooked for, and posed going in the spring of this year, 1851, Punch handsomely admitted that instead of twenty days' march to the northward between “Yankee Doodle-doo,” our motto should be Victoria and Wollaston's Lands. He ultiYankee Doodle Did! Well, this has been mately proposed to descend the Copper Mine fairly acknowledged by the English press to river, in June or July, when the ice should be a fair and undoubted beating-an emphatic be broken up. He seems confident of falling proof that on the element which England has in with Sir John. This is not impossible, if been in the habit of calling her own, she is he should journey through that“ dark valley," no longer without a superior. Within the which it is generally believed poor Sir John last year or so, indeed, Mr. Collins's steam- has reached long before now. ships have been demonstrating the same in the face of the world. The Jupiter Tonans Ireland seems to be making spasmodic efof Printing-house Square admits the fact, and I forts about the Church-in-danger. But she is

mainly busied in running away. If the Irish | their way, it is reported, to the United States. could remove their country from her anchor. For the last two years, Turkey kept the Hose age and set her afloat, like another Delos, garians imprisoned, under awe of the threats they would ferry her over and moor her under of the Emperors of Russia and Austria TE the lee of New-Jersey shore. As they can- Ottoman Porte has been praised for not Tnot, they leave the wreck, and escape in hun- rendering them. We cannot see how it ca: dreds of thousands. The emigration from escape condemnation for not permitting the: Ireland is increasing in an enormous degree, to pass freely through and from its independent and will continue to increase till about two or and neutral dominions. Kossuth has express three millions will only be left in the old ed his doubts of his release at the appointed i island. It is the island of a thousand unde-time, in a letter addressed to Mr. Horde of veloped resources, and we should not wonder our embassy at Constantinople. He feared for if some of our Yankee speculators went and the feebleness of Turkey, and told Mr. Horde settled in it. It is a wealthier island naturally he had little hopes from the inflaence of than Cuba. An American colony upon it America in the matter; inasmuch as the would be the signal of its regeneration. American government and the American

press took always occasion to declare that

the Republic would not meddle in the aftsin GERMANY.—The news from Germany is of other countries. This policy Kossnth eriinteresting. The Emperor of Austria and the dently deplores. He said it was doubles King of Prussia promulgate their designs of suitable to the infant fortunes of the States; restoring despotism to its old rights. The bnt would be certain, in our times, to weatea Emperor of Austria, with an honest ferocity, the influence which such a powerful and enhas doomed the Constitution of March, 1849, lightened nation should possess, and make ou to the flames--that Constitution for which sympathies as a people good for nothing. people said the Austrians and Hungarians This is not the place to discuss so important should have been so grateful. He will govern and delicate a question as this. That wise for the future with the help of a Council of policy which has done so much for freedom Ministers,—at the head of whom, from present here, and free opinion every where, can only appearances, is to be placed once more that become more efficient for the good of others ancient prop of absolutism, Prince Metter- by the increased influence which the growth nich, --which is to give its opinion whenever he of America will give her in the affairs of the has a mind toask for it. Like Louis XIV., he world, as the wings of her eagle spread wider, will throw his sword on the council-table, and as her commerce and population grow, and say: "L'état, c'est moi!” This proceeding has the maritime supremacy of the world (see the greatly agitated the good people of Vienna, English papers) passes over to our flag. Amewho sent him scampering to the Tyrol, along rica, strong enough to be the arbiter of nswith his uncle Ferdinand, in 1818. The King tions, must, by a law of necessity which cerof Prussia has muzzled the Cologne Gazette; tainly will have no reservations here, be all has let it know it must no longer meddle with that the best friends of liberty can desire. Her the discussion of public affairs ! In the mean word will yet have the force of law in the tiine there is a knot of Thrasybuluses in Lon- world; and she will not greatly need to knock don, who watch the "thirty tyrants” of that any one down. But if any one should insist German land. They have set about publish- on being knocked down for misconduct, why, ing revolutionary pamphlets, and are in com- that alters the case somewhat. munication with the discontented people of the continent. High Holborn is their pou sto; and with this fulcrum they try to move the Italy.—This noble and unhappy old peninTeutonic world to independence. Dr. Tause- sula is angry and restless, and her peoples ara nau is their president. The English Govern- longing for the power to punish their tyrants. ment, though sympathizing little with their At Rome the transteverini hate the French republicanisın, or with that of the Italian pa- cordially, and the latter feel ashamed of their triots, who also sit and plot within the sound duty as arıny of occupation for the Pope. As of Bow bells, must tolerate them. So will the the Italians are debarred the use of the stylus, democratic genius of England—which has in its more legitimate character, they change still an influence in the land, and which is yet it to the stiletto, and use it whenever they destined to put down the tyrannies and abuses can, upon the persons of their enemies. Aa that obscure and weaken it just now. attempt was made to assassinate the Director

of Police the other day. The chambers of

one of the Roman Secretaries of State were THE HUNGARIANS.-Kossuth and his com- lately opened and examined by the police panions—five only were latterly left with him doubtless with the authority of Pius IX. In

-were to have been liberated on the 15th Naples, Lombardy, and the other governult., and sent from Kutahia to England, on ments, despotism is clinging to the people, as

he great snake coils itself round the tortured | Havana, and died with fortitude, by the amily of Laocoon. The rulers are every garotte. xhere more cautious than they were previous The moral of these attempts on Cuba Co 1848. Their military forces and police are seems to be, that it is vain to try and liberate increased, and organized on the most deter- any people from without-vain to try and mined principles of tyrant government. But liberate any people which is not fit for liberty. the cause of liberty is indestructible, and we The Cubans-Creoles and others did not lift may expect to hear, from time to time, of a finger in aid of Lopez, proving that they are some terrible outbreaks against the native or a slavish population, and unfit for the instituforeign governors of Italy.

tions and duties of self-government. The seeds of liberty are not of such rapid growth. Liberty cannot be improvised, nor made per

manent without the proper education of the AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE.

national mind. The Cubans are a cowardly

race, and deserve none of our sympathy, At the commencement of last month, news, Those whom Lopez would have enfranchised previously received, of the failure of the were the most eager to run him down with Cuban expedition, were fully confirmed. The blood-hounds, and betray him—the country enterprise was as helpless as that of Car- people of Cuba. Sympathizers will pause a denas, and much more fatal. About 160 men long time before they again try to kindle a have been sent to Spain as prisoners; 22 are revolution in Cuba. unaccounted for; the remainder of about 460 who went with Lopez in the Pampero have THE THREE GLORIOUS Days of Boston.been put to death one way or the other. We doubt whether, since the day she threw Having landed at Bahia Honda on the 12th the royal souchong into the bay, Boston ever August, Lopez marched inland, leaving Colo- felt so proud of herself as on the 17th, 18th, nel Crittenden with 130 men to guard the and 19th of last month-days which are set baggage. Next morning, Crittenden, on his among her municipal Fasti, as the three gloway to join Lopez, was attacked by the rious days of 1851! This jubilee of amicable Queen's troops, and forced to retreat to the Septembrisers was held to celebrate the forshore. Seeing that no Creole had joined in mation of those lines of railway in the norththe enterprise, he embarked his men in boats, ern part of this continent, which promise to intending to return to Florida. But he was promote in a very gainful and fraternal mantaken with about fifty others, and all were ner the general intercourse of the Canadians shot in files at Havana. In the mean time, and our people, and give greater life and Lopez, with about 350 men, was attacked by scope to the commercial interests of North General Enna. The latter was killed and his America. Very liberally and cordially did

men repulsed. But Lopez lost thirty men in the Bostonians meet the expensive occasion, mit killed and wounded. In this battle, instead and not less cordially did the Canadians of all

of one of those used by the warriors of anti- ranks accept their hospitality and reciprocate quity to make their soldiers fight with alacrity, their feelings of courtesy and brotherhood. he used a cow-hide applied to the backs of The first charter for a railway was granted his men! So says Lieutenant Van Vechten; twenty years ago in Massachusetts, and now though, considering he is one of those par- the State is covered with a net-work of iron doned by the Spaniards, and expected to give roads, comprising seven trunk-lines, with a an account of the expedition, his evidence large family of branches. The roads within must be taken cum grano salis. Next day the State employ a capital of about fifty-two Lopez was again attacked, and though his millions a year, the yearly revenue of which followers kept the Spaniards in check for is considered to be about six and a half milsome time, against formidable odds, he was lions. Her population, something less than a forced to retreat to the mountains. He and million, is amply supplied with locomotive his men wandered through them drearily advantages. without food or shelter, for a week, during On the 17th, a great number of the civil which time one hundred and twenty-five of and military authorities of Canada, and other them were glad to feast on a horse. On the subjects of Her Majesty, had already come 23d, they were once more attacked and dis- into Boston, and been escorted to the several persed, and only seven men remained with chief hotels. On that day they were carried Lopez. On the 26th, having had but one about the city to see the notabilities, and, of meal for six days, they went into a house, course, taken to Charlestown to survey the where they got food. But, leaving it, they star-y-pointing obelisk of Bunker-Ilill. The were surrounded by the country people and next day, President Fillmore having come to taken prisoners. Thus ended the last expedi- town, a large steamer took him and the chief tion against Cuba, fourteen days after the guests on an excursion down the harbor, atinvasion of the island. Lopez was taken to I tended by a crowd of floating craft and by all

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