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credit of the choice, and with it the deep of nationality and of glory, of independence contempt of all knowing and thinking hu- and of progress, will be found to exist, and manity. When the people set up knaves will draw after it three fourths of the peoand charlatans, let Aristocracy toss up its ple. A long and glorious career awaits it, chin, and crow a loud and lusty laugh over and from the beginning of its rule a new the folly of the unwashed multitude, who epoch begins, the second epoch of the Remistake the vulgar cunning of a barbarian public. for talent, and the ashes of vice burnt out, The national candidate may be a man for the snows of virtue.
who has endured the worst that calumny The Republic looks for its political saviour. and factious hatred can inflict: the road to What manner of man he must be, all men power and greatness is oftenest through know. There is an ideal prophetic faculty victories over opinion ; great reputations in men; humanity knows what it needs, and are often founded on great calumnies. He prays fervently therefor, but the blessing is will possess invincible moral courage, Renot always recognized and hailed as Heav- publican but dignified manners, a great, but en-sent, even when it stands before us in not a haughty nature. He will not despise human shape.
popularity, but he will not seek it. We know well that the political saviour He will be a philosopher in intellect; a of the Republic will not be an intriguer, sage in conduct ; neither penurious nor proa deceiver, or a "crisis” politician; but on fuse; neither vicious nor a precisian. the contrary, a man of great views, of sim- The spirit of the age is reformatory and ple purposes, and of an enthusiasm that can economical; the leader of the National Party sustain a youthful empire, rising into vigor- must be a guide of reforms, he must temper ous manhood.
their enthusiasm, and measure them by their We are the Greeks of the modern world, utility. worshippers of genius and of glory. We It is not necessary that he should be a have in us the blood of many choice races military chief; it is enough for him that he poured along in one burning tide. We ap- be able to appreciate and use the military propriate the good of the past, and esteem genius of others. Very petty and penuriourselves the masters of the future. The ous persons, of small intelligence and enorbest of Norman, Celtic, Saxon and Teutonic mous vanity, have sometimes, even in our blood, of that kind which time out of mind day, attained to great reputation as tacticians has stained the British scaffold, and extin- and soldiers. The military character is not, tinguished the brands of Smithfield; which therefore, always a manly one. tinged the Seine on the memorable day of St. Great men make great soldiers, as they Bartholomew, and has since then flowed freely also make great lawyers, scholars, or merin many revolutions—the virtue, the indus- chants; and it cannot be denied that the try, and the freedom of Northern Europe, Leader of the People ought to combine in collected together on a new soil, and organ- himself all the talents that may be necesized in a power at once young, hopeful, and sary to make the great soldier, merchant, irresistible: the avenger of the past, the lawyer, politician ; that he should possess patron of liberty, the enemy of oppression, in full their several attributes of courage, the executor of justice. The men whom we shrewdness, keen intelligence, and knowledge permit to lead us, must feel the passion of of the people. The discipline of the camp is a the age and of the nation,-must be sensi- grand school for manly qualities, command, ble of, and sensitive for, the glory and the resolution, simplicity of will; and the Rehonor of the Republic; not as a selfish iso- public has never been more happily adminislated power, but standing foremost among tered than by its great soldiers ; nor can the the nations.
favorite of our warlike people be a president The leaders of the American People, and of peace societies,-a kind of associations of the National Party, will be they who have for which the majority of sensible men, we the courage, prescience, and power to repre- believe, entertain a profound contempt. sent the whole doctrine and practice of Re- The fame, honor, prowess, aggrandizement, publican and American nationality. When unity, and progress of the great Republic such public men appear, we shall no longer will be the passion of his life, by which his hear it said that the party is extinct: a party most secret thoughts will be directed. He
will live in it, live by it; his own soul will spectable advisers, who will have the knowlbe the grand Republican soul of America ; edge and the courage to unite, harmonize, and he will be inspired with a jealousy of the organize them; who will exercise at once the Republican honor, and a reliance upon the offices of peacemaker and defender. Above power which he represents, the irresistible all, the representative head of the American power of the People. Not an insult to our people will not suffer these dependent and flag will go unpunished ; not a letter of the feeble States to fall into foreign and unconlaw of nations will be broken, upon that genial hands, whose desire is only to use side of the earth which it is given us to and spoil them. In a word, the true repreprotect, without a full reparation or a sum- sentative of this Republic will dare to be mary vengeance.
the chief Republican of all the world, and to That grand "anomaly,” the union of many think and act as such. sovereignties in one nation, will be no an By no ordinary services can he have been omaly to him. With good counsel and a tested whom the nation will elect to be their constitutional spirit, he will execute to the head. His election must be, not by the meletter the laws of the nation, without breach-chanism of a connection and the drill of ing the defenses of State liberties. Insur- office seekers; he must go into power with rection may spring up under him, but it will the people at his back, electing him upon the be assuaged, or crushed with a wise violence. strength of recent service and a fresh re
The honor of the great Republic in nown ; recognized as the man of all others, foreign lands will be his especial care. To bound to the nation, and seeking rather to represent living and organic Republicanism deepen than to cancel the glorious obligain the old world, he will select men who tion. can dignify and defend it, men jealous of The want of such a head in the highest their country, who can hold themselves aloof seat of power cannot be compensated by from foreign flatteries and foreign intrigues; the combined or isolated skill of great orawho can by that means cause the Repub- tors or sagacious party leaders. Nationality lic to react upon Europe, and reproduce in the government can be given only by a there ideas of humanity, of liberty, and of master hand, concentrating and directing toleration; and who by manly and wise the scattered forces of party, and giving an conduct will constitute a lawful, open, and object and a motive to the popular sentiunimpeachable propaganda of Republican- ment. ism; who can make America revered by the In the absence of a head, parties become friends, and dreaded by the oppressors of the furious and narrow, and degenerate into people.
factions. The discussion of any great meaJealous of the dignity of his nation, the sure of utility or honor, in which the entire true representative of the people will re- nation is interested, and which is necessarily ceive the Ambassadors of monarchy, who argued upon constitutional grounds, ranks come to promote the interests of kings, with men by their principles ;—principles require a formal and distant respect; he will identify a representative who can dignify them in acthe man and his business. The agents of tion; great parties are distinguished from hostile governments will find no convenient factions by the dignity and nationality of traitors, or lying news writers, able to operate their leaders. upon and mislead a government of which The contest in the Senate on the measures the true representative of Republicanism is of Internal Improvements for the benefit the head.
of Western agriculture, threw out the old For Republics, but especially for those who parties into their ancient and almost forlook to us to be their patrons and protect- gotten opposition. That contest indicated ors, the representative of the people will with sufficient distinctness the true political not disguise his affection, nor will he stand movement of the future. The attempted between them and those who desire to aid coalition had failed, it had no solid ground and protect them. He will be their warmest to rest upon ;—men have too much confiand most generous advocate; he will hearken dence in Union and Nationality to form an to their complaints
, encourage them in their active party for their conservation. Had efforts to organize and establish their govern- that movement succeeded and an opposition
ents, and send out to them able and re- I to it as a party taken shape, we should have
a Union party, opposed to one of disunion, may break up the Union, and has already a disastrous movement! But it was found endangered it. A foreign policy truckling impossible to excite two such parties, and to the ambitious schemes of Britain has deon the appearance of the old issues, partisans graded the Union, and impaired much of fell into their ranks and resumed the old the public respect for it, and thereby so far weapons of controversy.
put its life in peril. A refusal to approA national party against slavery is a party priate the public moneys for the most necesof civil war; a Union Party professedly op- sary public improvements has weakened the posed to it would have recognized its exist- affection of the States for the Union, and ence, and put a demoniacal life into it. The must eventually shake it to the centre. An project failed, as good men hoped it would. untimely neglect to defend the laws of nations The objects of a faction founded upon a pure and the honor and virile reputation of the fanaticism, and which aims to make itself Republic is hurrying on a war with Great master of the central power for purely Britain, which can only be averted by the fanatical purposes, would only have been adoption of a foreign policy congenial with dignified by an organized and professedly the republican spirit.” England must be national opposition, demanding on that warned of the consequences of her present ground, and for defense against that fac- policy, or the people of the West will force tion, to be intrusted with the supreme power. those of the South and East into a declaraThe majority were naturally suspicious of tion of war against her. such a movement; they suspected its mo Here are a few of the foundation stones of tive, they did not believe in its assumptions. a Presidential platform, broad enough and
Since the death of General Taylor, the solid enough to support a brilliant and Government has stood in the attitude not of powerful Executive and Senatorial policy. one using power as it should be used, and A Government with such a policy need gaining favor by the display of courage and not manifest weak or hypocritical solicivigor, the key to popular approbation in this tude for the safety of the Union: it would Republic, where the merit of existence is be a true representative and confirmer of estimated by its force and creative power; Union. Expressions in favor of the Union but in an attitude, rarely reputable, and never have become at length quite stale and idle, advantageous in an intelligent age, of soli- like declamations on the side of virtue in citing favor, and founding its claim thereto general; they betray emptiness and want upon a certain very general and cheap vir- of purpose; the men who make them so tue, respect for the Union and the Constitu- often, and on all occasions, have nothing tion. And what then should we say of a else to say. Where we hear one of these government which did not entertain a respect eloquent generalizers declaiming in favor of for the laws, the Union, and the Constitution ? the existence of the Nation (!!), let us try The profession of such a sentiment is no me- him with a few questions of home and forrit at all; the most absurd and tyrannical eign policy, and thereby, with single slight power would reiterate the same; the weak- punctures of the critical knife, let the wind est continually harps upon it.
out of the bladder; we shall, in nine cases Whoever, by whatever party, is elected to out of ten, be witness of a very ridiculous the Presidency, assumes power as a Union- collapse. ist, actively and thoroughly a Unionist; Here are a pretty contemptible race of respect for the Union and the Constitution hungry politicians, who make their pretended is therefore a wretchedly weak and shallow anxiety for the Union a pretext for abominapretext for the presidential candidacy, in it- ble idleness and intrigue at Washington, self considered. The question, among ninety- throwing away three months' time of the nine hundredths of all the people, is not National Council
, and leaving one generous whether the Republic shall exist, but only, old man to perform the duty of a whole party. what are the surest guarantees of its exist- What kind of a government is that of which ence, and of its prosperity.
an active, vicious minority can block the A British system of public economy may wheels? It is a government without vigor, destroy the Union, and has already jeopar- without friends, without merit. dized it.
Let us imagine the possibility of a state of A meddling British agitation in the North things like the following: That, on a suc
den, the government forgets that the “Union | a sister republic overrun and subjugated by is in danger," and that its “frightfully dan- a tyrannous imperial power, would be the gerous condition” is any longer at all neces- most popular document ever written by an sary to any body.
American President. The Hulsemann letter Having nothing now to occupy their was indeed a good thing in its way, but a minds but the business of government and harmless document at bottom. It carried the duties for which they were constitution- no consequences, and with all its merit, it ally elected, they would bend their whole does no harm : it calls for no forces; it deattention to these, excluding all other matters. mands no ships; it requires no extra session They have a majority of the people with to meet, for the practical maintenance of its them; they have the official patronage; they principles by sea and by land; it brightened have immense social influence; they can, by no rifles; it tempered no swords; the trade insisting upon popular and useful measures, in paper was more benefited by it than the awaken the gratitude and enthusiastic sup- trade in powder : it was a noble sentiment, port of their constituents, and of the public and the Republic drank its health with a press; they can, by direct influence and a smile ; the band played Hail Columbia, and display of sincerity, create for themselves a there was a general cheerfulness. majority in both Houses of Congress. Cor- How shall the heads of a party make ruption itself, now their enemy, did they themselves popular and powerful, unless by seem powerful
, would become their friend, showing an excess of the highest passion of and the bribes and promises distributed in the Republic? If they do not feel it, they secret, would be distributed for their benefit. must at least adopt the policy it demands, Let the truth come out, the very diseases of or their term is short. government, the itch and sore of avarice and The ludicrously affected enthusiasm of the ambition, become the voluntary servants of skeptical, cold-blooded Lord John Russell, a well organized and vigorous power. against papal aggressions, is a fine illus
In the machinery of our government, the tration of what a skilful insincere politician subordinate offices are places of influence and ought to be, who means to hold power; but authority. The most important laws are hin- thanks be to God, the statesmen of America dered in their passage by the holders of sub- need not affect sincerity: the atmosphere ordinate places, or men returned to Congress they breathe is sincere, the people are sincere; who will effectually block the wheels of legis- liberty is sincere; between God and ourlation. Let the Power that regulates all this, selves we have only the laws, and we can use every atom of its power; let it adopt a indulge in a reahand an honest enthusiasm. rule for the conduct and principles of all offi- The popularity and power of an adminiscials, and expel without hesitation or remorse tration depend much more upon the enthuevery man who impedes the execution of its siasm of the people than upon their shrewddesign. Such an Executive would have the ness or their abstract opinions; and it seems respect of its enemies and the devotion of its right that it should be so, since the honor of friends.
the State is its vital principle, its heart; an And now, having spoken of the internal organ much nobler and of more immediate policy and organization of such a govern- and constant importance than a stomach. ment, let us inquire, what would be its But the prudential and economical judgpolicy in regard to the masses of men—the mentof the people requires also to be appealpeople in general ?
ed to, and measures supported which secure Recognizing the love of glory, of power, for labor the protection it demands against and of independence, as the primary ground foreign monopoly and domestic oppression. of popularity, it would seek to identify itself An administration sincerely engaged in with those passions in the heart of the people, measures of popular reform, can afford to be, by showing a bold and warlike front towards in the right direction, a lavish and a costly other nations, and a readiness on all occa- administration. A lazy, niggardly, pinched, sions to compel the respect and considera- and prejudiced administration cannot. Retion of a foreign power, were it otherwise trenchment is only apparently popular, not to be obtained. The message of a Pres- never effectively so. If popularity is the ident recommending measures in defense aim of a government, with a view to its reof international rights, or of the liberties of election, it must retrench as little as may be convenient, and make as little stir and sound guaranteeing the British in the occupancy of about it as possible : it is an unpopular Central America, it would be chaff and step, and all the popularity that may be straw to the Americans. It would be broken won by it among the disciples of Dr. by necessity, on the least pretext; the Franklin, will be soon forgotten, and weigh right of way through Central America being like dust in the balance against a storm of almost an absolute necessity to us. We popular enthusiasm.
are told that it is a point of honor with Lord The popularity of an administration can- Palmerston to keep a toll-gate between us not be established by crushing a few sine- and California. Lord Palmerston's point of cure offices; but should it engage in the honor endangers the existence of the British general movement of Republican reform, Empire : in the event of a war with Engagainst every species of monopoly, it will se- land, that power will have a war with Irecure for itself the unlimited confidence and land in addition, and her commerce, the affection of the multitude.
second year of the war, swept clean off the Land Reform, so ably advocated at the seas. The French Republic seeks an opporclose of the last session, by a Northern tunity to vent her ancient hatred upon EngSenator, is not only a just measure, but land, and if a war approaches will seek our contains elements of great party value and alliance. popularity.
A little cloud no bigger than a man's The Improvement of Internal Naviga-hand, of an iron-gray color, like the smoke of tion, as a measure of economy, must obtain a artillery, is gathering in the direction of triumphant popularity for those who aim to the Isthmus. A war managed by British convert its motives into laws.
agents, on the part of the old Aristocratic The opening of reciprocal commercial in- party, called Serviles, who oppose the Federal tercourse with Republics, to the exclusion of Union of the States—involving the ruin of monarchies, must become a popular policy. the States, and their final subjugation by
The augmentation of the Steam Navy England—is now in progress; these States is a measure not only of imperative neces- hold the gate of the world's commerce, sity, but of unbounded popularity. which England has resolved to have, at the
THE PURCHASE FROM THE STATES OF cost even of a general war. NICARAGUA AND HER NEIGHBORS OF THE Our relations with England, commercial ENTIRE CANAL AND RAILROAD ROUTES FROM and moral, are the key to all our politics. If SAN JUAN TO THE PACIFIC, THROUGH THE these are clear to us all is clear, and the LAKE OF NICARAGUA, would be a measure grand issues unmistakable. to hold the affection of the Pacific States, Since the war of 1812, it has been the and confirm the Union. It would doubtless ineffectual policy of a large and powerful be a popular measure, and would compel party to overwhelm us with British principles, Great Britain to resign her pretensions to the and British legislation. It was important for Mosquito territory. As things are moving England on her side to cultivate amicable renow, we shall very soon be at war with lations; she thought it necessary to have the Great Britain, for the disarming of our freedom of our market; it was necessary for citizens, the occupation of territory not her her to keep the artisan industry of America own, and the exclusion of our commerce from in check ; our industrial success must be ports where it ought to enter. Either a pur- her ruin; she must have our markets duty chase or a war, we have our choice. Perhaps free, and she must have our cotton duty free; it is now too late, and the war inevitable. she must make our clothes for us, and we must England cannot be suffered to keep a toll. buy them of her or she would fall into the gate between ourselves and California, unless rank of a second-rate power, and lose the we are the most contemptible and pusillani- commerce of the world. All went well; the mous power in the world. England must Americans were being rapidly indoctrinated leave Central America or fight, there is no with British principles, when by an unforalternative ; and leave she never will, for tunate concurrence, Texas was annexed, and she is not used to resign her conquests
. California gold mines discovered; it became Treaties are mere chaff and straw to Eng- evident that the possessors of the Isthmus land; and in the present instance, had would be the keepers of the commercial gatea treaty been made by our Government way between the eastern and western hemi