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Now there are, in the mass, only two na- | which, says the San Salvadorean authority tions whose vessels trade with Central Amer- we shall presently quote, “ the British have ica, viz. : the British and our own. By this no quarrel,”—as if they had not a quarrel quasi “ blockade,” ours are utterly excluded, with all Central America of a very portenthe British only admitted. Wil it be be-tous kind, -forbidding it to 'import any lieved, when we seriously think of it, that munitions of war; by which is evident that American vessels are actually, at this present every vessel, entering the ports of these three day, driven from American waters by British Republics, is subject to British search, incruisers? It seems almost incredible such spection, and embargo. We quote again could be; yet it is the naked truth: and our from the New-York Herald of February Administration looks on and will not even 11th :answer whether or no it knows that such things are. Again; until the proposed ship- “ We published, in July last, an intercepted letcanal can be completed, no possible inter-ter from Pavon, Chatfield's secretary, to the Servile course can be had, by our people, with the ations against San Salvador and Honduras, for Central American Republics save by sea- the British squadron will soon be on the coast to coast and shipping, under the ordinary comity assist them. We have now an example of the of nations. But here the British Govern- manner in which this assistance is rendered. A ment step in, and declare, (as per letter above vessel anchors in the port of Honduras, with which quoted,) " We will permit no canal or other commander forbids it from discharging its cargo,
State England has no quarrel, when the English means of transit to be built or established until because it will be prejudicial to English interests,' our claims on Central America are acknowl- and threatens a blockade if he is not obeyed." edged; and until then we will blockade the whole coast, keeping out American ships,
And this letter in proof:and letting in our own ;" and our Govern
(From the Gaceta del Salvador, Dec. 20.) ment stands by, and beholds the blockade COMMANDANCY OF LA UNION, Dec. 7, 1850. extending day after day, and mile after mile, To the Minister of War of San Salvador : over the whole coast on both oceans, to the
SIR :- At six o'clock on the afternoon of the 3d utter ruin of our trade, to the deep injury of to anchor in the bay of Chiquirin, and yesterday
instant, the English steamer of war, Gorgon, came our citizens, and to the utter dishonor of the left again for Acajubla. To-day, arrived the American name; and it will not move ! lieutenant of the Champion, who is now here. He
We leave our readers to invent a phrase states that the commander of the blockading black enough to designate our dishonor. force bas prohibited the merchant vessel Tyson, With reference to the British, the question eighteen tons of powder which it has on board,
anchored in the port of Tigre, from unloading is easily solved. A blockade, like all other belonging to the Messrs. Tejada, of Grenada, Nimeans of coercion recognized by nations, is caraqua. He has also informed the commandant subject to the laws of nations. The British, of the Tigre, that if he permits the smallest quangranting that they were justified in using it in the interior, at the ports of Chismugo or Brea, he
tity of the powder to be sent ashore, or to go into the present instance, are compelled by the shall immediately blockade all the ports of Honlaws of nations to preserve it against all alike. duras on the Gulf of Fonseca. But they have themselves broken the block- I have esteemed it my duty to give you inforade, thereby rendering it null and void by the Government.
mation of these proceedings, for the knowledge of the law of nations. Should they, after so
(Signed) J. CACERES, Commandant. breaking it, interfere with any American or other shipping for the purpose of preventing “ By the above note," continues this San Salvathem from entering the ports so pretended to dorean editor, “ and another which has come directly be kept in blockade, they are guilty of piracy, from the port of Brea, in the State of Honduras,
we learn that Mr. English Consul Chatfield bas and should be hanged from their own yard- prohibited merchants from discharging their cargo arms as pirates. If a Secretary of State in that State, threatening her ports with blockade knows the laws of nations, he should know if such discharge is permitted. This most iniquithat.
tous and irregular proceeding is founded on the But this blockade extends farther: it ex- der in that State is prejudicial to the interests of
extravagant pretext, 'that the introduction of porotends to Nicaragua, forbidding the Govern- her Britannic Majesty?"" ment of that State to import any thing which may enable them to resist British or other Of course it is; nothing can possibly be aggression; it extends to Honduras, with of more prejudice to the interests of her Britannic Majesty, in that quarter, than " the can Government in this case we shall now introduction of powder." Her Britannic determine. Having summed up such eviMajesty cannot bear "powder."
dence as we deem sufficient, keeping back We have now gone over the affairs of far more for the present, that we may not Nicaragua, Costa Rica, San Salvador, and encumber the reader, we shall now quote Honduras. To complete the picture of Cen- authorities in point. tral America, and its entire territory, we have only to describe the state of affairs in JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, IN POINT. Guatemala.
From the instructions given by this This is the peculiar residence of Mr. Chat- American statesman, who had a foreign polfield. He has purchased, bribed, split up, icy, and carried it out, to Mr. Anderson, and now rules this quasi Republic. It is the Minister to Colombia, under date May 27th, radiating centre of all British intrigues in 1823, we take the following extracts; showCentral America. The party, or persons in ing the position which the United States have his pay, are highly aristocratic,—when did taken, and have now to take with reference you know a slave, a fool, or a scoundrel that to all States on either continent, the princiwas not ?—and are called, by the decent Re- ples which should guide in this matter the publicans of that part of the world, Serviles ; | policy of the Republic, and the regard we an admirable name, and one much needed should pay to European opinion as to our to designate a new party which is about for conduct. the first time publicly, though for too long in private, to come before this country and get Extract from the Instructions of John QUINCY a President made out of it; the party of the
Adams to MR. ANDERSON, appointed Minister Serviles or "the fogies." They rule Guate
to Colombia, May 27, 1823. mala, or rather England rules that republic independence in America.
. We have constantly favored the standard of
Disinterested through them, and the influence of England dess must be its own reward ; but in the establishthere is thus described by the above San ment of our future political and commercial relaSalvadorean editor: speaking of the proceed- tions with the new Republics of America, it will ings with reference to Honduras and San be necessary to recur often to the principles in
which they originated; they will serve to mark Salvador, this poor San Salvadorean thus
the boundaries of the rights which we may justly writes—one might fairly fancy he were writ- claim in our future relations with them, and to ing of Republics of a somewhat more north- counteract the efforts which, it cannot be doubted, ern meridian:
European negotiations will continue to make in
the furtherance of their monarchical and monopoa Who does not see beneath this shallow pre: the South American Continent opens to the whole
lizing contemplations. * * The emancipation of text the design of revolutionizing these States ? Who does not see in these proceedings the spirit Union will be called, in the discharge of its duties
race of man prospects of futurity, in which this of hatred and revenge which animates this officer against San Salvador ? And who so blind as not to posterity, to take a conspicuous and leading to discover the rancor which animates the servile part. It involves all that is precious in hope, and Anarchists of Guatemala ? It seems,” continues all that is desirable in existence, to the countless the editor, “ a statement almost ridiculous, yet it is millions of our fellow-creatures which, in the pronevertheless true, that the forces of Great Britain gressive revolution of time, this hemisphere is are under the orders of the military oligarchy of destined to rear and maintain. Guatemala. * * * It is the melancholy truth that
“That the fabric of our social connections with this faction has induced this officer to blockade our
our Southern neighbors may rise, in the lapse of ports, obstructing our industry, and destroying our years, with a grandeur and harmony of proporrevenues, in order that it can, with some prospect tions corresponding with the magnificence of the of success, invade our territories, and crush the means placed by Providence in our power, and in
that of our descendants, its foundations must be regenerating spirit of nationality.”
laid in principles of politics and morals new and Thus now we have established beyond elder world
, but coextensive with the surface of the
distasteful to the ihrones and dominions of the doubt that the British Government occupies globe, and lasting as the changes of time.” half of Nicaragua, governs Guatemala, and blockades the rest of all Central America ; THE SAME AUTHORITY, AGAIN-1826. but we have not yet established the fact Extract from President Adams's Message to Conthat we have a Government, or any thing but gress on the subject of the Panama Mission. the mere pretense of one.
• The late President of the United States, in his What should be the action of an Ameri- Message to Congress of the 2d of December, 1823
while_annouocing the negotiation then pending HENRY CLAY, AGAIN-1820. with Russia, relating to the north-west coast of this continent, observed that the occasion of the We shall presently show evidence that discussions to which that incident had given rise, Sir Henry Bulwer, a British Minister, rules had been taken for asserting as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States
our country more than we do. The very were involved, that the American continents, by same state of affairs existed in 1820, when the free and independent condition which they the British Government, desiring to extend had assumed and maintained, were thenceforward its sway over the Southern American connot to be considered as subjects for future coloni: tinent, managed to circumvent, surround, had first been assumed in that negotiation with navigate, bewilder, humbug, subornate, and Russia. It rested upon a course of reasoning by some means or other—whether of money equally simple and conclusive. With the excep- or assiduous flattery we do not know-use tion of the existing European colonies, which it for its purposes the then Government in was in no wise intended to disturb, the two conti: Washington. It is now publicly notorious ent nations, whose territories covered its whole that a British Minister manages every wiro surface. By this their independent condition, the pulled in that same celebrated half-city, even United States enjoyed the right of commercial in to the bell-wires of the White House, and tercourse with every part of their possessions. To of Mr. Webster's hotel. attempt the establishment of a colony in those pos similar occasion, Hon. Henry Clay, then in
Upon an exactly sessions would be to usurp, to the exclusion of others, a commercial intercourse which was the his prime of clear-headed and vigorous common possession of all. It could not be done manhood, uttered these sentences, which, without encroaching upon the existing rights of without the smallest anachronism, he might the United States."
now repeat with remarkable effect :Yet these existing rights have been en
“ I deprecate this deference for foreign powers. croached upon, nullified, and utterly disre- A single expression of the British Minister to our garded, twenty-six years after the Ameri- present Secretary of State, I AM ASHAMED TO SAY, can Government took the position above has moulded the policy of our Government towards described. The United States do not now, have Bulwer.] Our institutions now make us free;
South America. (Insert Central for South, and you and have not since the British occupation but how long shall we continue so, if we mould our of San Juan, and cannot have while a single opinions on those of Europe ? Let us break these British officer or gun remains in Central commercial and political fétters ; LET US NO LONGEB America, the enjoyment of “the right of WATCH THE NOD OF ANY EUROPEAN POLITICIAN; let commercial intercourse with every part of us become real and true. Americans, and place
ourselves at the head of the American system. their possessions." An American citizen **
There can be no doubt that Spanish journeying from San Francisco to New Or- America, whatever the form of government esleans, has now to pass through a British tablished in its various parts, will be animated by police office, be examined, mauled, disarmed, an American feeling, and guided by an American manipulated by Jamaica negroes, and passed the new world, in contradistinction to that of Eu
policy. They will obey the laws of the system of or not passed, like a bale of goods, just as rope."--Speech in Congress. the Greytown British policeman Sambo pleases. Further ; the “ establishment of a No, Mr. Clay, you may have been right colony,” of which Mr. Adams speaks with there twenty-five years ago, but you are not such determined aversion, has not only been now! The United States, the head of the " attempted,” but is actually now successful. new world, now obeys the dictates of Mr. But Mr. Adams is not the Government Bulwer, but the Spanish Republics of Cennow-neither are his principles.
tral America do not, and will not, obey the So much for John Quincy Adams; now laws of Mr. Bulwer's system. They are for another authority even more respected. true to Republicanism, but we are not.“ Let
us become real and true Americans” indeed! HENRY CLAY, IN POINT.
What outrageous nonsense to quote at this
time of day. “Real and true Americans," “ WE ARE,” said Mr. Clay in 1818, thirty- quotha ! three years ago,
WE ARE THE NATURAL We beg now to turn to the same auHEAD OF THE GREAT AMERICAN Family.” thority over again. There has been no
So we are still the head ; but the brains foreign policy in the country since Henry have been left out this time that is all.
Clay gave up ruling it.
REAL AND TRUE AMERICAN" CLAY OVER | America, Mr. E. G. Squier, and for the direcAGAIN-1826.
tion of the latter, after an examination and
exhibition of the British claims and aggresExtract from Mr. Clay's Letter of Instructions to
Messrs. Poinsett and Sergeant, Delegates from sions there, written in the quiet and methothe United States to the Panama Congress.
dic manner usual to lawyers, the following "From the north-eastern limits of the United passage occurs. . It is the summing up or States in North America, to Cape Horn in South judgment of this gentleman on the entire America on the Atlantic Ocean, with one or two evidence before him. We could wish it had inconsiderable exceptions; and from the same a little more of the fire of a rhetorician, but, Cape to the 51st degree of north latitude in North with many of our readers, its plain and maAmerica, on the Pacific Ocean, WITHOUT ANY EX- ture style will be much more preferable than CEPTION, the whole coasts and countries belong to outlandish metaphor, and threadbare trope. sovereign resident American powers. THERE IS, THEREFORE, NO CHASM WITHIN THE PRESCRIRED It will be remembered, too, that on the conLIMITS, IN WHICH A NEW EUROPEAN COLONY COULD clusions in this passage the entire policy of NOW BE INTRODUCED WITHOUT VIOLATING THE TER- General Taylor's cabinet in Central America BITORIAL RIGHTS OF SOME AMERICAN STATE AN
was based : ATTEMPT TO ACQUIRE SUCH A COLONY, AND BY ITS ESTABLISHMENT TO ACQUIRE SOVEREIGN RIGHTS FOR
" IT IS MANIFEST, INDEED, that the rights claimed ANY EUROPEAN POWER, MUST BE BEGARDED AS AN by Great Britain NOMINALLY IN BEHALF of the INADMISSIBLE ENCROACIMENT."
Mosquito King, BUT REALLY AS HER OWN, ARE
FOUNDED IN REPEATED USURPÁTIONS, But the British have since made a “chasm” tions were repeatedly and SOLEMNLY ACKNOWLon this very North American continent, and EDGED AND RELINQUISHED BY HER during the domplanted therein a new European colony, by ination of Spain on the American continent. Since violating the territorial rights of Nicaragua, have had no other foundation for renewal than the an independent American Republic. Yet
supposed weakness or indifference of the Govern. the “ attempt to acquire such a colony, and ments invested with the rights of Spain in that by its establishment to acquire sovereign quarter. These claims certainly can derive no rights for a certain European power,” viz. : warrant from the indifference of the Government England, has not been regarded as an
of Nicaragua, as the letters of the Minister for
Foreign Affairs of that State to this Department, croachment," but is quietly and coolly sub-above adverted to, abundantly show. mitted to by the American nation. The * Against the AGGRESSIONS on her territory NicaAmerican Executive has seen, and sees, day ragua HAS
AND PROTESTED after day, this encroachment become a pos
WITHOUT CEASING ; and the feelings of her people
may session, then a colony, then an assumption the proclamation of her Supreme Director, on the
be judged from the impassioned language of of empire with boundaries, which“ Her 12th of November, 1848. "The moment,' says Majesty's Government proposes” to take and he, ' has arrived for losing a country with ignokeep, and yet it will not move hand, foot or miny, or for sacrificing with honor the dearest tongue.
treasures to preserve it. As regards myself, if
the power which menaces sets aside justice, I am We have now given the opinions, on the firmly resolved to be entombed in the remains of questions at issue, of two remarkable Ameri- Nicaragua, rather than survive its ruin. The can statesmen, “real and true Americans” eloquent appeal of the Minister of Nicaragua,” both. To conclude the list of authorities, continued Mr. Clayton, “ to his Government, is eviit is now only necessary that should refer
dence, not less striking and impressive, of the
DISPOSITION OF AN INJURED PEOPLE to resist what to the opinions of Mr. Clayton, Secretary of they believed to be injustice and oppression. WILL State, at the time these transactions were first, OTHER NATIONS, INTERESTED IN A FREE PASSAGE of late, brought before the Executive. We TO AND FROM THE PACIFIC OCEAN, BY THE WAY
OF THE RIVER SAN JUAN AND LAKE NICARAGUA, quote his authority on two points, viz.; as to the right of the British to be in Central
BY SUCH PRETENSIONS ? America, and as to his own belief and in
“As IT REGARDS THE UNITED STATES THIS QUEStention in framing the treaty with Mr. Bul- TION MAY CONFIDENTLY BE ANSWERED IN THE NEGA
TIVE." wer, which he himself signed.
But it has not been answered in the negJOHN M. CLAYTON, IN POINT.
ative; nor answered at all. The United In the instructions, wbich we have already States have “tamely," yes, very tamely, quoted, furnished by Mr. Clayton to the allowed our interests to be thwarted by Chargó d'Ataires by him sent to Central such pretensions of Great Britain," founded
TAMELY ALLOW THAT INTEREST TO BE THWARTED
WITHIN WHAT WE CONSIDER TO BE THE LIMITS OP
solely on “repeated usurpations ;" “ which | MEANS WILL SPEEDILY
BY GREAT usurpations were long ago repeatedly and BRITAIN TO EXTINGUISH THE INDIAN TITLE, WITH solemnly acknowledged and relinquished by
THE HELP OF THE NICARAGUANS OR THE COMPANY her”_England—and have been renewed Nicaragua. WE HAVE NEVER ACKNOWL again, and are now in full swing.
EDGED, AND NEVER CAN ACKNOWL-
OF SOVEREIGNTY IN THE MUSQUITO
KING, OR ANY OTHER INDIAN IN AMERWe have already quoted Mr. Clayton as THE TITLE OF THE UNITED STATES TO
ICA. TO DO SO, WOULD BE TO DENY to the acts of the British in Central Amer- OUR OWN TERRITORIES. Having always ica. We shall now show that Mr. Clayton's regarded an Indian title as a mere right of occuintention in entering on the treaty with Sir pancy, we can never agree that SUCH A TITLE H. L. Bulwer was to get rid of all cause of SHOULD BE TREATED OTHERWISE
THAN AS A THING TO
BE EXTINGUISHED at the will of the discoverer of quarrel for or from those acts; to make terms
the country: with the British for the evacuation of Cen- Great Britain will NO LONGER HAVE ANY INTEREST
Upon the ratification of the treaty, tral America; and to restore, without war, to TO DENY THIS PRINCIPLE, WHICH SHE HAS RECOGNicaragua the territories usurped by Great NIZED IN EVERY OTHER CASE in common with us. Britain.
Her protectorate will be reduced to a shadow; In the New-York Herald of February CUPY, FORTIFY, NOR COLONIZE, OR EXERCISE DOMINION
* Stat nominis umbra;' FOR SHE CAN NEITHER OC21st is published an extract from a dispatch OR CONTROL IN ANY PART OF THE Mosquito COAST of Mr. Clayton to the American Represen-OR CENTRAL AMERICA. To attempt to do either tative in Central America, apprising the lat- of those things, after the exchange of ratificater of this treaty, and of Mr. Clayton's inten- tions
, * WOULD INEVITABLY PRODUCE A RUPTURE
WITH THE UNITED STATES. By the terms neither tions and designs in framing and ratifying party can occupy to protect, nor protect to the same. It is as follows:
John M. CLAYTON.
In a speech delivered at Wilmington inform you that I have negotiated a treaty with since the advent of Mr. Webster, Mr. ClaySir Henry Bulwer, THE OBJECT OF which is to se ton repeated yet more forcibly the above cure the protection of the British Government to sentiments. But, as we have only quoted in the Nicaraguan canal, and TO LIBERATE CENTRAL AMERICA FROM THE DOMINION OF ANY FOREIGN this article official documents; as every speech POWER.
is the mere verbal report of a third party ;
and as the official document last quoted I hope and believe that this treaty will prove covers the whole ground, we forbear for the equally honorable both to Great Britain and the United States, THE MORE ESPECIALLY AS IT SECURES
present from further prolonging the eviTHE WEAK SISTER RepubLICS OF CENTRAL AMERICA dence.
All other nations that Upon the last extract it is not our present shall navigate the canal will have to become design, nor indeed is it necessary, to comguarantors of the neutrality of Central America ment at any length. We shall merely recur and the Mosquito coast. The AGREEMENT is, “not to erect or maintain any fortifications commanding to the fact that Mr. Clayton having assured the canal, or in the vicinity thereof ; nor to occupy, himself that the above “ agreement” was fortify, colonize, or assume, or exercise any do- entered into by the British Government with minion whatever over any part of Nicaragua, equally good faith as his own, he entered Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast, or Central America; nor to make use of any protection, or alliance, into and coneluded it on behalf of the for any of these purposes."
United States. The United States therefore Great Britain having thus far made an agree- stand in this position: that, having declared ment with us for the great and philanthropic pur certain claims of England, usurpations; and the Isthmus, it will now be most desirable im- our Government, being of a pacific nature, mediately after the ratification of the treaty, on
having entered into a formal treaty for their both sides, that you should cultivate the most abandonment by the same British power, it friendly relations with the British agents in that country, who will hereafter have to devote their energies and co-operation with ours, to the accom- * THE BATIFICATIONS HAVE BEEN EXCHANGED plishment of the great work designed by the AND SHE-GREAT BRITAIN-STILL OCCUPIES, FORTItreaty. Kindness and conciliation are most ear
FIES, AND COLONIZES THE TERRITORIES MENTIONED nestly recommended by me to you I TRUST THAT | ABOVE !
FORM FOREIGN AGGRESSION,