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MISCELLANY.

A GREAT NOVELTY; | leon to one of the ladies of his suite, who remarked

on the indecency of these very statues, that the To Wit :

“immodest idea was not in the marble, but in the

mind of the observer.” Nevertheless, we will tell CORRUPTION IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE OF NEW-YORK. a better story than that. A friend of ours, an

artist of some eminence, had once occasion, in his Tue good people of New-York have been laboring youth, to instruct a young lady in the art of drawfor several days under a grand fit of astonishment ing from life; and to begin, he directed her notice and horror, at the discovery the most novel and to a plaster cast of the nude figure known as original - a discovery of an attempt at corruption Hercules leaning on his club,” which had been in their Senate! A late representative from the for years innocently resting on a pedestal in a city of New York, inspired by a pure and patriotic corner the parlor of the mansion in wbich she enthusiasm, has with a commendable diligence lived. The first lesson progressed well, nor did raked together and published in the Herald some the plaster create greater alarm on that occasion shocking particulars, which we commend to the than it had done while standing merely ornaattention of all State legislators and their consti- mental in its corner. On returning, however, tuencies. The mischiefs of corruption in a State to give his second lesson, our friend discovered Senate are not confined to the State itself. Every the young lady modestly sitting at ber drawing body knows that, by the nature of our governments, table with eyes intent on the little statue, about as the State Governments are, so will the Central whose white waist there hung suspended in grace Government be. It is the force of example then ful folds, an impervious and picturesque curtain, that we are to fear; lest by any possibility the being a small red cotton pocket handkerchief, the hitherto unsullied purity of our National (1) Sen- property of the lady's maid. We recommend the ate and House of Representatives may by sinister device to Pio Nono, and “the Genius of Death." example, in some faint, imperceptible shadow of a degree, be contaminated ! Frightful possibility! Suppose, for example, the virtue of a national MULTUM IN Parvo.--If the population of the legislator, under strong temptations, were to give United States is 25,000,000, including all ages and way; suppose he were actuaily to sell a vote or colors, and the imports of the year 1850 are his support of a bill ;-should we not immediately $150,000,000,—though there is little doubt, by hear the crack of doom? Would not the Union smuggling and “ ad valorems," i. e. false valuations incontinently fall to pieces ! For is not vartue,' they will come nearer $200,000,000 in worth,glorious -vartue ! the foundation of Republics; and every man, woman, and child in the United States if the foundation were to crack, would not the na- will have paid six dollars to foreign merchants and tion fall?

manufacturers. The payment will be made in Money, it is said, was paid to legislators to pre money and in provisions, four, &c., in a proportion vent the passage of a bill against gambling! not well ascertained. Dreadful and deplorable novelty! How thankful This tax or tribute is paid chiefly on manufacwe ought all to be that virtue and the law have tured articles, such as can easily be made in Ame. at least one stronghold left, that the Central rica, and upon products which can easily be grown Power of the Union is sound and pure

. Happy upon our own soil. The entire expenditure, ex: people ! - glorious in the majesty of a pure, vigor- cepting about $10,000,000, paid for materials ous, and incorruptible Central Legislation ! which cannot now be growo or made upon Ame

rican soil, is paid by our people to enable other

nations, but chiefly England, to drive us out of all MODERN MODESTY.—We read: “ It is said in the the markets of the world. A part of the profits Messagiere of Modena, that the naked statues in of this enormous taxation maintains the English the churches at Rome are to be covered, from mo- steam pavy, pays the salaries of the English Free. tives of modesty. Canova's Genius of Death in trade ministers, the cost of armies in India, and the monument to Pope Clement is to be thus the murderous armed police of Ireland. A yearly adorned, and the many little cherubs which abound subscription of not less than Five Dollars a year in various churches are no longer to be left in a for every man, woman, and child in America state of improper exposure. The immodest pic is paid out, directly or indirectly, for the maintetures are also to be improved.” What is meant nance of the British Empire. by “ improving” immodest pictures, we leave our Now there are not fewer than two millions of readers to find out. But surely Catholicity has industrious and able artificers in America, living forgot its soul when it becomes worse than Icono in forced idleness, or digging the earth for a scanty clastic, merely maudlin sentimental, “ covering up subsistence, to the detriment of the true American little sherubs in a state of improper exposure to farmer, who could produce at least one hundred

long will remember the answer of Napo- dollars annually more than they do, in the kinds of labor suited to their knowledge and capacity. I tion, his Lordship's visit to the United States was Full a million more could be profitably employed a kind of political rustication, or leave of absence. in the production of food and raw material, to be Various reasons have been assigned for his visit. used by the two millions of artisans well em- Our own private belief is that Lord Morpeth came ployed.

here in a double capacity: first, as a private genThree millions of persons, now either bankrupt, tleman, for health and amusement, and second, as idle, or badly employed, would add, if well em- an English humanitarian statesman, to spy out the ployed, at least $300,000,000 to the annual income land, and see what it could do and what might be of the nation.

done with it. He travelled through twenty-two An armed steamship costs about $500,000. States, kept a journal of his progress, and lectures For $50,000,000, a hundred powerful steam- ) from the journal. His Lordship bas so vast an vessels can be built. For $100,000,000 annu- abundance of words, it is difficult to give the matally a steam navy of one hundred vessels can ter they signify without great labor of sifting; be kept afloat, in such strength and order as to and, indeed, the lecture itself is so dull and sleepy defy the combined French and English squadrons. a performance, so thoroughly superficial and deWith such a navy, which would cost every man, void of ideas, after reading it the critic is fitter woman, and child in the United States $3 32, a for a nap than for anything else. His Lordship commercial system could be kept up all over the landed in Boston; he describes the city with all world that would compel England to share the the dulness and without any of the minuteness of market which she now monopolizes, and break up the Guide Book. His affection for Boston is evi. that frightful system of extortion and aggression dent; he expresses it. He observed the Bunker's upon which she now depends for the support of Hill Monument--the old elm tree at Cambridge, her manufactures and for her ability to tax and beneath which Washington drew his sword to take frighten America. She would be driven off the command of the national army. He dwells upon continents of North and South America. She the English character of Boston. He remarks would be checked in her designs upon the that Mr. Justice Story was an enthusiastic adChinese. She could be compelled to evacuate or mirer of his country; but that Mr. Story also had liberate the East Indies. She could make no wars a great admiration for Lord Hardwicke and other nor commercial treaties until the people of Ame- English lawyers. He qualifies bis praise of Mr. rica gave her leave to do so. America would dic. Story with the remark, that when he was in the tate terms for the defence of the liberty of all room few others could get in a word. He gives nations.

the usual description of Dr. Channing in his last The five dollars a year paid by every man, days. In brief, he saw the notabilities of Boston. woman, and child in America for the support of He took notice of the public schools of Boston. the British Commercial Empire, would be invested The only topic upon which his Lordship is absoin profitable industry, and give employment to the lutely enthusiastic is that of the waiters at the entire idle or impoverished population, native or Tremont House, who were all, he says, Irish and immigrant, of the United States. An enormous English. He remarks that American railway cars and cheap supply of manufactures and produce have stoves in them, which is very convenient. would be the consequence, yielding a grand sur-": New-England,” says his Lordship,“ produces plus to be sent away and sold in foreign markets. chiefly ice and granite." After describing the city of The profits of such a trade, so defended, would Albany he remarks, “What can be more striking come back to us in the shape of money, and all or stirring, despite the occasional rudeness of the the elegancies and luxuries of other nations and farms, than all this life, enterprise, and energy climates. An immense commerce, five-fold our swelling up in the desert ?". present trade, would be the consequence. Every

He notices that some of the towns are called by mode of industry, every kind of enterprise would Roman, others by Indian names. He says, he be employed. The people would be rich, proud, thought his arrival at Niagara very exciting, and and happy. The Republic of America would be immediately enters upon a description of a stage not only the first power, but absolutely the ruling coach which is very long. He then enters upon a power of the earth. No nation would dare to description of his sensations at Niagara, which were make war upon it. All this and more may be ac. very much like those of other men. In short

, everycomplished by mere legislation. But at present thing that one finds in the newspapers in summer England legislates for America, and Congress dares time, except theirspirit and animation, may be found not do anything for the people because they have in Lord Morpeth's lecture. Upon the whole, it is no steam-Davy. SHAME--SHAME !!

the most exquisitely dull of all travellers

' descriptions. His Lordship is an abolitionist. He winds

up with a violent and bitter denunciation of slavery. Travelling English NOBLEMEN IN AMERICA. He thinks, however, that America may, in future The New York Herald of January 4th reports a generations, do much for the liberty of man and the lecture delivered by Lord Morpeth at the Leeds glory of God. His dulness, blandness, prosiness, Mechanic's Institution in England. The Hall was humanitarianism, English prejudice, and imperdensely crowded, and his Lordship was welcomed turbable insolence and self-sufficiency do so with unbounded enthusiasm, which we may take thoroughly qualify him for the office, we doubt not as an indication of popularity at least. Of course he will one day become a member of the English a great number of very distinguished persons were Cabinet, perhaps Premier. He is “as tedious as a present at the lecture. Lord Morpeth is now king;" you can do more be witty upon him than Lord Carlisle. According to his own representa- you can

upon a pudding

APPLICATION OF IRON to Railway STRUCTURES. , mouth Dockyard, and a very extensive series of -It was to investigate the subject of the appli- experiments made by Captain James and Lieut. cation of iron to railway structures that a Com Galton. “ The results which they obtained were mission was appointed, consisting of Lord Wrot- equally new and important, developing for the tesly, Professors Willis and Hodgkinson, Captain first time the fact that a given weight, passing rapJames

, and Messrs. George Rennie and William idly along a bar, produces a greater deflection in Cubitt, with Lieut. Galton as secretary. At start that bar, during its passage, than it would have ing, the Commission endeavored to make them- done had it been suspended at rest from the centre selves acquainted with all the experiments which of the bar.Thus, for example, when the carriage had been already made on iron by engineers ; and loaded to 1,120 lbs. was placed at rest upon a pair on this point they state (London Athenceum) : of cast iron bars nine feet long, four inches broad,

"From the information supplied to us, it appears and one and a half inches deep, it produced a deflecthat the proportions and forms at present employ- tion of six tenths of an inch; but when the cared for iron structures have been generally derived riage was caused to pass over the bars at the from numerous and careful experiments, made by rate of ten miles an hour, the deflection was subjecting bars of wrought or cast iron of different increased to eight tenths, and went on increasing as forms to the action of weights, and thence deter- the velocity was increased, so that at thirty miles mining, by theory and calculation, such principles per hour the deflection became one and a half inches, and rules as would enable these results to be ex- that is, more than double the statical deflection. tended and applied to such larger structures and Since the velocity so greatly increases the effect of loads as are required in practice. But the experi- a given load in deflecting the bars, it follows that ments were made by dead pressure, and only ap- a much less load will break the bar when it passes ply therefore to the action of weights at rest. As over it than when it is placed at rest upon it; and it soon appeared, in the course of our inquiry, that accordingly in the example above selected, a the effects of heavy bodies moving with great velo- weight of 4,150 lbs. is required to break the bars city upon structures had never been made the sub- if applied at rest upon their centres; but a weight ject of direct scientific investigation, and as it also of 1,778 lbs, is sufficient to produce fracture if passed appeared that in the opinion of practical and scien- over them at the rate of thirty miles an hour. tific engineers such an inquiry was bighly desira The Commissioners properly insist, therefore, ble, our attention was early directed to the devising on the importance of giving to all railway strucof experiments for the purpose of elucidating this tures an amount of solidity far superior to that matter."

which is found by experiment or calculation sufTo asc tain the effects of moving weights, a ficient to support as a dead weight the heaviest well-devised apparatus was constructed in Ports- loads that can ever travel over them.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

The Jesuit; or the Amours of Captain Effingham | take his conceit by the forelock, and wake him up

and the Lady Zarifa: A Drama, in Three Acts to the fact that he is not. He must stand alone. By Thomas W. Würtley, New-York. 1851. He is unapproachable in his way, Stupidity at

times is so ridiculous as to be laughable ; but this “ This is, really and truly, a goose of a book; or, pamphlet has not even that doubtful recommendaif any body wishes the idiom to be changed, a book tion. It is so stupidly stupid as to be tiresome. of a goose." So wrote the celebrated and classic Well it is for the author of the “ Jesuit” that the wit, Dr. Maginn, on one of the books of a certain ancient practice of the gods wreaking their venNathaniel Parker Willis. We thank the Doctor geance on offending mortals has fallen into disuse; for the sentence quoted, for it expresses our idea else would the goddess of the dranya tic art have exactly of the so-called drama before us. To fol- given him (without much difficulty) the fate of low up his opinion, he says, “ There is not a single Midas, or drowned him—not in the classic Styx, idea in it, from the first page to the last, beyond anticipative Mr. W., there are too many poetic what might germinate in the brain of a washer- reminiscences thereabouts—but in a butt of con

Our sentiments exactly on the “Jesuit." genial ass's milk. The ablest physicians recommend It is a strange fact that small minds are cele it for consumption. brated for “nothing in particular,” save the great In plot, dialogue, character and action, this draamount of vanity they are able to contain; and ma has the distinctive marks of being meagre, lest Mr. Whitley (by any of those self-conceiting commonplace, unnatural and stupid. Even the and self-pacifying arguments which vanity takes title is excessively stupid. Any thing so ulrefuge in) might for a moment imagine he is as tra smacks of illiberality, bigotry to say the tall (in a literary point of view) as Mr. Willis, be least; and for a drama such a title was ridiculous, cause we have without any trouble placed the for persons who do not agree with the sect“ Jesusame cap on both their heads, we at once beg to itical” would derive no pleasure from seeing what

woman.

they dislike taking up the two or three hours they | reading these letters, would see to what society he wish to devote for instruction or amusement in aspires who apes English manners; and if his manthe theatre. It was evidently written and called hood has no bigher ambition, then truly, him we 80 for claptrap, but unfortunately, or fortunately, wish not to enlist. it has fallen into the pit its writer so untheatrically left too open. The author cannot be an American, or be would have liberality. He is not an

The Annual of Scientific Discovery. Boston:

Gould & Lincoln. 1851, Irishman, or he would have wit. He is not a Scotchman, or he would have common sense. He This very useful repository, edited by David A. is not a Frenchman, or he would have vivacity. Wells, A. M., and Geo. Bliss, Jr., ought to obtain a Not a German, or he would have solidity: Not an place in the collection of every student, literary Italian, or he would have ease. But he is, we man, and those who are anywise interested in the think, an Englishman, from the caricature he at- march of science of the present time. It is a comtempts to draw of an Irishman, and from the ran- plete Year Book of Facts in Science and Art; corous feelings which must have prompted him to exhibiting the most important discoveries and waste otherwise valuable time on such an un improvements in mechanics, useful arts, natural worthy production.

philosophy, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, We are aware that wholesome chastisement, botany, mineralogy, geology, antiquities, and zoolcoming from a respectable quarter, often confers ogy, (we must not leave that out in this age of antemporary notoriety, or even consideration, on imals,) with a list of recent scientific publications, worthless and insignificant things. We know this; patents, important papers, reports, and obituaries and if we shall be instrumental, by the advan. of eminent scientific men. The book is handsomely tageous position we hereby give him, in changing printed, with a portrait frontispiece of Professor Mr. Whitley's false taste and unsound feelings for Benj. Silliman. the future, we shall in no wise object to all the benefit this criticism may confer on him.

Protestantism and Catholicity Compared, in their

Effects on the Civilization of Europe. Written Letters from the Continent. By M., the Arkansas

in Spanish, by the Rev. J. BALMES. Translated

from the French. Second Edition. Baltimore: Correspondent of the Louisville Journal. NewYork: D. Appleton. 1851.

Murphy. 1851.

This is a fair translation of Balmes' celebrated This admirable volume might have been titled, work, which engrossed so much attention in Euwith great propriety, the “ Exodus of Cant.” Of rope. That it will command consideration on this all books of travel we have for a long time (per-continent, is evident from the fact of its already haps ever) read, it is the only one which has dared having attained a second edition. Balmes' style to go out of the beaten track of sketchers, tourists, is forcible, eloquent, and comprehensive. In his and health-seekers. This is not so evident in re- preface he says: “ Among the many and imporgard to places, as to the descriptions of places. In tant evils which have been the necessary result of this book you will not find a fulsome echo of the the profound revolutions of modern times, there latest work on the same route, made up from for- appears a good extremely valuable to science, and eign guide books, or the opinions of titled English which will probably have a beneficial influence on aristocrats whose thoughts have no weight save the human race,- mean the love of studies havdulness, and who annually follow the steps of ing for their object man and society. The shocks Childe Harold, aping the gloomy," and fancying have been so rude, that the earth has, as it were, they are, each and all of them, either a Byron or opened under our feet; and the human mind, a Byronic hero. You will not find such in this which, full of pride and haughtiness, but lately adbook, but you will find straight-forward and candid vanced on a triumphal car amid acclamations and opinions and descriptions of the lands and people cries of victory, has been alarmed and stopped in through which our author passed, written in a racy, its career. Absorbed by an important thought, piquant, and truly American vein. The letters overcome by a profound reflection, it has asked from Paris, Constantinople, Cologne, Liverpool, and itself, What am I? Whence do I come? What London, are remarkable for their truth, wit, and the is my destination?” national, the true republican, eye through which " What am I?' The European Democrat would our author views what passes around him. Those answer: I am the likeness of God, kept in perfrom London are especially true, and ought to be petual childhood by the social ban of kings and welcomed by every American as the first truthful princes who, shrouding society with the remnant of picture that has been given to them by an observ. feudal usage, present me for every modern Herod ant countryman - one who writes candidly, not to deal promiscuous slaughter upon. “Whence do drawing on his imagination or the imagination of I come l' From the region of darkness and imbe. English writers on their own country, but noting cility. What is my destination ?' Light and down his experience of John Bull and the people freedom and manhood.” who do homage to that "almighty" personage. This is the true view of the revolutions." It Americans who look around them and on the world is needless to say that Balmes argues, and it is through English spectacles, would do well to look thought profoundly, for the spread of civilization into this book, and we think they would soon by Catholicity. We could not, in a short notice, come to our conclusion that their glasses have been enter into an argument with his elaborate work, green. And by Americans of the flunkey class, and therefore shall leave it with the remark that it

possesses a very remarkable interest for both the reminiscences. His is a perfect diarrhæa of gosProtestant and Catholio student of the progress of siping and piquant recollections and descriptions civilization in Europe, and the effects of these reli- of places, persons, and occurrences in and about gious principles thereon. The work is well and the Calcutta of America,” as he not inappropricheaply gotten out in a good octavo form, by the ately terms New-Orleans. His is any thing but well-known Baltimore publishers.

" bald and disjointed chat," and save that be made us search Webster's Dictionary in vain for some

of his expressions, our time with him was hearty, Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biog- good-tempered, and instructive.

raphy, Mythology, and Geography. By Wm. SMITH, LL.D. Revised by CHARLES ANTHON, L.L.D. New-York: Harper & Brothers.

The Celestial Telegraph; or Secrets of the Life to Dr. Anthon's classical reputation is a sufficient

come, revealed through Magnetism. 2 vols in 1. guarantee that this work will be found all that the student and general reader can require.

J. S. Redfield, Clinton Hall, publisher.

We have glanced over this work, and we think History of the United States of America. By reader. At page 142 of the second volume, we

it will afford some amusement if not profit to the Richard Hıldseth. Second Series, Volume I. find the following :New-York: Harper & Brothers. 1851.

" When deceased persons appear, is it the body The first volume of the second series of Mr. in which we have known them on earth that apHildreth's continuous History of America, has pears?". been issued as above in a neat library shape.

"No," It is the object of this work to give a complete " Then why are they so much alike, and dressed and detailed account of the United States in their as they were among us?" social, political, intellectual and economical aspects, “ Because, otherwise, it would be impossible to during the exceedingly agitated and interesting recognize them.” period of the first generation succeeding the adop

Now, this doctrine is by no means a new one. tion of the Federal Constitution.

We remember when a boy, in the city of CharlesThe three volumes, by the same author, on our ton, to have heard of a negro woman who had colonial and revolutionary history, must be consid- been in a trance for several days, and when she ered as merely an introduction to these.

came to she was asked by an old aunty, This period of thirty-two years not only pos

Way you been ?” sesses a great deal of dramatic unity, but also ad- She replied, “ In Hebben." mits of a division into three acts, each a sort of Well, tell me, den, who you see dare ?" whole by itself, and each embraced in a separate “Why, ah !- I see old massa; he was dress up volume.

in he soger cloes, hab a cock-hat on he hed, an a The first volume, now presented, opens with a bran new sord by he side. Kye! I tell you wat, full account of the state of feeling and prevailing he look smart as ebber I see um on gen’ral review views in the different States at the moment of the day. I see old missus too: he dress up in a cleorganization of the new national government, show- gant dress, wid spangle all ober he dress, and a ing the origin of that division of parties by which splendid torta-shell comb in he head. I tell you the country ever since has been more or less agi. wat

, old missus look quite smart : he look jist like tated, and the echo at least of which still resounds he look when young missus gin dat weddin" party." in our ears.

“Well now, Mom Susey, look yar: old aunt Nor is less attention paid to the exterior rela- Peggy he bin ded sence you bin in de trance. tions of the United States with the neighboring You see eny ting, ob him ??" Indian tribes, with Britain, Spain, and France; re. Oh, git out, niggers-dont bodder me! I bin lations which, after the breaking out of the French dare sich a leetle time, I haint hab a chance to go revolutionary war, came to furnish the great turn in de kitchin!" ing points of American politics.

The doubtful relations with the various Indian tribes, especially the war with the Northwestern Picturesque Sketches of Greece and Turkey. By Indians, the Whisky Rebellion in Western Penn- Aubrey DE VERE, Esq. Philadelphia : A. sylvania, the gradual distinct formation of parties, Hart. and the personal character and individual aims of the principal leaders, together with the most re

These few chapters of travel are finely contemmarkable transactions in the particular States, and intelligent. There is also an air of honesty

plative and philosophical, as well as picturesque furnish interesting episodes to this narrative.

and earnestness that, combined with the unpre

tending yet finished style of the author, give a The Manhattaner in New Orleans ; or, Phases of ting. If we add to these peculiarities a mind well

charm to the work that is as rare as it is fascina* Crescent City" Life. New-York: J. S. Redfield, Clinton Hall

. 1851. stored with the glorious classic times of which the

scenes described are the monuments, a fine taste For a gloomy noon in December or a heavy after- for art, and an imagination peculiarly susceptive noon in June, we could desire no better compan- of poetical influences—what better guide would

han Mr. Oakey Hall and his Crescent City life one want for an intellectual excursion into the

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