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of the Pilgrim Fathers, and looking to them and Powers all over the world. True, indeed, it is, their fellows in England in the days of Cromwell, that the prevalence on the other continent of sentheir mighty chief, as the founders of the great timents favorable to Republican Liberty, is the Republic, and the originators of civil and religious result of the re-action of America upon Europe : liberty, we desire to see the anniversary of their and the source and centre of this re-action has coming made hereafter an occasion for the defence doubtless been, and now is, in these United States. of the principles they cherished; a solemn cere “The position thus belonging to the United States mony, to which the friends and representatives of is a fact as inseparable from their history, their pure Republicanism of all nations may be invited, constitutional organization, and their character, as and at which the mighty dead may be invisibly the opposite position of the Powers composing the present, and impart their own spirit to the living European Alliance is from the history and organi
zation of the Governments of those Powers. The Soon after writing the above, we read Mr. Web- sovereigns who form that Alliance have not unfrester's powerful vindication of the language of our quently felt it their right to interfere with the poGovernment, in its recognition of Hungary as an litical movements of foreign States ; aud have, in independent nation, in his letter of Dec. 21st, 1850, their manifestoes and declarations, denounced the from the Department of State, in reply to the popular ideas of the age, in terms so comprehenletter of the Chevalier J. Hulsemann on the part of sive as of necessity to include the United States Austria.
and their forms of governments. It is well known In the course of this vindication, Mr. Webster that one of the leading principles announced by says: “The Government and people of the United the allied Sovereigns after the restoration of the States, like other intelligent Governments and Bourbons, is, that all popular or constitutional communities, take a lively interest in the move- rights are holden no otherwise than as grants and ments and the events of this remarkable age, in indulgences from crowned heads." whatever part of the world they may be exhibited. Mr. Webster adds farther: “Mr. Hulsemann But the interest taken by the United States in and the Cabinet at Vienna may rest assured that, those events has not proceeded from any disposi- in the mean time, while performing with strict and tion to depart from that neutrality towards foreign exact fidelity all their neutral duties, nothing will powers, which is among the deepest principles and deter either the Government or the people of the the most cherished traditions of the political his- United States from exercising, at their own distory of the Union. It has been the necessary effect cretion, the rights belonging to them as an indeof the unexampled character of the events them- pendent nation, and of forming and expressing selves, which could not fail to arrest the attention their own opinions, freely and at all times, upon of the cotemporary world; as they will doubtless the great political events which may transpire fill a memorable page in history. But the under- among the civilized nations of the earth. Their signed goes farther, and freely admits that in pro- own institutions stand upon the broadest principles portion as these extraordinary events appeared to of civil liberty; and believing those principles and have their origin in those great ideas of responsible the fundamental laws iu which they are embodied and popular governments on which the American to be eminently favorable to the prosperity of Constitutions themselves are wholly founded, they States-to be, in fact, the only principles of govcould not but command the warm sympathy of the ernment which meet the demands of the present people of this country.
enlightened age.” *Well known circumstances in their history, in These powerful declarations defend the Secredeed their whole history, have made them the re- tary against himself, and commit him to a line of presentatives of purely popular principles of Gov. conduct that every American must approve; but, ernment. In this light they now stand before the with all respect for his great authority, and his world. They could not, if they would, conceal eminent position as the guide of our public countheir character, their condition, or their destiny. sels, we conceive that these principles, native to They could not, if they so desired, shut out from himself
, are not“ English principles," but their the view of mankind the causes which have placed mortal antagonists; and that when they come to them, in so short a national career, in the station be applied in practice, England will find herself which they now hold among the civilized States compelled to recede from her enormous pretension of the world. They could not, if they desired it, upon this continent, and will find that the Amerisuppress either the thoughts or the hopes which can people, as they live by the principles so arise in men's minds, in other countries, from con- grandly set forth by their Secretary, so they must templating their successful example of free gov. become their defenders, and the stern antagonists ernment
of those who violate and trample upon them. “ That very intelligent and distinguished personage, the Emperor Joseph the Seeond, was among the first to discern this necessary consequence of “FATHER AND Son."- We are indebted to the the American Revolution on the sentiments and editorial columns of the London Times newspaper opinions of the people of Europe. In a letter to for the following singular instance of paternal sohis Minister in the Netherlands in 1787, he observes licitude and natural affection. It is very affecting. that it is remarkable that France, by the assist- The anxiety of the tender parent to beat his own ance which she afforded to the Americans, gave poor son without hurting the feelings of any body birth to reflections on freedom.' This fact, which is singularly sincere and dramatic, and withal true the sagacity of that monarch perceived at so early to nature. The old gentleman's “long-practised a day, is now known and admitted by intelligent skill,” his“steady industry,” and his “dogged de
termination " are beautifully introduced and admi- | all on one side, and that your own! Complain ? rably contrasted with the tender, endearing, and Why, such was the anxiety to meet your wishes soft qualities which he attributes to his infant about keeping up the seeming "control of the prodigy, the lad's "youih, ingenuity and ardor.” seas,” that even when your youthful and ardent And then, to cap the climax of the tragic scene, son succeeded in whipping you clean in speed and comes the “fell necessity” which makes the old bottom, threatening not only to match you on the dada so very cruel and merciless to his offspring high seas, but even at no distant day to manage we fancy we are reading the Roman story anew, the entire commerce and carrying trade of his own inserting merely Bull for Brutus; or the tragedy country, the commerce of that country was as far of Sophocles, in which Antigone plays the part of as possible taken out of his grasp, and put into “ The Navigation Laws," ruthlessly sacrificed by your own. What an old fool you would be to the parent hands to appease the destinies of com complain, Father dear, at such unmitigated good merce. But our readers must judge for them- luck on your side, and folly on ours. If it were selves—and probably not a few of the sterner sort otherwise you would complain rather obstrepermay be affected even unto tears. Boy! bring ously. hither that reviving vial and our cambric hand- However, it is highly satisfactory to Americans kerchief. Oh! bitter, bitter sorrow, that our par- it must be) to know that nothing has occurred to ricidal hands should be raised against so simple-lull the ardor of British competition " likewise ; minded and generous a father!-
that even should British competition get lulled "We have several times had to direci attention while watching the new steamers op our rivers, to the fresh and fresh lines of steamers on the and our“ new manufactures wherever an opporAmerican rivers and lakes, to vast additional tunity offers” to clothe ourselves, (through the lengths of canal, and the endless ramifications of otherwise overtasked energies of “ British compethe railway system; as also to the new manufac-tition,") that every step we take even on our own tures wherever an opening offered. The rapid in- soil" is a fact that forces itself on the notice and crease of population in the States, augmented by the interest of the most unubservant and incurious." an annual immigration of near 300,000 from these We are a highly interesting infant phenomenonisles, is a fact that forces itself on the notice and we are. the interest of the most unobservant and incurious. All these promise to develop the resources of the States to such an extent as to compel us to a com- PRIESTLY PROFANITY.--We read: “The Neapetition as difficult as it is unavoidable. We must politan Government has prohibited the sale of the run a race with our gigantic and unshackled rival. works of the following anihors: Shakspeare, SchilWe must set our long-practised skill, our steady ler, Molière, Lanartine, Lucretius, Lucian, Sophoindustry, and our dogged determination against his cles, Sismondi, Thiers, and Humboldt." youth, ingenuity and ardor. It is the father who So singular a medley of the sublime and the runs a race with his son. A fell necessity con- ridiculous probably never before entered the head strains us, and we must not be beat. Let our of a priest or a ling. King Bauba seems to have ship-builders and their employers take warning in a really astonishing discrimination in literature. time. There will always be abundant supply of What can be atheistical, anarchical, or antivessels good enough and fast enough for short voy- monarchical in Shakspeare we are at considerable ages. The coal trade can take care of itself, for it perplexity to discover. But we can fancy the will ever be a refuge for the destitute. But we scene in "Hades which may be produced by this want fast vessels for the long voyages, which other- announcement. When the great Will finds himwise will fall into American hands. It is fortunate seli associated wiih a maudlin sentimentalist and that the Navigation Laws have been repealed in writer of grisettes' amours like Lamartine, and a time to destroy those false and unreasonable ex- newspaper statesman who owes his celebrity to pectations, which might have lulled the ardor of the dynasties be assisted to overthrow by supportBritish competition. We now all start together, ing like Thiers; when the grave Humboldt, a sort with a fair field and no favor. The American of nineteenth century Sinbad, or Gil Blas of phiCaptain can call at London, and the British Cap- losophy, înds himself alongside of the sharp and tain can pursue his voyage to New-York. Who witty Molière ; when the glowing and condensed can complain? Not we."
soul of Sophocles is coupled with the writer of “Not we"-oh no, not you! Why the devil (ex. some sixty volumes of lachrymose histories like cuse the remark) should you complain! Did not Sismondi, Lucretius must go singing lewd songs a person called Walker, and a thorough scheming to the maids of Flecate, and Lucian will have, little aristocrat, named Bancroft, to whom you thanks to King Bauba, and the Roman Catholic were so very civil and good ihat he loves you bet. and Apostolic inquisition on dead genius and living ter than his own kin, and various other persons of imbecility, an opportunity of indíting a dialogue your party in this country, induce your " youthful more novel and probably more enduring than any and ardent” or verdant son to throw away his best which he has left to us of the upper world. King weapon for the control of the seas, to suit your Bauba ! on the part of the souls in hell who will necessities, under the score of “reciprocity," when enjoy one good laugh over your folly, we thank the reciprocity was, like the handle of a pitcher, 1 thee.
The Poet Campbell's Advertisement for a Child- The little charmer, to
Was sculpture brought to life anew :
Her eyes had a poetic glow,
Her pouting mouth was Cupid's bow; formerly connected with the press in London. We
And through her frock I could descry place it before our readers without comment. We
Her neck and shoulders' symmetry. have never before met with the verses, and pub
'Twas obvious, from her walk and gait, lish them rather for the amusement they may
Her limbs were beautifully straight.
I stopped th' enchantress, and was told,
, she was but four years old. than in the hope that they will add anything to
Her guide so grave an aspect wore his poetical repuiation.
I could not ask a question moreTo the Editor of the American Whig Review :
But followed her. "The little one My Dead SIR :- In the able and interesting Threw backward, ever and anon, sketch of the British poet Campbell, in your last, Her lovely neck, as if to say, there is an error, which, I feel assured, you will I know you love me, Misier Grey. have pleasure in correcting. His “ Advertisement" For, by its instinct, childhood's eye for the young lady was not in prosc, as inserted by Is shrewd in physiognomy ; you, but in versc, according to the copy inclosed. They well distinguish fawning art
Dr. Beattie, I may add, must have been hoaxed From sterling fondness of the heart. by an English literary wag named Hill. The cir. cumstances I remember perfectly well. Towards
And so she flirted like a true the close of Campbell's career, I met him one day
Good woman, till we bade adicu! in St. James's Park, when a pretty child arrested
'Twas then I with regret grew wildhis attention. The poet, who at this period was
Oh! beautcous, interesiing child, becoming peculiarly sensitive, wished to obtain her Why asked I not ihy home and name? address; and Hill, coming up at the moment, My courage failed me-more's the shame, jokingly suggested that this could only be procured by making love to the nurse. Campbell appealed to
But where abides this jewel rare? me, and, with the view of dispelling his melan
Oh, ye that own her, tell me where! choly, I told him there was no other course, unless
For sad it makes my heart avd sore, he followed the practice of a person who had ad
To think I ne'er may meet her more.* vertised for a wife. Hill, taking up the sorry joke, next morning hurried to a London newspaper office, and inserted the document you print. Uniied Staies Monihly Law Magazine. Campbell, who was exceedingly annoyed by its
The January number of this publication has appearance, on the following evening sent me the been received by us, and in its pre-ent form manipretty little poem I subjoin. I need not say it fests a vast improvement over the preceding numobtained immediate publicity.
bers, not only in its style, but in the quality as With much regard, believe me, yours truly, A FRIEND OF THE POET.
well as quantity of its maiter. From its objects
and design, as set forth in its prospectus, and the Nexo-York, October 18th, 1850.
manner in which they seem to be carried out, we
should judge it invaluable to the profession, while LINES ON HIS NEW CHILD-SWEETHEART. it assuredly contains much that will interest the Dy Thomas Campbell.
general reader. This journal aims to set forth, in
a condensed form, whatever is of interest to the I hold it a religious duty
legal profession throughout the United States, and To love and worship children's beauty;
to give a more prominent position to the legal literThey've least the taint of earthly clod
ature of this country. But its most important feaThey're freshest from the band of God. Witi heavenly looks, they make us sure
ture, and the one upon which its utility as well as The Heaven that made them must be pure. We love them not in earthly fashion,
* It may be added that the lines arrested the attention But with a beatific passion.
of the little lady's parents, and that a poetical reply, followed by an interesting acquaintance, was sint. The cir
cumstance was brought under the notice of the English I chanced to, yesterday, behold
Queen, and an attempt was made by some friends of the A maiden child of beauty's mould;
poet, who knew well his peculiar qualifications for the 10st, 'Twas near (more sacred was the scene)
to obtain for him the appointment of Tutor to the Prince
of Wales. The application was met with no encourageThe palace of our patriot Queen.
its success must rest, is its monthly notes of the peculiar fascination. They are heart pictures of
EHNINGER. New-York: G. P. Putnam. 1851. alphabetical digests of all cases of general inter
On opening this production we must confess est in the superior courts of law and equity, both that we were surprised at the remarkable merit it in the United States and England, properly clas- exhibits. Being disappointed somewhat in this sified and arranged for reference.
artist's first attempt in this form, his illustrations The present number contains, among other of Hood's “ Bridge of Sighs,” we were not prepared things, an extremely vigorous article upon “ The to expect such a masterly handling of his subject as Practice of the Law," which not even the veteran
is exhibted in this series of plates. The book is in practitioner can read without some degree of the form and style in which the Art Union published profit, or at least of pleasure; a brief sketch of the Darley's illustrations of Irving's Stories of Rip life of Judge Cranch; an article upon “ Law Re- Van Winkle and Sleepy Hollow. The plates are ten form;" some remarks upon the legal profession as in number, and are preceded by the story elegantly it exists in the United States; an essay on Na printed. The humorous and not the pathetic is tional Jurisprudence; and Critical Notices on late evidently this artist's forte. We consider this an Law Reports.
eminently successful effort, exhibiting a true sym. We have seen letters to the Editor of the Law pathy with and delicate appreciation of his subMagazine from distinguished American jurists, ject, one, we think, the most artistically perfect of which of themselves augur most favorably for its all Mr. Irving's productions, so wonderfully are the success; and we have little doubt but that it will natural and the supernatural blended together speedily acquire the reputation and position it in it. To say that these illustrations are worthy of deserves.
it is the highest praise we can bestow. They have
afforded us infinite pleasure in studying them, and Reveries of a Bachelor; or a Book of the lleart. we commend them to the centre-tables of all who By IK. ŠARVEL. New-York: Baker & Scribner. would add a new fireside delight to these long
winter evenings, as one of the very best of the Ere we have had an opportunity to express our opinion of this delightful book, it has, we understand, already passed through two editions. The readers of this Review are acquainted with Chanticleer: A Thanksgiving Story of the Peathe graceful and piquant style of the author,
body Family. New-York: Redfield. Boston: through the “Notes by the Road" and other pa
B. B. Mussey. pers contributed to our pages. Certainly he must A book full of pleasant thoughts, and pleasant take rank among the first, for purity and beauty pictures, purely American; its sphere of action of style; and we must confess to a preference, not confined to any particular spot, but left to the over all other books of modern travels, of his reader's fancy to locate. “ Fresh Gleanings.” These “ Reveries” have a Truly appropriate to the happy season, a tinge
of poetry, free from affectation, and a dash of great languages ancient and modern, with a regenuine humor pervade it
. No one can rise from markably clear and forcible style; keen in his the perusal in any but a happier frame of mind. wit, and with remarkable powers of analysis,
The characters are true to the life. Old Pea- he is undoubtedly somewhat conceited, and the body, a patriarch, overflowing with the milk of confidence he has in his own powers in that parkindness towards the whole human race; the ticular, betrays him sometimes into a carelessness griping merchant, and suborned wife; the wealthy in which the reader will find him tripping. As Mrs. Carrack, an argosy with silken sails, laden an evidence of this we may refer to his observawith wealth and pride; her son made up of tions on the question of the condition of Sbakpuppyism, Paris coats and, patent leather; the speare's boyhood, page 35. He speaks contemptuhearty, homely, farmer folk from the West; the ously of the question as having no practical bearing sorrowing mother; the rollicking sea-captain; the He says: “The tree has fallen; it was confessedly true and firm-hearted grandson, and his gentle the noblest of the forest, and we must therefore Miriam; and last of all, the ever important conclude that the soil in which it flourished was Mopsey, “ the lassie wi' the bonny locks,” are the either the best possible; or, if not so, any thing prominent characters in the pleasant play. We bad in its properties had been disarmed, and bave not seen a more agreeable gift-book. neutralized by the vital forces of the plant, or by
the benignity of nature.” He says it is a mere
question of curiosity; whereas to us it appears Béranger: Two hundred of his Lyrics done into the most practical of all the Shakspeare questions.
English Verse. By WILLIAM YOUNG. New Certainly, to know the constituents of the soil and York: G. P. Putnam.
other conditions in which a plant grew, is almost
the only practical question to us about it. Its inIn the wide range of French poetry, the verse herent vital forces and the “ benignities” of nature of Béranger is perhaps the most difficult to trans are only for our admiration and reverence. But late. Coming, evidently, warm from the heart we refer to this only as a specimen of the nodding and appealing to the sensibilities of the reader, of the Homer. The volume contains admirable witty and ludicrous, idiomatic, and full of every, essays on the life of Shakspeare, of Pope, of day phrases of the people, these Lyrics present ob- Charles Lamb, of Goethe, and Schiller. stacles insumountable to a translator of ordinary powers. That Mr. Young has been very successful is admitted by the critics, and in this opinion we cheerfully acquiesce. That he has shown extremely
The Companion. After-Dinner Table-Talk. By
Cherwood EVELYN. New-York: G. P. Putnam. bad taste in his introductory preface is equally clear. He apologizes for translating a work of Re
A book of jests is rightly esteemed to be the publican tendency. “Place, and peculiar circum
most stupid of volumes, but by a “ book of jests" stances," says Mr. Young, “render it pardonable is implied simply a bundle of Joe Millerisms that an Englishman, strongly and steadily attached bound together, and forming about as agreeable a to the monarchical institutions of his native land, should make this reservation when aspiring to lay hyenas, who go about the world with their faces
Companion” as would one of those human before the citizens of a Republic a work which moulded by long practice into one eternal grin. breathes the very essence of Republicanism.”
Mr. Evelyn's "Companion” is a work of a far The editor of any paper, the author of any book, different stamp, and comprises the choice sayings compiled and published in the United States, of many of the eminent wits of all ages, from were wiser to keep such sentiments, if he posses- Seneca to Sydney Smith, who, as the Rev. Mr. ses them, confined to his own bosom. If “ pecu: Stiggins would express it, is our author's “ particular liar circumstances" compel him to seek a support vanity.” Scintillations from Cowley, "Walpole, in a country whose institutions are repugnant to Lam), Ben Jonson, Sir Thomas Browne, Swift, him, let him at least evince sufficient gratitude to Walton, and Fuller, sparkle throughout the book, the land that feeds and protects him, to abstain in which no man can find a dull page. from gratuitous insult. It is very evident that
We Americans have a cant phrase, applied to a such anti-American feeling is far from popular person possessing great colloquial powers—" He with us. We wish our author many editions with talks like a book.” Could any one be met with a new and widely different preface.
who could talk like the book before us, he would be an after-dinner companion worth meeting, and
would Biographical Essays. By Thomas De QUINCEY.
the most successful of “diners.out."
prove Boston: Ticknor, Reid & Fields.
This volume is one of a series of the writings America Discovered. A Poem in Twelve Books. of De Quincey, in the course of publication by this By AN AMERICAN. New-York: Trow. eminent Boston firm.
The collection of these famous essays, which Epic poems have of late years become, as it lay scattered through so many of the magazines were, an annual infliction, and this is perhaps the of the day, was a happy thought and a most most serious dispensation that bas yet befallen us. welcome one to the reading public.
Had Columbus succeeded as badly in the disDe Quincey is, we think, the very best maga-covery of our Continent as we have in that of zine writer of the age. Full of knowledge as he our author's talent, we fear that the " Battle of is on all topics of literature; learned in all the Bunker Hill” would yet remain unfvught.